Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Singapore 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7 300.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5
Bahrain 164.4 150.9 151.7 135.2 154.4
Bulgaria 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4
Lesotho 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3
Swaziland 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7
Macao SAR, China 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0
Belgium 126.9 114.1 110.9 113.3 120.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8 113.9
Botswana 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9
Belize 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9
Greenland 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9
Malta 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6
Brunei Darussalam 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8
St. Lucia 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9
Ireland 95.9 84.6 87.5 90.9 97.2
Guyana 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7
Netherlands 94.3 78.9 76.5 78.7 83.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5 91.4
Antigua and Barbuda 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7
Bahamas, The 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4
Kiribati 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7
Mauritania 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1
Mauritius 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5
Malaysia 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8 122.4
Liberia 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0
Dominica 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1
Gabon 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5
Oman 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2
Mongolia 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1
Namibia 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5
Vanuatu 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4
Barbados 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0 50.4
Jamaica 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0
Papua New Guinea 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7
Congo, Rep. 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8
Kuwait 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1
Tonga 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2
Seychelles 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3
Nigeria 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5
Qatar 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8
New Caledonia 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9
Suriname 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4
Grenada 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6
Cyprus 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5
Cote d'Ivoire 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4
Jordan 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6
Samoa 70.1 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6
Israel 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0
Solomon Islands 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9
Fiji 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9
Cabo Verde 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5
Zambia 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6 54.2
Togo 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0
Bhutan 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0
Cuba 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7
Gambia, The 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2
Maldives 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4
Dominican Republic 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6
Equatorial Guinea 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1
Korea, Rep. 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8
United Arab Emirates 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6
Iceland 57.0 55.0 53.1 48.9 48.5
Denmark 56.8 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5
Austria 55.2 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4
Angola 54.7 36.3 52.1 58.3 43.5
Norway 54.3 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4
Switzerland 54.1 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4
Tunisia 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3
Sri Lanka 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4
Sweden 52.4 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8
Benin 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5
Guinea-Bissau 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9
Trinidad and Tobago 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8
Saudi Arabia 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0
Portugal 49.2 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6
Finland 48.0 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1
New Zealand 47.5 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2
Canada 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9
Malawi 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4
Nicaragua 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4
Iraq 47.2 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9
Germany 46.9 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8
Senegal 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0
Honduras 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3
Comoros 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7
Niger 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8
Costa Rica 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6
El Salvador 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1
United Kingdom 43.0 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3
Morocco 42.1 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8
Thailand 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5
Chile 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6
South Africa 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6
Bermuda 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0
Algeria 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2
French Polynesia 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3
Kenya 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6
Venezuela, RB 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1
Zimbabwe 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2
France 37.8 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1
Italy 36.5 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7
Syrian Arab Republic 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5
Uruguay 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2
Indonesia 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1
Ghana 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6
Sierra Leone 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4
Philippines 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5
Mali 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9 37.3
Panama 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7
Greece 30.6 30.0 29.9 23.2 29.8
Spain 30.1 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0
Peru 29.5 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1
Turkey 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6
Pakistan 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5
Ecuador 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3
Paraguay 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5
Australia 26.9 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4
Burundi 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8
Burkina Faso 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6
Rwanda 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5
Mexico 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1
Bolivia 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4
Central African Republic 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0
Madagascar 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3
Nepal 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9
Cameroon 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4
Guatemala 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8
China 22.6 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3
Japan 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0
Chad 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6
Colombia 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1
Uganda 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7
Brazil 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7
Bangladesh 15.9 15.7 15.4 16.3 17.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3 24.5
Ethiopia 14.0 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3
Argentina 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0
United States 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1
Mozambique 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5
India 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1
Lao PDR 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7
Sudan 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1
St. Martin (French part)
Haiti
Cayman Islands
Latvia
Estonia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Poland
Timor-Leste
Palau
Macedonia, FYR
Puerto Rico
Northern Mariana Islands
American Samoa
Curacao
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7
Myanmar
Russian Federation
Marshall Islands
Lebanon 95.5 100.1
Turks and Caicos Islands
Armenia
Aruba
Hungary
Isle of Man
Andorra
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Taiwan, China
Faeroe Islands
Tanzania 21.5 30.7
Belarus
Montenegro
West Bank and Gaza
Luxembourg
Afghanistan
Monaco
Czech Republic
Serbia
Tajikistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Azerbaijan
Liechtenstein
Georgia
Albania
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turkmenistan
Slovak Republic
Tuvalu
Slovenia
Ukraine
Moldova
Lithuania
Somalia
Croatia
Uzbekistan
San Marino
Eritrea
Sao Tome and Principe
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7
Yemen, Rep.
Cambodia
Libya

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