Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Sudan 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3 24.5
India 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1
Argentina 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7
Mozambique 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5
United States 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1
Lao PDR 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7
Brazil 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7
Bangladesh 15.9 15.7 15.4 16.3 17.8
Ethiopia 14.0 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3
Japan 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0
Uganda 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3
Madagascar 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3
Central African Republic 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0
Nepal 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9
Cameroon 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4
Paraguay 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5
Burkina Faso 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6
Turkey 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6
China 22.6 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3
Spain 30.1 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0
Colombia 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1
Ecuador 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3
Australia 26.9 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4
Algeria 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2
Pakistan 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5
Rwanda 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5
Guatemala 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8
Panama 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7
Chad 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6
Venezuela, RB 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1
Burundi 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8
Greece 30.6 30.0 29.9 23.2 29.8
Mexico 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1
Syrian Arab Republic 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5
Italy 36.5 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7
France 37.8 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1
Bolivia 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4
Peru 29.5 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1
Uruguay 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2
Ghana 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6
Morocco 42.1 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8
Indonesia 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1
French Polynesia 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3
Philippines 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5
Comoros 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7
Niger 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8
Angola 54.7 36.3 52.1 58.3 43.5
Senegal 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0
Nicaragua 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1
United Kingdom 43.0 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8
Kenya 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6
New Zealand 47.5 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2
Mali 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9 37.3
Zimbabwe 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2
South Africa 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3
Iraq 47.2 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9
Costa Rica 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6
Germany 46.9 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8
Thailand 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5
Malawi 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4
Bermuda 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0
Chile 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6
Benin 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5
Finland 48.0 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1
Portugal 49.2 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6
Nigeria 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5
El Salvador 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9
Saudi Arabia 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0
Honduras 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3
Canada 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9
Sweden 52.4 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8
Sri Lanka 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4
Togo 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0
Norway 54.3 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4
Maldives 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4
Jordan 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6
Austria 55.2 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4
United Arab Emirates 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6
Denmark 56.8 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5
Switzerland 54.1 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7
Tunisia 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3
Guinea-Bissau 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9
New Caledonia 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9
Dominican Republic 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6
Iceland 57.0 55.0 53.1 48.9 48.5
Korea, Rep. 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8
Cyprus 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5
Sierra Leone 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4
Jamaica 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0
Trinidad and Tobago 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8
Samoa 70.1 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6
Cabo Verde 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5
Qatar 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8
Cote d'Ivoire 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4
Seychelles 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3
Fiji 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9
Israel 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0
Gabon 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5
Bhutan 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0
Vanuatu 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4
Cuba 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7
Mongolia 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1
Solomon Islands 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9
Barbados 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0 50.4
Tonga 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2
Zambia 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4
Mauritania 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1
Bahamas, The 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4
Kuwait 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1
Oman 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2
Suriname 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4
Congo, Rep. 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8
Gambia, The 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2
Kiribati 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7
Netherlands 94.3 78.9 76.5 78.7 83.7
Liberia 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0
Papua New Guinea 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7
Grenada 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6
Ireland 95.9 84.6 87.5 90.9 97.2
Malaysia 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8 122.4
Dominica 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1
Guyana 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7
Mauritius 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5
Antigua and Barbuda 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5 91.4
Malta 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6
Belize 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9
Namibia 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5
Greenland 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9
Brunei Darussalam 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8
St. Lucia 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9
Botswana 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9
Equatorial Guinea 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1
Belgium 126.9 114.1 110.9 113.3 120.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8 113.9
Lesotho 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3
Macao SAR, China 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0
Swaziland 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7
Bulgaria 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4
Bahrain 164.4 150.9 151.7 135.2 154.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5
Singapore 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7 300.5
West Bank and Gaza
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Macedonia, FYR
Belarus
Poland
Palau
Monaco
Timor-Leste
Puerto Rico
Tuvalu
Luxembourg
Aruba
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7
Moldova
Russian Federation
Estonia
Lithuania
Tanzania 21.5 30.7
Liechtenstein
Curacao
San Marino
Turkmenistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine
Libya
Azerbaijan
Afghanistan
Andorra
Serbia
American Samoa
Lebanon 95.5 100.1
Georgia
Latvia
Faeroe Islands
Taiwan, China
Eritrea
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tajikistan
Slovak Republic
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6 54.2
Slovenia
Czech Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Croatia
Somalia
Cambodia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
Montenegro
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Myanmar
Hungary
Uzbekistan
Northern Mariana Islands
Armenia
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Haiti
Yemen, Rep.
Guam
Albania

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