Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Sudan 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1 8.0
India 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1 12.7
Argentina 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0 11.6
Ethiopia 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3 11.3
United States 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1 15.2
Vietnam 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7 79.7
Brazil 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7 11.7
Japan 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0 16.8
Bangladesh 15.7 15.6 16.3 17.2 16.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.5 16.0 16.4 23.1 31.7
Cameroon 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4 30.5
Uganda 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3 10.2
Rwanda 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5 15.6
Tanzania 21.5 30.7 31.9
Panama 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7 35.4
Burkina Faso 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6 22.2
Greece 30.1 30.0 23.3 29.9 28.5
Sierra Leone 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4 44.2
Nepal 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9 24.1
Chad 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6 27.2
Colombia 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1 30.7
Bolivia 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4 33.1
Madagascar 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3 31.5
Central African Republic 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0 19.0
Algeria 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2 36.6
Paraguay 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5 40.6
Spain 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0 26.8
Turkey 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6 23.4
Pakistan 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5 32.6
Australia 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4 26.3
Niger 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8 27.0
Ecuador 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3 30.0
Italy 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7 29.9
Burundi 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8 27.0
Uruguay 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2 32.6
Mexico 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1 32.1
French Polynesia 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3 32.7
Guatemala 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8 36.8
China 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3 32.2
Mali 35.4 26.4 33.1 34.3 35.8
Senegal 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0 34.6
Syrian Arab Republic 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5 53.7
France 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1 35.4
Morocco 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8 38.8
Iraq 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9 11.1
South Africa 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6 37.4
Comoros 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7 28.0
New Zealand 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2 41.5
Kenya 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6 38.0
Bermuda 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0 41.1
United Kingdom 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8 37.3
Ghana 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6 35.7
Indonesia 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1 41.5
Zimbabwe 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2 40.7
El Salvador 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9 38.4
Peru 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1 22.8
Finland 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1 37.9
Venezuela, RB 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1 52.8
Nicaragua 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4 95.9
Mozambique 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5 40.0
Germany 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8 44.0
Cabo Verde 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5 46.3
Philippines 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5 47.8
Barbados 55.7 39.3 41.6 42.8 45.7
Lao PDR 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7 30.5
Costa Rica 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6 46.4
Norway 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4 51.2
Honduras 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3 61.4
Canada 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9 42.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1 43.5
Sweden 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8 43.3
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7 52.3
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7 32.8
Cote d'Ivoire 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4 47.9
Cuba 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7 33.9
Denmark 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5 50.8
Benin 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5 28.2
Iceland 55.1 53.3 49.1 48.6 50.2
Nigeria 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5 62.5
Guinea-Bissau 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9 43.0
Chile 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6 51.1
Malawi 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4 52.7
Austria 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4 54.4
Portugal 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6 52.9
Switzerland 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4 51.8
New Caledonia 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9 52.7
Gabon 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5 52.5
Saudi Arabia 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0 58.6
Togo 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0 52.1
Sri Lanka 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4 57.3
Zambia 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4 76.9
Korea, Rep. 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8 47.4
Israel 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0 55.0
Trinidad and Tobago 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8 60.6
Djibouti 62.4 56.6 54.2 53.1
United Arab Emirates 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6 68.5
Qatar 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8 75.9
Mongolia 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1 61.9
Solomon Islands 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9 53.2
Tonga 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2 64.3
Angola 36.2 51.9 58.2 43.4 54.7
Bahamas, The 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4 88.1
Thailand 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5 65.7
Jamaica 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0 67.2
Congo, Rep. 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8 57.2
Jordan 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6 88.1
Vanuatu 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4 72.6
Cyprus 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5 62.9
Tunisia 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3 73.5
Mauritania 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1 84.1
Liberia 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0 374.1
Suriname 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4 243.1
Kuwait 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1 59.8
Oman 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2 71.1
Seychelles 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3 65.7
Grenada 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6 59.7
Samoa 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6 71.6
Bhutan 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0 50.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.2 76.0 73.0 70.8 66.1
Gambia, The 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2 69.1
Papua New Guinea 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7 73.6
Maldives 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4 100.4
Netherlands 78.6 76.2 78.4 83.4 82.1
Antigua and Barbuda 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7 70.5
Fiji 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9 93.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3 36.8
Dominican Republic 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6 73.2
Kiribati 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7 104.8
Ireland 84.5 87.3 90.7 97.0 90.0
Brunei Darussalam 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8 91.3
Namibia 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5 80.2
Belize 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9 83.3
Lebanon 95.5 100.1 106.5
Dominica 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1 104.0
Botswana 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9 98.4
Greenland 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9 88.0
Malta 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6 121.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.9 86.0 103.1 94.1 91.1
Mauritius 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5 106.0
Malaysia 88.6 95.2 106.8 122.4 133.4
Guyana 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7 143.2
Equatorial Guinea 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1 112.3
Belgium 113.9 110.7 113.1 120.2 115.0
St. Lucia 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9 100.2
Macao SAR, China 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0 108.4
Bahrain 150.9 151.6 135.2 154.4 176.7
Swaziland 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7 109.4
Bulgaria 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4 48.9
Lesotho 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3 134.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5 217.2
Singapore 258.5 293.1 328.2 310.1 314.0
Eritrea
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Poland 40.0
Latvia
Moldova
Russian Federation
Czech Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Aruba
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Palau
San Marino
Estonia
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Kazakhstan
Timor-Leste
Isle of Man
Azerbaijan
Serbia
Andorra
Hungary
Northern Mariana Islands
Libya 64.2
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Faroe Islands
Liechtenstein
Macedonia, FYR
Turks and Caicos Islands
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Tajikistan
Lithuania
Curacao
Luxembourg
Croatia
Montenegro
Cambodia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Turkmenistan
Slovenia
Tuvalu 58.4
Haiti
Ukraine
Somalia
Belarus
American Samoa
Myanmar
Uzbekistan
Guam
Armenia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Georgia
Yemen, Rep. 40.1
South Sudan
Albania 29.0

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