Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Sudan 8.0 10.5 16.2 15.3 13.5
Uganda 10.2 11.9 22.6 22.2 32.2
Iraq 11.1
Ethiopia 11.3 4.9 9.6 11.2 20.3
Argentina 11.6 10.7 11.8 12.6 14.4
Brazil 11.7 13.4 15.1 15.1 14.3
India 12.7 13.9 14.7 15.6 15.6
United States 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.5 16.4
Rwanda 15.6 20.9 17.4 20.2 36.8
Japan 16.8 15.6 14.9 13.7 13.9
Bangladesh 16.9 16.5 18.4 19.7 22.3
Central African Republic 19.0 15.8 17.8 18.4 34.1
Burkina Faso 22.2 20.4 23.7 24.8 24.1
Peru 22.8 18.2 21.2 22.6 23.3
Turkey 23.4 22.9 23.6 24.7 31.7
Nepal 24.1 25.3 33.7 34.8 37.3
Australia 26.3 25.6 26.6 28.3 31.3
Spain 26.8 26.7 26.1 27.1 31.3
Niger 27.0 28.4 34.6 41.2 35.4
Burundi 27.0 29.6 27.1 28.1 37.2
Chad 27.2 23.6 22.6 22.6 27.5
Comoros 28.0 33.2 34.2 30.7 34.5
Benin 28.2 28.7 53.9 42.0 51.9
Greece 28.4 28.7 28.1 27.9 26.4
Albania 29.0 44.8 42.3 56.5 37.8
Italy 29.9 28.3 27.9 29.9 32.9
Ecuador 30.0 30.9 30.1 28.9 32.8
Lao PDR 30.5 26.0 35.7 50.7 56.0
Cameroon 30.5 24.2 26.4 22.1 27.9
Colombia 30.7 29.4 27.3 30.4 24.8
Madagascar 31.5 29.4 26.4 25.2 33.5
Tanzania 31.9 37.8 41.9 45.7 44.8
Mexico 32.1 30.0 30.4 23.7 27.1
China 32.2 35.6 39.0 44.2 42.1
Pakistan 32.6 33.1 34.5 31.6 31.5
Uruguay 32.6 28.9 29.1 26.5 26.9
French Polynesia 32.7 31.9 28.0 26.8 31.0
Romania 32.8 35.3 42.9 43.3 44.1
Bolivia 33.1 34.0 31.9 33.7 37.5
Cuba 33.9 22.2 14.0 11.2 12.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.2 65.7 49.5
Senegal 34.6 33.4 28.4 31.6 46.8
Panama 35.4 35.1 38.0 37.8 38.6
France 35.4 35.2 33.8 33.0 35.4
Ghana 35.7 25.3 53.3 59.5 64.9
Algeria 36.6 44.5 41.0 38.1 42.9
Guatemala 36.8 32.5 36.6 34.6 33.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 31.8 27.2 24.3 26.4
United Kingdom 37.3 34.6 34.9 36.8 38.5
South Africa 37.4 35.0 33.1 32.9 34.8
Finland 37.9 35.1 40.1 46.5 51.3
Kenya 38.0 37.3 38.7 54.7 51.5
El Salvador 38.4 37.5 44.5 45.8 46.9
Morocco 38.8 36.0 35.3 35.6 40.6
Mali 39.7 40.6 33.3 41.5 52.4
Mozambique 40.0 38.6 50.5 53.6 54.4
Poland 40.0 38.4 35.7 36.4 36.7
Yemen, Rep. 40.1 45.3 49.6 63.9 72.5
Paraguay 40.6 31.5 29.0 33.3 40.5
Zimbabwe 40.7 41.5 54.0 51.6 59.9
Bermuda 41.1 34.6 38.5 31.3 31.2
Indonesia 41.5 42.9 44.0 41.2 40.7
New Zealand 41.5 42.1 45.6 43.1 43.6
Canada 42.4 41.4 44.7 49.4 55.6
Guinea-Bissau 43.0 37.3 45.1 37.6 83.6
Sweden 43.3 38.9 37.9 44.1 53.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.5 32.9
Germany 44.0 42.6 39.5 34.9 36.6
Sierra Leone 44.2 39.5 43.4 34.5 29.1
Barbados 45.5 45.1 36.6 37.3 37.0
Cabo Verde 46.3 47.8 51.8 32.2 52.6
Costa Rica 46.4 48.5 49.9 63.7 63.1
Korea, Rep. 47.4 46.2 44.5 42.4 43.2
Philippines 47.8 47.7 47.6 55.0 56.1
Cote d'Ivoire 47.9 45.6 46.9 42.0 56.0
Bulgaria 48.9 69.0 74.9 78.3 88.5
Iceland 50.0 47.4 44.8 43.7 47.9
Bhutan 50.4 58.4 76.2 65.9 58.3
Denmark 50.8 51.8 50.6 48.3 50.6
Chile 51.1 47.1 45.4 42.6 42.5
Norway 51.2 49.0 46.7 46.3 48.8
Switzerland 51.8 49.1 48.5 47.0 47.4
Togo 52.1 43.4 39.5 25.5 56.0
Guinea 52.3 47.2 38.3 39.4 36.1
Gabon 52.5 57.0 49.7 71.7 74.1
New Caledonia 52.7 49.3 45.4 39.6 40.9
Malawi 52.7 53.2 62.8 41.8 71.0
Venezuela, RB 52.8 50.8 48.3 46.8 44.7
Portugal 52.9 47.5 44.5 41.7 45.2
Djibouti 53.1 50.0 49.2 47.9 42.4
Solomon Islands 53.2 61.2 56.5 64.7 60.5
Syrian Arab Republic 53.7 47.7 49.7 53.2 84.1
Austria 54.4 53.0 50.7 47.3 49.4
Angola 54.9 41.6 101.6 99.1 110.2
Israel 55.0 52.0 50.8 56.8 56.4
Congo, Rep. 57.2 59.6 55.7 85.9 89.9
Sri Lanka 57.3 56.0 61.4 66.4 68.1
Tuvalu 58.4 48.8 53.1 70.5 76.0
Saudi Arabia 58.6 58.5 61.6 53.4 49.1
Grenada 59.7 59.6 50.6 55.1 54.2
Kuwait 59.8 53.1 69.7 72.2 72.3
Trinidad and Tobago 60.6 68.1 50.5 68.2 60.7
Honduras 61.4 63.0 62.9 74.0 87.8
Mongolia 61.9 29.8 61.2 99.2 66.3
Nigeria 62.5 77.6 68.8 110.3 88.6
Cyprus 62.9 61.9 62.2 51.6 53.7
Libya 64.2 51.9 44.6 46.1 50.7
Tonga 64.3 54.5 54.7 55.6 42.8
Seychelles 65.7 59.0 55.3 61.0 52.8
Thailand 65.7 67.2 65.6 66.4 69.1
Jamaica 67.2 71.3 77.0 65.5 69.6
United Arab Emirates 68.5 74.1 77.7 83.8 82.9
Gambia, The 69.1 34.8 38.5 43.3 33.1
Antigua and Barbuda 70.5 84.1 89.0 84.3 77.2
Oman 71.1 72.3 74.9 76.8 74.0
Samoa 71.6 79.6 87.7 83.4 38.4
Vanuatu 72.6 53.5 54.0 53.7 52.0
Dominican Republic 73.2 56.6 59.3 60.6 57.6
Tunisia 73.5 68.0 67.4 68.6 71.9
Papua New Guinea 73.6 81.2 77.9 78.1 75.5
Qatar 75.9 71.6 76.6 71.8 69.7
Zambia 76.9 56.3 48.7 49.9 41.6
Vietnam 79.7 46.0 51.9 49.4 60.7
Namibia 80.2 78.4 76.1 79.7 74.8
Netherlands 82.4 80.6 77.0 76.7 83.5
Belize 83.3 85.0 80.1 74.3 70.6
Mauritania 84.1 59.8 56.8 69.4 58.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 83.2 66.6 73.1 67.6
Greenland 88.0 73.7 76.0 71.1 64.4
Bahamas, The 88.1 106.8 39.6 36.1 37.5
Jordan 88.1 83.7 84.2 85.4 77.0
Ireland 90.2 90.5 91.0 95.8 104.5
Brunei Darussalam 91.3 105.1 92.8 97.2 99.4
Fiji 93.6 79.6 70.0 71.5 77.5
Nicaragua 95.9 68.7 60.1 57.6 31.1
Botswana 98.4 96.3 86.9 85.4 82.6
St. Lucia 100.2 93.9 91.2 85.4 79.0
Maldives 100.4 97.0 89.2 75.6 83.6
Dominica 104.0 90.9 82.4 70.9 66.4
Kiribati 104.8 66.7 84.1 64.3 56.3
Mauritius 106.0 96.4 90.8 92.4 92.1
Lebanon 106.5 96.3 85.9 70.0 66.7
Macao SAR, China 108.4 101.5 81.5 72.2 65.9
Swaziland 109.4 113.2 117.1 114.4 120.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 110.5 96.9 90.1 80.0 74.0
Equatorial Guinea 112.3 182.7 111.2 98.1 102.5
Belgium 115.2 112.8 105.3 108.9 114.0
Malta 121.6 122.3 128.1 130.3 134.0
Malaysia 133.4 144.5 136.3 138.7 159.0
Lesotho 134.8 144.6 139.9 139.0 135.4
Guyana 143.2 164.8 199.3 203.0 177.9
Bahrain 176.7 165.2 162.7 145.8 132.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 217.2 227.7 236.8 229.9 233.7
Suriname 243.1 193.6 230.6 198.5 144.0
Singapore 291.8 275.0 260.1 262.6 270.4
Liberia 374.1 210.1 431.8 529.9 573.4
Puerto Rico
Moldova 72.0
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
Myanmar
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands 85.4
Cambodia 29.8 44.2
Serbia
West Bank and Gaza
Macedonia, FYR 103.8 88.4 76.0
Taiwan, China
Luxembourg
Timor-Leste
Russian Federation 29.9
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Ukraine 40.1
Slovak Republic 84.4 71.6 66.2
Belarus 37.3
Slovenia
Aruba 210.2
Lithuania
Montenegro
Somalia
Haiti 16.3 15.6 23.2 15.4
Liechtenstein
Tajikistan 76.9
South Sudan
Guam
Eritrea 77.0 83.6 106.6
Georgia 19.7
Turkmenistan 141.1
Estonia
Afghanistan
Czech Republic 72.7 71.9 70.2
Latvia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0
Croatia
St. Martin (French part)
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4
Kazakhstan 32.0
Uzbekistan 40.0
Andorra
Azerbaijan 43.2
Palau
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Hungary 62.4 56.6 53.7 58.8
Armenia 46.4
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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