Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Ethiopia 12.5 11.5 5.0 9.8 11.4
Sudan 13.1 8.0 10.5 16.2 15.3
Argentina 18.0 11.6 10.7 11.8 12.6
Uganda 10.3 10.2 11.9 22.6 22.2
Brazil 12.7 11.7 13.4 15.1 15.1
India 12.1 12.7 13.9 14.7 15.6
United States 15.1 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.5
Japan 16.0 16.8 15.6 14.9 13.7
Central African Republic 23.0 19.0 15.8 17.8 18.4
Haiti 16.3 16.6 24.1
Bangladesh 18.5 17.6 16.5 18.4 19.7
Peru 20.8 23.4 18.7 21.7 23.4
Burkina Faso 18.6 22.2 20.4 23.7 24.8
Rwanda 17.5 15.6 20.9 17.4 20.2
Cuba 47.7 33.9 22.2 14.0 11.2
Turkey 25.6 23.4 22.9 23.6 24.7
Chad 27.6 27.2 23.6 22.6 22.6
Cameroon 26.4 30.5 24.2 26.4 22.1
Ghana 43.6 35.7 25.3 53.3 59.5
Nepal 20.9 24.1 25.3 33.7 34.8
Australia 27.3 26.2 25.6 26.6 28.3
Lao PDR 34.7 30.5 26.0 35.7 50.7
Spain 28.8 27.5 27.4 26.8 27.9
Niger 27.8 27.0 28.4 34.6 41.2
Benin 42.5 28.2 28.7 53.9 42.0
Uruguay 33.2 32.6 28.9 29.1 26.5
Italy 32.8 31.0 29.3 28.8 30.9
Colombia 27.1 30.7 29.4 27.3 30.4
Madagascar 26.3 31.5 29.4 26.4 25.2
Burundi 23.8 27.0 29.6 27.1 28.1
Mongolia 47.1 61.9 29.8 61.2 99.2
Mexico 32.1 32.1 30.0 30.4 23.7
Greece 31.4 29.9 30.2 29.5 29.4
Ecuador 30.3 30.0 30.9 30.1 28.9
Paraguay 38.5 40.6 31.5 29.0 33.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.3 36.8 31.8 27.2 24.3
French Polynesia 33.3 32.7 31.9 28.0 26.8
Guatemala 32.8 36.8 32.5 36.6 34.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48.1 43.5 32.5 26.6 16.4
Pakistan 29.5 32.6 33.1 34.5 31.6
Comoros 30.7 28.0 33.2 34.2 30.7
Senegal 39.0 34.6 33.4 28.4 31.6
Bolivia 30.4 33.1 34.0 31.9 33.7
Bermuda 39.0 41.1 34.6 38.5 31.3
Gambia, The 66.2 69.1 34.8 38.5 43.3
South Africa 32.6 37.4 35.0 33.1 33.9
Panama 26.7 35.4 35.1 38.0 37.8
Romania 45.7 32.8 35.3 42.9 43.3
China 32.5 32.3 35.8 39.2 44.4
Finland 40.9 38.6 35.8 41.0 47.5
France 37.0 36.3 36.0 34.6 33.8
United Kingdom 40.7 40.0 37.0 37.2 39.2
Kenya 37.6 38.0 37.3 38.7 54.7
Guinea-Bissau 38.9 43.0 37.3 45.1 37.6
El Salvador 37.9 38.4 37.5 44.5 45.8
Tanzania 30.7 31.9 37.8 41.9 45.7
Poland 28.9 40.1 38.5 35.8 36.5
Mozambique 39.5 40.0 38.6 50.5 53.6
Angola 46.9 53.5 39.0 99.4 98.9
Sierra Leone 34.4 44.2 39.5 43.4 34.5
Morocco 38.5 43.3 40.1 39.8 40.0
Sweden 48.6 45.0 40.4 39.3 45.9
Mali 37.3 39.7 40.6 33.3 41.5
Canada 42.9 42.4 41.4 44.7 49.4
Zimbabwe 38.2 40.7 41.5 54.0 51.6
New Zealand 40.3 41.9 42.5 46.0 43.6
Indonesia 38.1 41.5 42.9 44.0 41.2
Togo 53.0 52.1 43.4 39.5 25.5
Germany 45.1 45.3 43.8 40.6 36.0
Algeria 34.2 36.6 44.5 41.0 38.1
Albania 29.0 44.8 42.3 56.5
Barbados 50.4 45.5 45.1 36.6 37.3
Yemen, Rep. 40.1 45.3 49.6 63.9
Cote d'Ivoire 50.4 47.9 45.6 46.9 42.0
Vietnam 71.7 79.7 46.0 51.9 49.4
Korea, Rep. 49.8 47.4 46.2 44.5 42.4
Chile 53.6 51.1 47.1 45.4 42.6
Guinea 48.7 52.3 47.2 38.3 39.4
Philippines 44.5 47.8 47.7 47.6 55.0
Syrian Arab Republic 51.5 53.7 47.7 49.7 53.2
Cabo Verde 44.5 46.3 47.8 51.8 32.2
Portugal 53.3 53.7 48.2 45.2 42.3
Costa Rica 45.6 46.4 48.5 49.9 63.7
Iceland 49.8 51.3 48.6 46.0 44.9
Tuvalu 58.4 48.8 53.1 70.5
New Caledonia 65.9 52.7 49.3 45.4 39.6
Norway 50.3 52.1 49.9 47.6 47.2
Djibouti 54.2 53.1 50.0 49.2 47.9
Venezuela, RB 50.1 52.8 50.8 48.3 46.8
Switzerland 57.4 54.7 51.8 51.1 49.6
Libya 64.2 51.9 44.6 46.1
Israel 57.0 55.0 52.0 50.8 56.8
Denmark 52.3 51.7 52.7 51.5 49.1
Kuwait 73.1 59.8 53.1 69.7 72.2
Malawi 48.4 52.7 53.2 62.8 41.8
Austria 53.8 54.9 53.4 51.1 47.7
Vanuatu 64.4 72.6 53.5 54.0 53.7
Tonga 59.2 64.3 54.5 54.7 55.6
Sri Lanka 53.4 57.3 56.0 61.4 66.4
Zambia 56.4 76.9 56.3 48.7 49.9
Dominican Republic 81.6 73.2 56.6 59.3 60.6
Gabon 56.5 52.5 57.0 49.7 71.7
Bhutan 58.0 50.4 58.4 76.2 65.9
Saudi Arabia 52.0 58.6 58.5 61.6 53.4
Seychelles 65.3 65.7 59.0 55.3 61.6
Congo, Rep. 59.8 57.2 59.6 55.7 85.9
Grenada 59.6 59.7 59.6 50.6 55.1
Mauritania 67.1 84.1 59.8 56.8 69.4
Solomon Islands 56.9 53.2 61.2 56.5 64.7
Cyprus 67.5 62.9 61.9 62.2 51.6
Honduras 51.3 61.4 63.0 62.9 74.0
Hungary 63.5 61.5 63.2 57.3 54.4
Kiribati 94.7 104.8 66.7 84.1 64.3
Thailand 63.5 65.7 67.2 65.6 66.4
Tunisia 72.3 73.5 68.0 67.4 68.6
Trinidad and Tobago 64.8 60.6 68.1 50.5 68.2
Nicaragua 91.4 95.9 68.7 60.1 57.6
Bulgaria 144.4 48.9 69.0 74.9 78.3
Jamaica 64.0 67.2 71.3 77.0 65.5
Qatar 61.8 75.9 71.6 76.6 71.8
Oman 67.2 71.1 72.3 74.9 76.8
Greenland 87.9 88.0 73.7 76.0 71.1
United Arab Emirates 66.6 68.5 74.1 77.7 83.8
Nigeria 58.5 62.5 77.6 68.8 110.3
Namibia 93.5 80.2 78.4 76.1 79.7
Fiji 90.9 93.6 79.6 70.0 71.5
Papua New Guinea 82.7 73.6 81.2 77.9 78.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.4 86.7 83.2 66.6 73.1
Jordan 76.6 88.1 83.7 84.2 85.4
Antigua and Barbuda 55.7 70.5 84.1 89.0 84.3
Belize 93.9 83.3 85.0 80.1 74.3
Netherlands 88.8 87.5 85.5 81.8 81.4
Samoa 80.4 80.3 89.4 98.4 93.6
Dominica 99.1 104.0 90.9 82.4 70.9
Ireland 98.8 91.7 92.0 92.5 97.4
St. Lucia 122.9 100.2 93.9 91.2 85.4
Botswana 108.9 98.4 96.3 86.9 85.4
Lebanon 100.1 106.5 96.3 85.9 70.0
Mauritius 105.5 106.0 96.4 90.8 92.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 113.9 110.5 96.9 90.1 80.0
Maldives 83.4 100.4 97.0 89.2 75.6
Macao SAR, China 126.0 108.4 101.5 81.5 72.2
Brunei Darussalam 91.8 91.3 105.1 92.8 97.2
Bahamas, The 80.4 88.1 106.8 39.6 36.1
Swaziland 155.7 109.4 113.2 117.1 114.4
Belgium 122.4 117.0 114.6 107.0 110.6
Malta 109.6 121.6 122.3 128.1 130.3
Malaysia 122.4 133.4 144.5 136.3 138.7
Lesotho 151.3 134.8 144.6 139.9 139.0
Guyana 127.7 143.2 164.8 199.3 203.0
Bahrain 154.4 176.7 165.2 162.7 145.8
Equatorial Guinea 103.1 112.3 182.7 111.2 98.1
Suriname 181.4 243.1 193.6 230.6 198.5
Liberia 138.0 374.1 210.1 431.8 529.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 219.5 217.2 227.7 236.8 229.9
Singapore 300.5 291.8 275.0 260.1 262.6
Tajikistan
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Lithuania
Monaco
San Marino
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.5 34.2 65.7
Afghanistan
Moldova
Latvia
Georgia
Serbia
Eritrea 77.0 83.6
Kyrgyz Republic
Curacao
Kosovo
Russian Federation
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Puerto Rico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Ukraine
Northern Mariana Islands
Luxembourg
Guam
Macedonia, FYR 103.8 88.4
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Estonia
Aruba
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Czech Republic 74.9 74.1
Andorra
Croatia 88.5 78.7
Myanmar
Turkmenistan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cambodia 29.8
Slovak Republic 91.3 73.0
Slovenia 102.4 99.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belarus
Somalia
Uzbekistan
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Armenia
Iraq
American Samoa

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