Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 11.3 4.9 9.6 11.2 20.3
Argentina 11.6 10.7 11.8 12.6 14.4
Cuba 33.9 22.2 14.0 11.2 12.1
India 12.7 13.9 14.7 15.6 15.6
Japan 16.8 15.6 14.9 13.7 13.9
Brazil 11.7 13.4 15.1 15.1 14.3
United States 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.5 16.4
Haiti 16.3 15.6 23.2 15.4
Sudan 8.0 10.5 16.2 15.3 13.5
Rwanda 15.6 20.9 17.4 20.2 36.8
Central African Republic 19.0 15.8 17.8 18.4 34.1
Bangladesh 16.9 16.5 18.4 19.7 22.3
Peru 22.8 18.2 21.2 22.6 23.3
Chad 27.2 23.6 22.6 22.6 27.5
Uganda 10.2 11.9 22.6 22.2 32.2
Turkey 23.4 22.9 23.6 24.7 31.7
Burkina Faso 22.2 20.4 23.7 24.8 24.1
Spain 26.8 26.7 26.1 27.1 31.3
Cameroon 30.5 24.2 26.4 22.1 27.9
Madagascar 31.5 29.4 26.4 25.2 33.5
Australia 26.3 25.6 26.6 28.3 31.3
Burundi 27.0 29.6 27.1 28.1 37.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 31.8 27.2 24.3 26.4
Colombia 30.7 29.4 27.3 30.4 24.8
Italy 29.9 28.3 27.9 29.9 32.9
French Polynesia 32.7 31.9 28.0 26.8 31.0
Greece 28.4 28.7 28.1 27.9 26.4
Senegal 34.6 33.4 28.4 31.6 46.8
Paraguay 40.6 31.5 29.0 33.3 40.5
Uruguay 32.6 28.9 29.1 26.5 26.9
Ecuador 30.0 30.9 30.1 28.9 32.8
Mexico 32.1 30.0 30.4 23.7 27.1
Bolivia 33.1 34.0 31.9 33.7 37.5
South Africa 37.4 35.0 33.1 32.9 34.8
Mali 39.7 40.6 33.3 41.5 52.4
Nepal 24.1 25.3 33.7 34.8 37.3
France 35.4 35.2 33.8 33.0 35.4
Comoros 28.0 33.2 34.2 30.7 34.5
Pakistan 32.6 33.1 34.5 31.6 31.5
Niger 27.0 28.4 34.6 41.2 35.4
United Kingdom 37.3 34.6 34.9 36.8 38.5
Morocco 38.8 36.0 35.3 35.6 40.6
Poland 40.0 38.4 35.7 36.4 36.7
Lao PDR 30.5 26.0 35.7 50.7 56.0
Guatemala 36.8 32.5 36.6 34.6 33.1
Barbados 45.5 45.1 36.6 37.3 37.0
Sweden 43.3 38.9 37.9 44.1 53.6
Panama 35.4 35.1 38.0 37.8 38.6
Guinea 52.3 47.2 38.3 39.4 36.1
Gambia, The 69.1 34.8 38.5 43.3 33.1
Bermuda 41.1 34.6 38.5 31.3 31.2
Kenya 38.0 37.3 38.7 54.7 51.5
China 32.2 35.6 39.0 44.2 42.1
Germany 44.0 42.6 39.5 34.9 36.6
Togo 52.1 43.4 39.5 25.5 56.0
Bahamas, The 88.1 106.8 39.6 36.1 37.5
Finland 37.9 35.1 40.1 46.5 51.3
Algeria 36.6 44.5 41.0 38.1 42.9
Tanzania 31.9 37.8 41.9 45.7 44.8
Albania 29.0 44.8 42.3 56.5 37.8
Romania 32.8 35.3 42.9 43.3 44.1
Sierra Leone 44.2 39.5 43.4 34.5 29.1
Indonesia 41.5 42.9 44.0 41.2 40.7
Korea, Rep. 47.4 46.2 44.5 42.4 43.2
El Salvador 38.4 37.5 44.5 45.8 46.9
Portugal 52.9 47.5 44.5 41.7 45.2
Libya 64.2 51.9 44.6 46.1 50.7
Canada 42.4 41.4 44.7 49.4 55.6
Iceland 50.0 47.4 44.8 43.7 47.9
Guinea-Bissau 43.0 37.3 45.1 37.6 83.6
New Caledonia 52.7 49.3 45.4 39.6 40.9
Chile 51.1 47.1 45.4 42.6 42.5
New Zealand 41.5 42.1 45.6 43.1 43.6
Norway 51.2 49.0 46.7 46.3 48.8
Cote d'Ivoire 47.9 45.6 46.9 42.0 56.0
Philippines 47.8 47.7 47.6 55.0 56.1
Venezuela, RB 52.8 50.8 48.3 46.8 44.7
Switzerland 51.8 49.1 48.5 47.0 47.4
Zambia 76.9 56.3 48.7 49.9 41.6
Djibouti 53.1 50.0 49.2 47.9 42.4
Yemen, Rep. 40.1 45.3 49.6 63.9 72.5
Syrian Arab Republic 53.7 47.7 49.7 53.2 84.1
Gabon 52.5 57.0 49.7 71.7 74.1
Costa Rica 46.4 48.5 49.9 63.7 63.1
Mozambique 40.0 38.6 50.5 53.6 54.4
Trinidad and Tobago 60.6 68.1 50.5 68.2 60.7
Grenada 59.7 59.6 50.6 55.1 54.2
Denmark 50.8 51.8 50.6 48.3 50.6
Austria 54.4 53.0 50.7 47.3 49.4
Israel 55.0 52.0 50.8 56.8 56.4
Cabo Verde 46.3 47.8 51.8 32.2 52.6
Vietnam 79.7 46.0 51.9 49.4 60.7
Tuvalu 58.4 48.8 53.1 70.5 76.0
Ghana 35.7 25.3 53.3 59.5 64.9
Benin 28.2 28.7 53.9 42.0 51.9
Zimbabwe 40.7 41.5 54.0 51.6 59.9
Vanuatu 72.6 53.5 54.0 53.7 52.0
Tonga 64.3 54.5 54.7 55.6 42.8
Seychelles 65.7 59.0 55.3 61.0 52.8
Congo, Rep. 57.2 59.6 55.7 85.9 89.9
Solomon Islands 53.2 61.2 56.5 64.7 60.5
Hungary 62.4 56.6 53.7 58.8
Mauritania 84.1 59.8 56.8 69.4 58.7
Dominican Republic 73.2 56.6 59.3 60.6 57.6
Nicaragua 95.9 68.7 60.1 57.6 31.1
Mongolia 61.9 29.8 61.2 99.2 66.3
Sri Lanka 57.3 56.0 61.4 66.4 68.1
Saudi Arabia 58.6 58.5 61.6 53.4 49.1
Cyprus 62.9 61.9 62.2 51.6 53.7
Malawi 52.7 53.2 62.8 41.8 71.0
Honduras 61.4 63.0 62.9 74.0 87.8
Thailand 65.7 67.2 65.6 66.4 69.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 83.2 66.6 73.1 67.6
Tunisia 73.5 68.0 67.4 68.6 71.9
Nigeria 62.5 77.6 68.8 110.3 88.6
Kuwait 59.8 53.1 69.7 72.2 72.3
Fiji 93.6 79.6 70.0 71.5 77.5
Czech Republic 72.7 71.9 70.2
Bulgaria 48.9 69.0 74.9 78.3 88.5
Oman 71.1 72.3 74.9 76.8 74.0
Greenland 88.0 73.7 76.0 71.1 64.4
Namibia 80.2 78.4 76.1 79.7 74.8
Bhutan 50.4 58.4 76.2 65.9 58.3
Qatar 75.9 71.6 76.6 71.8 69.7
Eritrea 77.0 83.6 106.6
Jamaica 67.2 71.3 77.0 65.5 69.6
Netherlands 82.4 80.6 77.0 76.7 83.5
United Arab Emirates 68.5 74.1 77.7 83.8 82.9
Papua New Guinea 73.6 81.2 77.9 78.1 75.5
Belize 83.3 85.0 80.1 74.3 70.6
Macao SAR, China 108.4 101.5 81.5 72.2 65.9
Dominica 104.0 90.9 82.4 70.9 66.4
Kiribati 104.8 66.7 84.1 64.3 56.3
Jordan 88.1 83.7 84.2 85.4 77.0
Slovak Republic 84.4 71.6 66.2
Lebanon 106.5 96.3 85.9 70.0 66.7
Botswana 98.4 96.3 86.9 85.4 82.6
Samoa 71.6 79.6 87.7 83.4 38.4
Antigua and Barbuda 70.5 84.1 89.0 84.3 77.2
Maldives 100.4 97.0 89.2 75.6 83.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 110.5 96.9 90.1 80.0 74.0
Mauritius 106.0 96.4 90.8 92.4 92.1
Ireland 90.2 90.5 91.0 95.8 104.5
St. Lucia 100.2 93.9 91.2 85.4 79.0
Brunei Darussalam 91.3 105.1 92.8 97.2 99.4
Angola 54.9 41.6 101.6 99.1 110.2
Macedonia, FYR 103.8 88.4 76.0
Belgium 115.2 112.8 105.3 108.9 114.0
Equatorial Guinea 112.3 182.7 111.2 98.1 102.5
Swaziland 109.4 113.2 117.1 114.4 120.3
Malta 121.6 122.3 128.1 130.3 134.0
Malaysia 133.4 144.5 136.3 138.7 159.0
Lesotho 134.8 144.6 139.9 139.0 135.4
Bahrain 176.7 165.2 162.7 145.8 132.2
Guyana 143.2 164.8 199.3 203.0 177.9
Suriname 243.1 193.6 230.6 198.5 144.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 217.2 227.7 236.8 229.9 233.7
Singapore 291.8 275.0 260.1 262.6 270.4
Liberia 374.1 210.1 431.8 529.9 573.4
Timor-Leste
Aruba 210.2
Montenegro
Ukraine 40.1
Monaco
Taiwan, China
Serbia
Sao Tome and Principe
Moldova 72.0
Belarus 37.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8
Iraq 11.1
San Marino
Myanmar
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Georgia 19.7
Marshall Islands 85.4
Croatia
Slovenia
Cambodia 29.8 44.2
Luxembourg
Palau
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Lithuania
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.2 65.7 49.5
South Sudan
Tajikistan 76.9
Liechtenstein
Russian Federation 29.9
Estonia
Guam
Turkmenistan 141.1
Faeroe Islands
Afghanistan
Curacao
Latvia
Turks and Caicos Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.5 32.9
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4
West Bank and Gaza
Uzbekistan 40.0
Andorra
Azerbaijan 43.2
Puerto Rico
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kazakhstan 32.0
Armenia 46.4
Isle of Man
American Samoa

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