Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Argentina 11.9 13.1 14.4 16.0 16.0
Cuba 12.1 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2
Sudan 13.5 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4
Japan 13.9 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1
Brazil 14.6 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.3
India 15.6 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8
Haiti 15.7 28.3 25.4 26.5 29.7
United States 16.4 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9
Georgia 19.7 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8
Ethiopia 20.7 20.8 21.7 20.2 27.1
Bangladesh 22.3 26.9 27.7 28.6 28.6
Peru 23.8 25.8 26.1 27.4 25.9
Burkina Faso 24.1 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5
Colombia 24.8 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.4 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7
Uruguay 26.9 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9
Mexico 27.1 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1
Chad 27.5 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4
Greece 27.8 28.3 28.9 28.4 30.4
Cameroon 27.9 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9
Sierra Leone 29.1 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2
Russian Federation 29.9 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0
French Polynesia 31.0 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5
Nicaragua 31.1 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5
Bermuda 31.2 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5
Australia 31.3 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2
Pakistan 31.5 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7
Turkey 31.7 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1
Kazakhstan 32.0 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6
Spain 32.2 35.5 36.7 37.8 41.4
Uganda 32.2 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1
Ecuador 32.8 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6
Gambia, The 33.1 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6
Guatemala 33.1 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3
Madagascar 33.5 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9
Italy 34.0 38.9 36.4 37.6 37.9
Central African Republic 34.1 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7
Comoros 34.5 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9
Niger 35.4 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8
South Africa 35.8 38.6 41.3 43.0 41.4
Guinea 36.1 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3
France 36.3 37.6 38.2 41.3 42.8
Rwanda 36.8 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3
Poland 36.8 37.4 39.3 43.3 43.5
Barbados 37.0 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9
Burundi 37.2 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0
Nepal 37.3 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4
Belarus 37.3 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6
Bolivia 37.5 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3
Bahamas, The 37.5 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6
Germany 37.6 39.1 40.4 44.4 46.6
Albania 37.8 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5
Panama 38.6 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4
Uzbekistan 40.0 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5
Ukraine 40.1 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2
Paraguay 40.5 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3
United Kingdom 40.7 42.8 44.0 42.5 40.3
Indonesia 40.7 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7
New Caledonia 40.9 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4
Aruba 42.3 44.1 42.8 41.6 50.7
China 42.3 38.6 33.9 34.1 31.8
Djibouti 42.4 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5
Chile 42.5 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6
Tonga 42.8 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8
Algeria 42.9 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7
Samoa 43.1 51.9 49.4 44.0 46.6
Korea, Rep. 43.2 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9
Azerbaijan 43.2 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8
New Zealand 43.9 43.5 41.8 43.9 44.1
Latvia 44.1 59.6 67.4 71.6 75.6
Romania 44.1 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8
Cambodia 44.2 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0
Venezuela, RB 44.7 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7
Tanzania 44.8 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9
Zambia 45.4 50.0 57.2 44.3 65.9
Morocco 45.6 51.2 45.3 49.5 43.6
Portugal 45.8 47.5 49.4 51.0 51.5
Armenia 46.4 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3
Senegal 46.8 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2
El Salvador 46.9 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4
Saudi Arabia 49.1 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2
Iceland 49.2 50.7 53.7 52.1 53.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.5 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7
Austria 49.8 52.0 54.0 60.4 62.6
Norway 49.8 50.3 53.2 53.2 51.5
Switzerland 50.0 49.9 50.6 55.9 57.0
Libya 50.7 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5
Kenya 51.5 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9
Denmark 51.5 53.2 52.4 55.3 55.2
Benin 51.9 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6
Vanuatu 52.0 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4
Mali 52.4 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7
Cabo Verde 52.6 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6
Finland 52.6 53.5 56.5 59.4 59.1
Seychelles 53.2 56.1 103.9 80.5 83.2
Cyprus 53.7 53.2 57.5 55.1 49.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1
Grenada 54.2 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0
Mozambique 54.4 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6
Canada 55.6 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6
Sweden 55.7 57.3 54.9 58.6 60.1
Togo 56.0 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5
Lao PDR 56.0 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1
Cote d'Ivoire 56.0 61.2 60.5 61.7 59.4
Philippines 56.1 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4
Kiribati 56.3 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4
Israel 56.4 50.7 49.7 49.1 47.7
Dominican Republic 57.6 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4
Bhutan 58.3 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2
Mauritania 58.7 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2
Hungary 59.6 62.2 73.7 86.7 101.6
Zimbabwe 59.9 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2
Solomon Islands 60.5 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2
Trinidad and Tobago 60.7 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0
Vietnam 60.7 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7
Lithuania 62.9 80.4 93.9 93.8 84.5
Costa Rica 63.1 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3
Greenland 64.4 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7
Ghana 64.9 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2
Croatia 65.1 53.8 53.2 55.7 51.0
Macao SAR, China 65.9 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2
Mongolia 66.3 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8
Dominica 66.4 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0
Lebanon 66.7 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8
Slovak Republic 67.5 68.7 73.1 79.0 81.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 67.6 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6
Sri Lanka 68.1 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8
Thailand 69.1 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1
Jamaica 69.6 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7
Qatar 69.7 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3
Belize 70.6 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8
Malawi 71.0 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0
Tunisia 71.9 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6
Moldova 72.0 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5
Kuwait 72.3 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0
Czech Republic 72.3 80.3 77.0 83.2 84.9
Yemen, Rep. 72.5 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9
Oman 74.0 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 74.0 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5
Gabon 74.1 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3
Estonia 74.2 100.7 112.1 146.0 143.5
Namibia 74.8 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3
Papua New Guinea 75.5 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5
Tuvalu 76.0 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8
Macedonia, FYR 76.0 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3
Tajikistan 76.9 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9
Jordan 77.0 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2
Antigua and Barbuda 77.2 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9
Fiji 77.5 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4
St. Lucia 79.0 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3
Botswana 82.6 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9
United Arab Emirates 82.9 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8
Maldives 83.6 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2
Guinea-Bissau 83.6 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6
Syrian Arab Republic 84.1 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6
Marshall Islands 85.4 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3
Honduras 87.8 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4
Bulgaria 88.5 84.3 112.1 98.2 70.8
Nigeria 88.6 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6
Netherlands 88.6 92.7 95.7 103.1 101.7
Congo, Rep. 89.9 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9
Mauritius 92.1 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2
Slovenia 98.2 85.0 83.9 86.8 88.1
Brunei Darussalam 99.4 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1
Equatorial Guinea 102.5 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9
Ireland 106.3 113.5 111.2 112.1 121.9
Eritrea 106.6 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9
Angola 110.2 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2
Belgium 115.8 120.6 125.2 134.7 137.3
Swaziland 120.3 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4
Bahrain 132.2 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5
Malta 134.0 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2
Lesotho 135.4 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5
Turkmenistan 141.1 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3
Suriname 144.0 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6
Malaysia 159.0 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4
Guyana 177.9 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 233.7 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1
Singapore 270.4 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9
Liberia 573.4 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9
Liechtenstein
Puerto Rico
Guam
Curacao
Isle of Man
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Sao Tome and Principe
Palau 63.3
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands 74.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Iraq
Luxembourg
Serbia
Myanmar
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Kosovo
West Bank and Gaza
Montenegro
Andorra
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Afghanistan
Monaco
Timor-Leste
American Samoa

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