Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Sudan 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5
Brazil 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.3 17.0
Argentina 13.1 14.4 16.0 16.0 14.2
Cuba 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7
Japan 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4
United States 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2
India 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7
Sierra Leone 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0
Georgia 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4
Ethiopia 20.4 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0
Rwanda 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2
Gambia, The 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0
Peru 25.3 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6
Uruguay 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3
Colombia 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8
Uganda 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0
Bangladesh 26.9 27.7 28.6 28.6 30.3
Greece 26.9 27.3 26.7 28.4 29.1
Haiti 28.3 25.4 26.5 29.7 33.2
Bermuda 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0
French Polynesia 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1
Burkina Faso 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9
Central African Republic 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7
Australia 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2
Comoros 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8
Pakistan 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6
Cameroon 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8
Turkey 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9
Burundi 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3
Spain 34.5 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9
Ecuador 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0
Nicaragua 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6
Niger 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7 29.1
Russian Federation 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8
Madagascar 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7
France 36.7 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7
Guatemala 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0
Poland 37.3 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5
Italy 37.5 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5
Bolivia 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9
Albania 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5 43.8
Germany 38.1 39.3 43.3 45.3 46.3
Nepal 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2
Djibouti 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3
China 38.6 33.9 34.1 31.8 33.3
South Africa 38.6 41.3 43.0 41.4 40.1
Mozambique 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6 30.9
Panama 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9
United Kingdom 40.9 41.8 40.9 38.9 38.3
Guinea 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4
Bahamas, The 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9
Venezuela, RB 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8
New Caledonia 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2
Chad 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4
Indonesia 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4
Azerbaijan 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2
New Zealand 43.5 41.8 43.9 44.1 46.0
Aruba 44.1 42.8 41.6 50.7 47.1
Kazakhstan 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5
Barbados 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6
Chile 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4
Mexico 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7
Paraguay 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5
Tanzania 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6
Tonga 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2
Morocco 45.5 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5
Zambia 45.7 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4
Samoa 46.2 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2
Uzbekistan 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2
Korea, Rep. 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2
Portugal 46.9 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6
Switzerland 47.3 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2
Algeria 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6
Israel 49.0 47.8 47.0 45.5 50.7
Mali 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7 54.3
Senegal 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4
Iceland 49.4 52.3 50.8 52.0 50.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0
Norway 50.3 53.2 53.2 51.5 50.1
Lao PDR 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5
Romania 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8 53.2
Austria 51.6 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4
Finland 52.1 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0
Denmark 52.3 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0
El Salvador 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0
Vanuatu 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3
Grenada 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7
Croatia 53.0 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7
Cyprus 53.2 57.5 55.1 49.7 47.2
Tuvalu 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6
Cabo Verde 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4
Benin 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6 47.0
Kenya 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5
Dominican Republic 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7
Saudi Arabia 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9
Sweden 55.1 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7
Kyrgyz Republic 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4
Seychelles 56.1 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9
Ghana 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2 67.4
Libya 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5 39.7
Cambodia 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3
Ukraine 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2
Latvia 59.6 67.4 71.6 75.6 64.2
Canada 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0
Mongolia 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4
Cote d'Ivoire 61.2 60.5 61.7 59.4 60.2
Hungary 61.4 72.9 85.7 100.3 108.3
Macao SAR, China 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7
Guinea-Bissau 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4
Philippines 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3
Solomon Islands 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9
Malawi 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4
Costa Rica 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6
Armenia 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9
Mauritania 65.0 65.2 61.5 64.3 62.2
Vietnam 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2
Macedonia, FYR 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6 59.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5 75.3
Greenland 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6
Zimbabwe 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5
Slovak Republic 67.4 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8
Belize 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9
Lebanon 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6
Sri Lanka 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4
Bhutan 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1
Nigeria 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6
Dominica 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8
Gabon 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4
Syrian Arab Republic 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0
Jamaica 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7 46.9
Kiribati 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8
St. Lucia 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3
Tunisia 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5
Belarus 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7
Togo 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7
Kuwait 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0 65.7
Oman 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6
Thailand 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1 88.7
Fiji 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9
Namibia 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5
Czech Republic 78.0 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0
Trinidad and Tobago 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4
United Arab Emirates 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8
Lithuania 80.4 93.9 93.8 84.5 71.4
Antigua and Barbuda 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3
Jordan 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1
Marshall Islands 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9
Yemen, Rep. 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2
Slovenia 83.7 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.3
Bulgaria 84.3 98.6 88.2 63.2 69.2
Botswana 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3
Qatar 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4
Mauritius 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6
Congo, Rep. 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2
Netherlands 87.3 90.4 97.3 95.0 96.5
Maldives 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8
Papua New Guinea 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1
Moldova 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7
Honduras 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4
Eritrea 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1
Brunei Darussalam 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2
Estonia 100.5 111.9 145.7 143.2 124.7
Angola 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3
Swaziland 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5
Ireland 111.5 109.2 110.2 119.7 119.8
Belgium 118.7 123.0 132.4 135.1 132.5
Tajikistan 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5
Turkmenistan 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7
Malta 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4
Bahrain 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7
Lesotho 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5
Suriname 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5
Guyana 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4
Malaysia 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4 188.8
Equatorial Guinea 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2
Singapore 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6
Liberia 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Andorra
Curacao
St. Martin (French part)
South Sudan
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Faeroe Islands 74.5 83.3
Sao Tome and Principe
Serbia
Palau 63.3 98.1
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Isle of Man
Somalia
Monaco
San Marino
Puerto Rico
Myanmar
West Bank and Gaza
Kosovo
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Luxembourg 87.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Guam
American Samoa

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