Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Sudan 13.5 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4
Brazil 14.6 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.3
Argentina 11.9 13.1 14.4 16.0 16.0
Cuba 12.1 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2
Japan 13.9 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1
United States 16.4 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9
India 15.6 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8
Sierra Leone 29.1 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2
Georgia 19.7 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8
Ethiopia 20.7 20.8 21.7 20.2 27.1
Rwanda 36.8 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3
Gambia, The 33.1 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.4 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7
Uruguay 26.9 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9
Peru 23.8 25.8 26.1 27.4 25.9
Colombia 24.8 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9
Uganda 32.2 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1
Bangladesh 22.3 26.9 27.7 28.6 28.6
Haiti 15.7 28.3 25.4 26.5 29.7
Greece 27.8 28.3 28.9 28.4 30.4
Bermuda 31.2 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5
French Polynesia 31.0 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5
Burkina Faso 24.1 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5
Central African Republic 34.1 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7
Australia 31.3 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2
Comoros 34.5 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9
Pakistan 31.5 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7
Cameroon 27.9 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9
Turkey 31.7 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1
Burundi 37.2 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0
Ecuador 32.8 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9
Nicaragua 31.1 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5
Niger 35.4 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8
Spain 32.2 35.5 36.7 37.8 41.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.5 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7
Russian Federation 29.9 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0
Madagascar 33.5 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9
Guatemala 33.1 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3
Poland 36.8 37.4 39.3 43.3 43.5
France 36.3 37.6 38.2 41.3 42.8
Bolivia 37.5 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3
Albania 37.8 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5
Nepal 37.3 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4
Djibouti 42.4 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5
China 42.3 38.6 33.9 34.1 31.8
South Africa 35.8 38.6 41.3 43.0 41.4
Mozambique 54.4 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6
Italy 34.0 38.9 36.4 37.6 37.9
Germany 37.6 39.1 40.4 44.4 46.6
Panama 38.6 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3
Guinea 36.1 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3
Bahamas, The 37.5 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6
Venezuela, RB 44.7 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7
New Caledonia 40.9 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4
Chad 27.5 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4
Indonesia 40.7 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7
Azerbaijan 43.2 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8
United Kingdom 40.7 42.8 44.0 42.5 40.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6
New Zealand 44.1 43.5 41.8 43.9 44.1
Aruba 42.3 44.1 42.8 41.6 50.7
Kazakhstan 32.0 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6
Barbados 37.0 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9
Chile 42.5 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6
Mexico 27.1 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1
Paraguay 40.5 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3
Tanzania 44.8 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9
Tonga 42.8 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8
Uzbekistan 40.0 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5
Korea, Rep. 43.2 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9
Portugal 45.8 47.5 49.4 51.0 51.5
Algeria 42.9 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7
Mali 52.4 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7
Senegal 46.8 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1
Switzerland 50.0 49.9 50.6 55.9 57.0
Zambia 45.4 50.0 57.2 44.3 65.9
Norway 49.8 50.3 53.2 53.2 51.5
Israel 56.4 50.7 49.7 49.1 47.7
Iceland 49.2 50.7 53.7 52.1 53.2
Lao PDR 56.0 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1
Morocco 45.6 51.2 45.3 49.5 43.6
Romania 44.1 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8
Samoa 43.1 51.9 49.4 44.0 46.6
Austria 49.8 52.0 54.0 60.4 62.6
El Salvador 46.9 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4
Vanuatu 52.0 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4
Grenada 54.2 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0
Cyprus 53.7 53.2 57.5 55.1 49.7
Denmark 51.5 53.2 52.4 55.3 55.2
Tuvalu 76.0 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8
Cabo Verde 52.6 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6
Finland 52.6 53.5 56.5 59.4 59.1
Benin 51.9 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6
Kenya 51.5 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9
Croatia 65.1 53.8 53.2 55.7 51.0
Dominican Republic 57.6 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4
Saudi Arabia 49.1 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4
Seychelles 53.2 56.1 103.9 80.5 83.2
Ghana 64.9 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2
Libya 50.7 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5
Sweden 55.7 57.3 54.9 58.6 60.1
Cambodia 44.2 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0
Ukraine 40.1 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2
Latvia 44.1 59.6 67.4 71.6 75.6
Canada 55.6 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6
Mongolia 66.3 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8
Cote d'Ivoire 56.0 61.2 60.5 61.7 59.4
Macao SAR, China 65.9 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2
Guinea-Bissau 83.6 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6
Philippines 56.1 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4
Solomon Islands 60.5 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2
Hungary 59.6 62.2 73.7 86.7 101.6
Malawi 71.0 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0
Costa Rica 63.1 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3
Armenia 46.4 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3
Mauritania 58.7 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2
Vietnam 60.7 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7
Macedonia, FYR 76.0 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 67.6 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 74.0 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5
Greenland 64.4 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7
Zimbabwe 59.9 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2
Belize 70.6 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8
Slovak Republic 67.5 68.7 73.1 79.0 81.3
Lebanon 66.7 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8
Sri Lanka 68.1 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8
Bhutan 58.3 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2
Nigeria 88.6 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6
Dominica 66.4 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0
Gabon 74.1 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3
Syrian Arab Republic 84.1 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6
Jamaica 69.6 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7
Kiribati 56.3 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4
St. Lucia 79.0 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3
Tunisia 71.9 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6
Belarus 37.3 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6
Togo 56.0 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5
Kuwait 72.3 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0
Oman 74.0 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5
Thailand 69.1 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1
Fiji 77.5 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5
Namibia 74.8 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3
Trinidad and Tobago 60.7 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0
United Arab Emirates 82.9 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8
Czech Republic 72.3 80.3 77.0 83.2 84.9
Lithuania 62.9 80.4 93.9 93.8 84.5
Antigua and Barbuda 77.2 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9
Jordan 77.0 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2
Marshall Islands 85.4 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3
Yemen, Rep. 72.5 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9
Bulgaria 88.5 84.3 112.1 98.2 70.8
Slovenia 98.2 85.0 83.9 86.8 88.1
Botswana 82.6 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9
Qatar 69.7 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3
Mauritius 92.1 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2
Congo, Rep. 89.9 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9
Maldives 83.6 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2
Papua New Guinea 75.5 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5
Moldova 72.0 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5
Netherlands 88.6 92.7 95.7 103.1 101.7
Honduras 87.8 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4
Eritrea 106.6 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9
Brunei Darussalam 99.4 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1
Estonia 74.2 100.7 112.1 146.0 143.5
Angola 110.2 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2
Swaziland 120.3 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4
Ireland 106.3 113.5 111.2 112.1 121.9
Belgium 115.8 120.6 125.2 134.7 137.3
Tajikistan 76.9 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9
Turkmenistan 141.1 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3
Malta 134.0 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2
Bahrain 132.2 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5
Lesotho 135.4 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5
Suriname 144.0 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6
Guyana 177.9 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7
Malaysia 159.0 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4
Equatorial Guinea 102.5 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 233.7 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1
Singapore 270.4 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9
Liberia 573.4 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9
Andorra
Serbia
Afghanistan
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Somalia
Luxembourg
St. Martin (French part)
Faeroe Islands 74.5
Kosovo
Iraq
Palau 63.3
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
South Sudan
Monaco
Sao Tome and Principe
Puerto Rico
Myanmar
West Bank and Gaza
Isle of Man
Liechtenstein
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Guam
American Samoa

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