Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Sierra Leone 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0 25.5
Brazil 12.3 13.2 13.0 16.7 17.4
Japan 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4 18.2
India 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7 19.7
United States 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2 19.8
Sudan 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5 27.4
Argentina 17.5 19.4 19.3 17.2 18.1
Ethiopia 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0 21.2
Rwanda 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2 15.2
Burundi 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3 22.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6 19.9
Mozambique 27.7 22.7 20.9 26.4 30.3
Cuba 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7 21.3
Bermuda 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0 22.2
Bangladesh 24.3 25.1 25.2 27.0 28.6
Colombia 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8 24.6
Haiti 26.0 25.8 30.0 32.7 34.2
Greece 27.4 26.7 28.5 29.2 34.7
Uruguay 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3 25.2
Peru 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2 28.3
Tanzania 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6 22.2
Comoros 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8 28.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 32.1 28.6 24.9 26.7 38.9
Australia 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2 32.6
Uganda 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0 31.3
Central African Republic 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7 30.4
French Polynesia 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1 34.6
Pakistan 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6 26.9
Cameroon 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8 35.8
Albania 34.6 33.3 38.8 44.1 37.1
Burkina Faso 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9 31.1
Georgia 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4 33.8
China 33.7 33.9 31.6 33.1 39.4
Madagascar 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7 49.5
Guinea 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4 42.7
Guatemala 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0 38.8
Niger 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6 37.7
Ecuador 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0 47.2
Italy 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5 42.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2 7.8
Gambia, The 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0 25.8
Spain 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9 45.6
Panama 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9 36.5
Chad 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4 36.1
Bahamas, The 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9 41.9
Bolivia 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9 36.4
Tonga 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2 41.9
Samoa 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2 63.6
Turkey 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9 30.9
Azerbaijan 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9 55.3
Russian Federation 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8 57.8
France 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7 48.7
Zambia 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4 49.4
United Kingdom 41.8 40.6 38.7 38.1 40.7
Kenya 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5 38.1
Djibouti 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3 43.2
South Africa 40.2 42.0 40.4 39.1 43.8
Nepal 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2 43.3
Poland 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5 47.0
Germany 39.3 43.2 45.3 46.3 53.8
New Zealand 41.5 43.5 43.7 45.5 51.6
Morocco 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5 51.2
New Caledonia 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2 57.0
Venezuela, RB 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8 42.5
Paraguay 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5 37.4
Nicaragua 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6 48.0
Israel 47.6 46.5 45.2 50.3 52.2
Mexico 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7 50.6
Chile 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4 47.5
Algeria 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6 56.9
Senegal 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4 52.1
Mali 43.3 48.2 45.1 47.5 50.9
Kazakhstan 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5 75.7
Benin 50.1 48.7 46.6 43.5 39.1
Malawi 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4 52.3
Indonesia 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4 66.1
Korea, Rep. 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2 59.2
Barbados 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6 45.7
Vanuatu 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3 41.5
Portugal 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6 54.3
Cabo Verde 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4 44.7
Iceland 52.5 50.9 52.1 50.6 50.3
Guinea-Bissau 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4 32.7
Libya 56.6 51.4 44.5 33.6 44.7
Lebanon 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6 40.2
Cyprus 53.8 51.6 46.5 44.2 48.3
Norway 52.1 52.2 50.5 49.1 55.1
Cambodia 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3 91.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.6 52.6 48.5 46.4 54.5
Switzerland 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2 60.0
Saudi Arabia 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9 57.2
Denmark 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0 59.0
Syrian Arab Republic 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0 43.7
Croatia 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7 56.6
El Salvador 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0 60.1
Solomon Islands 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9 37.0
Uzbekistan 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2 40.1
Romania 55.3 55.9 47.9 52.3 62.9
Sweden 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7 61.6
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0 55.0
Dominican Republic 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7 63.4
Ghana 54.5 57.5 58.3 67.4 93.2
Finland 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0 64.2
Austria 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4 71.3
Tuvalu 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6 36.5
Jamaica 66.8 60.6 49.9 47.1 51.9
Lao PDR 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5 50.0
Mauritania 65.2 61.5 57.2 52.9 62.5
Cote d'Ivoire 60.5 61.7 60.2 61.1 59.4
Ukraine 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2 91.3
Macao SAR, China 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7 84.6
Canada 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0 70.5
Grenada 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7 55.2
Greenland 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6 59.7
Tunisia 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5 67.1
St. Lucia 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3 51.0
Kiribati 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8 64.6
Zimbabwe 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5 56.6
Yemen, Rep. 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2 66.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.4 67.3 65.0 64.0 53.0
Latvia 63.1 67.3 69.7 62.1 63.9
Armenia 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9 61.5
Nigeria 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6 64.0
Sri Lanka 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4 77.2
Bhutan 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1 63.3
Antigua and Barbuda 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3 58.6
Belize 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9 89.2
Togo 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7 71.5
Costa Rica 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6 76.7
Dominica 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8 59.8
Marshall Islands 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9 57.6
Kuwait 73.9 74.0 70.1 65.7 70.5
Kyrgyz Republic 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4 77.3
Namibia 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5 73.4
Fiji 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9 84.0
Philippines 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3 94.8
Slovak Republic 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8 84.5
Vietnam 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2 89.5
Gabon 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4 70.0
Papua New Guinea 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1 92.2
Qatar 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4 83.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6 75.8
Thailand 70.0 80.1 85.7 85.9 103.6
Czech Republic 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0 99.3
Seychelles 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9 87.2
Macedonia, FYR 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8 90.6
Oman 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6 84.3
Jordan 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1 76.8
Eritrea 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1 71.9
Slovenia 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.2 93.0
Hungary 72.8 85.6 100.2 108.2 128.0
Maldives 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8 79.7
Mongolia 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4 101.2
Bulgaria 98.6 88.2 63.2 70.1 86.7
Brunei Darussalam 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2 83.5
Mauritius 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6 79.6
Turkmenistan 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7 147.8
Lithuania 94.4 93.9 84.6 71.4 80.3
United Arab Emirates 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8 81.3
Trinidad and Tobago 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4 93.0
Netherlands 89.7 96.7 94.7 96.1 109.3
Angola 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3 120.1
Botswana 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3 82.2
Moldova 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7 96.9
Honduras 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4 103.2
Ireland 109.0 110.0 119.4 119.6 128.7
Congo, Rep. 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2 91.7
Belarus 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7 125.4
Malta 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4 148.2
Swaziland 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5 128.3
Belgium 122.7 132.0 134.7 132.2 153.8
Bahrain 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7 119.5
Estonia 111.7 145.5 143.0 124.4 156.2
Suriname 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5 103.7
Lesotho 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5 133.4
Malaysia 155.4 157.8 182.4 188.8 192.1
Tajikistan 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5 169.7
Guyana 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4 150.3
Equatorial Guinea 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6 148.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2 242.8
Aruba 273.1 250.7 161.1 196.4 272.5
Singapore 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6 284.2
Liberia 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9 188.4
Luxembourg 86.9 92.0
Montenegro
San Marino
Isle of Man
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Palau 63.3 98.1 90.1
Serbia
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
Timor-Leste
Iraq
Faroe Islands 74.5 83.3 94.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
Monaco
Myanmar
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
American Samoa
Somalia

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