Country name 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998
Brazil 14.6 13.1 12.4 13.3 13.3
Sierra Leone 29.1 20.1 27.4 12.9 15.2
Argentina 11.9 13.1 14.4 16.0 16.0
Japan 13.9 14.6 16.2 17.6 17.1
Rwanda 36.8 22.4 23.0 20.8 17.3
India 15.6 17.8 17.8 18.1 17.8
United States 16.4 17.7 17.9 18.4 17.9
Bermuda 31.2 29.8 23.6 23.0 21.5
Tanzania 44.8 44.9 33.4 27.2 21.9
Cuba 12.1 14.5 20.9 22.9 22.2
Sudan 13.5 12.8 24.0 18.6 22.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 26.4 25.3 24.5 21.8 22.7
Mozambique 54.4 38.8 30.1 25.2 23.6
Burundi 37.2 33.9 19.1 21.3 25.0
Colombia 24.8 25.8 25.0 25.2 25.9
Peru 23.8 25.8 26.1 27.4 25.9
Uruguay 26.9 25.8 27.9 26.9 25.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 49.5 35.5 35.0 30.9 26.7
Turkey 31.7 33.8 36.8 39.4 27.1
Ethiopia 20.7 20.8 21.7 20.2 27.1
Comoros 34.5 31.9 27.4 28.6 27.9
Bangladesh 22.3 26.9 27.7 28.6 28.6
Pakistan 31.5 32.2 34.0 32.7 28.7
Uganda 32.2 26.3 29.4 29.8 29.1
Gambia, The 33.1 25.2 32.9 36.5 29.6
Haiti 15.7 28.3 25.4 26.5 29.7
Georgia 19.7 20.2 28.6 33.7 29.8
Australia 31.3 31.1 31.3 29.6 30.2
Greece 27.8 28.3 28.9 28.4 30.4
Central African Republic 34.1 31.0 28.6 32.4 30.7
China 42.3 38.6 33.9 34.1 31.8
Cameroon 27.9 32.6 30.8 32.7 32.9
Madagascar 33.5 35.9 28.5 34.1 32.9
French Polynesia 31.0 30.1 32.2 32.5 33.5
Guinea 36.1 41.2 35.1 34.5 34.3
Ecuador 32.8 34.6 37.6 36.3 34.9
Nepal 37.3 38.1 39.4 42.7 35.4
Chad 27.5 42.0 35.5 37.0 35.4
Bolivia 37.5 37.6 37.5 38.1 36.3
Venezuela, RB 44.7 41.5 48.3 44.8 36.7
Kenya 51.5 53.8 41.6 40.7 36.9
Guatemala 33.1 37.2 32.8 34.8 37.3
Burkina Faso 24.1 30.7 34.0 33.5 37.5
Azerbaijan 43.2 42.7 50.1 39.7 37.8
Italy 34.0 38.9 36.4 37.6 37.9
Panama 38.6 39.7 36.5 36.9 38.3
Albania 37.8 37.8 38.1 35.8 38.5
Niger 35.4 35.2 38.9 35.0 38.8
United Kingdom 40.7 42.8 44.0 42.5 40.3
Bahamas, The 37.5 41.4 42.8 37.2 40.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 33.0 43.1 45.7 36.4 40.6
Algeria 42.9 48.7 47.5 46.9 40.7
Tonga 42.8 44.9 39.2 39.1 40.8
New Caledonia 40.9 41.9 42.4 44.7 41.4
Spain 32.2 35.5 36.7 37.8 41.4
South Africa 35.8 38.6 41.3 43.0 41.4
France 36.3 37.6 38.2 41.3 42.8
Paraguay 40.5 44.8 43.4 45.1 43.3
Djibouti 42.4 38.2 40.7 41.2 43.5
Poland 36.8 37.4 39.3 43.3 43.5
Morocco 45.6 51.2 45.3 49.5 43.6
Kazakhstan 32.0 44.5 48.3 48.7 43.6
Guinea-Bissau 83.6 61.8 42.5 51.0 43.6
Barbados 37.0 44.7 46.2 50.2 43.9
New Zealand 43.9 43.5 41.8 43.9 44.1
Libya 50.7 56.2 56.6 51.4 44.5
Nicaragua 31.1 34.8 37.6 46.2 44.5
Syrian Arab Republic 84.1 72.6 68.0 54.8 44.6
Lebanon 66.7 69.1 62.8 51.5 44.8
Uzbekistan 40.0 46.3 63.9 55.7 45.5
Cabo Verde 52.6 53.4 49.2 50.8 45.6
Chile 42.5 44.7 47.3 46.8 45.6
Benin 51.9 53.7 50.1 48.7 46.6
Germany 37.6 39.1 40.4 44.4 46.6
Samoa 43.1 51.9 49.4 44.0 46.6
Saudi Arabia 49.1 54.8 56.1 54.2 47.2
Israel 56.4 50.7 49.7 49.1 47.7
Romania 44.1 51.3 55.2 55.9 47.8
Senegal 46.8 49.3 47.9 47.9 48.2
Vanuatu 52.0 52.6 52.2 50.4 48.4
Russian Federation 29.9 35.9 40.2 40.0 49.0
Mexico 27.1 44.8 47.3 46.5 49.1
Cyprus 53.7 53.2 57.5 55.1 49.7
Jamaica 69.6 73.0 66.6 60.4 49.7
Aruba 42.3 44.1 42.8 41.6 50.7
Mali 52.4 49.2 46.0 52.5 50.7
Croatia 65.1 53.8 53.2 55.7 51.0
Portugal 45.8 47.5 49.4 51.0 51.5
Norway 49.8 50.3 53.2 53.2 51.5
Solomon Islands 60.5 62.0 55.4 55.5 52.2
Iceland 49.2 50.7 53.7 52.1 53.2
El Salvador 46.9 52.4 48.6 55.3 53.4
Malawi 71.0 63.0 48.4 49.5 54.0
Denmark 51.5 53.2 52.4 55.3 55.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 49.5 53.8 56.2 56.1
Switzerland 50.0 49.9 50.6 55.9 57.0
Mauritania 58.7 65.0 65.2 61.5 57.2
Kiribati 56.3 74.2 63.9 65.6 57.4
Greenland 64.4 66.6 70.0 64.4 57.7
Yemen, Rep. 72.5 82.8 81.5 66.1 57.9
Ghana 64.9 56.2 54.5 57.5 58.2
Finland 52.6 53.5 56.5 59.4 59.1
Armenia 46.4 64.4 71.8 68.6 59.3
St. Lucia 79.0 74.2 69.4 65.0 59.3
Cote d'Ivoire 56.0 61.2 60.5 61.7 59.4
Dominican Republic 57.6 54.7 53.9 57.3 59.4
Nigeria 88.6 72.0 64.6 69.0 59.6
Korea, Rep. 43.2 46.5 46.4 50.1 59.9
Sweden 55.7 57.3 54.9 58.6 60.1
Turkmenistan 141.1 130.7 126.5 91.0 60.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 67.6 65.9 69.6 68.3 61.6
Austria 49.8 52.0 54.0 60.4 62.6
Cambodia 44.2 59.3 48.9 52.3 63.0
Palau 63.3
Togo 56.0 74.2 75.4 71.3 63.5
Bhutan 58.3 70.9 72.1 69.7 64.2
Tunisia 71.9 74.2 67.5 64.9 64.6
Ukraine 40.1 59.3 71.8 62.5 65.2
Zambia 45.4 50.0 57.2 44.3 65.9
Macao SAR, China 65.9 61.6 60.3 63.4 66.2
Canada 55.6 59.9 60.1 63.8 66.6
Marshall Islands 85.4 81.3 82.5 72.2 67.3
Gabon 74.1 72.5 72.7 77.5 67.3
Belize 70.6 67.6 66.0 70.6 67.8
Sri Lanka 68.1 69.9 68.6 69.6 67.8
Antigua and Barbuda 77.2 80.7 74.5 70.4 67.9
Grenada 54.2 52.8 58.4 64.3 69.0
Kuwait 72.3 75.7 73.9 74.0 70.0
Bulgaria 88.5 84.3 112.1 98.2 70.8
Jordan 77.0 81.2 88.2 82.0 71.2
Eritrea 106.6 93.4 93.9 84.8 71.9
Lao PDR 56.0 51.0 54.1 61.0 72.1
Fiji 77.5 76.7 81.5 75.8 74.5
Faeroe Islands 74.5
Zimbabwe 59.9 67.2 60.9 66.0 75.2
Namibia 74.8 76.7 78.3 75.3 75.3
Latvia 44.1 59.6 67.4 71.6 75.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 74.0 66.4 62.9 79.8 76.5
Vietnam 60.7 65.6 74.6 77.4 76.7
Dominica 66.4 72.3 76.1 72.0 77.0
Tuvalu 76.0 53.2 45.3 60.5 78.8
Papua New Guinea 75.5 88.6 82.8 78.5 79.5
Oman 74.0 75.7 79.0 81.0 80.5
Slovak Republic 67.5 68.7 73.1 79.0 81.3
Qatar 69.7 86.6 80.7 78.7 82.3
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0 56.0 73.5 74.3 82.4
Seychelles 53.2 56.1 103.9 80.5 83.2
Maldives 83.6 88.5 84.8 86.3 83.2
Costa Rica 63.1 63.9 67.8 71.7 83.3
Philippines 56.1 61.8 65.8 77.1 84.4
Lithuania 62.9 80.4 93.9 93.8 84.5
Czech Republic 72.3 80.3 77.0 83.2 84.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4 66.1 79.6 79.2 85.4
Mongolia 66.3 61.2 65.0 87.8 85.8
Trinidad and Tobago 60.7 78.2 80.6 96.4 87.0
Thailand 69.1 75.7 70.4 79.7 87.1
Angola 110.2 101.4 94.8 99.4 87.2
United Arab Emirates 82.9 79.3 92.3 94.5 87.8
Slovenia 98.2 85.0 83.9 86.8 88.1
Brunei Darussalam 99.4 94.9 97.3 89.9 89.1
Mauritius 92.1 87.0 92.5 90.3 89.2
Indonesia 40.7 42.6 40.8 49.9 89.7
Botswana 82.6 85.7 86.0 101.6 89.9
Macedonia, FYR 76.0 65.7 62.7 80.7 90.3
Tajikistan 76.9 126.7 137.9 162.2 98.9
Moldova 72.0 90.4 110.0 106.0 100.5
Hungary 59.6 62.2 73.7 86.7 101.6
Netherlands 88.6 92.7 95.7 103.1 101.7
Belarus 37.3 74.2 85.3 113.2 102.6
Suriname 144.0 153.0 108.5 146.2 104.6
Congo, Rep. 89.9 87.1 114.0 111.7 104.9
Bahrain 132.2 133.8 147.1 132.5 110.5
Malta 134.0 133.5 123.4 115.4 118.2
Honduras 87.8 93.3 102.9 108.7 118.4
Ireland 106.3 113.5 111.2 112.1 121.9
Swaziland 120.3 110.3 119.7 118.1 130.4
Belgium 115.8 120.6 125.2 134.7 137.3
Lesotho 135.4 147.5 160.9 155.4 138.5
Guyana 177.9 158.0 162.0 163.7 142.7
Estonia 74.2 100.7 112.1 146.0 143.5
Malaysia 159.0 170.7 155.4 157.5 182.4
Equatorial Guinea 102.5 175.2 225.3 193.3 203.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 233.7 255.7 239.3 226.4 214.1
Singapore 270.4 276.2 265.9 257.0 246.9
Liberia 573.4 986.6 743.4 351.5 248.9
Andorra
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Serbia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
West Bank and Gaza
Iraq
Turks and Caicos Islands
Timor-Leste
Montenegro
Puerto Rico
Kosovo
Isle of Man
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Luxembourg
Cayman Islands
American Samoa
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
Afghanistan
Myanmar
San Marino

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