Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Brazil 12.3 13.2 13.0 16.7 17.4
Sierra Leone 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0 25.5
Japan 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4 18.2
Rwanda 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2 15.2
India 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7 19.7
United States 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2 19.8
Argentina 17.5 19.4 19.3 17.2 18.1
Mozambique 27.7 22.7 20.9 26.4 30.3
Bermuda 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0 22.2
Tanzania 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6 22.2
Cuba 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7 21.3
Sudan 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5 27.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6 19.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 32.1 28.6 24.9 26.7 38.9
Burundi 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3 22.7
Bangladesh 24.3 25.1 25.2 27.0 28.6
Peru 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2 28.3
Colombia 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8 24.6
Uruguay 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3 25.2
Ethiopia 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0 21.2
Turkey 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9 30.9
Comoros 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8 28.0
Greece 27.4 26.7 28.5 29.2 34.7
Pakistan 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6 26.9
Uganda 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0 31.3
Gambia, The 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0 25.8
Georgia 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4 33.8
Haiti 26.0 25.8 30.0 32.7 34.2
Australia 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2 32.6
Central African Republic 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7 30.4
China 33.7 33.9 31.6 33.1 39.4
Cameroon 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8 35.8
Madagascar 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7 49.5
French Polynesia 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1 34.6
Guinea 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4 42.7
Ecuador 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0 47.2
Nepal 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2 43.3
Chad 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4 36.1
Bolivia 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9 36.4
Italy 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5 42.0
Venezuela, RB 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8 42.5
Kenya 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5 38.1
Guatemala 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0 38.8
Burkina Faso 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9 31.1
Azerbaijan 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9 55.3
Panama 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9 36.5
United Kingdom 41.8 40.6 38.7 38.1 40.7
Niger 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6 37.7
Albania 34.6 33.3 38.8 44.1 37.1
Spain 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9 45.6
South Africa 40.2 42.0 40.4 39.1 43.8
Bahamas, The 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9 41.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2 7.8
Algeria 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6 56.9
Tonga 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2 41.9
New Caledonia 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2 57.0
Samoa 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2 63.6
France 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7 48.7
Paraguay 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5 37.4
Poland 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5 47.0
Djibouti 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3 43.2
Morocco 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5 51.2
Kazakhstan 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5 75.7
Guinea-Bissau 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4 32.7
New Zealand 41.5 43.5 43.7 45.5 51.6
Barbados 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6 45.7
Libya 56.6 51.4 44.5 33.6 44.7
Nicaragua 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6 48.0
Syrian Arab Republic 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0 43.7
Lebanon 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6 40.2
Mali 43.3 48.2 45.1 47.5 50.9
Israel 47.6 46.5 45.2 50.3 52.2
Germany 39.3 43.2 45.3 46.3 53.8
Uzbekistan 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2 40.1
Cabo Verde 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4 44.7
Chile 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4 47.5
Cyprus 53.8 51.6 46.5 44.2 48.3
Benin 50.1 48.7 46.6 43.5 39.1
Saudi Arabia 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9 57.2
Romania 55.3 55.9 47.9 52.3 62.9
Senegal 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4 52.1
Vanuatu 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3 41.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.6 52.6 48.5 46.4 54.5
Russian Federation 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8 57.8
Mexico 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7 50.6
Jamaica 66.8 60.6 49.9 47.1 51.9
Croatia 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7 56.6
Norway 52.1 52.2 50.5 49.1 55.1
Portugal 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6 54.3
Iceland 52.5 50.9 52.1 50.6 50.3
Solomon Islands 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9 37.0
El Salvador 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0 60.1
Switzerland 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2 60.0
Malawi 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4 52.3
Denmark 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0 59.0
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0 55.0
Mauritania 65.2 61.5 57.2 52.9 62.5
Finland 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0 64.2
Sweden 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7 61.6
Kiribati 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8 64.6
Greenland 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6 59.7
Yemen, Rep. 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2 66.4
Ghana 54.5 57.5 58.3 67.4 93.2
Armenia 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9 61.5
St. Lucia 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3 51.0
Dominican Republic 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7 63.4
Nigeria 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6 64.0
Korea, Rep. 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2 59.2
Cote d'Ivoire 60.5 61.7 60.2 61.1 59.4
Turkmenistan 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7 147.8
Zambia 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4 49.4
Austria 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4 71.3
Cambodia 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3 91.1
Bulgaria 98.6 88.2 63.2 70.1 86.7
Palau 63.3 98.1 90.1
Togo 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7 71.5
Bhutan 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1 63.3
Tunisia 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5 67.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.4 67.3 65.0 64.0 53.0
Ukraine 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2 91.3
Macao SAR, China 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7 84.6
Canada 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0 70.5
Marshall Islands 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9 57.6
Gabon 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4 70.0
Belize 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9 89.2
Sri Lanka 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4 77.2
Antigua and Barbuda 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3 58.6
Grenada 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7 55.2
Latvia 63.1 67.3 69.7 62.1 63.9
Kuwait 73.9 74.0 70.1 65.7 70.5
Jordan 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1 76.8
Eritrea 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1 71.9
Lao PDR 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5 50.0
Fiji 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9 84.0
Faroe Islands 74.5 83.3 94.8
Zimbabwe 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5 56.6
Namibia 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5 73.4
Vietnam 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2 89.5
Dominica 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8 59.8
Tuvalu 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6 36.5
Papua New Guinea 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1 92.2
Slovak Republic 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8 84.5
Oman 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6 84.3
Czech Republic 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0 99.3
Qatar 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4 83.6
Kyrgyz Republic 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4 77.3
Seychelles 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9 87.2
Maldives 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8 79.7
Costa Rica 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6 76.7
Philippines 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3 94.8
Lithuania 94.4 93.9 84.6 71.4 80.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6 75.8
Thailand 70.0 80.1 85.7 85.9 103.6
Mongolia 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4 101.2
Slovenia 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.2 93.0
Trinidad and Tobago 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4 93.0
Angola 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3 120.1
United Arab Emirates 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2 83.5
Mauritius 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6 79.6
Indonesia 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4 66.1
Botswana 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3 82.2
Macedonia, FYR 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8 90.6
Netherlands 89.7 96.7 94.7 96.1 109.3
Tajikistan 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5 169.7
Hungary 72.8 85.6 100.2 108.2 128.0
Moldova 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7 96.9
Belarus 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7 125.4
Suriname 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5 103.7
Congo, Rep. 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2 91.7
Bahrain 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7 119.5
Malta 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4 148.2
Honduras 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4 103.2
Ireland 109.0 110.0 119.4 119.6 128.7
Swaziland 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5 128.3
Belgium 122.7 132.0 134.7 132.2 153.8
Lesotho 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5 133.4
Guyana 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4 150.3
Estonia 111.7 145.5 143.0 124.4 156.2
Aruba 273.1 250.7 161.1 196.4 272.5
Malaysia 155.4 157.8 182.4 188.8 192.1
Equatorial Guinea 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6 148.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2 242.8
Singapore 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6 284.2
Liberia 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9 188.4
Montenegro
St. Martin (French part)
Andorra
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Turks and Caicos Islands
Curacao
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
South Sudan
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
Luxembourg 86.9 92.0
Guam
Sao Tome and Principe
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Myanmar
Isle of Man
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands

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