Country name 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005
Rwanda 21.9 18.7 17.4 18.3 23.1
United States 18.0 17.2 17.6 19.1 20.1
Cuba 20.5 16.7 17.7 20.8 24.4
Japan 18.1 18.9 19.9 21.9 24.3
Bermuda 20.5 20.4 21.1 23.7 21.2
India 19.0 20.2 21.3 24.4 29.1
Central African Republic 26.7 26.9 21.6 22.4 22.4
Brazil 20.9 21.7 22.2 24.4 22.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 18.6 20.8 24.5 32.5 39.4
Burundi 20.3 19.3 24.8 24.4 29.3
Guinea-Bissau 31.9 27.2 27.3 29.9 33.3
Colombia 25.6 25.1 28.5 28.2 28.9
Tanzania 24.7 24.4 28.7 32.8 29.3
Greece 32.7 27.3 28.8 28.3 28.9
Sierra Leone 19.5 25.3 28.8 29.7 30.9
Bangladesh 28.0 26.9 29.0 31.2 33.4
Burkina Faso 31.2 30.8 29.6 36.2 31.6
Peru 27.8 27.9 29.7 34.4 39.9
Pakistan 26.9 29.2 30.0 32.0 37.8
Uganda 35.0 24.6 30.1 30.0 31.8
Comoros 30.9 29.2 30.5 28.3 29.1
Timor-Leste 30.5 32.9 23.9
Panama 32.8 31.2 30.5 32.0 107.7
Sudan 27.7 29.7 30.7 36.6 43.7
Bahamas, The 35.8 31.2 31.5 33.6 37.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 22.5 25.4 32.1 38.5 42.6
Cameroon 37.4 33.7 32.6 31.0 33.7
Gambia, The 20.9 29.9 33.8 41.3 42.8
Argentina 17.4 35.4 34.0 31.4 31.3
Australia 33.6 34.9 34.2 32.0 33.4
Niger 35.2 34.4 35.7 38.9 42.1
Guinea 47.0 46.6 36.2 41.6 57.0
United Kingdom 40.1 38.3 36.3 35.6 37.6
Uruguay 24.5 28.1 36.5 44.2 42.0
Benin 37.2 38.4 36.7 32.3 33.2
Ethiopia 27.5 26.4 36.9 35.1 40.3
Cyprus 47.4 43.4 37.3 37.6 42.6
Italy 41.3 39.6 38.0 39.4 40.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 33.4 35.0 38.1 40.1 43.8
Nepal 36.8 32.8 38.2 37.2 38.7
Turkey 37.1 37.7 38.5 41.0 39.4
Lao PDR 46.9 42.5 39.4 45.5 52.5
Madagascar 45.2 25.3 39.5 61.2 50.8
New Zealand 50.2 44.1 39.7 41.8 41.7
Bolivia 36.8 38.8 39.8 45.5 55.1
Ecuador 41.0 40.2 39.9 43.7 49.1
Georgia 33.3 33.6 40.1 48.6 52.3
Spain 43.3 41.2 40.2 41.2 41.6
Albania 40.2 41.6 40.2 39.8 40.2
Kenya 39.6 40.8 41.2 45.0 49.5
Vanuatu 42.6 41.8 42.0 45.3 47.3
France 47.2 44.1 42.8 43.5 43.9
Tuvalu 26.6 72.8 43.3 53.5 59.4
South Africa 47.3 51.1 43.5 43.6 44.2
Venezuela, RB 36.6 42.8 43.6 50.1 54.8
Barbados 43.2 40.4 44.1 48.1 50.4
Djibouti 39.8 39.4 44.3 44.9 44.7
Cabo Verde 43.3 46.1 44.7 48.3 46.9
Indonesia 59.1 49.8 45.3 48.9 56.9
Lebanon 48.0 40.7 45.5 56.3 56.2
Iceland 52.8 49.2 46.1 47.3 48.2
Morocco 48.2 48.8 46.2 48.7 53.7
Nicaragua 44.4 44.3 46.7 51.2 72.9
Norway 53.0 48.4 47.4 49.6 51.6
Mexico 45.8 45.0 47.7 50.7 51.1
Portugal 52.3 49.2 47.9 48.0 52.0
Dominica 51.0 47.1 48.0 49.7 55.9
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0 47.0 45.5
Sao Tome and Principe 43.1 44.8 49.1 44.4 44.8
Russian Federation 50.8 48.8 49.3 47.5 48.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 52.9 45.9 49.7 50.2 50.9
Syrian Arab Republic 47.4 51.1 49.7 62.9 67.8
Mozambique 37.0 46.8 50.0 51.8 54.3
Grenada 49.0 43.9 50.1 44.2 51.2
Solomon Islands 34.2 36.6 50.4 58.3 69.7
Eritrea 58.7 80.9 50.5 44.3 45.6
Chad 50.8 92.1 50.8 71.2 60.6
Jamaica 50.4 47.9 51.3 52.6 56.0
Nigeria 67.1 43.2 51.6 60.1 63.4
China 38.3 42.5 51.6 59.5 62.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 47.8 49.9 51.8 44.5 45.1
Haiti 35.8 40.6 51.8 48.0 44.6
Mali 56.8 56.5 52.1 47.0 48.2
Zambia 50.5 49.1 52.1 59.9 52.4
Algeria 53.1 54.2 52.4 58.0 64.3
Chile 49.4 49.7 52.7 57.0 59.5
Senegal 56.0 56.7 53.2 54.1 58.3
Tonga 47.6 56.9 53.4 50.7 50.5
Israel 49.3 53.6 53.7 60.2 62.9
Malawi 59.0 41.4 54.1 53.9 60.8
Germany 54.2 53.2 54.1 57.7 61.1
Korea, Rep. 54.7 51.7 54.8 62.5 60.8
Mauritania 63.3 57.6 55.0 74.3 94.0
Antigua and Barbuda 55.2 54.7 55.6 56.9 59.1
Finland 58.7 56.9 55.9 57.4 60.8
Sweden 57.9 56.2 56.1 58.6 62.4
Poland 45.2 48.5 56.1 65.0 62.8
Denmark 58.9 60.4 56.8 57.8 60.7
St. Lucia 53.7 47.3 57.4 56.3 58.1
Guatemala 43.2 56.9 57.4 60.5 58.4
Greenland 54.5 59.0 57.5 57.3 60.3
Uzbekistan 48.4 51.0 57.8 63.8 58.8
Switzerland 59.7 59.4 58.3 60.6 63.2
Canada 66.5 63.8 58.3 58.6 58.7
Croatia 59.3 58.1 58.8 59.2 60.3
Zimbabwe 43.1 59.3 59.0 70.5 73.0
El Salvador 57.1 57.2 59.0 61.0 59.1
Cote d'Ivoire 58.0 63.8 59.2 70.3 79.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.5 54.3 59.7 62.7 59.5
Maldives 56.9 57.5 59.7 68.4 80.9
Palau 72.4 71.3 60.2 64.4 61.3
Kiribati 71.8 73.6 60.4 60.5 73.8
Bhutan 62.3 57.6 61.4 84.5 78.7
Dominican Republic 56.5 52.7 61.6 62.7 47.1
Sri Lanka 68.5 63.2 62.5 66.4 62.2
Saudi Arabia 54.3 55.6 62.9 67.0 73.1
Yemen, Rep. 59.3 58.5 62.9 58.1 65.6
Gabon 70.3 66.7 65.7 65.4 69.1
Namibia 76.9 75.6 65.7 63.9 64.0
Kuwait 69.0 63.9 66.1 69.4 75.1
Liberia 68.4 65.2 67.0 92.8 80.2
Kyrgyz Republic 61.8 66.8 67.7 75.1 72.1
Tunisia 73.2 70.9 69.0 72.2 73.3
Kazakhstan 68.1 66.0 69.2 76.2 79.1
Latvia 66.0 66.4 69.3 77.3 82.0
Romania 66.2 68.7 69.6 73.8 68.4
Botswana 78.7 78.5 70.0 75.3 76.4
Armenia 57.4 62.8 70.0 58.0 56.6
Samoa 72.7 70.8 70.1 70.3 70.0
Marshall Islands 59.7 65.6 71.3 79.0 86.7
Azerbaijan 65.6 61.5 71.7 82.2 90.6
Libya 45.2 69.3 72.3 80.7 79.1
Ghana 91.6 74.1 72.5 73.5 75.9
Paraguay 59.2 63.3 73.0 74.3 78.6
Macao SAR, China 78.7 76.6 73.3 67.3 59.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.3 73.3 73.4 76.9 84.4
Macedonia, FYR 76.9 77.4 74.3 81.1 84.2
Austria 73.8 73.7 75.4 79.5 80.3
Mauritius 79.7 83.1 76.0 74.6 84.3
Belize 78.7 74.4 76.4 69.3 81.9
Qatar 83.4 77.6 77.7 77.8 80.4
Costa Rica 70.7 73.9 78.6 78.3 84.4
Trinidad and Tobago 88.9 83.5 80.2 85.7 97.8
Fiji 85.7 76.8 80.9 78.4 76.8
Togo 68.3 69.0 82.0 76.5 81.3
Angola 108.7 79.1 84.1 82.0 87.8
Oman 87.4 86.7 85.4 89.4 89.0
Jordan 79.8 81.9 86.6 105.7 117.6
Bulgaria 87.7 83.7 87.4 93.5 100.3
Brunei Darussalam 85.7 90.0 87.7 82.3 81.2
Mongolia 91.4 87.0 88.8 94.9 89.1
Ireland 122.3 109.9 89.1 85.9 84.3
Faroe Islands 87.8 81.2 89.6 73.9 77.5
Slovenia 93.1 90.4 89.6 99.0 108.9
Lithuania 89.3 92.3 90.2 95.8 104.7
Ukraine 84.3 82.4 91.9 95.0 81.7
Philippines 88.6 93.8 93.9 93.9 88.0
Slovak Republic 89.1 88.3 94.9 100.6 106.5
United Arab Emirates 83.0 86.3 95.9 110.3 111.8
Seychelles 111.2 93.0 97.2 93.8 110.4
Netherlands 103.0 99.6 98.1 104.1 113.5
Congo, Rep. 98.0 97.8 100.3 94.7 99.4
Cambodia 90.3 99.0 100.4 112.2 111.5
Luxembourg 104.9 98.1 100.9 105.7 112.8
Papua New Guinea 93.3 92.6 101.1 107.8 102.8
Czech Republic 103.3 96.9 101.1 116.8 113.7
Thailand 105.5 98.8 102.5 110.3 121.0
Turkmenistan 140.0 111.4 102.8 105.1 97.4
Honduras 100.1 104.5 104.8 118.1 119.9
Suriname 113.2 89.1 105.6 108.9 114.1
Vietnam 88.5 96.1 106.3 118.3 120.1
Hungary 119.4 107.0 106.9 112.0 115.1
Malta 111.1 108.8 107.0 109.1 101.5
Tajikistan 123.8 119.5 108.0 101.4 96.8
Moldova 98.6 101.2 110.5 106.0 113.2
Bahrain 110.1 112.2 111.0 113.6 123.0
Belarus 127.4 117.3 120.6 130.8 108.2
Estonia 148.0 139.3 138.2 118.3 128.2
Guyana 152.5 145.3 146.8 158.3 162.6
Equatorial Guinea 174.4 145.2 149.3 129.0 101.9
Belgium 155.2 160.1 153.8 159.7 168.6
Lesotho 144.8 178.6 164.7 174.0 150.6
Swaziland 161.8 162.1 170.3 160.0 136.6
Malaysia 174.5 172.5 170.6 185.8 178.3
Aruba 249.7 180.6 220.1 315.2 373.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 232.0 246.4 286.2 318.4 326.2
Singapore 266.3 262.8 305.3 326.0 337.2
Andorra
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Cayman Islands
Guam
Myanmar
Iraq 106.8 94.5
Montenegro 79.1
American Samoa
Monaco
Puerto Rico
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
West Bank and Gaza
South Sudan
Serbia 57.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Somalia
French Polynesia
Liechtenstein
New Caledonia

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