Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
Bermuda 23.7 21.2 20.7 20.3 19.4
United States 19.1 20.1 21.2 21.9 23.5
Brazil 24.6 22.2 21.5 21.0 23.0
Timor-Leste 33.7 24.5 23.6 34.2 40.6
Rwanda 18.3 23.1 23.7 25.6 30.8
Central African Republic 22.4 22.4 24.4 25.1 22.7
Cuba 20.8 24.4 25.4 25.4 31.8
Japan 21.9 24.3 28.1 30.7 31.8
Argentina 31.1 31.0 30.5 30.5 31.4
Comoros 28.8 28.6 31.0 32.7 35.1
Colombia 28.2 28.9 31.1 30.3 31.7
India 24.4 29.1 31.6 30.6 42.1
Greece 29.9 29.9 32.2 33.4 34.8
Burkina Faso 36.2 31.6 32.6 34.1 32.5
Sierra Leone 29.7 30.9 32.9 32.0 29.9
Pakistan 32.0 37.8 34.1 33.1 36.8
Guinea-Bissau 30.4 34.1 34.7 39.8 38.8
Australia 32.0 33.4 35.1 35.9 36.7
Uganda 30.0 31.8 35.4 39.3 43.9
Nepal 37.2 38.7 36.8 38.6 36.1
Cameroon 31.0 33.7 37.5 43.5 46.0
Burundi 24.4 29.3 38.4 27.9 28.6
Sudan 36.6 43.7 39.1 38.8 38.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.5 42.6 39.1 39.7 45.3
Niger 38.9 42.1 40.0 42.2 48.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.5 39.4 41.0 43.2 45.8
Gambia, The 41.3 42.9 41.3 41.7 34.8
Ethiopia 35.7 41.1 41.7 36.6 37.2
Benin 36.1 36.6 41.7 56.0 53.8
Eritrea 44.3 45.6 41.9 39.7 44.3
Albania 39.0 39.1 42.2 49.2 51.3
Afghanistan 47.0 45.5 42.4 33.7 34.9
Turkey 41.0 39.4 42.4 42.9 45.7
Tonga 49.7 49.3 42.5 50.2 51.0
Tanzania 32.8 35.1 42.6 44.4 52.3
United Kingdom 36.8 39.2 42.8 37.8 42.0
Bahamas, The 33.6 37.1 43.0 45.2 50.4
Haiti 46.4 46.3 43.6 37.4 42.7
Spain 42.2 42.6 43.9 44.6 44.1
New Zealand 42.3 42.1 44.3 42.7 49.8
Peru 34.9 40.3 44.7 47.3 50.3
Cyprus 40.8 45.8 44.8 45.8 48.5
Uruguay 44.2 42.0 44.9 43.3 49.4
Bangladesh 36.0 38.5 45.0 45.4 49.3
Italy 40.9 42.4 45.9 47.6 47.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 44.8 45.6 45.9 44.7 51.2
France 44.9 45.3 46.0 46.1 47.1
Grenada 44.2 50.8 46.0 52.5 47.7
Russian Federation 47.5 48.3 47.3 44.5 46.0
Aruba 42.9 48.5 47.5 46.2 44.2
Kenya 45.0 49.5 47.7 48.0 52.9
Armenia 58.0 56.6 49.8 48.0 47.0
Indonesia 48.9 56.9 50.5 48.8 52.4
Madagascar 61.2 50.8 50.6 52.7 54.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.2 50.8 50.6 54.7 61.2
Cabo Verde 48.3 46.9 50.8 50.8 47.9
Djibouti 44.9 44.7 50.8 62.7 64.3
Barbados 48.2 50.5 51.2 50.3 53.0
Ghana 73.5 75.9 51.3 49.5 54.5
Dominican Republic 62.4 47.1 52.2 50.2 49.7
South Africa 45.5 46.1 52.4 55.3 66.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.1 50.1 52.8 46.7 48.1
Ecuador 43.7 49.1 53.1 55.3 61.0
Mexico 50.7 51.1 53.1 53.9 55.5
Macao SAR, China 67.3 59.3 53.5 47.6 38.0
Venezuela, RB 50.1 54.8 54.1 50.4 46.1
Dominica 50.8 57.3 54.5 56.4 63.5
Norway 50.4 52.4 54.8 55.1 57.7
Mali 48.0 49.8 55.0 52.4 62.2
Morocco 48.7 53.7 55.9 62.9 70.6
Tuvalu 53.5 59.4 56.2 58.2 87.8
Lao PDR 45.5 52.5 56.2 47.1 45.8
Senegal 54.1 58.3 56.3 58.0 65.0
Canada 58.6 58.7 57.0 55.6 56.8
Lebanon 56.3 56.2 57.2 64.4 73.6
Portugal 48.9 53.5 57.2 58.1 60.2
Iceland 48.9 49.6 57.6 56.4 68.8
Sao Tome and Principe 42.2 45.9 58.1 59.5 68.0
Bolivia 45.5 53.7 58.4 60.3 69.6
Nigeria 60.1 63.4 58.6 60.9 65.5
Uzbekistan 63.8 58.8 58.7 64.4 70.1
Guatemala 60.5 58.4 59.3 60.0 56.9
Georgia 48.6 52.3 59.4 63.4 60.9
Nicaragua 51.2 55.2 60.1 64.8 68.2
Malawi 53.9 60.8 60.2 61.6 72.1
Sri Lanka 66.4 62.2 60.6 58.9 55.0
Greenland 56.4 58.4 60.7 56.0 79.5
Vanuatu 45.3 47.3 60.9 53.1 60.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 62.7 59.5 61.0 63.7 69.8
Antigua and Barbuda 56.5 58.8 61.2 61.1 60.0
El Salvador 61.0 59.1 61.3 63.8 67.5
Palau 59.2 57.5 61.8 57.2 60.9
Korea, Rep. 62.5 60.8 62.7 64.9 85.5
Chile 57.0 59.5 62.8 66.5 70.8
Chad 71.2 60.6 63.4 63.3 59.6
Jamaica 52.5 56.6 63.8 71.3 79.7
Croatia 60.0 61.0 63.9 64.4 64.4
Zambia 68.5 60.8 64.0 74.7 69.4
Israel 64.4 67.1 64.3 64.7 60.5
China 59.8 63.0 64.9 62.3 56.7
Denmark 59.3 62.4 64.9 64.6 65.8
Algeria 58.0 64.3 65.0 65.0 69.5
Kiribati 60.5 73.8 65.3 65.3 61.2
Yemen, Rep. 58.1 65.6 66.7 57.8 59.6
Serbia 60.4 59.2 67.1 71.9 73.9
Syrian Arab Republic 62.9 67.8 67.2 64.8
St. Lucia 58.4 60.5 67.4 62.1 69.2
Romania 74.2 68.8 68.2 64.9 65.4
Sweden 61.8 65.5 69.0 69.6 72.4
Namibia 63.9 64.0 69.3 72.9 88.1
Germany 59.6 63.2 69.4 71.5 72.6
Poland 65.2 62.9 69.6 71.9 71.6
Finland 59.7 63.5 70.5 69.8 69.2
Guinea 41.6 57.0 70.5 58.6 60.0
Switzerland 63.8 66.9 71.4 74.0 73.3
Kuwait 69.4 75.1 72.1 73.3 76.2
Faeroe Islands 73.9 77.5 73.1 77.3 76.3
Mozambique 62.1 63.7 74.0 68.0 67.3
Solomon Islands 58.3 69.7 74.1 88.8 88.5
Saudi Arabia 67.0 73.1 74.6 77.8 82.5
Samoa 78.8 79.0 75.1 74.0 62.7
Gabon 70.7 75.4 75.2 73.2 77.3
Botswana 75.3 76.4 75.2 84.5 91.4
Marshall Islands 79.0 86.8 76.0 79.0 78.8
Kazakhstan 76.2 79.1 76.4 76.8 81.7
Belize 69.3 71.8 76.8 73.7 83.3
Paraguay 74.3 78.6 77.0 76.5 83.3
Iraq 106.8 94.5 77.1 70.7 71.6
Ukraine 95.0 81.7 77.4 77.0 84.7
Tunisia 72.2 73.3 77.7 88.0 98.0
Togo 76.5 81.3 77.9 75.8 74.7
Zimbabwe 70.5 73.0 79.0 93.5 116.6
Fiji 78.4 76.8 80.5 75.0 87.8
Brunei Darussalam 82.3 81.2 81.2 79.8 89.6
Ireland 89.4 88.0 81.6 79.1 79.4
Libya 80.1 85.1 82.0 74.8 76.5
Cote d'Ivoire 75.1 82.9 82.3 77.6 78.0
Qatar 77.8 80.4 82.9 82.1 82.6
Philippines 93.9 88.0 83.0 72.6 63.1
Suriname 108.9 114.1 83.3 81.8 86.3
Mauritania 74.3 94.0 83.3 86.0 98.4
Austria 81.8 82.8 84.3 87.1 88.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.9 86.5 86.0 90.8 92.8
Azerbaijan 82.2 90.6 87.1 82.6 78.1
Costa Rica 78.3 84.4 87.7 84.7 83.4
Maldives 76.5 91.3 88.4 85.9 90.9
Mauritius 74.6 84.3 88.5 78.7 73.0
Oman 89.7 89.5 88.6 97.2 100.2
Mongolia 94.9 89.1 88.7 94.6 109.5
Latvia 80.7 86.4 88.8 82.1 78.1
Montenegro 79.1 79.1 88.9 95.1 95.8
Bhutan 84.5 78.7 92.9 100.4 84.6
Macedonia, FYR 83.6 88.0 94.0 106.4 110.6
Turkmenistan 105.1 97.4 94.5 99.1 91.0
Angola 98.3 115.0 97.2 96.0 100.9
Kyrgyz Republic 75.1 72.1 99.6 108.1 115.3
Guyana 158.3 162.6 101.3 99.9 109.6
Liberia 94.3 81.4 103.4 94.7 124.2
Congo, Rep. 94.7 99.4 104.6 97.3 95.9
Panama 32.0 107.7 109.8 104.6 102.7
Moldova 106.0 113.2 109.9 114.3 107.2
Tajikistan 101.4 96.8 110.3 105.5 90.7
United Arab Emirates 110.3 111.8 110.6 120.6 131.9
Malta 109.1 101.7 111.1 109.6 102.7
Jordan 105.7 117.6 111.3 113.4 113.5
Lithuania 96.2 105.4 111.4 106.3 115.9
Trinidad and Tobago 88.3 97.2 111.8 96.5 100.3
Seychelles 93.8 110.4 111.9 118.0 156.8
Belarus 130.8 108.2 113.9 117.0 118.4
Papua New Guinea 107.8 102.1 114.8 120.5 115.1
Bulgaria 96.5 103.5 115.4 115.1 114.4
Honduras 118.1 119.9 116.0 119.5 120.8
Cambodia 112.2 111.5 116.3 110.3 108.4
Luxembourg 106.5 110.8 117.8 99.3 105.7
Swaziland 160.0 136.6 121.1 117.2 104.3
Slovenia 100.8 110.8 121.6 130.3 130.3
Bahrain 113.6 123.0 122.7 115.6 125.6
Thailand 118.2 129.9 124.8 119.0 131.0
Slovak Republic 102.7 108.5 125.9 141.6 148.2
Equatorial Guinea 129.0 121.1 126.5 127.3 123.3
Czech Republic 121.9 118.9 126.8 133.3 128.1
Vietnam 118.3 120.1 127.8 143.7 144.7
Netherlands 111.0 120.6 129.9 133.3 140.0
Hungary 113.9 117.4 136.4 140.3 141.0
Estonia 118.6 129.1 137.8 121.3 119.8
Lesotho 174.0 150.6 155.2 160.7 164.6
Malaysia 185.8 178.1 179.4 167.0 154.3
Belgium 163.8 173.1 179.6 183.3 184.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 318.4 326.2 340.2 340.0 348.1
Singapore 326.0 337.2 345.4 312.5 342.3
Andorra
San Marino
Somalia
Curacao
Puerto Rico
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Monaco
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Northern Mariana Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa
Myanmar
French Polynesia
Korea, Dem. Rep.
St. Martin (French part)
New Caledonia
West Bank and Gaza
Kosovo
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Guam

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