Country name 2009 2010 2011 2012
Bermuda 18.8 17.5 16.7 16.8
Brazil 17.7 18.4 19.9 21.1
United States 18.5 21.7 24.1 23.9
Central African Republic 19.7 22.2 22.6 24.3
Macao SAR, China 26.8 22.9 23.9 23.2
Cuba 20.5 25.5 29.8
Japan 22.5 26.6 28.5 28.3
Venezuela, RB 30.1 26.7 44.6 41.3
Colombia 28.1 28.0 33.3 32.3
Greece 28.0 29.3 32.0 37.9
Burundi 27.0 30.1 37.2 36.8
Rwanda 29.4 30.7 35.3 34.8
Sudan 34.0 33.1 29.6 20.8
Eritrea 32.4 33.2 49.5 45.9
Pakistan 29.3 33.4 32.4 30.5
Gambia, The 41.1 33.6 48.8 52.9
Timor-Leste 36.7 33.7 31.2 29.5
India 30.9 33.7 40.8 42.1
Argentina 30.8 33.8 35.4 31.5
Afghanistan 30.0 34.8 37.9 32.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.0 36.3 37.9 37.7
Australia 34.5 36.3 37.1 33.8
Nepal 40.5 37.4 35.0 39.3
Guinea-Bissau 38.9 38.7 50.6 46.2
Uganda 39.2 39.2 50.3 41.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 35.7 39.5 36.4 27.5
Burkina Faso 33.2 39.5 45.8 51.3
Uruguay 40.7 39.5 40.1 40.8
Cameroon 36.1 40.1 43.6 45.8
Madagascar 49.5 40.7 45.4 45.6
Turkey 39.6 41.0 48.5 49.3
Indonesia 39.6 41.4 44.5 43.1
Ethiopia 32.9 41.5 39.3 36.1
Peru 37.5 41.7 46.6 43.3
Bahamas, The 41.5 41.7 48.2 54.6
Spain 35.8 42.3 47.0 47.2
Russian Federation 40.5 42.6 44.5 42.9
Dominican Republic 38.0 43.0 46.7 45.0
Cyprus 38.6 43.1 42.2 39.8
Sierra Leone 30.6 43.1 70.0 63.2
New Zealand 42.6 43.3 46.0 44.1
Grenada 40.1 43.6 43.9 48.3
United Kingdom 39.6 44.1 47.4 46.4
France 39.9 44.5 47.4 47.6
Sri Lanka 41.3 44.6 51.5 48.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 48.4 44.7 41.7 35.9
Barbados 39.8 45.1 52.2 55.4
Tonga 47.9 45.2 49.0 47.9
Italy 38.9 45.8 49.3 48.9
Aruba 49.3 45.8 52.0
Comoros 42.1 46.6 49.5 54.5
Bangladesh 41.3 46.8 54.2 50.9
Antigua and Barbuda 46.4 47.1 48.2 51.6
Cabo Verde 43.5 47.3 54.5 44.8
Vanuatu 57.5 47.6 47.3 44.5
South Africa 47.8 48.2 54.7 54.6
Norway 49.0 49.4 50.9 49.4
Jamaica 53.0 49.6 57.2 56.3
Canada 48.3 50.1 52.7 52.2
China 44.2 50.1 49.7 47.0
Albania 46.5 50.2 56.7 54.2
Tanzania 42.7 50.5 63.5 58.8
Benin 49.9 50.9 49.5 47.6
Kiribati 57.6 51.2 58.3 62.9
Tuvalu 52.8 51.2 64.4 63.4
Israel 47.2 51.6 55.6 53.8
Armenia 46.6 51.7 54.0 57.2
Uzbekistan 60.2 51.8 51.2 43.2
Lao PDR 43.1 53.0 55.9 54.2
Kenya 48.0 53.6 61.1 55.1
Senegal 52.5 53.7 58.5 63.7
Guatemala 49.7 53.9 56.6 54.0
Dominica 53.8 54.0 50.9 49.0
Croatia 50.9 54.1 58.4 55.9
Turkmenistan 58.4 54.6 69.8 73.1
Portugal 49.5 54.7 59.8 61.4
Philippines 50.1 55.1 50.0 46.9
Chad 51.9 55.4 60.1 50.4
Yemen, Rep. 62.8 55.4 65.7 57.5
Nigeria 53.5 55.9 69.4 62.8
Haiti 41.7 56.1 51.5 46.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 56.9 56.2 53.8 55.3
Ecuador 46.3 56.4 60.7 58.5
Mali 47.5 57.6 54.2 49.1
Mexico 52.6 58.1 61.3 63.8
Denmark 57.0 58.2 62.2 63.2
Morocco 51.6 58.6 66.3 68.3
Ghana 53.5 58.7 72.7 73.7
Finland 51.7 58.8 62.4 60.1
Bolivia 54.6 59.4 66.8 70.3
Georgia 52.3 59.6 64.1 64.9
Chile 57.1 59.9 62.2 58.6
Malawi 63.8 60.0 68.5 85.6
El Salvador 54.2 60.3 66.0 65.4
Maldives 57.3 60.4 84.1 84.1
Algeria 61.6 60.5 60.6 58.7
Guinea 45.8 60.7 69.8 65.7
Sao Tome and Principe 56.7 61.2 57.4 57.3
Kazakhstan 62.1 61.5 66.3 67.2
Azerbaijan 62.3 62.8 67.7 63.5
Lebanon 59.9 63.2 65.9 64.2
Niger 59.3 63.4 61.6 65.0
Costa Rica 68.7 63.4 64.9 64.2
Montenegro 65.0 63.6 70.5 64.2
Palau 68.9 64.1 59.2 64.4
Samoa 55.2 64.6 63.5 61.7
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 70.9 66.3 67.0 75.1
Sweden 61.8 66.4 67.8 63.9
Iraq 72.0 67.5 69.2 70.1
Switzerland 64.4 67.5 67.4 67.1
Romania 57.7 67.7 76.4 75.5
Iceland 63.2 67.8 72.5 72.4
Saudi Arabia 67.1 68.0 74.1 74.6
Tajikistan 71.9 68.3 68.4 67.3
Mauritius 64.2 68.4 68.6 74.9
Nicaragua 59.9 70.2 77.5 81.2
Germany 62.0 70.5 75.3 75.1
Serbia 60.6 71.7 73.1 81.0
Belize 68.9 71.8 80.8
Poland 66.4 71.9 77.4 77.5
Liberia 60.6 72.1 91.8 88.0
St. Lucia 58.5 72.5 68.4 71.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 66.0 74.6 77.1 72.1
Botswana 81.0 75.3 86.0 96.5
Qatar 74.6 77.0 83.1 85.5
Kuwait 69.8 77.3 80.4 80.2
Zambia 63.6 77.3 84.2 80.4
Suriname 72.0 78.4 94.1 83.8
Togo 76.2 78.8 78.7 73.4
Gabon 65.3 80.4 83.7 86.5
Angola 84.1 81.6 83.7 85.0
Mozambique 61.1 81.9 78.8 76.5
Fiji 70.7 82.2 86.3 86.8
Ukraine 72.7 82.4 92.4 86.9
Paraguay 75.2 82.6 77.2 73.5
Austria 73.0 83.0 88.7 87.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 74.5 83.6 92.6 86.9
Trinidad and Tobago 83.5 84.5 95.7 96.5
Cote d'Ivoire 79.4 84.7 80.0 89.7
Ireland 79.2 85.0 85.2 85.1
Jordan 86.5 85.5 93.4 92.1
Luxembourg 94.4 86.7 88.3 84.7
Namibia 91.7 86.7 85.3 83.0
Tunisia 76.9 87.1 90.0 90.8
Korea, Rep. 82.3 87.9 96.9 94.5
Latvia 67.7 88.4 103.3 109.2
Brunei Darussalam 89.9 91.9 94.0 100.0
Solomon Islands 72.0 92.6 101.7 96.2
Moldova 83.9 92.9 105.6 101.7
Zimbabwe 84.3 94.2 89.2 83.7
Bhutan 81.1 94.3 94.1 90.5
Macedonia, FYR 83.5 94.5 109.8 109.4
Honduras 84.2 95.5 106.9 103.6
Oman 94.5 96.2 101.4 103.7
Bulgaria 82.1 96.7 113.5 116.6
Mongolia 88.0 99.6 130.3 108.3
Guyana 95.0 100.8 112.1 112.3
Swaziland 108.8 101.9 97.3 102.8
Papua New Guinea 96.1 102.2 94.5 76.7
Marshall Islands 83.0 102.5 102.5 95.9
Kyrgyz Republic 100.5 103.9 100.6 112.2
Panama 101.8 104.3 116.1 108.7
Bahrain 95.8 105.9 111.5 116.6
Malta 90.6 105.9 116.7 115.9
Cambodia 96.4 106.2 126.7 136.8
Seychelles 140.4 108.3 114.8 114.9
Belarus 101.2 109.0 135.7 146.0
Mauritania 94.5 109.2 122.4 126.2
Congo, Rep. 93.8 110.8 115.8 118.4
Thailand 108.5 118.0 130.6 130.4
Lithuania 94.3 121.6 139.5 145.6
Estonia 98.9 126.2 152.6 150.9
Slovenia 107.4 126.4 139.9 141.3
Equatorial Guinea 138.1 128.0 116.0 121.5
Czech Republic 110.5 130.8 145.9 151.3
United Arab Emirates 131.5 133.9 140.6 135.5
Vietnam 119.8 135.5 150.3 146.6
Netherlands 118.2 141.3 152.2 161.8
Hungary 127.0 144.0 156.2 159.8
Lesotho 150.5 144.2 145.5 151.2
Malaysia 139.1 146.7 143.7 139.0
Slovak Republic 128.1 148.9 166.5 174.7
Belgium 152.9 171.3 183.8 182.3
Singapore 265.6 305.1 316.4 286.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 318.5 368.2 388.6 397.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Djibouti
Cayman Islands
Curacao
San Marino
Syrian Arab Republic
Puerto Rico
Isle of Man
French Polynesia
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Greenland 87.0
Libya 79.9
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Guam
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Myanmar
American Samoa
Kosovo
Faeroe Islands 70.3

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