Country name 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008
United States 19.1 20.1 21.2 21.9 23.5
Bermuda 23.7 21.2 20.7 20.3 19.4
Brazil 24.6 22.2 21.5 21.0 23.0
Central African Republic 22.4 22.4 24.4 25.1 22.7
Rwanda 18.3 23.1 23.7 25.6 30.8
Japan 21.9 24.3 28.1 30.7 31.8
Cuba 20.8 24.4 25.4 25.4 31.8
Timor-Leste 33.7 24.5 23.6 34.2 40.6
Comoros 28.8 28.6 31.0 32.7 35.1
Colombia 28.2 28.9 31.1 30.3 31.7
India 24.4 29.1 31.6 30.6 42.1
Burundi 24.4 29.3 38.4 27.9 28.6
Greece 29.9 29.9 32.2 33.4 34.8
Sierra Leone 29.7 30.9 32.9 32.0 29.9
Argentina 31.1 31.0 30.5 30.5 31.4
Burkina Faso 36.2 31.6 32.6 34.1 32.5
Uganda 30.0 31.8 35.4 39.3 43.9
Australia 32.0 33.4 35.1 35.9 36.7
Cameroon 31.0 33.7 37.5 43.5 46.0
Guinea-Bissau 30.4 34.1 34.7 39.8 38.8
Tanzania 32.8 35.1 42.6 44.4 52.3
Benin 36.1 36.6 41.7 56.0 53.8
Bahamas, The 33.6 37.1 43.0 45.2 50.4
Pakistan 32.0 37.8 34.1 33.1 36.8
Bangladesh 36.0 38.5 45.0 45.4 49.3
Nepal 37.2 38.7 36.8 38.6 36.1
Albania 39.0 39.1 42.2 49.2 51.3
United Kingdom 36.8 39.2 42.8 37.8 42.0
Turkey 41.0 39.4 42.4 42.9 45.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 32.5 39.4 41.0 43.2 45.8
Peru 34.9 40.3 44.7 47.3 50.3
Ethiopia 35.7 41.1 41.7 36.6 37.2
Uruguay 44.2 42.0 44.9 43.3 49.4
Niger 38.9 42.1 40.0 42.2 48.2
New Zealand 42.3 42.1 44.3 42.7 49.8
Italy 40.9 42.4 45.9 47.6 47.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.5 42.6 39.1 39.7 45.3
Spain 42.2 42.6 43.9 44.6 44.1
Gambia, The 41.3 42.9 41.3 41.7 34.8
Sudan 36.6 43.7 39.1 38.8 38.9
Djibouti 44.9 44.7 50.8 62.7 64.3
France 44.9 45.3 46.0 46.1 47.1
Afghanistan 47.0 45.5 42.4 33.7 34.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 44.8 45.6 45.9 44.7 51.2
Eritrea 44.3 45.6 41.9 39.7 44.3
Cyprus 40.8 45.8 44.8 45.8 48.5
Sao Tome and Principe 42.2 45.9 58.1 59.5 68.0
South Africa 45.5 46.1 52.4 55.3 66.8
Haiti 46.4 46.3 43.6 37.4 42.7
Cabo Verde 48.3 46.9 50.8 50.8 47.9
Dominican Republic 62.4 47.1 52.2 50.2 49.7
Vanuatu 45.3 47.3 60.9 53.1 60.9
Russian Federation 47.5 48.3 47.3 44.5 46.0
Aruba 42.9 48.5 47.5 46.2 44.2
Ecuador 43.7 49.1 53.1 55.3 61.0
Tonga 49.7 49.3 42.5 50.2 51.0
Kenya 45.0 49.5 47.7 48.0 52.9
Iceland 48.9 49.6 57.6 56.4 68.8
Mali 48.0 49.8 55.0 52.4 62.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 45.1 50.1 52.8 46.7 48.1
Barbados 48.2 50.5 51.2 50.3 53.0
Grenada 44.2 50.8 46.0 52.5 47.7
Madagascar 61.2 50.8 50.6 52.7 54.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 50.2 50.8 50.6 54.7 61.2
Mexico 50.7 51.1 53.1 53.9 55.5
Georgia 48.6 52.3 59.4 63.4 60.9
Norway 50.4 52.4 54.8 55.1 57.7
Lao PDR 45.5 52.5 56.2 47.1 45.8
Portugal 48.9 53.5 57.2 58.1 60.2
Morocco 48.7 53.7 55.9 62.9 70.6
Bolivia 45.5 53.7 58.4 60.3 69.6
Venezuela, RB 50.1 54.8 54.1 50.4 46.1
Nicaragua 51.2 55.2 60.1 64.8 68.2
Lebanon 56.3 56.2 57.2 64.4 73.6
Jamaica 52.5 56.6 63.8 71.3 79.7
Armenia 58.0 56.6 49.8 48.0 47.0
Indonesia 48.9 56.9 50.5 48.8 52.4
Guinea 41.6 57.0 70.5 58.6 60.0
Dominica 50.8 57.3 54.5 56.4 63.5
Palau 59.2 57.5 61.8 57.2 60.9
Senegal 54.1 58.3 56.3 58.0 65.0
Guatemala 60.5 58.4 59.3 60.0 56.9
Greenland 56.4 58.4 60.7 56.0 79.5
Canada 58.6 58.7 57.0 55.6 56.8
Antigua and Barbuda 56.5 58.8 61.2 61.1 60.0
Uzbekistan 63.8 58.8 58.7 64.4 70.1
El Salvador 61.0 59.1 61.3 63.8 67.5
Serbia 60.4 59.2 67.1 71.9 73.9
Macao SAR, China 67.3 59.3 53.5 47.6 38.0
Tuvalu 53.5 59.4 56.2 58.2 87.8
Chile 57.0 59.5 62.8 66.5 70.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 62.7 59.5 61.0 63.7 69.8
St. Lucia 58.4 60.5 67.4 62.1 69.2
Chad 71.2 60.6 63.4 63.3 59.6
Korea, Rep. 62.5 60.8 62.7 64.9 85.5
Malawi 53.9 60.8 60.2 61.6 72.1
Zambia 68.5 60.8 64.0 74.7 69.4
Croatia 60.0 61.0 63.9 64.4 64.4
Sri Lanka 66.4 62.2 60.6 58.9 55.0
Denmark 59.3 62.4 64.9 64.6 65.8
Poland 65.2 62.9 69.6 71.9 71.6
China 59.8 63.0 64.9 62.3 56.7
Germany 59.6 63.2 69.4 71.5 72.6
Nigeria 60.1 63.4 58.6 60.9 65.5
Finland 59.7 63.5 70.5 69.8 69.2
Mozambique 62.1 63.7 74.0 68.0 67.3
Namibia 63.9 64.0 69.3 72.9 88.1
Algeria 58.0 64.3 65.0 65.0 69.5
Sweden 61.8 65.5 69.0 69.6 72.4
Yemen, Rep. 58.1 65.6 66.7 57.8 59.6
Switzerland 63.8 66.9 71.4 74.0 73.3
Israel 64.4 67.1 64.3 64.7 60.5
Syrian Arab Republic 62.9 67.8 67.2 64.8
Romania 74.2 68.8 68.2 64.9 65.4
Solomon Islands 58.3 69.7 74.1 88.8 88.5
Belize 69.3 71.8 76.8 73.7 83.3
Kyrgyz Republic 75.1 72.1 99.6 108.1 115.3
Zimbabwe 70.5 73.0 79.0 93.5 116.6
Saudi Arabia 67.0 73.1 74.6 77.8 82.5
Tunisia 72.2 73.3 77.7 88.0 98.0
Kiribati 60.5 73.8 65.3 65.3 61.2
Kuwait 69.4 75.1 72.1 73.3 76.2
Gabon 70.7 75.4 75.2 73.2 77.3
Ghana 73.5 75.9 51.3 49.5 54.5
Botswana 75.3 76.4 75.2 84.5 91.4
Fiji 78.4 76.8 80.5 75.0 87.8
Faeroe Islands 73.9 77.5 73.1 77.3 76.3
Paraguay 74.3 78.6 77.0 76.5 83.3
Bhutan 84.5 78.7 92.9 100.4 84.6
Samoa 78.8 79.0 75.1 74.0 62.7
Montenegro 79.1 79.1 88.9 95.1 95.8
Kazakhstan 76.2 79.1 76.4 76.8 81.7
Qatar 77.8 80.4 82.9 82.1 82.6
Brunei Darussalam 82.3 81.2 81.2 79.8 89.6
Togo 76.5 81.3 77.9 75.8 74.7
Liberia 94.3 81.4 103.4 94.7 124.2
Ukraine 95.0 81.7 77.4 77.0 84.7
Austria 81.8 82.8 84.3 87.1 88.3
Cote d'Ivoire 75.1 82.9 82.3 77.6 78.0
Mauritius 74.6 84.3 88.5 78.7 73.0
Costa Rica 78.3 84.4 87.7 84.7 83.4
Libya 80.1 85.1 82.0 74.8 76.5
Latvia 80.7 86.4 88.8 82.1 78.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina 76.9 86.5 86.0 90.8 92.8
Marshall Islands 79.0 86.8 76.0 79.0 78.8
Ireland 89.4 88.0 81.6 79.1 79.4
Macedonia, FYR 83.6 88.0 94.0 106.4 110.6
Philippines 93.9 88.0 83.0 72.6 63.1
Mongolia 94.9 89.1 88.7 94.6 109.5
Oman 89.7 89.5 88.6 97.2 100.2
Azerbaijan 82.2 90.6 87.1 82.6 78.1
Maldives 76.5 91.3 88.4 85.9 90.9
Mauritania 74.3 94.0 83.3 86.0 98.4
Iraq 106.8 94.5 77.1 70.7 71.6
Tajikistan 101.4 96.8 110.3 105.5 90.7
Trinidad and Tobago 88.3 97.2 111.8 96.5 100.3
Turkmenistan 105.1 97.4 94.5 99.1 91.0
Congo, Rep. 94.7 99.4 104.6 97.3 95.9
Malta 109.1 101.7 111.1 109.6 102.7
Papua New Guinea 107.8 102.1 114.8 120.5 115.1
Bulgaria 96.5 103.5 115.4 115.1 114.4
Lithuania 96.2 105.4 111.4 106.3 115.9
Panama 32.0 107.7 109.8 104.6 102.7
Belarus 130.8 108.2 113.9 117.0 118.4
Slovak Republic 102.7 108.5 125.9 141.6 148.2
Seychelles 93.8 110.4 111.9 118.0 156.8
Slovenia 100.8 110.8 121.6 130.3 130.3
Luxembourg 106.5 110.8 117.8 99.3 105.7
Cambodia 112.2 111.5 116.3 110.3 108.4
United Arab Emirates 110.3 111.8 110.6 120.6 131.9
Moldova 106.0 113.2 109.9 114.3 107.2
Suriname 108.9 114.1 83.3 81.8 86.3
Angola 98.3 115.0 97.2 96.0 100.9
Hungary 113.9 117.4 136.4 140.3 141.0
Jordan 105.7 117.6 111.3 113.4 113.5
Czech Republic 121.9 118.9 126.8 133.3 128.1
Honduras 118.1 119.9 116.0 119.5 120.8
Vietnam 118.3 120.1 127.8 143.7 144.7
Netherlands 111.0 120.6 129.9 133.3 140.0
Equatorial Guinea 129.0 121.1 126.5 127.3 123.3
Bahrain 113.6 123.0 122.7 115.6 125.6
Estonia 118.6 129.1 137.8 121.3 119.8
Thailand 118.2 129.9 124.8 119.0 131.0
Swaziland 160.0 136.6 121.1 117.2 104.3
Lesotho 174.0 150.6 155.2 160.7 164.6
Guyana 158.3 162.6 101.3 99.9 109.6
Belgium 163.8 173.1 179.6 183.3 184.9
Malaysia 185.8 178.1 179.4 167.0 154.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 318.4 326.2 340.2 340.0 348.1
Singapore 326.0 337.2 345.4 312.5 342.3
Liechtenstein
Kosovo
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
San Marino
Curacao
Myanmar
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Puerto Rico
West Bank and Gaza
French Polynesia
Somalia
Andorra
Korea, Dem. Rep.
American Samoa
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Turks and Caicos Islands
South Sudan
New Caledonia
Guam

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