Country name 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003
Rwanda 17.2 15.2 21.9 18.7 17.4
United States 18.2 19.8 18.0 17.2 17.6
Cuba 20.7 21.3 20.5 16.7 17.7
Japan 16.4 18.2 18.1 18.9 19.9
Bermuda 23.0 22.2 20.5 20.4 21.1
India 17.7 19.7 19.0 20.2 21.3
Central African Republic 27.7 30.4 26.7 26.9 21.6
Brazil 17.0 17.7 21.1 21.8 22.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 21.6 19.9 18.6 20.8 24.6
Burundi 21.3 22.7 20.3 19.3 24.8
Argentina 14.2 15.0 14.4 28.0 27.6
Guinea-Bissau 45.4 33.4 32.5 27.8 27.9
Colombia 25.8 24.6 25.6 25.1 28.5
Tanzania 21.6 22.2 24.7 24.4 28.7
Sierra Leone 13.0 25.5 19.5 25.3 28.8
Burkina Faso 30.9 31.4 31.2 30.8 29.6
Comoros 28.8 28.2 30.9 28.7 29.8
Pakistan 29.6 26.9 26.9 29.2 30.0
Uganda 31.0 31.3 35.0 24.6 30.1
Greece 31.2 36.4 34.3 28.7 30.2
Peru 26.4 28.5 27.9 28.2 30.3
Panama 37.9 36.5 32.8 31.2 30.5
Sudan 20.5 27.4 27.7 29.7 30.7
Bahamas, The 36.9 41.9 35.8 31.2 31.5
Timor-Leste 31.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 29.2 7.8 22.5 25.4 32.1
Cameroon 27.8 35.8 37.4 33.7 32.6
Bangladesh 30.3 32.4 32.1 31.0 33.6
Gambia, The 25.0 25.8 20.9 29.9 33.8
Australia 32.2 32.6 33.6 34.9 34.2
Niger 34.6 37.7 35.2 34.4 35.7
Guinea 34.4 42.7 47.0 46.6 36.2
Uruguay 23.3 25.2 24.5 28.1 36.5
Ethiopia 26.5 21.6 28.0 26.9 37.6
United Kingdom 39.3 42.4 41.5 39.7 37.6
Nepal 40.2 43.3 36.8 32.8 38.2
Turkey 26.9 30.9 37.1 37.7 38.5
Italy 37.8 43.4 42.8 40.9 39.4
Lao PDR 57.5 50.0 46.9 42.5 39.4
Madagascar 35.7 49.5 45.2 25.3 39.5
Bolivia 33.9 36.4 36.8 38.8 39.8
Ecuador 38.0 47.2 41.0 40.2 39.9
New Zealand 46.0 52.3 50.7 44.6 40.1
Georgia 29.4 33.8 33.3 33.6 40.1
Benin 47.0 42.6 39.9 41.8 40.3
Cyprus 47.2 51.5 50.6 46.7 40.5
Albania 43.8 36.6 39.9 41.4 40.9
Kenya 35.5 38.1 39.6 40.8 41.2
Spain 38.8 46.8 44.6 42.4 41.3
Vanuatu 46.3 41.5 42.6 41.8 42.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 29.1 42.1 36.7 38.7 43.2
Tuvalu 59.6 36.5 26.6 72.8 43.3
Venezuela, RB 35.8 42.5 36.6 42.8 43.6
France 44.0 50.3 48.7 45.5 44.1
Barbados 45.6 45.8 43.2 40.4 44.2
Djibouti 41.3 43.2 39.8 39.4 44.3
Cabo Verde 43.4 44.7 43.3 46.1 44.7
Indonesia 60.4 66.1 59.1 49.8 45.3
South Africa 40.1 44.9 48.5 53.1 45.3
Lebanon 39.6 40.2 48.0 40.7 45.5
Aruba 47.1 53.8 51.6 49.9 46.1
Morocco 43.5 51.2 48.2 48.8 46.2
Sao Tome and Principe 43.0 40.6 42.7 46.7
Nicaragua 49.6 48.0 44.4 44.3 46.7
Iceland 51.7 51.6 54.1 50.6 47.5
Mexico 48.7 50.6 45.8 45.0 47.7
Norway 50.1 56.1 53.9 49.3 48.2
Portugal 51.0 54.8 52.9 49.9 48.8
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0
Russian Federation 58.8 57.8 50.8 48.8 49.3
Dominica 72.8 61.9 52.9 48.6 49.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 75.3 52.8 52.8 45.8 49.6
Grenada 62.7 54.8 48.7 43.6 49.7
Syrian Arab Republic 46.0 43.7 47.4 51.1 49.7
Mali 54.3 55.8 65.2 53.9 50.4
Solomon Islands 48.9 37.0 34.2 36.6 50.4
Eritrea 77.1 71.9 58.7 80.9 50.5
Chad 36.4 36.1 50.8 92.1 50.8
Jamaica 46.9 51.4 50.3 47.8 51.1
Nigeria 62.6 64.0 67.1 43.2 51.6
China 33.3 39.6 38.5 42.7 51.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 59.3 55.0 48.3 50.2 52.0
Algeria 44.6 56.9 53.1 54.2 52.4
Chile 45.4 47.5 49.4 49.7 52.7
Senegal 50.4 52.1 56.0 56.7 53.2
Tonga 44.2 41.9 47.6 56.9 53.4
Malawi 63.4 52.3 59.0 41.4 54.1
Haiti 33.2 36.9 36.7 43.9 54.3
Korea, Rep. 54.2 59.2 54.7 51.7 54.8
Antigua and Barbuda 69.3 58.3 54.9 54.4 55.0
Mauritania 52.9 62.5 63.3 57.6 55.0
Palau 98.1 84.6 69.7 69.4 55.6
Germany 47.8 55.6 56.2 55.1 56.0
Poland 43.6 47.2 45.3 48.7 56.3
Greenland 60.6 59.7 54.5 59.0 56.6
Israel 53.2 55.3 52.5 57.4 57.4
Guatemala 37.0 38.8 43.2 56.9 57.4
Uzbekistan 37.2 40.1 48.4 51.0 57.8
Finland 57.1 66.1 60.9 58.7 58.3
Denmark 55.2 60.5 60.5 62.0 58.3
Canada 68.0 70.5 66.5 63.8 58.3
Zambia 60.2 54.7 56.6 55.5 58.8
Sweden 59.3 64.7 61.1 59.2 59.0
Zimbabwe 58.5 56.6 43.1 59.3 59.0
El Salvador 53.0 60.1 57.1 57.2 59.0
St. Lucia 59.3 52.1 56.3 48.8 59.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 52.0 55.0 58.5 54.3 59.7
Croatia 52.4 57.3 59.9 58.9 59.7
Mozambique 30.9 35.3 43.3 56.0 60.0
Kiribati 69.8 64.6 71.8 73.6 60.4
Switzerland 58.5 63.7 63.3 62.4 61.3
Bhutan 71.1 63.3 62.3 57.6 61.4
Dominican Republic 60.7 63.4 56.5 52.7 61.6
Sri Lanka 67.4 77.2 68.5 63.2 62.5
Saudi Arabia 48.9 57.2 54.3 55.6 62.9
Yemen, Rep. 58.2 66.4 59.3 58.5 62.9
Maldives 83.8 79.7 62.7 63.2 65.6
Namibia 74.5 73.4 76.9 75.6 65.7
Cote d'Ivoire 60.2 61.2 61.6 68.5 66.0
Kuwait 65.7 70.5 69.0 63.9 66.1
Kyrgyz Republic 84.4 77.3 61.8 66.8 67.7
Liberia 223.9 188.4 69.2 66.1 68.1
Tunisia 62.5 67.1 73.2 70.9 69.0
Kazakhstan 56.5 75.7 68.1 66.0 69.2
Botswana 88.3 82.2 78.7 78.5 70.0
Armenia 55.9 61.5 57.4 62.8 70.0
Romania 53.2 63.2 66.4 69.0 70.0
Gabon 69.4 70.0 74.8 71.9 70.5
Marshall Islands 70.9 57.6 59.7 65.6 71.3
Azerbaijan 42.9 55.3 65.6 61.5 71.7
Ghana 67.4 93.2 91.6 74.1 72.5
Latvia 64.2 64.7 66.2 68.0 72.6
Paraguay 31.5 37.4 59.2 63.3 73.0
Macao SAR, China 71.7 84.6 78.7 76.6 73.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 86.6 75.8 76.3 73.3 73.4
Mauritius 88.6 79.6 79.7 83.1 76.0
Belize 75.9 89.2 78.7 74.4 76.4
Macedonia, FYR 80.8 95.3 83.0 82.0 77.2
Austria 64.7 72.9 75.8 75.6 77.4
Qatar 78.4 83.6 83.4 77.6 77.7
Costa Rica 81.6 76.7 70.7 73.9 78.6
Samoa 58.5 71.3 81.6 79.4 78.7
Libya 39.7 50.5 54.2 71.6 78.9
Trinidad and Tobago 81.4 93.0 88.9 83.5 80.7
Fiji 77.9 84.0 85.7 76.8 80.9
Togo 62.7 71.5 68.3 69.0 82.0
Oman 76.6 82.8 85.3 87.1 85.7
Jordan 68.1 76.8 79.8 81.9 86.6
Brunei Darussalam 85.2 83.5 85.7 90.0 87.7
Mongolia 91.4 101.2 91.4 87.0 88.8
Bulgaria 71.5 88.3 89.4 85.7 89.1
Faeroe Islands 83.3 94.8 87.8 81.2 89.6
Lithuania 71.4 81.0 89.9 93.1 91.2
Slovenia 83.7 94.7 94.8 92.1 91.3
Ukraine 74.2 91.3 84.3 82.4 91.9
Ireland 122.2 132.0 126.8 114.3 92.4
Philippines 83.3 94.8 88.6 93.8 93.9
United Arab Emirates 80.8 81.3 83.0 86.3 95.9
Slovak Republic 71.9 85.6 90.2 89.4 96.8
Seychelles 92.9 87.2 111.9 92.9 97.6
Congo, Rep. 101.2 91.7 98.0 97.8 100.3
Cambodia 77.3 91.1 90.3 99.0 100.4
Papua New Guinea 88.1 92.2 93.3 92.6 101.1
Luxembourg 91.7 97.0 109.4 101.3 101.1
Turkmenistan 108.7 147.8 140.0 111.4 102.8
Netherlands 103.2 117.2 109.7 105.8 104.2
Honduras 117.4 103.2 100.1 104.5 104.8
Czech Republic 88.5 103.8 108.1 100.9 105.4
Suriname 93.5 103.7 113.2 89.1 105.6
Angola 134.3 120.1 108.7 96.7 105.6
Vietnam 81.2 89.5 88.5 96.1 106.3
Malta 123.4 148.2 111.1 108.8 107.0
Tajikistan 124.5 169.7 123.8 119.5 108.0
Hungary 109.9 130.1 121.5 108.9 108.8
Thailand 88.7 106.7 109.9 104.6 109.5
Moldova 89.7 96.9 98.6 101.2 110.5
Bahrain 121.7 119.5 110.1 112.2 111.0
Belarus 103.7 125.4 127.4 117.3 120.6
Estonia 124.9 156.5 148.2 139.2 138.0
Guyana 144.4 150.3 152.5 145.3 146.8
Equatorial Guinea 182.6 148.0 174.4 145.2 149.3
Belgium 135.2 157.3 158.7 163.9 157.4
Lesotho 129.5 133.4 144.8 178.6 164.7
Swaziland 129.5 128.3 161.8 162.1 170.3
Malaysia 188.8 192.1 174.5 172.5 170.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 214.2 242.8 232.0 246.4 286.2
Singapore 261.6 284.2 266.3 262.8 305.3
American Samoa
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Curacao
Andorra
South Sudan
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
Somalia
West Bank and Gaza
Puerto Rico
St. Martin (French part)
San Marino
Myanmar
Serbia
Isle of Man
Guam
Iraq
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kosovo
French Polynesia 31.1 34.6
Korea, Dem. Rep.
New Caledonia 48.2 57.0

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