Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Rwanda 15.2 21.9 18.7 17.4 18.3
United States 19.8 18.0 17.2 17.6 19.1
Cuba 21.3 20.5 16.7 17.7 20.8
Japan 18.2 18.1 18.9 19.9 21.9
Central African Republic 30.4 26.7 26.9 21.6 22.4
Bermuda 22.2 20.5 20.4 21.1 23.7
Brazil 17.4 20.9 21.6 22.2 24.4
Burundi 22.7 20.3 19.3 24.8 24.4
India 19.7 19.0 20.2 21.3 24.4
Colombia 24.6 25.6 25.1 28.5 28.2
Comoros 28.2 30.9 29.2 30.5 28.3
Greece 34.6 32.7 27.5 28.9 28.4
Sierra Leone 25.5 19.5 25.3 28.8 29.7
Guinea-Bissau 32.7 31.9 27.2 27.3 29.9
Uganda 31.3 35.0 24.6 30.1 30.0
Cameroon 35.8 37.4 33.7 32.6 31.0
Argentina 18.1 17.4 33.9 33.5 31.1
Bangladesh 28.6 28.0 26.9 29.0 31.2
Australia 32.6 33.6 34.9 34.2 32.0
Pakistan 26.9 26.9 29.2 30.0 32.0
Panama 36.5 32.8 31.2 30.5 32.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.9 18.6 20.8 24.6 32.5
Tanzania 22.2 24.7 24.4 28.7 32.8
Timor-Leste 30.5 32.9
Bahamas, The 41.9 35.8 31.2 31.5 33.6
Peru 28.3 27.8 27.9 29.7 34.4
Ethiopia 21.2 27.5 26.4 36.9 35.1
United Kingdom 40.9 40.3 38.5 36.3 35.6
Benin 42.6 39.9 41.8 40.3 36.1
Burkina Faso 31.1 31.2 30.8 29.6 36.2
Sudan 27.4 27.7 29.7 30.7 36.6
Nepal 43.3 36.8 32.8 38.2 37.2
Cyprus 48.3 47.4 43.4 37.3 37.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.8 22.5 25.4 32.1 38.5
Niger 37.7 35.2 34.4 35.7 38.9
Albania 36.6 39.9 41.4 40.9 39.0
Italy 42.0 41.3 39.6 38.0 39.4
Turkey 30.9 37.1 37.7 38.5 41.0
Spain 45.6 43.3 41.2 40.2 41.2
Gambia, The 25.8 20.9 29.9 33.8 41.3
Guinea 42.7 47.0 46.6 36.2 41.6
New Zealand 51.6 50.2 44.1 39.7 41.8
Sao Tome and Principe 43.0 40.6 42.7 46.7 42.2
France 48.7 47.2 44.1 42.8 43.5
South Africa 43.8 47.3 51.1 43.5 43.6
Ecuador 47.2 41.0 40.2 39.9 43.7
Uruguay 25.2 24.5 28.1 36.5 44.2
Grenada 55.2 49.0 43.9 50.1 44.2
Eritrea 71.9 58.7 80.9 50.5 44.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 54.5 47.8 49.9 51.8 44.5
Djibouti 43.2 39.8 39.4 44.3 44.9
Kenya 38.1 39.6 40.8 41.2 45.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 42.1 36.7 38.7 43.2 45.1
Vanuatu 41.5 42.6 41.8 42.0 45.3
Lao PDR 50.0 46.9 42.5 39.4 45.5
Bolivia 36.4 36.8 38.8 39.8 45.5
Afghanistan 71.7 61.8 49.0 47.0
Iceland 50.2 52.6 49.0 46.0 47.2
Russian Federation 57.8 50.8 48.8 49.3 47.5
Portugal 54.3 52.3 49.2 47.9 48.0
Haiti 34.2 35.8 40.6 51.8 48.0
Mali 55.8 65.2 53.9 50.4 48.0
Barbados 45.8 43.2 40.4 44.2 48.2
Cabo Verde 44.7 43.3 46.1 44.7 48.3
Georgia 33.8 33.3 33.6 40.1 48.6
Morocco 51.2 48.2 48.8 46.2 48.7
Indonesia 66.1 59.1 49.8 45.3 48.9
Norway 55.1 53.0 48.4 47.4 49.6
Dominica 59.8 51.0 47.1 48.0 49.7
Venezuela, RB 42.5 36.6 42.8 43.6 50.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.0 52.9 45.9 49.7 50.2
Mexico 50.6 45.8 45.0 47.7 50.7
Tonga 41.9 47.6 56.9 53.4 50.7
Nicaragua 48.0 44.4 44.3 46.7 51.2
Jamaica 51.4 50.3 47.8 51.1 52.5
Tuvalu 36.5 26.6 72.8 43.3 53.5
Malawi 52.3 59.0 41.4 54.1 53.9
Senegal 52.1 56.0 56.7 53.2 54.1
Lebanon 40.2 48.0 40.7 45.5 56.3
Greenland 59.7 54.5 59.0 56.6 56.4
St. Lucia 51.0 54.0 47.6 57.7 56.6
Antigua and Barbuda 58.6 55.2 54.7 55.6 56.9
Chile 47.5 49.4 49.7 52.7 57.0
Finland 64.2 58.7 56.9 55.9 57.4
Serbia 57.4
Germany 53.9 54.3 53.3 54.2 57.7
Denmark 59.0 58.9 60.4 56.8 57.8
Armenia 61.5 57.4 62.8 70.0 58.0
Algeria 56.9 53.1 54.2 52.4 58.0
Yemen, Rep. 66.4 59.3 58.5 62.9 58.1
Solomon Islands 37.0 34.2 36.6 50.4 58.3
Canada 70.5 66.5 63.8 58.3 58.6
Sweden 61.6 57.9 56.2 56.1 58.6
Croatia 56.6 59.3 58.1 58.8 59.2
China 39.4 38.3 42.5 51.6 59.5
Zambia 49.4 50.5 49.1 52.1 59.9
Nigeria 64.0 67.1 43.2 51.6 60.1
Kiribati 64.6 71.8 73.6 60.4 60.5
Guatemala 38.8 43.2 56.9 57.4 60.5
Switzerland 60.0 59.7 59.4 58.3 60.6
Israel 52.6 49.8 54.1 54.3 60.8
El Salvador 60.1 57.1 57.2 59.0 61.0
Madagascar 49.5 45.2 25.3 39.5 61.2
Mozambique 35.3 43.3 56.0 60.0 62.1
Dominican Republic 63.4 56.5 52.7 61.6 62.4
Korea, Rep. 59.2 54.7 51.7 54.8 62.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 55.0 58.5 54.3 59.7 62.7
Syrian Arab Republic 43.7 47.4 51.1 49.7 62.9
Uzbekistan 40.1 48.4 51.0 57.8 63.8
Namibia 73.4 76.9 75.6 65.7 63.9
Palau 90.1 72.4 71.3 60.2 64.4
Poland 47.0 45.2 48.5 56.1 65.0
Gabon 70.0 70.3 66.7 65.7 65.4
Sri Lanka 77.2 68.5 63.2 62.5 66.4
Saudi Arabia 57.2 54.3 55.6 62.9 67.0
Macao SAR, China 84.6 78.7 76.6 73.3 67.3
Maldives 79.7 56.9 57.5 59.7 68.4
Belize 89.2 78.7 74.4 76.4 69.3
Kuwait 70.5 69.0 63.9 66.1 69.4
Samoa 63.6 72.7 70.8 70.1 70.3
Cote d'Ivoire 59.4 58.0 63.8 59.2 70.3
Zimbabwe 56.6 43.1 59.3 59.0 70.5
Chad 36.1 50.8 92.1 50.8 71.2
Tunisia 67.1 73.2 70.9 69.0 72.2
Latvia 51.4 52.8 55.0 63.1 72.7
Ghana 93.2 91.6 74.1 72.5 73.5
Faeroe Islands 94.8 87.8 81.2 89.6 73.9
Romania 63.2 66.4 69.0 70.0 74.2
Paraguay 37.4 59.2 63.3 73.0 74.3
Mauritania 62.5 63.3 57.6 55.0 74.3
Mauritius 79.6 79.7 83.1 76.0 74.6
Kyrgyz Republic 77.3 61.8 66.8 67.7 75.1
Botswana 82.2 78.7 78.5 70.0 75.3
Kazakhstan 75.7 68.1 66.0 69.2 76.2
Togo 71.5 68.3 69.0 82.0 76.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina 75.8 76.3 73.3 73.4 76.9
Qatar 83.6 83.4 77.6 77.7 77.8
Costa Rica 76.7 70.7 73.9 78.6 78.3
Fiji 84.0 85.7 76.8 80.9 78.4
Marshall Islands 57.6 59.7 65.6 71.3 79.0
Montenegro 79.1
Austria 71.3 73.8 73.7 75.4 79.5
Libya 44.7 45.2 69.3 72.3 80.7
Macedonia, FYR 90.6 76.9 77.4 74.3 81.1
Azerbaijan 55.3 65.6 61.5 71.7 82.2
Brunei Darussalam 83.5 85.7 90.0 87.7 82.3
Bhutan 63.3 62.3 57.6 61.4 84.5
Ireland 129.3 123.0 110.6 89.7 86.3
Trinidad and Tobago 93.0 88.9 83.5 80.7 88.3
Oman 84.3 87.4 86.7 85.4 89.4
Seychelles 87.2 111.2 93.0 97.2 93.8
Philippines 94.8 88.6 93.8 93.9 93.9
Bulgaria 85.3 86.7 83.7 87.3 94.1
Liberia 188.4 69.2 66.1 68.1 94.3
Congo, Rep. 91.7 98.0 97.8 100.3 94.7
Mongolia 101.2 91.4 87.0 88.8 94.9
Ukraine 91.3 84.3 82.4 91.9 95.0
Lithuania 95.8
Angola 120.1 108.7 96.7 105.6 98.3
Slovenia 93.0 93.1 90.4 89.6 99.0
Slovak Republic 84.5 89.1 88.1 94.8 100.5
Tajikistan 169.7 123.8 119.5 108.0 101.4
Netherlands 109.2 103.1 99.8 98.2 104.8
Turkmenistan 147.8 140.0 111.4 102.8 105.1
Jordan 76.8 79.8 81.9 86.6 105.7
Moldova 96.9 98.6 101.2 110.5 106.0
Luxembourg 92.3 105.2 98.2 101.3 106.1
Iraq 106.8
Papua New Guinea 92.2 93.3 92.6 101.1 107.8
Suriname 103.7 113.2 89.1 105.6 108.9
Malta 148.2 111.1 108.8 107.0 109.1
United Arab Emirates 81.3 83.0 86.3 95.9 110.3
Cambodia 91.1 90.3 99.0 100.4 112.2
Hungary 128.1 119.6 107.3 107.3 112.6
Bahrain 119.5 110.1 112.2 111.0 113.6
Czech Republic 99.3 103.3 96.9 101.1 116.8
Honduras 103.2 100.1 104.5 104.8 118.1
Thailand 106.7 109.9 104.6 109.5 118.2
Vietnam 89.5 88.5 96.1 106.3 118.3
Estonia 156.2 148.3 139.5 138.4 118.3
Equatorial Guinea 148.0 174.4 145.2 149.3 129.0
Belarus 125.4 127.4 117.3 120.6 130.8
Guyana 150.3 152.5 145.3 146.8 158.3
Belgium 154.2 155.4 160.4 154.0 159.9
Swaziland 128.3 161.8 162.1 170.3 160.0
Lesotho 133.4 144.8 178.6 164.7 174.0
Malaysia 192.1 174.5 172.5 170.6 185.8
Aruba 272.5 249.7 180.6 220.1 315.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 242.8 232.0 246.4 286.2 318.4
Singapore 284.2 266.3 262.8 305.3 326.0
Curacao
South Sudan
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
French Polynesia 34.6
Middle East (developing only)
Northern Mariana Islands
San Marino
New Caledonia 57.0
Guam
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Andorra
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa
Puerto Rico
Monaco
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Myanmar
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.

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