Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Brazil 12.3 13.2 13.0 16.7 17.4
Japan 16.2 17.6 17.1 16.4 18.2
Argentina 17.5 19.4 19.3 17.2 18.1
India 17.8 18.1 17.8 17.7 19.7
United States 17.9 18.4 17.9 18.2 19.8
Burundi 19.1 21.3 25.0 21.3 22.7
Cuba 20.9 22.9 22.2 20.7 21.3
Ethiopia 21.3 19.8 26.6 26.0 21.2
Rwanda 23.0 20.8 17.3 17.2 15.2
Bermuda 23.6 23.0 21.5 23.0 22.2
Sudan 24.0 18.6 22.4 20.5 27.4
Bangladesh 24.3 25.1 25.2 27.0 28.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 24.5 21.8 22.7 21.6 19.9
Colombia 25.0 25.2 25.9 25.8 24.6
Peru 25.6 27.1 25.6 26.2 28.3
Haiti 26.0 25.8 30.0 32.7 34.2
Greece 27.4 26.7 28.5 29.2 34.7
Comoros 27.4 28.6 27.9 28.8 28.0
Sierra Leone 27.4 12.9 15.2 13.0 25.5
Mozambique 27.7 22.7 20.9 26.4 30.3
Uruguay 27.9 26.9 25.9 23.3 25.2
Madagascar 28.5 34.1 32.9 35.7 49.5
Central African Republic 28.6 32.4 30.7 27.7 30.4
Georgia 28.6 33.7 29.8 29.4 33.8
Uganda 29.4 29.8 29.1 31.0 31.3
Cameroon 30.8 32.7 32.9 27.8 35.8
Australia 31.3 29.6 30.2 32.2 32.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 32.1 28.6 24.9 26.7 38.9
French Polynesia 32.2 32.5 33.5 31.1 34.6
Guatemala 32.8 34.8 37.3 37.0 38.8
Gambia, The 32.9 36.5 29.6 25.0 25.8
Tanzania 33.4 27.2 21.9 21.6 22.2
China 33.7 33.9 31.6 33.1 39.4
Burkina Faso 34.0 33.5 37.5 30.9 31.1
Pakistan 34.0 32.7 28.7 29.6 26.9
Albania 34.6 33.3 38.8 44.1 37.1
Guinea 35.1 34.5 34.3 34.4 42.7
Italy 35.2 36.3 36.6 36.5 42.0
Chad 35.5 37.0 35.4 36.4 36.1
Spain 35.6 36.8 40.3 37.9 45.6
Panama 36.5 36.9 38.3 37.9 36.5
Turkey 36.8 39.4 27.1 26.9 30.9
France 37.2 40.2 41.6 42.7 48.7
Bolivia 37.5 38.1 36.3 33.9 36.4
Ecuador 37.6 36.3 34.9 38.0 47.2
Nicaragua 37.6 46.2 44.5 49.6 48.0
Niger 38.9 35.0 38.8 34.6 37.7
Tonga 39.2 39.1 40.8 44.2 41.9
Poland 39.2 43.2 43.4 43.5 47.0
Germany 39.3 43.2 45.3 46.3 53.8
Nepal 39.4 42.7 35.4 40.2 43.3
Morocco 40.1 44.4 43.6 43.5 51.2
Russian Federation 40.2 40.0 49.0 58.8 57.8
South Africa 40.2 42.0 40.4 39.1 43.8
Djibouti 40.7 41.2 43.5 41.3 43.2
Indonesia 40.8 49.9 89.7 60.4 66.1
New Zealand 41.5 43.5 43.7 45.5 51.6
Kenya 41.6 40.7 36.9 35.5 38.1
United Kingdom 41.8 40.6 38.7 38.1 40.7
New Caledonia 42.4 44.7 41.4 48.2 57.0
Guinea-Bissau 42.5 51.0 43.6 45.4 32.7
Bahamas, The 42.8 37.2 40.6 36.9 41.9
Mali 43.3 48.2 45.1 47.5 50.9
Paraguay 43.4 45.1 43.3 31.5 37.4
Samoa 44.0 39.2 41.6 52.2 63.6
Tuvalu 45.3 60.5 78.8 59.6 36.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 45.7 36.4 40.6 29.2 7.8
Barbados 46.2 50.2 43.9 45.6 45.7
Korea, Rep. 46.4 50.1 59.9 54.2 59.2
Chile 47.3 46.8 45.6 45.4 47.5
Mexico 47.3 46.5 49.1 48.7 50.6
Algeria 47.5 46.9 40.7 44.6 56.9
Israel 47.6 46.5 45.2 50.3 52.2
Senegal 47.9 47.9 48.2 50.4 52.1
Switzerland 47.9 53.1 53.9 55.2 60.0
Venezuela, RB 48.3 44.8 36.7 35.8 42.5
Kazakhstan 48.3 48.7 43.6 56.5 75.7
Malawi 48.4 49.5 54.0 63.4 52.3
El Salvador 48.6 55.3 53.4 53.0 60.1
Portugal 48.8 50.4 51.0 50.6 54.3
Cambodia 48.9 52.3 63.0 77.3 91.1
Cabo Verde 49.2 50.8 45.6 43.4 44.7
Benin 50.1 48.7 46.6 43.5 39.1
Azerbaijan 50.1 39.7 37.8 42.9 55.3
Denmark 51.5 54.3 54.2 54.0 59.0
Zambia 52.0 40.3 60.3 55.4 49.4
Norway 52.1 52.2 50.5 49.1 55.1
Vanuatu 52.2 50.4 48.4 46.3 41.5
Croatia 52.5 54.9 50.3 51.7 56.6
Iceland 52.5 50.9 52.1 50.6 50.3
Sweden 52.7 56.1 57.4 56.7 61.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 53.4 67.3 65.0 64.0 53.0
Austria 53.5 59.1 61.4 63.4 71.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 53.6 52.6 48.5 46.4 54.5
Cyprus 53.8 51.6 46.5 44.2 48.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8 56.2 56.1 52.0 55.0
Dominican Republic 53.9 57.3 59.4 60.7 63.4
Lao PDR 54.1 61.0 72.1 57.5 50.0
Ghana 54.5 57.5 58.3 67.4 93.2
Finland 54.9 57.6 57.3 55.0 64.2
Romania 55.3 55.9 47.9 52.3 62.9
Solomon Islands 55.4 55.5 52.2 48.9 37.0
Saudi Arabia 56.1 54.2 47.2 48.9 57.2
Libya 56.6 51.4 44.5 33.6 44.7
Grenada 58.4 64.3 69.0 62.7 55.2
Canada 60.1 63.8 66.6 68.0 70.5
Macao SAR, China 60.3 63.4 66.2 71.7 84.6
Cote d'Ivoire 60.5 61.7 60.2 61.1 59.4
Zimbabwe 60.9 66.0 75.2 58.5 56.6
Macedonia, FYR 62.7 80.7 90.3 80.8 90.6
Lebanon 62.8 51.5 44.8 39.6 40.2
Latvia 63.1 67.3 69.7 62.1 63.9
Kiribati 63.9 65.6 57.4 69.8 64.6
Uzbekistan 63.9 55.7 45.5 37.2 40.1
Nigeria 64.6 69.0 59.6 62.6 64.0
Mongolia 65.0 87.8 85.8 91.4 101.2
Mauritania 65.2 61.5 57.2 52.9 62.5
Philippines 65.8 77.1 84.4 83.3 94.8
Belize 66.0 70.6 67.8 75.9 89.2
Jamaica 66.8 60.6 49.9 47.1 51.9
Tunisia 67.5 64.9 64.6 62.5 67.1
Costa Rica 67.8 71.7 83.3 81.6 76.7
Syrian Arab Republic 68.0 54.8 44.6 46.0 43.7
Sri Lanka 68.6 69.6 67.8 67.4 77.2
St. Lucia 69.4 65.0 59.3 59.3 51.0
Thailand 70.0 80.1 85.7 85.9 103.6
Greenland 70.0 64.4 57.7 60.6 59.7
Slovak Republic 71.7 77.2 79.8 70.8 84.5
Armenia 71.8 68.6 59.3 55.9 61.5
Ukraine 71.8 62.5 65.2 74.2 91.3
Bhutan 72.1 69.7 64.2 71.1 63.3
Gabon 72.7 77.5 67.3 69.4 70.0
Hungary 72.8 85.6 100.2 108.2 128.0
Kyrgyz Republic 73.5 74.3 82.4 84.4 77.3
Kuwait 73.9 74.0 70.1 65.7 70.5
Antigua and Barbuda 74.5 70.4 67.9 69.3 58.6
Vietnam 74.6 77.4 76.7 81.2 89.5
Czech Republic 74.8 80.3 81.7 85.0 99.3
Togo 75.4 71.3 63.5 62.7 71.5
Dominica 76.1 72.0 77.0 72.8 59.8
Namibia 78.3 75.3 75.3 74.5 73.4
Oman 79.0 81.0 80.5 76.6 84.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina 79.6 79.2 85.4 86.6 75.8
Trinidad and Tobago 80.6 96.4 87.0 81.4 93.0
Qatar 80.7 78.7 82.3 78.4 83.6
Yemen, Rep. 81.5 66.1 57.9 58.2 66.4
Fiji 81.5 75.8 74.5 77.9 84.0
Marshall Islands 82.5 72.2 67.3 70.9 57.6
Slovenia 82.6 85.4 86.6 82.2 93.0
Papua New Guinea 82.8 78.5 79.5 88.1 92.2
Maldives 84.8 86.3 83.2 83.8 79.7
Belarus 85.3 113.2 102.6 103.7 125.4
Botswana 86.0 101.6 89.9 88.3 82.2
Jordan 88.2 82.0 71.2 68.1 76.8
Netherlands 89.7 96.7 94.7 96.1 109.3
United Arab Emirates 92.3 94.5 87.8 80.8 81.3
Mauritius 92.5 90.3 89.2 88.6 79.6
Eritrea 93.9 84.8 71.9 77.1 71.9
Lithuania 94.4 93.9 84.6 71.4 80.3
Angola 94.8 99.4 87.2 134.3 120.1
Brunei Darussalam 97.3 89.9 89.1 85.2 83.5
Bulgaria 98.6 88.2 63.2 70.1 86.7
Honduras 102.9 108.7 118.4 117.4 103.2
Seychelles 103.2 80.5 83.2 92.9 87.2
Suriname 108.5 146.2 104.6 93.5 103.7
Ireland 109.0 110.0 119.4 119.6 128.7
Moldova 110.0 106.0 100.5 89.7 96.9
Estonia 111.7 145.5 143.0 124.4 156.2
Congo, Rep. 114.0 111.7 104.9 101.2 91.7
Swaziland 119.7 118.1 130.4 129.5 128.3
Belgium 122.7 132.0 134.7 132.2 153.8
Malta 123.4 115.4 118.2 123.4 148.2
Turkmenistan 126.5 91.0 60.3 108.7 147.8
Tajikistan 137.9 162.2 98.9 124.5 169.7
Bahrain 147.1 132.5 110.5 121.7 119.5
Malaysia 155.4 157.8 182.4 188.8 192.1
Lesotho 160.9 155.4 138.5 129.5 133.4
Guyana 162.0 163.7 142.7 144.4 150.3
Equatorial Guinea 225.3 193.3 203.9 182.6 148.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 239.3 226.4 214.1 214.2 242.8
Singapore 265.9 257.0 246.9 261.6 284.2
Aruba 273.1 250.7 161.1 196.4 272.5
Liberia 743.4 351.5 248.9 223.9 188.4
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Iraq
Curacao
Cayman Islands
South Sudan
Isle of Man
West Bank and Gaza
Monaco
Serbia
Luxembourg 86.9 92.0
St. Martin (French part)
Timor-Leste
Palau 63.3 98.1 90.1
Sao Tome and Principe
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Myanmar
San Marino
Faroe Islands 74.5 83.3 94.8
Montenegro
Puerto Rico
Afghanistan
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Andorra
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
American Samoa

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