Country name 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993
Sudan 13.1 8.0 10.5 16.2 15.3
Uganda 10.3 10.2 11.9 22.6 22.2
Ethiopia 12.5 11.5 5.0 9.8 11.4
Argentina 18.0 11.6 10.7 11.8 12.6
Brazil 12.7 11.7 13.4 15.1 15.1
India 12.1 12.7 13.9 14.7 15.6
United States 15.1 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.5
Rwanda 17.5 15.6 20.9 17.4 20.2
Japan 16.0 16.8 15.6 14.9 13.7
Bangladesh 18.5 17.6 16.5 18.4 19.7
Central African Republic 23.0 19.0 15.8 17.8 18.4
Burkina Faso 18.6 22.2 20.4 23.7 24.8
Turkey 25.6 23.4 22.9 23.6 24.7
Peru 20.8 23.4 18.7 21.7 23.4
Nepal 20.9 24.1 25.3 33.7 34.8
Australia 27.3 26.2 25.6 26.6 28.3
Niger 27.8 27.0 28.4 34.6 41.2
Burundi 23.8 27.0 29.6 27.1 28.1
Chad 27.6 27.2 23.6 22.6 22.6
Spain 28.8 27.5 27.4 26.8 27.9
Comoros 30.7 28.0 33.2 34.2 30.7
Benin 42.5 28.2 28.7 53.9 42.0
Albania 29.0 44.8 42.3 56.5
Greece 31.4 29.9 30.2 29.5 29.4
Ecuador 30.3 30.0 30.9 30.1 28.9
Lao PDR 34.7 30.5 26.0 35.7 50.7
Cameroon 26.4 30.5 24.2 26.4 22.1
Colombia 27.1 30.7 29.4 27.3 30.4
Italy 32.8 31.0 29.3 28.8 30.9
Madagascar 26.3 31.5 29.4 26.4 25.2
Tanzania 30.7 31.9 37.8 41.9 45.7
Mexico 32.1 32.1 30.0 30.4 23.7
China 32.5 32.3 35.8 39.2 44.4
Pakistan 29.5 32.6 33.1 34.5 31.6
Uruguay 33.2 32.6 28.9 29.1 26.5
French Polynesia 33.3 32.7 31.9 28.0 26.8
Romania 45.7 32.8 35.3 42.9 43.3
Bolivia 30.4 33.1 34.0 31.9 33.7
Cuba 47.7 33.9 22.2 14.0 11.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 24.5 34.2 65.7
Senegal 39.0 34.6 33.4 28.4 31.6
Panama 26.7 35.4 35.1 38.0 37.8
Ghana 43.6 35.7 25.3 53.3 59.5
France 37.0 36.3 36.0 34.6 33.8
Algeria 34.2 36.6 44.5 41.0 38.1
Guatemala 32.8 36.8 32.5 36.6 34.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.3 36.8 31.8 27.2 24.3
South Africa 32.6 37.4 35.0 33.1 33.9
Kenya 37.6 38.0 37.3 38.7 54.7
El Salvador 37.9 38.4 37.5 44.5 45.8
Finland 40.9 38.6 35.8 41.0 47.5
Mali 37.3 39.7 40.6 33.3 41.5
Mozambique 39.5 40.0 38.6 50.5 53.6
United Kingdom 40.7 40.0 37.0 37.2 39.2
Yemen, Rep. 40.1 45.3 49.6 63.9
Poland 28.9 40.1 38.5 35.8 36.5
Paraguay 38.5 40.6 31.5 29.0 33.3
Zimbabwe 38.2 40.7 41.5 54.0 51.6
Bermuda 39.0 41.1 34.6 38.5 31.3
Indonesia 38.1 41.5 42.9 44.0 41.2
New Zealand 40.5 41.9 42.5 46.0 43.6
Canada 42.9 42.4 41.4 44.7 49.4
Guinea-Bissau 38.9 43.0 37.3 45.1 37.6
Morocco 38.5 43.3 40.1 39.8 40.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 48.1 43.5 32.5 26.6 16.4
Sierra Leone 34.4 44.2 39.5 43.4 34.5
Sweden 48.6 45.0 40.4 39.3 45.9
Germany 45.1 45.3 43.8 40.6 36.0
Barbados 50.4 45.5 45.1 36.6 37.3
Cabo Verde 44.5 46.3 47.8 51.8 32.2
Costa Rica 45.6 46.4 48.5 49.9 63.7
Fragile and conflict affected situations 37.8 46.5 40.6 41.6 40.7
Korea, Rep. 49.8 47.4 46.2 44.5 42.4
Philippines 44.5 47.8 47.7 47.6 55.0
Cote d'Ivoire 50.4 47.9 45.6 46.9 42.0
Bulgaria 144.4 48.9 69.0 74.9 78.3
Bhutan 58.0 50.4 58.4 76.2 65.9
Chile 53.6 51.1 47.1 45.4 42.6
Iceland 49.8 51.3 48.6 46.0 44.9
Denmark 52.3 51.7 52.7 51.5 49.1
Norway 50.3 52.1 49.9 47.6 47.2
Togo 53.0 52.1 43.4 39.5 25.5
Guinea 48.7 52.3 47.2 38.3 39.4
Gabon 56.5 52.5 57.0 49.7 71.7
New Caledonia 65.9 52.7 49.3 45.4 39.6
Malawi 48.4 52.7 53.2 62.8 41.8
Venezuela, RB 50.1 52.8 50.8 48.3 46.8
Djibouti 54.2 53.1 50.0 49.2 47.9
Solomon Islands 56.9 53.2 61.2 56.5 64.7
Angola 46.9 53.5 39.0 99.4 98.9
Portugal 53.3 53.7 48.2 45.2 42.3
Syrian Arab Republic 51.5 53.7 47.7 49.7 53.2
Switzerland 57.4 54.7 51.8 51.1 49.6
Austria 53.8 54.9 53.4 51.1 47.7
Israel 57.0 55.0 52.0 50.8 56.8
Congo, Rep. 59.8 57.2 59.6 55.7 85.9
Sri Lanka 53.4 57.3 56.0 61.4 66.4
Tuvalu 58.4 48.8 53.1 70.5
Saudi Arabia 52.0 58.6 58.5 61.6 53.4
Grenada 59.6 59.7 59.6 50.6 55.1
Kuwait 73.1 59.8 53.1 69.7 72.2
Trinidad and Tobago 64.8 60.6 68.1 50.5 68.2
Honduras 51.3 61.4 63.0 62.9 74.0
Hungary 63.5 61.5 63.2 57.3 54.4
Mongolia 47.1 61.9 29.8 61.2 99.2
Nigeria 58.5 62.5 77.6 68.8 110.3
Cyprus 67.5 62.9 61.9 62.2 51.6
Libya 64.2 51.9 44.6 46.1
Tonga 59.2 64.3 54.5 54.7 55.6
Seychelles 65.3 65.7 59.0 55.3 61.6
Thailand 63.5 65.7 67.2 65.6 66.4
Jamaica 64.0 67.2 71.3 77.0 65.5
United Arab Emirates 66.6 68.5 74.1 77.7 83.8
Gambia, The 66.2 69.1 34.8 38.5 43.3
Antigua and Barbuda 55.7 70.5 84.1 89.0 84.3
Oman 67.2 71.1 72.3 74.9 76.8
Vanuatu 64.4 72.6 53.5 54.0 53.7
Dominican Republic 81.6 73.2 56.6 59.3 60.6
Tunisia 72.3 73.5 68.0 67.4 68.6
Papua New Guinea 82.7 73.6 81.2 77.9 78.1
Qatar 61.8 75.9 71.6 76.6 71.8
Zambia 56.4 76.9 56.3 48.7 49.9
Vietnam 71.7 79.7 46.0 51.9 49.4
Namibia 93.5 80.2 78.4 76.1 79.7
Samoa 80.4 80.3 89.4 98.4 93.6
Belize 93.9 83.3 85.0 80.1 74.3
Mauritania 67.1 84.1 59.8 56.8 69.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.4 86.7 83.2 66.6 73.1
Netherlands 88.8 87.5 85.5 81.8 81.4
Greenland 87.9 88.0 73.7 76.0 71.1
Bahamas, The 80.4 88.1 106.8 39.6 36.1
Jordan 76.6 88.1 83.7 84.2 85.4
Brunei Darussalam 91.8 91.3 105.1 92.8 97.2
Ireland 98.8 91.7 92.0 92.5 97.4
Fiji 90.9 93.6 79.6 70.0 71.5
Nicaragua 91.4 95.9 68.7 60.1 57.6
Botswana 108.9 98.4 96.3 86.9 85.4
St. Lucia 122.9 100.2 93.9 91.2 85.4
Maldives 83.4 100.4 97.0 89.2 75.6
Dominica 99.1 104.0 90.9 82.4 70.9
Kiribati 94.7 104.8 66.7 84.1 64.3
Mauritius 105.5 106.0 96.4 90.8 92.4
Lebanon 100.1 106.5 96.3 85.9 70.0
Macao SAR, China 126.0 108.4 101.5 81.5 72.2
Swaziland 155.7 109.4 113.2 117.1 114.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 113.9 110.5 96.9 90.1 80.0
Equatorial Guinea 103.1 112.3 182.7 111.2 98.1
Belgium 122.4 117.0 114.6 107.0 110.6
Malta 109.6 121.6 122.3 128.1 130.3
Malaysia 122.4 133.4 144.5 136.3 138.7
Lesotho 151.3 134.8 144.6 139.9 139.0
Guyana 127.7 143.2 164.8 199.3 203.0
Bahrain 154.4 176.7 165.2 162.7 145.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 219.5 217.2 227.7 236.8 229.9
Suriname 181.4 243.1 193.6 230.6 198.5
Singapore 300.5 291.8 275.0 260.1 262.6
Liberia 138.0 374.1 210.1 431.8 529.9
Tajikistan
Russian Federation
Monaco
Moldova
Georgia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Kosovo
San Marino
Myanmar
Sao Tome and Principe
Afghanistan
Marshall Islands
American Samoa
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kazakhstan
Serbia
Azerbaijan
Macedonia, FYR 103.8 88.4
Aruba
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Montenegro
Armenia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Palau
Slovak Republic 91.3 73.0
Puerto Rico
Slovenia 102.4 99.5
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lithuania
Isle of Man
Somalia
Iraq
Liechtenstein
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Haiti 16.3 16.6 24.1
Andorra
Guam
Eritrea 77.0 83.6
Turkmenistan
Uzbekistan
Faeroe Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Ukraine
Cayman Islands
Estonia
Croatia 88.5 78.7
Czech Republic 74.9 74.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Curacao
Central Europe and the Baltics 53.0 56.4 55.2
Belarus
St. Martin (French part)
West Bank and Gaza
Kyrgyz Republic
Cambodia 29.8
Latvia

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