Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Ethiopia 11.3 4.9 9.6 11.2 20.3
Sudan 8.0 10.5 16.2 15.3 13.5
Argentina 11.6 10.7 11.8 12.6 11.9
Uganda 10.2 11.9 22.6 22.2 32.2
Brazil 11.7 13.4 15.1 15.1 14.6
India 12.7 13.9 14.7 15.6 15.6
United States 15.2 15.1 15.3 15.5 16.4
Japan 16.8 15.6 14.9 13.7 13.9
Central African Republic 19.0 15.8 17.8 18.4 34.1
Haiti 16.3 16.6 24.1 15.7
Bangladesh 17.6 16.5 18.4 19.7 22.3
Peru 22.8 18.1 21.1 22.6 23.3
Burkina Faso 22.2 20.4 23.7 24.8 24.1
Rwanda 15.6 20.9 17.4 20.2 36.8
Cuba 33.9 22.2 14.0 11.2 12.1
Turkey 23.4 22.9 23.6 24.7 31.7
Chad 27.2 23.6 22.6 22.6 27.5
Cameroon 30.5 24.2 26.4 22.1 27.9
Ghana 35.7 25.3 53.3 59.5 64.9
Nepal 24.1 25.3 33.7 34.8 37.3
Australia 26.3 25.6 26.6 28.3 31.3
Lao PDR 30.5 26.0 35.7 50.7 56.0
Spain 26.8 26.7 26.1 27.1 31.3
Italy 29.9 28.3 27.9 29.9 32.9
Niger 27.0 28.4 34.6 41.2 35.4
Greece 28.4 28.7 28.1 27.9 26.4
Benin 28.2 28.7 53.9 42.0 51.9
Uruguay 32.6 28.9 29.1 26.5 26.9
Colombia 30.7 29.4 27.3 30.4 24.8
Madagascar 31.5 29.4 26.4 25.2 33.5
Burundi 27.0 29.6 27.1 28.1 37.2
Mongolia 61.9 29.8 61.2 99.2 66.3
Mexico 32.1 30.0 30.4 23.7 27.1
Ecuador 30.0 30.9 30.1 28.9 32.8
Paraguay 40.6 31.5 29.0 33.3 40.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 36.8 31.8 27.2 24.3 26.4
French Polynesia 32.7 31.9 28.0 26.8 31.0
Guatemala 36.8 32.5 36.6 34.6 33.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 43.5 32.5 26.6 16.4 33.0
Pakistan 32.6 33.1 34.5 31.6 31.5
Comoros 28.0 33.2 34.2 30.7 34.5
Senegal 34.6 33.4 28.4 31.6 46.8
Bolivia 33.1 34.0 31.9 33.7 37.5
Bermuda 41.1 34.6 38.5 31.3 31.2
Gambia, The 69.1 34.8 38.5 43.3 33.1
South Africa 37.4 35.0 33.1 33.9 35.8
Finland 37.9 35.1 40.1 46.5 51.3
Panama 35.4 35.1 38.0 37.8 38.6
France 35.4 35.2 33.8 33.0 35.4
Romania 32.8 35.3 42.9 43.3 44.1
United Kingdom 38.3 35.4 35.6 37.5 38.9
China 32.3 35.8 39.2 44.4 42.3
Morocco 38.8 36.0 35.3 35.6 40.6
Kenya 38.0 37.3 38.7 54.7 51.5
Guinea-Bissau 43.0 37.3 45.1 37.6 83.6
El Salvador 38.4 37.5 44.5 45.8 46.9
Tanzania 31.9 37.8 41.9 45.7 44.8
Poland 40.0 38.4 35.7 36.4 36.7
Mozambique 40.0 38.6 50.5 53.6 54.4
Sweden 43.3 38.9 37.9 44.1 53.6
Angola 53.5 39.0 99.4 98.9 110.2
Sierra Leone 44.2 39.5 43.4 34.5 29.1
Mali 39.7 40.6 33.3 41.5 52.4
Canada 42.4 41.4 44.7 49.4 55.6
Zimbabwe 40.7 41.5 54.0 51.6 59.9
New Zealand 41.9 42.5 46.0 43.6 44.1
Germany 44.0 42.6 39.5 34.9 36.6
Indonesia 41.5 42.9 44.0 41.2 40.7
Togo 52.1 43.4 39.5 25.5 56.0
Algeria 36.6 44.5 41.0 38.1 42.9
Albania 29.0 44.8 42.3 56.5 37.8
Barbados 45.5 45.1 36.6 37.3 37.0
Yemen, Rep. 40.1 45.3 49.6 63.9 72.5
Cote d'Ivoire 47.9 45.6 46.9 42.0 56.0
Vietnam 79.7 46.0 51.9 49.4 60.7
Korea, Rep. 47.4 46.2 44.5 42.4 43.2
Chile 51.1 47.1 45.4 42.6 42.5
Guinea 52.3 47.2 38.3 39.4 36.1
Iceland 50.0 47.4 44.8 43.7 47.9
Portugal 52.9 47.5 44.5 41.7 45.2
Philippines 47.8 47.7 47.6 55.0 56.1
Syrian Arab Republic 53.7 47.7 49.7 53.2 84.1
Cabo Verde 46.3 47.8 51.8 32.2 52.6
Costa Rica 46.4 48.5 49.9 63.7 63.1
Tuvalu 58.4 48.8 53.1 70.5 76.0
Switzerland 51.8 49.1 48.5 47.0 47.4
New Caledonia 52.7 49.3 45.4 39.6 40.9
Norway 52.1 49.9 47.6 47.2 49.8
Djibouti 53.1 50.0 49.2 47.9 42.4
Venezuela, RB 52.8 50.8 48.3 46.8 44.7
Denmark 50.8 51.8 50.6 48.3 50.6
Libya 64.2 51.9 44.6 46.1 50.7
Israel 55.0 52.0 50.8 56.8 56.4
Austria 54.4 53.0 50.7 47.3 49.4
Kuwait 59.8 53.1 69.7 72.2 72.3
Malawi 52.7 53.2 62.8 41.8 71.0
Vanuatu 72.6 53.5 54.0 53.7 52.0
Tonga 64.3 54.5 54.7 55.6 42.8
Sri Lanka 57.3 56.0 61.4 66.4 68.1
Zambia 76.9 56.3 48.7 49.9 41.6
Dominican Republic 73.2 56.6 59.3 60.6 57.6
Gabon 52.5 57.0 49.7 71.7 74.1
Bhutan 50.4 58.4 76.2 65.9 58.3
Saudi Arabia 58.6 58.5 61.6 53.4 49.1
Seychelles 65.7 59.0 55.3 61.0 52.8
Congo, Rep. 57.2 59.6 55.7 85.9 89.9
Grenada 59.7 59.6 50.6 55.1 54.2
Mauritania 84.1 59.8 56.8 69.4 58.7
Solomon Islands 53.2 61.2 56.5 64.7 60.5
Cyprus 62.9 61.9 62.2 51.6 53.7
Hungary 62.4 56.6 53.7 58.8
Honduras 61.4 63.0 62.9 74.0 87.8
Kiribati 104.8 66.7 84.1 64.3 56.3
Thailand 65.7 67.2 65.6 66.4 69.1
Tunisia 73.5 68.0 67.4 68.6 71.9
Trinidad and Tobago 60.6 68.1 50.5 68.2 60.7
Nicaragua 95.9 68.7 60.1 57.6 31.1
Bulgaria 48.9 69.0 74.9 78.3 88.5
Jamaica 67.2 71.3 77.0 65.5 69.6
Qatar 75.9 71.6 76.6 71.8 69.7
Oman 71.1 72.3 74.9 76.8 74.0
Greenland 88.0 73.7 76.0 71.1 64.4
United Arab Emirates 68.5 74.1 77.7 83.8 82.9
Nigeria 62.5 77.6 68.8 110.3 88.6
Namibia 80.2 78.4 76.1 79.7 74.8
Samoa 71.6 79.6 87.7 83.4 38.4
Fiji 93.6 79.6 70.0 71.5 77.5
Netherlands 82.4 80.6 77.0 76.7 83.5
Papua New Guinea 73.6 81.2 77.9 78.1 75.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 86.7 83.2 66.6 73.1 67.6
Jordan 88.1 83.7 84.2 85.4 77.0
Antigua and Barbuda 70.5 84.1 89.0 84.3 77.2
Belize 83.3 85.0 80.1 74.3 70.6
Ireland 90.2 90.5 91.0 95.8 104.5
Dominica 104.0 90.9 82.4 70.9 66.4
St. Lucia 100.2 93.9 91.2 85.4 79.0
Botswana 98.4 96.3 86.9 85.4 82.6
Lebanon 106.5 96.3 85.9 70.0 66.7
Mauritius 106.0 96.4 90.8 92.4 92.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 110.5 96.9 90.1 80.0 74.0
Maldives 100.4 97.0 89.2 75.6 83.6
Macao SAR, China 108.4 101.5 81.5 72.2 65.9
Brunei Darussalam 91.3 105.1 92.8 97.2 99.4
Bahamas, The 88.1 106.8 39.6 36.1 37.5
Belgium 115.2 112.8 105.3 108.9 114.0
Swaziland 109.4 113.2 117.1 114.4 120.3
Malta 121.6 122.3 128.1 130.3 134.0
Malaysia 133.4 144.5 136.3 138.7 159.0
Lesotho 134.8 144.6 139.9 139.0 135.4
Guyana 143.2 164.8 199.3 203.0 177.9
Bahrain 176.7 165.2 162.7 145.8 132.2
Equatorial Guinea 112.3 182.7 111.2 98.1 102.5
Suriname 243.1 193.6 230.6 198.5 144.0
Liberia 374.1 210.1 431.8 529.9 573.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 217.2 227.7 236.8 229.9 233.7
Singapore 291.8 275.0 260.1 262.6 270.4
Tajikistan 76.9
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Cayman Islands
Lithuania 62.9
Monaco
San Marino
Montenegro
Sao Tome and Principe
Iran, Islamic Rep. 34.2 65.7 49.5
Afghanistan
Moldova 72.0
Latvia 44.1
Georgia 19.7
Serbia
Eritrea 77.0 83.6 106.6
Kyrgyz Republic 39.0
Curacao
Kosovo
Russian Federation 29.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Palau
Puerto Rico
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 53.8
Ukraine 40.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Luxembourg
Guam
Macedonia, FYR 103.8 88.4 76.0
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands 85.4
Estonia
Aruba 42.3
Timor-Leste
West Bank and Gaza
Czech Republic 72.7 71.9 70.2
Andorra
Croatia
Myanmar
Turkmenistan 141.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cambodia 29.8 44.2
Slovak Republic 84.4 71.6 66.2
Slovenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina 78.4
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Belarus 37.3
Somalia
Uzbekistan 40.0
Kazakhstan 32.0
Azerbaijan 43.2
South Sudan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Armenia 46.4
Iraq 11.1
American Samoa

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