Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
India 11.7 10.6 9.8 9.9 10.8
Lao PDR 11.7 10.4 13.6 25.6 42.7
United States 14.1 13.1 13.3 13.9 14.9
Argentina 16.0 13.8 10.4 11.0 11.5
Ethiopia 17.1 14.2 16.1 13.7 14.5
Sudan 17.7 9.2 8.1 6.7 10.1
Mozambique 18.9 11.2 11.9 31.4 40.1
Bangladesh 19.1 16.4 16.2 15.9 16.9
Bolivia 19.7 24.4 33.1 30.7 25.9
Brazil 20.2 17.9 14.1 14.6 15.0
Uganda 20.5 20.3 18.9 18.6 17.8
China 20.8 22.7 24.8 30.6 33.2
Colombia 20.8 22.0 25.7 24.6 25.6
Nepal 21.1 23.4 21.1 24.4 25.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.2 15.1 8.9 16.8 17.3
Paraguay 22.6 27.2 23.6 25.1 26.6
Burkina Faso 22.7 26.0 24.0 24.9 22.8
Japan 23.6 22.2 16.5 15.4 15.0
Madagascar 23.8 23.7 20.5 24.7 26.0
Ecuador 25.0 27.2 26.0 30.0 29.9
Australia 25.3 26.9 26.7 29.5 29.3
Peru 25.3 25.2 27.4 23.7 46.9
Guatemala 25.4 23.0 27.7 34.4 32.9
Cameroon 25.6 23.0 23.4 20.6 17.6
Ghana 25.7 32.9 33.3 42.0 36.8
Mexico 26.1 24.9 30.4 33.7 32.8
Rwanda 26.6 25.0 27.7 21.6 20.0
Sierra Leone 26.7 32.8 56.3 38.1 24.8
Pakistan 27.0 27.7 27.5 30.0 28.9
Central African Republic 27.1 23.7 20.8 27.8 26.2
Dominican Republic 28.1 59.8 54.2 67.2 85.5
Burundi 29.3 26.2 29.6 26.8 31.1
Turkey 29.8 28.7 24.5 27.9 28.6
Greece 31.1 32.2 31.6 31.5 24.4
Mali 31.3 32.1 39.0 28.6 36.9
Spain 31.4 30.9 25.5 26.9 27.4
Panama 33.2 32.0 28.1 29.5 21.7
Chad 33.9 22.1 29.1 28.8 25.1
Syrian Arab Republic 34.1 34.2 30.5 33.6 33.6
Uruguay 35.3 34.2 33.3 31.6 31.2
Zimbabwe 35.5 38.0 39.1 39.0 37.7
Philippines 37.3 32.8 34.0 38.5 41.6
Niger 37.4 43.6 36.0 27.9 29.6
Chile 37.6 41.7 43.0 46.0 50.1
Italy 37.9 37.7 31.9 31.2 31.0
France 38.7 38.6 33.5 33.4 34.6
South Africa 38.9 41.2 39.5 35.1 35.4
Congo, Dem. Rep. 39.5 43.1 38.6 46.8 45.9
Nicaragua 39.6 47.2 38.3 28.6 39.5
Indonesia 40.8 33.0 33.5 39.5 36.8
French Polynesia 41.0 39.1 33.8 35.9 32.9
Kenya 41.2 39.0 38.9 34.1 36.5
Venezuela, RB 42.5 38.9 29.1 44.6 39.3
Thailand 42.6 42.1 41.9 48.8 58.8
Algeria 43.0 39.1 26.8 22.9 26.2
Benin 43.3 50.7 43.0 39.0 49.0
United Kingdom 45.3 45.3 40.9 40.8 39.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 45.4 42.7 40.2 50.8 82.8
Costa Rica 45.7 43.2 41.4 43.5 43.8
Bermuda 46.2 41.0 43.0 34.6 36.7
El Salvador 46.3 43.2 44.8 40.0 38.6
Germany 46.3 48.3 42.9 41.6 42.3
Comoros 46.5 45.4 35.1 32.6 35.7
Guinea-Bissau 46.9 50.0 53.8 50.0 49.9
Morocco 47.0 46.7 36.8 37.6 37.7
Canada 47.5 47.3 46.8 44.5 45.4
Malawi 48.4 47.2 42.9 48.3 50.3
Honduras 48.7 45.8 45.4 39.0 44.9
Finland 49.7 48.8 43.8 44.1 40.0
Zambia 50.8 63.8 70.0 74.6 54.0
Austria 52.6 55.7 50.4 48.7 51.0
Trinidad and Tobago 52.8 49.8 57.1 55.9 56.5
Portugal 52.9 49.9 44.2 49.0 51.9
Norway 53.6 55.3 49.7 47.7 45.6
Bhutan 53.8 61.6 63.1 56.1 71.2
Sweden 53.9 54.5 49.0 49.1 48.6
New Zealand 54.7 47.9 39.4 36.2 35.7
Sri Lanka 54.9 52.5 48.0 51.3 53.6
Switzerland 55.1 57.0 53.7 52.6 54.1
Iceland 56.0 58.5 56.4 54.5 50.2
United Arab Emirates 56.1 57.5 50.3 53.9 56.7
Denmark 56.5 57.7 51.1 47.7 49.2
Senegal 59.7 46.9 37.9 32.3 33.5
Saudi Arabia 59.7 49.2 45.2 50.5 52.3
Cuba 59.8 60.9 63.9 51.6 47.7
Korea, Rep. 59.9 59.2 55.4 58.5 55.6
Israel 60.0 68.1 60.5 64.3 56.4
Tunisia 60.2 53.4 51.6 53.4 60.3
Cote d'Ivoire 61.4 70.9 59.1 54.3 47.3
Togo 64.5 62.7 48.6 53.5 52.9
Maldives 64.8 59.8 49.3 79.3 77.1
New Caledonia 65.1 72.4 54.0 57.2 51.5
Cabo Verde 65.1 65.3 58.2 45.9 41.2
Equatorial Guinea 65.6 59.6 113.9 107.1 109.4
Fiji 66.4 65.6 59.8 64.4 80.5
Grenada 67.2 71.8 79.9 72.4 67.7
Solomon Islands 68.0 65.9 65.5 60.8 57.9
Mauritania 68.6 89.0 72.4 72.9 62.0
Jordan 71.2 70.5 49.4 53.9 59.8
Samoa 71.9 78.7 64.5 74.3 76.8
Nigeria 74.5 74.2 44.3 46.8 49.8
Seychelles 75.3 75.2 59.7 54.2 67.3
Gabon 76.8 84.0 62.8 61.5 51.8
Tonga 77.8 76.6 68.9 66.1 58.1
Papua New Guinea 78.4 79.2 79.8 74.0 76.4
Mongolia 78.6 81.6 64.0 60.3 57.8
Jamaica 79.8 79.8 56.7 59.1 59.3
Mauritius 80.7 88.7 91.1 99.4 105.2
Namibia 80.8 81.0 102.5 95.4 92.8
Suriname 81.2 71.9 74.3 61.2 65.5
Congo, Rep. 82.1 78.0 74.3 65.4 59.4
Hungary 82.2 80.8 79.0 74.5 67.8
Vanuatu 83.4 80.8 63.2 66.5 59.9
Oman 83.4 83.3 73.8 73.5 66.9
Gambia, The 84.0 60.2 74.9 75.7 73.5
Qatar 84.6 74.1 58.3 57.8 57.6
Cyprus 85.0 70.9 55.7 55.4 59.9
St. Lucia 85.2 96.2 107.2 106.4 122.3
Kuwait 85.3 76.9 73.2 61.5 66.7
Antigua and Barbuda 86.4 90.7 92.3 92.9 78.8
Malaysia 88.7 87.3 87.0 95.2 106.8
Barbados 91.4 80.0 65.5 46.2 49.0
Dominica 93.5 84.2 88.3 90.2 98.8
Netherlands 96.0 100.2 83.8 81.2 83.5
Liberia 96.1 84.6 79.8 70.9 64.3
Guyana 96.7 95.3 90.2 143.0 107.8
Ireland 97.8 97.6 86.1 89.0 92.4
Malta 100.8 103.7 96.4 99.6 102.4
Kiribati 101.2 89.2 77.8 83.6 87.5
Brunei Darussalam 101.3 101.8 104.0 92.3 91.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 102.8 91.0 93.5 98.9 95.5
Botswana 109.4 117.3 113.1 128.4 100.6
Greenland 116.8 113.8 102.8 108.3 101.3
Belize 117.1 116.2 102.3 89.0 94.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 126.6 125.8 118.0 106.1 125.8
Belgium 130.4 129.0 115.9 112.7 115.1
Swaziland 138.9 139.3 140.7 146.9 142.2
Macao SAR, China 144.4 137.8 139.9 141.2 133.8
Bulgaria 146.9 153.4 144.8 112.6 147.8
Lesotho 155.1 147.8 130.8 139.7 151.5
Bahrain 171.1 164.4 150.9 151.6 135.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.4 171.6 175.3 196.4 224.1
Bahamas, The 186.9 89.4 72.7 65.4 58.5
Singapore 269.8 264.6 255.9 283.5 313.7
Isle of Man
Palau
Faeroe Islands
Marshall Islands
Myanmar
Luxembourg
Macedonia, FYR
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Azerbaijan
Tanzania 21.5
Lithuania
Turkmenistan
Poland 31.4 31.5 36.1 38.1
South Sudan
Liechtenstein
Moldova
Puerto Rico
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8
Libya
Angola 53.6 38.0 47.0 48.8
Romania 49.4 47.1
Timor-Leste
Russian Federation
Eritrea
West Bank and Gaza
Tuvalu
Afghanistan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
San Marino
Armenia
Sao Tome and Principe
Iraq
Kyrgyz Republic
St. Martin (French part)
Kosovo
Haiti
Serbia
Montenegro
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Guam
Aruba
Tajikistan
Ukraine
Cambodia
Djibouti 63.1 62.4 56.6
Georgia
Albania
Estonia
Curacao
Andorra
Vietnam 18.1 11.2 9.0 14.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Belarus
American Samoa
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Cayman Islands
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Uzbekistan
Kazakhstan
Croatia
Somalia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Yemen, Rep.
Latvia
Lebanon 95.5

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