Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Sudan 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1 8.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.5 16.0 16.4 23.1 31.7
India 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1 12.7
Argentina 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0 11.6
Vietnam 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7 79.7
Mozambique 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5 40.0
United States 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1 15.2
Lao PDR 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7 30.5
Brazil 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7 11.7
Bangladesh 15.7 15.6 16.3 17.2 16.7
Ethiopia 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3 11.3
Japan 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0 16.8
Uganda 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3 10.2
Madagascar 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3 31.5
Central African Republic 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0 19.0
Nepal 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9 24.1
Cameroon 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4 30.5
Paraguay 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5 40.6
Burkina Faso 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6 22.2
Turkey 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6 23.4
China 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3 32.2
Spain 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0 26.8
Colombia 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1 30.7
Ecuador 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3 30.0
Australia 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4 26.3
Algeria 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2 36.6
Pakistan 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5 32.6
Rwanda 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5 15.6
Guatemala 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8 36.8
Panama 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7 35.4
Chad 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6 27.2
Venezuela, RB 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1 52.8
Burundi 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8 27.0
Greece 30.1 30.0 23.3 29.9 28.5
Mexico 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1 32.1
Syrian Arab Republic 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5 53.7
Italy 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7 29.9
France 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1 35.4
Bolivia 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4 33.1
Peru 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1 22.8
Uruguay 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2 32.6
Ghana 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6 35.7
Morocco 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8 38.8
Indonesia 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1 41.5
French Polynesia 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3 32.7
Philippines 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5 47.8
Comoros 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7 28.0
Mali 35.4 26.4 33.1 34.3 35.8
Niger 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8 27.0
Angola 36.2 51.9 58.2 43.4 54.7
Senegal 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0 34.6
Nicaragua 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4 95.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1 43.5
United Kingdom 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8 37.3
Kenya 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6 38.0
New Zealand 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2 41.5
Zimbabwe 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2 40.7
South Africa 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6 37.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3 36.8
Iraq 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9 11.1
Costa Rica 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6 46.4
Germany 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8 44.0
Thailand 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5 65.7
Malawi 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4 52.7
Bermuda 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0 41.1
Chile 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6 51.1
Benin 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5 28.2
Finland 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1 37.9
Portugal 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6 52.9
Nigeria 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5 62.5
El Salvador 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9 38.4
Saudi Arabia 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0 58.6
Honduras 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3 61.4
Canada 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9 42.4
Sweden 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8 43.3
Sri Lanka 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4 57.3
Togo 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0 52.1
Norway 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4 51.2
Maldives 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4 100.4
Jordan 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6 88.1
Austria 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4 54.4
United Arab Emirates 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6 68.5
Denmark 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5 50.8
Switzerland 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4 51.8
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7 52.3
Tunisia 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3 73.5
Guinea-Bissau 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9 43.0
New Caledonia 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9 52.7
Dominican Republic 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6 73.2
Iceland 55.1 53.3 49.1 48.6 50.2
Korea, Rep. 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8 47.4
Barbados 55.7 39.3 41.6 42.8 45.7
Cyprus 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5 62.9
Sierra Leone 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4 44.2
Jamaica 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0 67.2
Trinidad and Tobago 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8 60.6
Samoa 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6 71.6
Cabo Verde 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5 46.3
Qatar 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8 75.9
Cote d'Ivoire 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4 47.9
Seychelles 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3 65.7
Fiji 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9 93.6
Israel 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0 55.0
Gabon 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5 52.5
Bhutan 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0 50.4
Vanuatu 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4 72.6
Cuba 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7 33.9
Mongolia 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1 61.9
Solomon Islands 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9 53.2
Tonga 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2 64.3
Zambia 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4 76.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.2 76.0 73.0 70.8 66.1
Mauritania 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1 84.1
Bahamas, The 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4 88.1
Kuwait 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1 59.8
Oman 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2 71.1
Suriname 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4 243.1
Congo, Rep. 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8 57.2
Gambia, The 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2 69.1
Kiribati 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7 104.8
Netherlands 78.6 76.2 78.4 83.4 82.1
Liberia 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0 374.1
Papua New Guinea 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7 73.6
Grenada 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6 59.7
Ireland 84.5 87.3 90.7 97.0 90.0
Dominica 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1 104.0
Malaysia 88.6 95.2 106.8 122.4 133.4
Guyana 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7 143.2
Mauritius 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5 106.0
Antigua and Barbuda 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7 70.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.9 86.0 103.1 94.1 91.1
Malta 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6 121.6
Belize 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9 83.3
Namibia 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5 80.2
Greenland 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9 88.0
Brunei Darussalam 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8 91.3
St. Lucia 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9 100.2
Botswana 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9 98.4
Equatorial Guinea 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1 112.3
Belgium 113.9 110.7 113.1 120.2 115.0
Lesotho 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3 134.8
Macao SAR, China 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0 108.4
Swaziland 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7 109.4
Bulgaria 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4 48.9
Bahrain 150.9 151.6 135.2 154.4 176.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5 217.2
Singapore 258.5 293.1 328.2 310.1 314.0
Moldova
Isle of Man
Turkmenistan
Macedonia, FYR
Tanzania 21.5 30.7 31.9
Poland 40.0
Eritrea
Myanmar
Djibouti 62.4 56.6 54.2 53.1
Puerto Rico
Cambodia
Hungary
South Sudan
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7 32.8
Northern Mariana Islands
Russian Federation
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Curacao
Haiti
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Liechtenstein
Sao Tome and Principe
Kazakhstan
Andorra
Estonia
Guam
West Bank and Gaza
Serbia
St. Martin (French part)
Montenegro
American Samoa
Monaco
Armenia
Tuvalu 58.4
Czech Republic
Ukraine
Tajikistan
Palau
Croatia
Kyrgyz Republic
Cayman Islands
Azerbaijan
Libya 64.2
Albania 29.0
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Slovak Republic
Marshall Islands
Slovenia
Belarus
Georgia
Uzbekistan
Somalia
Aruba
Faroe Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep. 40.1
Afghanistan
Lebanon 95.5 100.1 106.5

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