Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Uganda 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3 10.2
India 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1 12.7
Ethiopia 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3 11.3
Brazil 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7 11.7
Sudan 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1 8.0
United States 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1 15.2
Japan 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0 16.8
Bangladesh 15.7 15.6 16.3 17.2 16.7
Rwanda 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5 15.6
Argentina 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0 11.6
Burkina Faso 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6 22.2
Nepal 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9 24.1
Central African Republic 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0 19.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.5 16.0 16.4 23.1 31.7
Burundi 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8 27.0
Peru 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1 22.8
Turkey 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6 23.4
Madagascar 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3 31.5
Cameroon 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4 30.5
Panama 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7 35.4
Colombia 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1 30.7
Australia 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4 26.3
Chad 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6 27.2
Niger 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8 27.0
Spain 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0 26.8
Pakistan 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5 32.6
Greece 30.1 30.0 23.3 29.9 28.5
Ecuador 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3 30.0
Bolivia 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4 33.1
Tanzania 21.5 30.7 31.9
Comoros 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7 28.0
Italy 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7 29.9
Mexico 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1 32.1
China 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3 32.2
South Africa 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6 37.4
Guatemala 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8 36.8
Uruguay 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2 32.6
French Polynesia 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3 32.7
Algeria 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2 36.6
Mali 35.4 26.4 33.1 34.3 35.8
Sierra Leone 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4 44.2
Lao PDR 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7 30.5
Morocco 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8 38.8
France 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1 35.4
Kenya 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6 38.0
United Kingdom 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8 37.3
El Salvador 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9 38.4
Indonesia 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1 41.5
Zimbabwe 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2 40.7
Paraguay 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5 40.6
Guinea-Bissau 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9 43.0
Senegal 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0 34.6
Bermuda 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0 41.1
Mozambique 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5 40.0
Finland 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1 37.9
New Zealand 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2 41.5
Iraq 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9 11.1
Benin 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5 28.2
Barbados 55.7 39.3 41.6 42.8 45.7
Canada 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9 42.4
Angola 36.2 51.9 58.2 43.4 54.7
Ghana 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6 35.7
Germany 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8 44.0
Philippines 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5 47.8
Cabo Verde 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5 46.3
Costa Rica 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6 46.4
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7 32.8
Sweden 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8 43.3
Mongolia 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1 61.9
Cuba 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7 33.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1 43.5
Malawi 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4 52.7
Iceland 55.1 53.3 49.1 48.6 50.2
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7 52.3
Norway 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4 51.2
Korea, Rep. 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8 47.4
Venezuela, RB 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1 52.8
Cote d'Ivoire 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4 47.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3 36.8
Honduras 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3 61.4
Syrian Arab Republic 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5 53.7
Denmark 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5 50.8
Saudi Arabia 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0 58.6
Portugal 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6 52.9
Togo 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0 52.1
Austria 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4 54.4
Sri Lanka 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4 57.3
Chile 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6 51.1
Djibouti 62.4 56.6 54.2 53.1
Switzerland 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4 51.8
Antigua and Barbuda 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7 70.5
Zambia 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4 76.9
Gabon 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5 52.5
Solomon Islands 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9 53.2
Israel 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0 55.0
Bhutan 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0 50.4
Nigeria 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5 62.5
Tonga 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2 64.3
Grenada 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6 59.7
Congo, Rep. 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8 57.2
Qatar 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8 75.9
Thailand 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5 65.7
Jamaica 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0 67.2
Vanuatu 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4 72.6
Trinidad and Tobago 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8 60.6
Seychelles 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3 65.7
New Caledonia 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9 52.7
Gambia, The 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2 69.1
United Arab Emirates 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6 68.5
Mauritania 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1 84.1
Oman 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2 71.1
Cyprus 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5 62.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.2 76.0 73.0 70.8 66.1
Samoa 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6 71.6
Vietnam 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7 79.7
Tunisia 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3 73.5
Kuwait 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1 59.8
Jordan 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6 88.1
Bahamas, The 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4 88.1
Dominican Republic 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6 73.2
Papua New Guinea 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7 73.6
Netherlands 78.6 76.2 78.4 83.4 82.1
Maldives 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4 100.4
Greenland 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9 88.0
Fiji 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9 93.6
Nicaragua 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4 95.9
Brunei Darussalam 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8 91.3
Namibia 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5 80.2
Belize 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9 83.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.9 86.0 103.1 94.1 91.1
Kiribati 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7 104.8
Ireland 84.5 87.3 90.7 97.0 90.0
Dominica 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1 104.0
Lebanon 95.5 100.1 106.5
Equatorial Guinea 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1 112.3
Mauritius 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5 106.0
Botswana 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9 98.4
Malta 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6 121.6
Belgium 113.9 110.7 113.1 120.2 115.0
Malaysia 88.6 95.2 106.8 122.4 133.4
St. Lucia 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9 100.2
Macao SAR, China 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0 108.4
Guyana 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7 143.2
Liberia 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0 374.1
Bulgaria 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4 48.9
Lesotho 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3 134.8
Bahrain 150.9 151.6 135.2 154.4 176.7
Swaziland 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7 109.4
Suriname 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4 243.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5 217.2
Singapore 258.5 293.1 328.2 310.1 314.0
Libya 64.2
Puerto Rico
Belarus
Liechtenstein
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Lithuania
West Bank and Gaza
Russian Federation
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Tuvalu 58.4
Latvia
Aruba
San Marino
Palau
Sao Tome and Principe
Czech Republic
Kyrgyz Republic
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Turkmenistan
Serbia
Ukraine
Kazakhstan
Azerbaijan
Isle of Man
Andorra
Estonia
Poland 40.0
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Slovak Republic
Tajikistan
Slovenia
Curacao
Hungary
Croatia
Somalia
Cambodia
American Samoa
Moldova
Myanmar
Turks and Caicos Islands
Haiti
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Luxembourg
Monaco
Guam
Montenegro
Macedonia, FYR
Uzbekistan
St. Martin (French part)
Armenia
Georgia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Faroe Islands
Yemen, Rep. 40.1
South Sudan
Albania 29.0

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