Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Sudan 8.1 6.7 10.1 13.1 8.0
Uganda 18.9 18.6 17.8 10.3 10.2
Iraq 40.7 33.6 34.5 40.9 11.1
Ethiopia 15.8 13.5 14.3 12.3 11.3
Argentina 10.4 11.0 11.5 18.0 11.6
Brazil 14.1 14.6 15.0 12.7 11.7
India 9.8 9.9 10.8 12.1 12.7
United States 13.3 13.9 14.9 15.1 15.2
Rwanda 27.7 21.6 20.0 17.5 15.6
Bangladesh 15.7 15.6 16.3 17.2 16.7
Japan 16.5 15.4 15.0 16.0 16.8
Central African Republic 20.8 27.8 26.2 23.0 19.0
Burkina Faso 24.0 24.9 22.8 18.6 22.2
Peru 33.2 28.1 38.7 25.1 22.8
Turkey 24.5 27.9 28.6 25.6 23.4
Nepal 21.1 24.4 25.0 20.9 24.1
Australia 26.7 29.6 29.4 27.4 26.3
Spain 24.8 26.2 26.7 28.0 26.8
Niger 36.0 27.9 29.6 27.8 27.0
Burundi 29.6 26.8 31.1 23.8 27.0
Chad 29.1 28.8 25.1 27.6 27.2
Comoros 35.1 32.6 35.7 30.7 28.0
Benin 43.0 39.0 49.0 42.5 28.2
Greece 30.1 30.0 23.3 29.9 28.5
Albania 29.0
Italy 30.8 30.2 30.0 31.7 29.9
Ecuador 26.0 30.0 29.9 30.3 30.0
Lao PDR 13.6 25.6 42.7 34.7 30.5
Cameroon 23.4 20.6 17.6 26.4 30.5
Colombia 25.7 24.6 25.6 27.1 30.7
Madagascar 20.5 24.7 26.0 26.3 31.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 8.5 16.0 16.4 23.1 31.7
Tanzania 21.5 30.7 31.9
Mexico 30.4 33.7 32.8 32.1 32.1
China 24.7 30.5 33.1 32.3 32.2
Pakistan 27.5 30.0 28.9 29.5 32.6
Uruguay 33.3 31.6 31.2 33.2 32.6
French Polynesia 33.8 35.9 32.9 33.3 32.7
Romania 49.4 47.1 45.7 32.8
Bolivia 33.1 30.7 25.9 30.4 33.1
Cuba 63.9 51.6 47.7 47.7 33.9
Senegal 37.9 32.3 33.5 39.0 34.6
Panama 28.1 29.5 21.7 26.7 35.4
France 32.8 32.7 33.9 36.1 35.4
Ghana 33.3 42.0 36.8 43.6 35.7
Mali 35.4 26.4 33.1 34.3 35.8
Algeria 26.8 22.9 26.2 34.2 36.6
Guatemala 27.7 34.4 32.9 32.8 36.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 40.2 50.8 82.8 51.3 36.8
United Kingdom 38.8 38.3 36.8 37.8 37.3
South Africa 39.5 35.1 35.4 32.6 37.4
Finland 43.1 43.3 39.3 40.1 37.9
Kenya 38.9 34.1 36.5 37.6 38.0
El Salvador 44.8 40.0 38.6 37.9 38.4
Morocco 33.4 34.2 34.0 34.8 38.8
Mozambique 11.9 31.4 40.1 39.5 40.0
Poland 40.0
Yemen, Rep. 40.1
Paraguay 23.6 25.1 26.6 38.5 40.6
Zimbabwe 39.1 39.0 37.7 38.2 40.7
Bermuda 43.0 34.6 36.7 39.0 41.1
Indonesia 33.5 39.5 36.8 38.1 41.5
New Zealand 39.0 35.8 35.7 40.2 41.5
Canada 46.8 44.5 45.4 42.9 42.4
Guinea-Bissau 53.8 50.0 49.9 38.9 43.0
Sweden 47.1 47.2 46.7 46.8 43.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 38.6 46.8 45.9 48.1 43.5
Germany 41.7 40.4 41.1 43.8 44.0
Sierra Leone 56.3 38.1 24.8 34.4 44.2
Barbados 55.7 39.3 41.6 42.8 45.7
Cabo Verde 58.2 45.9 41.2 44.5 46.3
Costa Rica 41.4 43.5 43.8 45.6 46.4
Korea, Rep. 55.4 58.5 55.6 49.8 47.4
Philippines 34.0 38.5 41.6 44.5 47.8
Cote d'Ivoire 59.1 54.3 47.3 50.4 47.9
Bulgaria 144.8 112.6 147.8 144.4 48.9
Iceland 55.1 53.3 49.1 48.6 50.2
Bhutan 63.1 56.1 71.2 58.0 50.4
Denmark 50.3 46.9 48.4 51.5 50.8
Chile 43.0 46.0 50.1 53.6 51.1
Norway 48.8 46.8 44.8 49.4 51.2
Switzerland 50.9 49.8 51.3 54.4 51.8
Togo 48.6 53.5 52.9 53.0 52.1
Guinea 51.0 49.6 46.8 48.7 52.3
Gabon 62.8 61.5 51.8 56.5 52.5
New Caledonia 54.0 57.2 51.5 65.9 52.7
Malawi 42.9 48.3 50.3 48.4 52.7
Venezuela, RB 29.1 44.6 39.3 50.1 52.8
Portugal 43.6 48.3 51.2 52.6 52.9
Djibouti 62.4 56.6 54.2 53.1
Solomon Islands 65.5 60.8 57.9 56.9 53.2
Syrian Arab Republic 30.5 33.6 33.6 51.5 53.7
Austria 50.0 48.4 50.6 53.4 54.4
Angola 36.2 51.9 58.2 43.4 54.7
Israel 60.5 64.3 56.4 57.0 55.0
Congo, Rep. 74.3 65.4 59.4 59.8 57.2
Sri Lanka 48.0 51.3 53.6 53.4 57.3
Tuvalu 58.4
Saudi Arabia 45.2 50.5 52.3 52.0 58.6
Grenada 79.9 72.4 67.7 59.6 59.7
Kuwait 73.2 61.5 66.7 73.1 59.8
Trinidad and Tobago 57.1 55.9 56.5 64.8 60.6
Honduras 45.4 39.0 44.9 51.3 61.4
Mongolia 64.0 60.3 57.8 47.1 61.9
Nigeria 44.3 46.8 49.8 58.5 62.5
Cyprus 55.7 55.4 59.9 67.5 62.9
Libya 64.2
Tonga 68.9 66.1 58.1 59.2 64.3
Seychelles 59.7 54.2 67.3 65.3 65.7
Thailand 41.9 48.8 58.8 63.5 65.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 70.2 76.0 73.0 70.8 66.1
Jamaica 56.7 59.1 59.3 64.0 67.2
United Arab Emirates 50.3 53.9 56.7 66.6 68.5
Gambia, The 74.9 75.7 73.5 66.2 69.1
Antigua and Barbuda 92.3 92.9 78.8 55.7 70.5
Oman 73.8 73.5 66.9 67.2 71.1
Samoa 57.5 66.2 68.4 71.6 71.6
Vanuatu 63.2 66.5 59.9 64.4 72.6
Dominican Republic 54.2 67.2 85.5 81.6 73.2
Tunisia 51.6 53.4 60.3 72.3 73.5
Papua New Guinea 79.8 74.0 76.4 82.7 73.6
Qatar 58.3 57.8 57.6 61.8 75.9
Zambia 70.0 74.6 54.0 56.4 76.9
Vietnam 11.2 9.0 14.9 71.7 79.7
Namibia 102.5 95.4 92.8 93.5 80.2
Netherlands 78.6 76.2 78.4 83.4 82.1
Belize 102.3 89.0 94.3 93.9 83.3
Mauritania 72.4 72.9 62.0 67.1 84.1
Greenland 102.8 108.3 101.3 87.9 88.0
Bahamas, The 72.7 65.4 58.5 80.4 88.1
Jordan 49.4 53.9 59.8 76.6 88.1
Ireland 84.5 87.3 90.7 97.0 90.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 93.9 86.0 103.1 94.1 91.1
Brunei Darussalam 104.0 92.3 91.1 91.8 91.3
Fiji 59.8 64.4 80.5 90.9 93.6
Nicaragua 38.3 28.6 39.5 91.4 95.9
Botswana 113.1 128.4 100.6 108.9 98.4
St. Lucia 107.2 106.4 122.3 122.9 100.2
Maldives 49.3 79.3 77.1 83.4 100.4
Dominica 88.3 90.2 98.8 99.1 104.0
Kiribati 77.8 83.6 87.5 94.7 104.8
Mauritius 91.1 99.4 105.2 105.5 106.0
Lebanon 95.5 100.1 106.5
Macao SAR, China 139.9 141.2 133.8 126.0 108.4
Swaziland 140.7 146.9 142.2 155.7 109.4
Equatorial Guinea 113.9 107.1 109.4 103.1 112.3
Belgium 113.9 110.7 113.1 120.2 115.0
Malta 96.4 99.6 102.4 109.6 121.6
Malaysia 88.6 95.2 106.8 122.4 133.4
Lesotho 130.8 139.7 151.5 151.3 134.8
Guyana 90.2 143.0 107.8 127.7 143.2
Bahrain 150.9 151.6 135.2 154.4 176.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 175.3 196.4 224.1 219.5 217.2
Suriname 74.3 61.2 65.5 181.4 243.1
Singapore 258.5 293.1 328.2 310.1 314.0
Liberia 79.8 70.9 64.3 138.0 374.1
Russian Federation
Luxembourg
Myanmar
San Marino
Northern Mariana Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Tajikistan
Lithuania
Macedonia, FYR
Liechtenstein
Monaco
Serbia
Palau
Moldova
Faroe Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Belarus
Puerto Rico
Aruba
Estonia
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Hungary
Curacao
Montenegro
Turks and Caicos Islands
Haiti
Cayman Islands
Guam
Cambodia
Georgia
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Timor-Leste
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Slovak Republic
Czech Republic
Slovenia
Turkmenistan
Afghanistan
Croatia
Somalia
Ukraine
Latvia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
Kyrgyz Republic
Uzbekistan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Azerbaijan
Kazakhstan
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Armenia
St. Martin (French part)
American Samoa

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