Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
India 12.0 11.8 10.5 11.7 10.6
United States 15.9 14.1 13.1 14.1 13.1
Brazil 18.0 14.6 19.0 20.2 17.9
Ethiopia 15.3 15.4 14.9 16.8 14.0
Argentina 23.6 15.4 11.9 16.0 13.8
Bangladesh 17.2 17.5 16.4 19.9 15.9
Sudan 23.2 19.2 23.4 17.7 9.2
Paraguay 17.2 19.8 15.6 22.6 27.2
Chad 21.8 20.0 31.5 33.9 22.1
Nepal 22.4 20.2 22.8 21.1 23.4
China 22.6 20.4 19.1 20.7 22.6
Madagascar 24.0 20.6 18.5 23.8 23.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 24.7 21.2 26.3 39.5 43.1
Colombia 22.3 21.8 20.6 20.8 22.0
Ecuador 21.5 22.6 22.4 25.0 27.2
Turkey 19.2 22.6 24.3 29.8 28.7
Burkina Faso 23.2 23.0 21.8 22.7 26.0
Uruguay 25.9 23.2 35.9 35.3 34.2
Mexico 20.7 24.1 25.8 26.1 24.9
Japan 24.5 24.2 22.4 23.6 22.2
Bolivia 31.0 24.7 24.6 19.7 24.4
Australia 27.0 24.8 23.5 25.4 26.9
Pakistan 30.3 25.6 29.3 27.0 27.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 26.4 25.7 25.5 20.0 14.3
Greece 24.9 26.2 28.1 29.7 30.7
Spain 25.9 26.6 28.7 30.5 30.1
Rwanda 25.9 26.8 27.0 26.6 25.0
Guatemala 33.9 28.8 25.2 25.4 23.0
Peru 30.4 29.2 31.1 29.3 29.5
Mozambique 30.6 29.5 23.7 18.9 11.2
Burundi 24.4 29.7 24.2 29.3 26.2
Central African Republic 25.0 30.7 23.8 27.1 23.7
Cameroon 33.2 31.1 29.8 25.6 23.0
Sierra Leone 42.9 31.6 28.0 26.7 32.8
Chile 33.7 31.6 35.0 37.6 41.7
Uganda 44.0 33.3 33.4 20.5 20.3
Dominican Republic 46.9 33.6 32.3 28.1 59.8
Zimbabwe 38.7 34.1 30.1 35.5 38.0
Philippines 39.7 35.6 38.7 37.3 32.8
Mali 33.7 35.8 39.9 33.3 30.3
France 36.8 36.2 35.7 37.9 37.8
Syrian Arab Republic 46.9 37.1 36.8 34.1 34.2
Morocco 39.7 37.3 35.8 42.3 42.1
Guinea-Bissau 41.4 37.5 39.1 46.9 50.0
Italy 39.9 37.8 34.6 36.6 36.5
United Kingdom 37.9 38.2 39.2 43.0 43.0
Benin 44.7 38.5 35.1 43.3 50.7
Venezuela, RB 45.1 38.5 25.9 42.5 38.9
Ghana 51.4 39.1 59.3 25.7 32.9
Niger 44.5 39.6 34.6 37.4 43.6
Panama 43.3 40.7 35.4 33.2 32.0
Canada 46.7 41.3 41.6 47.5 47.3
Indonesia 38.4 41.3 43.9 40.8 33.0
Kenya 44.9 41.4 37.0 41.2 39.0
Thailand 48.7 42.3 41.6 42.6 42.1
French Polynesia 45.7 42.6 42.6 41.0 39.1
Germany 42.6 42.9 42.0 45.0 46.9
Portugal 43.6 45.0 47.1 52.2 49.2
South Africa 50.2 45.1 39.9 38.9 41.2
El Salvador 51.9 45.8 46.4 46.3 43.2
Malawi 51.9 46.0 44.1 48.4 47.2
Bermuda 47.6 46.8 45.1 46.2 41.0
Honduras 60.6 46.9 47.9 48.7 45.8
New Zealand 46.5 47.0 44.2 54.1 47.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 51.6 47.7 47.9 45.4 42.7
Nicaragua 60.9 48.2 45.6 39.6 47.2
Sweden 45.0 48.2 51.7 51.8 52.4
Switzerland 53.1 49.1 49.3 52.2 54.1
Austria 52.0 49.4 48.4 52.1 55.2
Comoros 42.0 49.5 47.5 46.5 45.4
Senegal 49.6 49.5 59.2 59.7 46.9
Finland 53.7 50.1 49.7 48.9 48.0
Iceland 54.5 50.4 55.9 54.7 57.2
Samoa 52.0 59.0 64.1 70.1
Norway 53.3 52.8 51.1 52.8 54.3
Algeria 57.9 52.9 47.1 43.0 39.1
Mongolia 50.8 52.9 56.4 78.6 81.6
Denmark 54.9 53.6 53.7 55.5 56.8
Kiribati 61.4 53.9 57.8 101.2 89.2
Cabo Verde 53.1 54.0 65.0 65.1 65.3
Nigeria 63.4 55.0 63.8 74.5 74.2
Korea, Rep. 62.2 56.5 55.9 59.9 59.2
Bhutan 60.1 57.1 53.1 53.8 61.6
Zambia 58.4 57.5 50.8 50.8 63.8
Cote d'Ivoire 58.3 59.9 57.5 61.4 70.9
Cuba 59.3 59.9 61.4 59.8 60.9
Sri Lanka 66.6 60.0 55.8 54.9 52.5
United Arab Emirates 64.9 60.5 58.9 56.1 57.5
Israel 68.6 60.7 53.5 60.0 68.1
Jamaica 82.1 65.2 61.1 79.8 79.8
Tunisia 74.6 66.5 59.4 60.2 53.4
Costa Rica 84.5 67.5 46.8 45.7 43.2
Mauritania 70.3 67.8 65.8 68.6 89.0
Gambia, The 69.9 68.0 76.4 84.0 60.3
Solomon Islands 83.8 68.5 75.5 68.0 65.9
Barbados 68.7 69.4 75.8 77.7 68.0
Togo 66.7 69.5 58.1 64.5 62.7
New Caledonia 77.2 70.0 55.7 65.1 72.4
Tonga 77.1 74.1 70.6 77.8 76.6
Fiji 83.4 74.2 70.3 66.4 65.6
Iraq 81.4 74.6 54.1 47.0 47.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 91.1 74.7 81.1 75.1 66.9
Seychelles 71.0 76.4 73.6 75.3 75.2
Mauritius 78.0 76.5 73.7 80.7 88.7
Saudi Arabia 84.2 78.1 65.8 59.6 49.2
Grenada 83.1 78.8 75.1 67.2 71.8
Congo, Rep. 63.1 81.5 61.4 82.1 78.0
Cyprus 82.8 81.8 79.7 85.0 70.9
Papua New Guinea 84.0 81.9 75.4 78.4 79.2
Ireland 88.4 82.6 85.4 96.0 95.7
Qatar 83.2 82.8 74.2 84.6 74.1
Netherlands 83.9 83.1 83.4 90.1 94.0
Trinidad and Tobago 98.5 83.2 63.6 52.8 49.8
Vanuatu 91.1 83.6 84.5 83.4 80.8
Gabon 78.8 83.7 79.2 76.8 84.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 80.3 85.3 90.8 97.0 97.5
Jordan 88.9 85.3 73.5 71.2 70.5
Kuwait 91.9 88.7 90.4 85.3 76.9
Malaysia 93.4 91.1 90.1 90.3 88.9
Namibia 103.2 92.8 76.6 80.8 81.0
Oman 97.9 96.5 86.6 83.4 83.3
Equatorial Guinea 103.5 97.1 72.0 65.6 59.6
Malta 105.3 97.2 94.0 100.8 103.7
Dominica 104.2 99.9 90.1 93.5 84.2
Liberia 115.5 102.4 102.1 96.1 84.6
Suriname 117.9 103.0 95.0 81.2 71.9
Brunei Darussalam 106.1 106.4 106.5 101.3 101.8
Maldives 89.3 110.6 121.0 64.8 59.8
Guyana 138.5 111.8 85.8 96.7 95.3
Greenland 110.2 111.8 107.2 116.8 113.8
Botswana 111.2 112.6 116.9 109.4 117.3
St. Lucia 114.9 114.2 128.8 85.2 96.2
Antigua and Barbuda 121.3 116.0 84.2 86.4 90.7
Bulgaria 107.2 116.0 144.1 146.9 153.4
Belgium 112.2 119.4 122.4 128.1 126.7
Belize 145.7 122.2 100.5 117.1 116.2
Macao SAR, China 141.0 146.6 144.4 137.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 154.3 143.1 156.7 175.4 171.6
Swaziland 172.3 158.3 154.0 138.9 139.3
Lesotho 130.4 171.6 145.2 155.1 147.8
Bahrain 244.3 203.1 175.1 171.1 164.4
Singapore 342.5 304.5 281.2 267.2 256.5
Bahamas, The 353.3 319.4 277.1 186.9 89.4
Cayman Islands
Hungary
Palau
Myanmar
Haiti
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
Guinea
Tajikistan
Guam
Slovak Republic
Isle of Man
Croatia
Poland
Luxembourg
Georgia
Marshall Islands
Puerto Rico
Liechtenstein
Faroe Islands
Belarus
Romania
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Russian Federation
Slovenia
Estonia
Somalia
Eritrea
South Sudan
Kazakhstan
Cambodia
Azerbaijan
Libya
Armenia
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Moldova
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Djibouti 63.1
Lithuania
Czech Republic
Tanzania
West Bank and Gaza
Timor-Leste
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Ukraine
Aruba
Andorra
Turkmenistan
Montenegro
Tuvalu
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Albania
Angola 54.5
Macedonia, FYR
American Samoa
Serbia
Uzbekistan
Vietnam 18.1
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 11.7 10.4
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan 45.4
Lebanon

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