Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan 65.4 69.5 73.2 78.2 75.0
Albania 44.6 43.7 41.7 49.0 56.0
Algeria 84.6 78.3 80.4 78.9 84.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 74.5 69.0 76.3 81.3 84.5
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 64.9 66.7 65.3 66.8 66.4
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 91.1 89.2 89.7 89.3 89.0
Austria 85.3 86.8 87.3 86.7 86.8
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 49.5 66.5 73.4 82.1 89.1
Bahrain 91.1 92.0 87.9 86.9 86.8
Bangladesh 65.8 64.9 62.9 60.3 68.6
Barbados 91.4 88.1 88.0 87.5 85.9
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 83.7 84.8 82.6 83.9 81.9
Benin 60.0 50.3 51.6 55.0 50.5
Bermuda 89.1 86.9 98.3 98.6 97.0
Bhutan
Bolivia 70.8 71.6 72.7 71.2 74.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 77.5 74.7 79.1 77.9 79.9
Brunei Darussalam 85.8 83.0 83.4 80.4 79.0
Bulgaria 64.3 58.5 53.5 59.1 66.6
Burkina Faso 63.5 62.8 62.6 58.0 57.3
Burundi 49.5 48.9 47.2 47.0 42.8
Cabo Verde 82.8 77.4 80.3 76.5 81.2
Cambodia 62.0 42.4 35.0 25.5 44.4
Cameroon 86.7 83.9 79.6 78.8 78.5
Canada 91.3 91.3 90.4 89.4 89.7
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 84.3 79.0 76.8 73.4 68.9
Chad
Chile 66.9 66.2 65.6 67.4 71.1
China 83.9 84.9 81.5 80.0 85.1
Colombia 82.0 83.5 83.6 84.8 85.5
Comoros 84.2 91.9 78.2 81.5 81.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 57.4 57.4 57.4 59.3 54.4
Congo, Rep. 89.5 87.2 84.3 88.4 76.2
Costa Rica 76.3 76.2 75.3 76.8 80.0
Cote d'Ivoire 66.6 67.1 67.9 65.8 58.2
Croatia
Cuba 75.6 57.1 60.3 57.4 70.0
Curacao
Cyprus 83.4 83.5 83.8 83.8 84.5
Czech Republic
Denmark 89.0 89.6 89.8 89.0 90.1
Djibouti 74.6 75.1 71.7 71.2 72.3
Dominica 79.4 73.1 77.8 83.6 82.8
Dominican Republic 84.5 84.5 84.5 84.5 83.3
Ecuador 79.6 77.1 79.1 74.9 79.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 73.0 77.2 74.4 73.1 74.3
El Salvador 64.9 65.0 64.2 66.7 68.7
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 73.5 75.1 77.5 68.2 65.9
Faroe Islands 97.8 97.2 95.7 96.8 96.9
Fiji 89.0 92.1 91.5 91.4 89.2
Finland 76.6 78.3 79.7 80.7 82.8
France 74.5 75.5 75.2 75.2 76.1
French Polynesia 97.4 97.3 97.3 97.1 97.7
Gabon 85.5 83.2 83.8 85.8 84.2
Gambia, The 69.5 77.0 73.2 67.6 57.6
Georgia
Germany 78.4 79.4 79.5 79.4 78.6
Ghana 52.8 78.8 74.6 74.6 66.6
Greece 79.6 81.0 83.3 81.6 82.2
Greenland 98.2 98.2 98.6 98.2 98.5
Grenada 83.2 81.6 86.5 88.5 90.2
Guam
Guatemala 78.6 77.0 74.6 76.1 74.6
Guinea 79.1 82.1 81.5 72.3 73.1
Guinea-Bissau 76.9 76.2 74.9 74.8
Guyana 75.2 63.8 71.2 76.5 77.0
Haiti 84.0 82.4 84.0 84.0 83.9
Honduras 77.9 71.2 72.4 67.9 69.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 63.0 61.6 60.6 57.4 55.8
Hungary 40.2 42.3 45.1 49.4 59.9
Iceland 89.4 90.8 91.0 88.6 91.0
India 73.0 69.9 70.6 72.0 70.2
Indonesia 90.6 88.9 87.4 82.4 85.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 78.4 73.8 71.1 75.5 71.5
Iraq 69.0 57.9 66.6 75.5 78.4
Ireland 93.2 93.3 92.5 92.8 92.9
Isle of Man
Israel 66.2 60.6 62.7 66.8 73.7
Italy 74.8 75.7 76.4 75.2 75.7
Jamaica 86.6 85.4 87.8 87.5 83.9
Japan 71.6 72.1 73.4 73.5 74.0
Jordan 66.7 64.1 66.2 58.2 64.3
Kazakhstan
Kenya 80.0 87.4 86.2 86.2 76.8
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 54.7 60.2 50.0 53.2 49.4
Korea, Rep. 83.2 83.9 84.0 84.0 78.0
Kuwait 79.8 77.6 75.5 75.2 67.0
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 37.2 36.5 30.0 27.1
Latvia
Lebanon 77.1 72.8 78.1 73.0 70.1
Lesotho
Liberia 91.7 95.0 81.6 91.5 91.1
Libya 86.7 84.4 83.3 82.0 78.5
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 78.9 77.7 77.6 77.8 79.8
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 68.6 69.5 68.2 55.4 60.7
Malawi 60.7 37.0 49.7 41.5 49.4
Malaysia 87.1 86.6 86.5 86.5 89.4
Maldives 82.6 80.4 80.4 81.0
Mali 55.6 53.2 57.5 51.5 46.5
Malta 89.0 88.5 89.4 88.4 89.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 74.8 65.8 74.8 75.9 70.9
Mauritius 73.9 74.0 75.7 71.5 70.8
Mexico 93.4 93.7 93.7 90.8 93.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 77.3 74.9 77.2 75.6 68.4
Mozambique 70.4 73.9 71.6 70.1 70.9
Myanmar 79.3 79.3 79.3 79.3 64.4
Namibia
Nepal 55.0 66.9 64.8 68.7 69.5
Netherlands 74.7 74.3 74.8 74.8 74.8
New Caledonia 80.2 90.9 92.1 92.6 92.0
New Zealand 91.8 92.8 91.9 91.9 91.9
Nicaragua 42.0 43.0 38.5 36.3 50.8
Niger 54.2 55.3 64.6 57.0 57.7
Nigeria 85.1 85.1 82.8 85.2 83.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 92.2 90.4 86.9 83.5 85.5
Oman 86.9 85.1 89.7 91.4 90.0
Pakistan 80.9 78.8 80.0 78.9 76.9
Palau
Panama 66.9 65.9 65.1 63.0 56.5
Papua New Guinea 94.4 94.6 95.3 94.6 94.0
Paraguay 59.5 55.9 59.1 61.3 73.1
Peru 83.3 74.1 79.7 70.7 67.8
Philippines 83.6 85.2 83.8 84.1 85.9
Poland 32.4 37.7 45.2 53.6 64.0
Portugal 81.8 83.4 83.2 82.4 82.3
Puerto Rico
Qatar 79.0 80.8 79.2 83.8 84.9
Romania 28.8 28.9 24.2 26.7 47.4
Russian Federation
Rwanda 62.4 52.3 50.5 47.5 44.8
Samoa 55.8 60.5
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 86.5 86.1 83.7 84.5 84.8
Senegal 54.7 61.1 66.3 62.5 65.0
Serbia
Seychelles 74.8 75.6 81.3 74.4 76.0
Sierra Leone 54.4 52.8 52.8 52.8 66.4
Singapore 69.5 73.0 73.1 75.1 74.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands 91.1 90.7 88.4 89.6
Somalia 78.7 85.0 72.2 79.7 74.2
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 74.2 76.2 79.5 79.4 80.2
Sri Lanka 70.7 68.4 63.9 64.3 60.6
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 84.3 91.0 89.1 89.8
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 90.0 90.0 90.1 90.6 91.0
Sudan 65.8 81.9 77.0 77.4 68.6
Suriname 80.0 72.9 82.5 87.1 81.5
Swaziland
Sweden 88.2 89.2 88.9 89.0 89.8
Switzerland 90.2 90.7 91.1 91.0 91.1
Syrian Arab Republic 56.4 55.5 62.2 61.2 63.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania 75.6 81.2 85.8 83.1 79.1
Thailand 83.2 81.5 81.8 83.5 83.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 78.8 75.7 78.7 76.6 73.1
Tonga 91.1 88.5 75.9 78.0 77.1
Trinidad and Tobago 90.0 86.4 80.3 83.7 81.6
Tunisia 82.6 83.4 79.9 73.9 74.0
Turkey 72.1 63.3 65.1 65.8 69.8
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 47.0 58.0 52.2 64.5 54.3
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 82.2 80.4 75.4 76.4 73.2
United Kingdom 85.2 86.0 86.5 86.5 86.1
United States 81.0 80.0 79.7 77.7 76.6
Uruguay 58.4 57.2 59.0 56.2 57.7
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 89.6 84.5 88.7 91.9 98.4
Venezuela, RB 86.9 87.3 86.8 85.7 87.5
Vietnam 15.7 13.1 14.9 13.5 46.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 65.6
Zambia 72.1 68.0 66.2 64.7 60.5
Zimbabwe 54.9 54.9 58.9 51.0 49.6

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