Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan 29.6 36.7 32.1 33.5
Albania 2.1 0.5 1.1 1.1 2.7
Algeria 12.4 12.2 12.6 14.0 12.7
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.5 11.4 11.9
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 32.7 33.5 33.2 34.7 39.4
Armenia 13.6
Aruba 12.3
Australia 16.6 18.1 19.3 20.7 23.4
Austria 6.3 6.9 6.2 4.9 5.9
Azerbaijan 11.4
Bahamas, The 5.9 1.3 4.1 2.6 4.5
Bahrain 10.7 8.7 14.1 10.7 12.0
Bangladesh 15.8 17.9 16.4 14.2 16.8
Barbados 8.7 10.2 9.4 10.0 11.4
Belarus 2.0 3.2 2.9 3.2 3.0
Belgium 10.6 10.5 10.9 11.2
Belize 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.3 1.3
Benin 20.4 15.6 17.2 15.5 15.7
Bermuda 1.1 10.4 15.6 32.9 35.7
Bhutan
Bolivia 1.4 1.0 1.3 2.1 4.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 9.7 9.2 7.8 9.2 11.2
Brunei Darussalam 20.3 23.2 16.0 28.4 26.2
Bulgaria 6.3 8.4 8.4 6.6 4.8
Burkina Faso 9.5 10.4 4.4 4.9 10.5
Burundi 7.7
Cabo Verde 9.3 8.6 9.2 10.7
Cambodia 1.0
Cameroon 8.9 9.0 8.8 10.2 8.2
Canada 9.2 9.5 9.6 10.0 11.1
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.6 5.6 10.1 7.3 5.1
Chad
Chile 21.6 22.0 20.7 22.2 25.5
China 5.3 6.1 4.6 4.6 6.8
Colombia 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.2 3.7
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.8 10.5 5.6 6.6
Congo, Rep. 1.9 5.8 10.9 8.6 11.0
Costa Rica 1.4 2.5 2.9 3.1 3.7
Cote d'Ivoire 9.0 5.5 11.8 11.0 9.7
Croatia 12.3 10.2 9.1 7.7 11.0
Cuba 9.0 11.8 11.7 13.1 10.3
Curacao
Cyprus 11.2 8.6 10.6 13.3 15.4
Czech Republic 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.3 7.3
Denmark 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.7 6.9
Djibouti
Dominica 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.0 1.0
Dominican Republic 0.0 1.3 2.1 1.4 2.8
Ecuador 1.9 3.4 3.1 4.0 2.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.6 16.7 18.1 17.8 15.4
El Salvador 0.7 0.8 2.8 1.3 1.2
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 6.0 8.1 7.9 8.3 15.0
Ethiopia 13.6 16.0 15.6 14.0 38.4
Faroe Islands
Fiji 1.9 2.0 1.5 2.0 2.5
Finland 6.1 7.1 6.6 5.4 6.4
France 11.6 12.1 11.9 10.8 11.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 4.9 5.0 4.0 2.5 3.3
Gambia, The 31.8 22.8 37.1
Georgia 3.6
Germany 11.9 12.3 11.9 12.2 12.7
Ghana 12.9 12.8 12.3 14.8 15.0
Greece 16.2 14.5 13.9 12.8 18.8
Greenland 1.3 1.7 1.6 0.3 0.4
Grenada 1.2 1.5 0.8 0.9 0.5
Guam
Guatemala 0.6 1.9 3.3 3.4 1.8
Guinea 15.1 16.2 15.1 16.2 13.8
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.1 2.4 3.2 3.7 4.0
Haiti 5.3 4.4 5.0 3.8 4.5
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5 3.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 44.8 45.7 48.8 51.9 51.4
Hungary 8.5 8.3 8.3 9.0 10.3
Iceland 3.3 3.4 2.7 4.7 5.2
India 19.3 19.7 21.8 27.4 18.0
Indonesia 6.7 6.4 5.5 6.9 6.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 20.0 15.7 13.6 17.1 21.3
Iraq 56.0 28.2 28.9 31.4 33.0
Ireland 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.0 5.3
Isle of Man
Israel 5.3 6.4 7.6 8.4 8.0
Italy 16.8 17.2 15.9 16.4 19.6
Jamaica 1.9 2.2 3.4 3.6 3.4
Japan 30.4 31.3 31.1 32.4 34.0
Jordan 16.6 16.7 18.2 15.1 14.3
Kazakhstan 3.1 3.0 4.6 6.5 7.0
Kenya 16.1 12.8 15.3 13.2 13.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 7.6 11.6 11.9 20.8 29.4
Korea, Rep. 18.5 21.5 21.4 23.0 23.4
Kuwait 18.2 18.3 19.3 20.6 20.2
Kyrgyz Republic 10.1
Lao PDR 1.0
Latvia 7.5 6.1 5.9 7.0 7.3
Lebanon 14.0 14.6 15.7 16.2 15.7
Lesotho
Liberia 6.8 4.2 1.7 1.7 5.1
Libya 10.6 9.9 7.1 9.1 7.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 7.9 8.7 8.4 8.8 8.7
Luxembourg 1.4 1.8 1.9 2.1
Macao SAR, China 27.1 31.5 36.6 40.6 44.9
Macedonia, FYR 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.0 3.7
Madagascar 24.2 23.0 24.6 21.8 30.4
Malawi 7.0
Malaysia 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.2 2.2
Maldives
Mali 5.3 5.7 7.4
Malta 8.9 6.8 9.9 7.8 6.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 15.5 24.5 16.7 16.9 20.8
Mauritius 20.3 20.5 23.0 22.7 25.5
Mexico 2.5 3.1 3.5 3.3 4.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.7 1.5 1.5
Monaco
Mongolia 3.6
Montenegro
Morocco 12.0 13.7 9.8 7.8 9.7
Mozambique 7.1
Myanmar 2.9 2.0 1.7 2.5
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 11.4 11.6 12.8 13.6 15.8
New Caledonia 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.2 6.4
New Zealand 10.9 11.9 14.2 13.9 15.7
Nicaragua 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.0
Niger 13.3 15.7 15.2 19.2 5.6
Nigeria 14.5 19.5 21.9 23.6 16.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 6.8 7.9 7.1 7.8 8.8
Oman 10.8 10.6 11.0 12.0 13.4
Pakistan 19.8 19.5 23.0 21.1 20.9
Palau
Panama 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.4
Papua New Guinea 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.5 1.7
Paraguay 1.3 2.8 3.4 3.2 12.5
Peru 2.3 2.4 2.8 3.2 7.6
Philippines 4.4 4.6 3.4 3.9 4.0
Poland 9.5 9.1 8.9 9.0 9.1
Portugal 11.1 10.8 10.0 9.0 11.6
Puerto Rico
Qatar 9.9 14.5 14.7
Romania 8.6 6.5 5.7 5.1 5.3
Russian Federation 42.0 37.9 37.8 42.3 46.1
Rwanda 4.3 3.8
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 18.9 18.3 19.5 20.3 19.9
Senegal 18.7 18.1 15.9 18.7 16.7
Serbia
Seychelles 29.9 27.4 32.3 22.5 24.1
Sierra Leone 7.3 8.5 8.8
Singapore 28.2 29.6 31.1 31.9 33.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.2 5.6
Slovenia 5.8 6.8 6.7 6.8 7.1
Solomon Islands
Somalia 54.3 60.7 60.8 61.0 50.6
South Africa 14.0 13.3 14.2
South Sudan
Spain 14.9 15.9 14.2 14.0 17.3
Sri Lanka 19.8 19.3 16.5 13.4 16.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.8 5.2
St. Lucia 4.2
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.9 1.3
Sudan 40.5 41.1 37.6 36.4 35.0
Suriname 4.5 9.7
Swaziland
Sweden 3.9 4.5 4.3 5.9 5.4
Switzerland 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9 6.7
Syrian Arab Republic 15.6 15.2 20.5 22.6 20.2
Tajikistan
Tanzania 22.3 22.1 22.1 20.0
Thailand 5.9 6.2 4.9 6.0 6.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 7.9 8.4 8.2 7.8 9.2
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 18.6 12.7 17.3 18.2 23.4
Tunisia 6.6 8.2 7.0 5.8 6.7
Turkey 12.5 11.7 10.8 11.8 13.3
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 15.4
Ukraine 4.1 3.1 3.9 5.2 4.6
United Arab Emirates 27.9 27.4 25.5 27.4 26.7
United Kingdom 10.1 9.9 10.1 10.5 11.9
United States 29.4 31.0 32.0 32.5 33.6
Uruguay 33.7 31.3 30.7 27.8 30.5
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 17.3 17.8 16.9 14.5 20.1
Vietnam 1.4 1.9 1.8 2.6 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.8 24.1 21.7 20.0 21.6
Zambia 5.2 5.6 3.9 4.2 3.6
Zimbabwe 3.7 4.2 5.7 5.7 5.6

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