Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 29.6 36.7 32.1
Albania 1.3 2.1 0.5 1.1 1.1
Algeria 11.3 12.4 12.2 12.6 14.0
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 10.5 11.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 31.1 32.7 33.5 33.2 34.7
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 15.3 16.6 18.1 19.3 20.7
Austria 5.8 6.3 6.9 6.2 4.9
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 8.1 5.9 1.3 4.1 2.6
Bahrain 12.2 10.7 8.7 14.1 10.7
Bangladesh 15.0 15.8 17.9 16.4 14.2
Barbados 9.6 8.7 10.2 9.4 10.0
Belarus 1.9 2.0 3.2 2.9 3.2
Belgium 10.6 10.5 10.9
Belize 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.3
Benin 25.7 20.4 15.6 17.2 15.5
Bermuda 1.1 1.1 10.4 15.6 32.9
Bhutan
Bolivia 2.6 1.4 1.0 1.3 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 8.1 9.7 9.2 7.8 9.2
Brunei Darussalam 22.0 20.3 23.2 16.0 28.4
Bulgaria 9.4 6.3 8.4 8.4 6.6
Burkina Faso 8.3 9.5 10.4 4.4 4.9
Burundi
Cabo Verde 9.3 8.6 9.2
Cambodia
Cameroon 8.5 8.9 9.0 8.8 10.2
Canada 8.7 9.2 9.5 9.6 10.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 8.6 5.6 10.1 7.3
Chad
Chile 22.3 21.6 22.0 20.7 22.2
China 4.8 5.3 6.1 4.6 4.6
Colombia 1.0 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.2
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.8 10.5 5.6
Congo, Rep. 2.0 1.9 5.8 10.9 8.6
Costa Rica 2.4 1.4 2.5 2.9 3.1
Cote d'Ivoire 10.5 9.0 5.5 11.8 11.0
Croatia 10.4 12.3 10.2 9.1 7.7
Cuba 13.2 9.0 11.8 11.7 13.1
Curacao
Cyprus 10.9 11.2 8.6 10.6 13.3
Czech Republic 4.9 5.9 5.7 6.1 6.3
Denmark 6.6 7.0 6.9 6.7 6.7
Djibouti
Dominica 0.9 0.7 1.0 1.3 1.0
Dominican Republic 0.0 0.0 1.3 2.1 1.4
Ecuador 1.2 1.9 3.4 3.1 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.3 15.6 16.7 18.1 17.8
El Salvador 0.9 0.7 0.8 2.8 1.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 4.6 6.0 8.1 7.9 8.3
Ethiopia 10.6 13.6 16.0 15.6 14.0
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 2.2 1.9 2.0 1.5 2.0
Finland 5.1 6.1 7.1 6.6 5.4
France 11.0 11.6 12.1 11.9 10.8
French Polynesia
Gabon 6.8 4.9 5.0 4.0 2.5
Gambia, The 31.8 22.8
Georgia
Germany 11.8 11.9 12.3 11.9 12.2
Ghana 14.7 12.9 12.8 12.3 14.8
Greece 13.0 16.2 14.5 13.9 12.8
Greenland 1.0 1.3 1.7 1.6 0.3
Grenada 1.2 1.2 1.5 0.8 0.9
Guam
Guatemala 0.6 0.6 1.9 3.3 3.4
Guinea 19.2 15.1 16.2 15.1 16.2
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.8 2.1 2.4 3.2 3.7
Haiti 2.9 5.3 4.4 5.0 3.8
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 43.3 44.8 45.7 48.8 51.9
Hungary 7.4 8.5 8.3 8.3 9.0
Iceland 3.5 3.3 3.4 2.7 4.7
India 16.4 19.3 19.7 21.8 27.4
Indonesia 5.0 6.7 6.4 5.5 6.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.4 20.0 15.7 13.6 17.1
Iraq 27.0 56.0 28.2 28.9 31.4
Ireland 6.0 6.4 5.8 6.0 5.0
Isle of Man
Israel 5.4 5.3 6.4 7.6 8.4
Italy 16.2 16.8 17.2 15.9 16.4
Jamaica 2.4 1.9 2.2 3.4 3.6
Japan 28.9 30.4 31.3 31.1 32.4
Jordan 17.9 16.6 16.7 18.2 15.1
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.1 3.0 4.6 6.5
Kenya 17.3 16.1 12.8 15.3 13.2
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.8 7.6 11.6 11.9 20.8
Korea, Rep. 17.6 18.5 21.5 21.4 23.0
Kuwait 17.0 18.2 18.3 19.3 20.6
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia 7.9 7.5 6.1 5.9 7.0
Lebanon 14.7 14.0 14.6 15.7 16.2
Lesotho
Liberia 3.4 6.8 4.2 1.7 1.7
Libya 10.3 10.6 9.9 7.1 9.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 12.6 7.9 8.7 8.4 8.8
Luxembourg 1.4 1.8 1.9
Macao SAR, China 25.1 27.1 31.5 36.6 40.6
Macedonia, FYR 4.4 3.9 3.9 4.0
Madagascar 21.9 24.2 23.0 24.6 21.8
Malawi
Malaysia 2.4 2.9 3.0 2.2 2.2
Maldives
Mali 5.3 5.7
Malta 7.5 8.9 6.8 9.9 7.8
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 16.7 15.5 24.5 16.7 16.9
Mauritius 19.4 20.3 20.5 23.0 22.7
Mexico 2.2 2.5 3.1 3.5 3.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.7 1.5
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 11.2 12.0 13.7 9.8 7.8
Mozambique
Myanmar 2.9 2.0 1.7
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 10.3 11.4 11.6 12.8 13.6
New Caledonia 4.9 5.0 5.3 5.7 6.2
New Zealand 10.7 10.9 11.9 14.2 13.9
Nicaragua 2.1 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Niger 8.2 13.3 15.7 15.2 19.2
Nigeria 14.2 14.5 19.5 21.9 23.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 6.8 6.8 7.9 7.1 7.8
Oman 11.2 10.8 10.6 11.0 12.0
Pakistan 22.3 19.8 19.5 23.0 21.1
Palau
Panama 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2
Papua New Guinea 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.5
Paraguay 2.1 1.3 2.8 3.4 3.2
Peru 4.0 2.3 2.4 2.8 3.2
Philippines 3.8 4.4 4.6 3.4 3.9
Poland 9.9 9.5 9.1 8.9 9.0
Portugal 11.4 11.1 10.8 10.0 9.0
Puerto Rico
Qatar 9.9 14.5
Romania 10.7 8.6 6.5 5.7 5.1
Russian Federation 38.0 42.0 37.9 37.8 42.3
Rwanda 4.3
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 17.8 18.9 18.3 19.5 20.3
Senegal 16.8 18.7 18.1 15.9 18.7
Serbia
Seychelles 38.5 29.9 27.4 32.3 22.5
Sierra Leone 7.3 8.5
Singapore 28.2 28.2 29.6 31.1 31.9
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 6.4 5.8 6.2 5.5 5.2
Slovenia 5.7 5.8 6.8 6.7 6.8
Solomon Islands
Somalia 46.1 54.3 60.7 60.8 61.0
South Africa 14.0 13.3
South Sudan
Spain 14.5 14.9 15.9 14.2 14.0
Sri Lanka 20.7 19.8 19.3 16.5 13.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 5.8
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 2.1 1.4 1.4 1.9
Sudan 42.0 40.5 41.1 37.6 36.4
Suriname 4.5
Swaziland
Sweden 3.7 3.9 4.5 4.3 5.9
Switzerland 5.2 5.9 5.8 5.8 5.9
Syrian Arab Republic 23.5 15.6 15.2 20.5 22.6
Taiwan, China
Tajikistan
Tanzania 22.3 22.1 22.1
Thailand 5.0 5.9 6.2 4.9 6.0
Timor-Leste
Togo 6.8 7.9 8.4 8.2 7.8
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 16.2 18.6 12.7 17.3 18.2
Tunisia 6.0 6.6 8.2 7.0 5.8
Turkey 12.8 12.5 11.7 10.8 11.8
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 4.1 3.1 3.9 5.2
United Arab Emirates 27.0 27.9 27.4 25.5 27.4
United Kingdom 9.3 10.1 9.9 10.1 10.5
United States 27.9 29.4 31.0 32.0 32.5
Uruguay 33.8 33.7 31.3 30.7 27.8
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 21.1 17.3 17.8 16.9 14.5
Vietnam 1.3 1.4 1.9 1.8 2.6
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 24.9 24.8 24.1 21.7 20.0
Zambia 3.6 5.2 5.6 3.9 4.2
Zimbabwe 4.1 3.7 4.2 5.7 5.7

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