Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 24.2 18.3 29.6 36.7 32.1
Albania 1.3 2.1 0.5 1.1 1.1
Algeria 12.4 13.5 13.2 13.9 15.9
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 6.5 7.8 6.6 10.8 11.8
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 4.5 6.5 6.7 6.8 8.7
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 15.5 16.7 18.3 19.5 20.9
Austria 7.7 9.1 10.1 9.7 8.6
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 10.5 7.4 1.7 4.8 2.6
Bahrain 12.2 11.1 8.8 15.0 11.9
Bangladesh 15.7 16.6 18.5 17.4 15.3
Barbados 13.6 13.3 13.4 10.4 10.7
Belarus 2.0 2.1 3.3 2.9 3.4
Belgium 11.2 11.3 11.7
Belize 1.2 1.1 0.7 0.8 1.3
Benin 25.7 20.4 15.7 17.3 15.5
Bermuda 2.9 2.2 10.6 15.9 32.9
Bhutan
Bolivia 2.7 1.4 1.0 1.3 2.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 8.2 9.8 9.3 8.0 9.4
Brunei Darussalam 22.0 20.3 23.2 16.0 28.4
Bulgaria 9.8 6.6 8.9 8.7 6.8
Burkina Faso 9.4 9.6 11.2 24.9 4.9
Burundi
Cabo Verde 9.3 8.6 9.3
Cambodia
Cameroon 8.6 8.9 9.0 9.1 10.3
Canada 9.1 9.6 10.0 10.0 10.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 1.6 9.0 5.7 10.1 7.3
Chad
Chile 32.7 31.6 32.0 31.5 36.2
China 5.2 5.7 6.6 5.1 5.0
Colombia 1.0 2.8 2.9 3.6 4.2
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 11.3 10.2 8.8 10.5 5.6
Congo, Rep. 2.0 2.0 5.8 10.9 8.9
Costa Rica 2.4 1.4 2.5 2.9 3.1
Cote d'Ivoire 11.3 10.7 6.5 12.9 11.9
Croatia 12.8 14.9 13.1 11.8 10.1
Cuba 13.2 9.1 11.8 11.7 13.1
Curacao
Cyprus 11.8 12.2 9.7 11.7 14.2
Czech Republic 5.9 6.9 7.1 7.6 8.0
Denmark 7.2 7.8 7.7 7.4 7.6
Djibouti
Dominica 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.3 1.0
Dominican Republic 0.0 0.0 1.3 2.1 1.4
Ecuador 1.2 1.9 3.4 3.1 4.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.4 17.7 19.6 20.7 19.3
El Salvador 0.9 0.7 0.8 2.9 1.3
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 5.1 6.8 8.6 8.6 8.9
Ethiopia 10.6 13.7 16.0 15.7 14.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 2.2 2.0 2.0 1.5 2.1
Finland 5.6 6.6 7.6 7.3 5.9
France 11.4 12.0 12.7 12.5 11.3
French Polynesia
Gabon 6.8 5.3 5.0 4.0 2.6
Gambia, The 19.6 31.8 22.8
Georgia 3.4
Germany 13.3 13.4 14.1 14.0 14.5
Ghana 14.7 13.0 12.9 12.3 14.9
Greece 13.5 17.1 15.7 14.8 13.6
Greenland 1.0 1.3 1.8 1.7 0.3
Grenada 1.3 1.3 1.5 0.8 0.9
Guam
Guatemala 0.6 0.6 1.9 3.3 3.4
Guinea 19.5 15.3 16.3 15.2 16.3
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.8 2.1 2.4 3.2 3.7
Haiti 2.9 5.3 4.4 5.0 3.8
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 2.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 43.5 45.0 45.8 48.9 52.0
Hungary 3.8 4.9 5.6 6.1 6.7
Iceland 3.6 3.4 3.5 3.1 4.9
India 16.8 19.8 20.1 22.5 28.1
Indonesia 5.7 7.2 7.1 5.9 7.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 23.0 25.6 21.2 18.0 18.1
Iraq 40.5 57.3 28.2 29.0 33.2
Ireland 6.1 6.5 6.1 6.7 5.6
Isle of Man
Israel 5.8 5.6 6.8 8.2 8.8
Italy 17.4 18.1 18.5 17.2 17.6
Jamaica 2.4 2.0 2.3 3.5 3.6
Japan 29.2 30.6 31.6 31.5 32.8
Jordan 19.4 17.1 19.0 20.9 17.3
Kazakhstan 3.5 3.2 3.0 4.6 6.6
Kenya 17.3 16.9 13.8 17.1 14.5
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 12.9 7.6 11.9 12.0 20.9
Korea, Rep. 17.7 18.5 21.8 21.6 23.2
Kosovo
Kuwait 17.4 18.8 18.7 19.9 21.2
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia 8.4 8.1 6.9 6.7 8.0
Lebanon 15.6 14.8 15.4 16.6 17.2
Lesotho
Liberia 3.4 7.1 4.2 1.7 1.7
Libya 10.5 11.3 10.6 9.2 10.0
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 13.8 9.4 10.3 9.9 10.3
Luxembourg 1.5 1.9 2.0
Macao SAR, China 25.1 27.2 31.5 36.6 40.6
Macedonia, FYR 4.6 5.4 5.2 4.3
Madagascar 22.0 24.3 23.8 25.4 22.1
Malawi 3.9 6.4
Malaysia 2.7 3.3 3.4 2.5 2.5
Maldives 15.3 14.3 12.2 14.0
Mali 5.3 5.8
Malta 7.9 9.1 7.1 10.0 8.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 16.7 15.6 24.5 16.7 16.9
Mauritius 20.2 20.9 21.6 24.1 23.9
Mexico 2.2 2.5 3.2 3.6 3.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 1.7 1.6
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 11.9 13.5 15.4 9.8 8.5
Mozambique 7.3 8.3 7.1 11.4 7.1
Myanmar 2.1 4.3 2.9 2.0 1.7
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 11.3 12.3 12.5 13.8 14.7
New Caledonia 5.0 5.2 5.5 5.8 6.3
New Zealand 10.8 11.0 12.0 14.4 14.3
Nicaragua 2.1 1.5 0.5 0.5 0.4
Niger 8.3 13.3 16.2 16.0 19.7
Nigeria 14.5 15.4 20.4 22.4 24.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 7.1 7.2 8.4 7.5 8.3
Oman 11.6 11.4 11.0 11.3 12.3
Pakistan 23.1 20.4 20.5 24.3 22.6
Palau
Panama 0.7 0.9 0.8 1.1 1.2
Papua New Guinea 0.9 0.8 1.0 1.2 1.5
Paraguay 2.1 1.4 2.8 3.4 3.2
Peru 4.0 2.4 2.5 2.8 3.2
Philippines 3.9 4.4 4.7 3.6 4.0
Poland 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.5 10.5
Portugal 11.9 11.6 11.3 10.8 9.8
Puerto Rico
Qatar 14.5 8.8 11.2 10.3 14.7
Romania 11.2 9.7 7.5 6.1 5.4
Russian Federation 40.0 43.8 40.2 39.6 43.8
Rwanda 1.4 5.3 6.7 5.7 4.3
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 18.1 19.2 18.5 19.8 20.5
Senegal 17.7 19.5 18.7 17.1 19.8
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 17.3 11.1 8.9 7.5 8.8
Singapore 28.3 28.3 29.7 31.3 32.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 8.7 7.9 8.4 8.1 7.7
Slovenia 8.5 8.6 10.2 10.0 9.9
Solomon Islands
Somalia 46.1 54.3 60.7 60.8 61.1
South Africa 15.1 14.2
South Sudan
Spain 15.7 16.1 17.1 15.5 15.3
Sri Lanka 20.9 20.0 19.8 17.1 14.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 6.0
St. Lucia 2.7 2.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 1.6 2.1 1.5 1.4 1.9
Sudan 42.0 40.8 41.4 37.6 36.8
Suriname 3.1 1.8 1.6 2.4 4.5
Swaziland
Sweden 4.2 4.5 5.0 4.8 6.4
Switzerland 5.6 6.2 6.2 6.2 6.3
Syrian Arab Republic 24.8 16.1 15.7 23.6 25.1
Tajikistan
Tanzania 22.6 22.5 23.4
Thailand 5.3 6.3 6.5 5.4 6.5
Timor-Leste
Togo 7.5 8.3 8.4 8.2 8.0
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 21.7 31.1 21.6 25.0 30.5
Tunisia 6.3 7.9 9.8 8.1 6.7
Turkey 13.4 12.8 12.2 11.2 12.1
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 4.2 3.1 4.0 5.3
United Arab Emirates 27.1 28.1 27.6 25.6 27.7
United Kingdom 9.8 10.6 10.4 10.6 11.0
United States 29.6 31.5 33.0 33.5 34.1
Uruguay 56.0 56.5 55.0 53.9 53.6
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.1 0.9 1.1 1.4 0.2
Vietnam 1.6 1.6 2.0 2.1 2.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 25.2 25.4 24.8 23.0 20.7
Zambia 3.9 5.4 5.8 4.0 4.5
Zimbabwe 5.6 4.2 5.0 6.3 6.4

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