Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 12.4 10.6 11.3 13.3 11.5
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 2.3 2.2 2.6 4.2 2.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 8.3 7.4 7.7 9.6 9.2
Austria 16.8 16.7 11.8 10.4 9.7
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 60.3 61.0 50.5 33.1 25.7
Bahrain 2.9 2.9 5.8 5.2 6.6
Bangladesh 14.8 13.7 12.8 13.7 12.1
Barbados 8.9 13.3 11.4 13.2 13.1
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 4.6 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
Benin 24.7
Bermuda 1.2 4.1 1.2 3.8 1.8
Bhutan
Bolivia 1.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 29.6 32.5 17.5 19.9 16.0
Brunei Darussalam 16.4 16.0
Bulgaria 18.0 12.5 5.9 8.9 16.3
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 3.0 4.0 4.1 7.4 6.7
Canada 6.7 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.8
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 30.6 31.8 27.7 28.2 32.1
China 10.2 9.9 10.0 8.5 10.0
Colombia 0.8 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.8
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 9.0 8.5 5.0 4.0 5.5
Costa Rica 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7
Cote d'Ivoire 8.0 5.2 6.0 6.0 5.2
Croatia
Cuba 16.2 16.9
Curacao
Cyprus 20.1 16.4 14.9 14.3 13.7
Czech Republic
Denmark 9.6 9.0 6.9 6.4 6.6
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.4 16.0 19.1 15.5 19.5
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 26.4 21.5 21.5 19.1 16.5
Faeroe Islands
Fiji
Finland 28.5 26.7 20.4 18.6 17.3
France 20.2 19.3 14.2 13.1 12.2
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 18.8 18.5 15.1 13.9 13.9
Ghana 4.7 6.2 37.1 3.6 5.7
Greece 24.4 24.1 16.4 15.1 12.4
Greenland
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 0.7 0.8
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 1.2 2.3 2.3 4.8 1.4
Haiti 2.1 1.6
Honduras 0.4 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 31.2 31.7 35.9 37.5 38.6
Hungary 11.8 7.1 7.0 7.6 8.0
Iceland 10.9 9.9 7.7 6.0 5.0
India 30.8 28.9 20.7 23.3 22.3
Indonesia 3.4 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 18.6 25.2 19.4 25.6 23.5
Iraq 27.4 27.9 24.5 33.2 27.7
Ireland 4.4 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.1
Isle of Man
Israel 4.1 3.7 3.8 3.1 3.8
Italy 30.6 30.1 20.6 19.6 18.8
Jamaica 0.6 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.4
Japan 29.7 30.5 28.4 27.7 26.5
Jordan 10.8 10.5 12.4 11.8 13.2
Kazakhstan
Kenya 15.1 15.1 15.1 7.3 8.7
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.2 17.3
Korea, Rep. 14.1 16.4 11.1 10.2 9.7
Kosovo
Kuwait 12.6 12.9 13.6 17.3 19.8
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 15.9 16.2 18.7 19.8 13.3
Lesotho
Liberia 8.1 8.1 6.0 3.4 11.1
Libya 12.0 9.5 8.3 8.2 10.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 30.9 23.5 20.9 22.2 22.2
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 7.5 14.1 19.0 17.9 17.5
Malawi
Malaysia 2.8 2.8 2.7 2.9 4.0
Maldives
Mali 5.8 11.2 13.6 4.8 3.0
Malta 7.3 8.5 9.0 9.8 8.6
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 15.1 14.5 13.1 15.1 13.4
Mexico 1.1 1.3 1.8 1.7 1.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 11.3 12.6 11.3 12.0 13.8
Mozambique
Myanmar 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 20.1 17.8 11.2 11.3 10.9
New Caledonia
New Zealand 8.4 6.8 6.1 5.6 6.6
Nicaragua
Niger 8.2 7.3 7.7
Nigeria 9.3 14.2 11.4 11.4 12.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 6.2 5.6 4.5 6.1 9.6
Oman 6.6 6.2 5.9 7.4 9.4
Pakistan 17.1 15.6 14.5 17.0 15.8
Palau
Panama
Papua New Guinea 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5
Paraguay 9.7 9.8 6.9 8.2 8.3
Peru 1.0 0.9 1.4 2.2 1.1
Philippines 2.3 3.3 5.6 5.2 6.2
Poland 54.3 51.0 48.6 43.6 44.9
Portugal 23.0 23.7 15.7 13.4 13.4
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 36.0 36.0 22.3 25.7 26.0
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 8.9 10.1 11.3 12.1 14.0
Senegal 21.8 18.2 13.4 9.0 12.8
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 6.5 3.4 4.2 4.2
Singapore 26.6 33.4 29.2 25.9 25.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 9.3 11.1 14.1 10.2 20.2
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 35.2 39.0 23.4 20.1 17.2
Sri Lanka 13.8 22.1 20.8 20.8 23.3
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.6 1.2
Sudan 16.7 15.1 14.7 12.6 18.3
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 10.2 9.4 7.8 7.2 7.2
Switzerland 9.7 8.9 6.4 5.9 5.5
Syrian Arab Republic 25.9
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 4.3 4.8 5.5 5.8 6.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 5.5 4.1 3.8 7.2
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 11.1 15.7 9.1 12.9 19.2
Tunisia 8.8 8.2 8.7 7.9 9.7
Turkey 35.6 33.9 19.3 24.0 22.2
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 12.5 14.2 15.9 17.8 18.7
United Kingdom 11.3 11.0 9.3 8.8 8.1
United States 24.0 22.2 19.4 20.4 20.7
Uruguay 66.0 66.0 56.0 55.7 55.2
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 0.4 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.6
Vietnam 10.3 70.1 69.7 73.8 68.1
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 3.4 3.2 3.4 2.1 7.8
Zimbabwe 5.8 4.8 3.0 3.9 3.8

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