Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Afghanistan
Albania
Algeria 10.6 11.3 13.3 11.5 14.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 2.2 2.6 4.2 2.8 2.4
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 7.4 7.7 9.6 9.2 9.7
Austria 16.7 11.8 10.4 9.7 10.5
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 61.0 50.5 33.1 25.7 18.7
Bahrain 2.9 5.8 5.2 6.6 5.7
Bangladesh 13.7 12.8 13.7 12.1 16.1
Barbados 13.3 11.4 13.2 13.1 12.8
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.5
Benin 24.7 16.3
Bermuda 4.1 1.2 3.8 1.8 5.6
Bhutan
Bolivia 1.5 1.3
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 32.5 17.5 19.9 16.0 14.9
Brunei Darussalam 16.4 16.0 17.5
Bulgaria 12.5 5.9 8.9 16.3 11.1
Burkina Faso
Burundi
Cabo Verde
Cambodia
Cameroon 4.0 4.1 7.4 6.7 7.7
Canada 6.1 5.4 5.4 5.8 6.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic
Chad
Chile 31.8 27.7 28.2 32.1 31.0
China 9.9 10.0 8.5 10.0 10.6
Colombia 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.8 1.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.2
Congo, Rep. 8.5 5.0 4.0 5.5 5.8
Costa Rica 0.2 0.4 0.7 0.7 0.8
Cote d'Ivoire 5.2 6.0 6.0 5.2 6.5
Croatia
Cuba 16.2 16.9 17.0
Curacao
Cyprus 16.4 14.9 14.3 13.7 14.0
Czech Republic
Denmark 9.0 6.9 6.4 6.6 7.4
Djibouti
Dominica
Dominican Republic
Ecuador 1.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 16.0 19.1 15.5 19.5 18.0
El Salvador
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 21.5 21.5 19.1 16.5 21.8
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 1.8
Finland 26.7 20.4 18.6 17.3 16.1
France 19.3 14.2 13.1 12.2 12.4
French Polynesia
Gabon
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 18.5 15.1 13.9 13.9 14.2
Ghana 6.2 37.1 3.6 5.7 5.7
Greece 24.1 16.4 15.1 12.4 14.2
Greenland 0.9
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 0.7 0.8 0.8
Guinea
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 2.3 2.3 4.8 1.4 2.7
Haiti 2.1 1.6 1.6
Honduras 0.4 0.8 0.0 0.0 0.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 31.7 35.9 37.5 38.6 41.8
Hungary 7.1 7.0 7.6 8.0 5.8
Iceland 9.9 7.7 6.0 5.0 7.3
India 28.9 20.7 23.3 22.3 19.3
Indonesia 4.0 3.6 3.9 4.7 8.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 25.2 19.4 25.6 23.5 22.0
Iraq 27.9 24.5 33.2 27.7 18.1
Ireland 4.3 4.1 3.9 4.1 4.3
Isle of Man
Israel 3.7 3.8 3.1 3.8 4.1
Italy 30.1 20.6 19.6 18.8 19.9
Jamaica 1.0 1.3 2.0 1.4 1.7
Japan 30.5 28.4 27.7 26.5 26.2
Jordan 10.5 12.4 11.8 13.2 9.5
Kazakhstan
Kenya 15.1 15.1 7.3 8.7 8.7
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 11.2 17.3 9.7
Korea, Rep. 16.4 11.1 10.2 9.7 9.3
Kosovo
Kuwait 12.9 13.6 17.3 19.8 21.0
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 16.2 18.7 19.8 13.3 14.0
Lesotho
Liberia 8.1 6.0 3.4 11.1 7.3
Libya 9.5 8.3 8.2 10.2 10.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 23.5 20.9 22.2 22.2 22.1
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 14.1 19.0 17.9 17.5 13.3
Malawi
Malaysia 2.8 2.7 2.9 4.0 4.4
Maldives
Mali 11.2 13.6 4.8 3.0 3.8
Malta 8.5 9.0 9.8 8.6 10.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania
Mauritius 14.5 13.1 15.1 13.4 16.3
Mexico 1.3 1.8 1.7 1.8 1.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 12.6 11.3 12.0 13.8 13.4
Mozambique
Myanmar 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3 8.3
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 17.8 11.2 11.3 10.9 11.2
New Caledonia
New Zealand 6.8 6.1 5.6 6.6 6.7
Nicaragua
Niger 8.2 7.3 7.7 7.8
Nigeria 14.2 11.4 11.4 12.6 9.7
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 5.6 4.5 6.1 9.6 13.5
Oman 6.2 5.9 7.4 9.4 7.9
Pakistan 15.6 14.5 17.0 15.8 17.3
Palau
Panama 1.3
Papua New Guinea 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.5 0.6
Paraguay 9.8 6.9 8.2 8.3 7.7
Peru 0.9 1.4 2.2 1.1 2.3
Philippines 3.3 5.6 5.2 6.2 7.3
Poland 51.0 48.6 43.6 44.9 35.6
Portugal 23.7 15.7 13.4 13.4 13.3
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania 36.0 22.3 25.7 26.0 23.8
Russian Federation
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 10.1 11.3 12.1 14.0 13.7
Senegal 18.2 13.4 9.0 12.8 11.5
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 6.5 3.4 4.2 4.2 4.2
Singapore 33.4 29.2 25.9 25.8 23.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 11.1 14.1 10.2 20.2 15.1
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain 39.0 23.4 20.1 17.2 17.6
Sri Lanka 22.1 20.8 20.8 23.3 27.5
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.7 0.6 1.2 1.2
Sudan 15.1 14.7 12.6 18.3 18.0
Suriname
Swaziland
Sweden 9.4 7.8 7.2 7.2 7.3
Switzerland 8.9 6.4 5.9 5.5 5.6
Syrian Arab Republic 25.9 21.9
Tajikistan
Tanzania
Thailand 4.8 5.5 5.8 6.1 6.7
Timor-Leste
Togo 5.5 4.1 3.8 7.2 5.9
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 15.7 9.1 12.9 19.2 16.1
Tunisia 8.2 8.7 7.9 9.7 12.3
Turkey 33.9 19.3 24.0 22.2 22.7
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 14.2 15.9 17.8 18.7 21.9
United Kingdom 11.0 9.3 8.8 8.1 8.2
United States 22.2 19.4 20.4 20.7 23.0
Uruguay 66.0 56.0 55.7 55.2 58.9
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 1.2 1.0 0.7 0.6 1.0
Vietnam 70.1 69.7 73.8 68.1 52.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 3.2 3.4 2.1 7.8 3.1
Zimbabwe 4.8 3.0 3.9 3.8 4.9

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