Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan
Albania 0.4 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.0
Algeria 2.6 2.9 1.6 1.0 2.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 1.2 1.9 3.6 5.9 3.2
Antigua and Barbuda 6.0 6.3 7.3 4.4 2.6
Argentina 26.7 26.3 26.8 26.3 26.0
Armenia
Aruba 6.4 5.3 6.3 5.2 5.5
Australia 0.9 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.8
Austria 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.3
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 4.2 3.1 1.2 2.4 1.7
Bahrain 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.9 1.6
Bangladesh 1.5 1.0 0.7 0.9 0.4
Barbados 7.7 7.1 7.7 7.1 7.7
Belarus 0.6 0.8 1.8 1.2 1.3
Belgium 1.6 1.7 1.6
Belize 19.8 27.6 19.5 16.9 30.0
Benin 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 1.2
Bermuda 0.5 0.6 9.9 6.1 5.0
Bhutan
Bolivia 21.6 21.1 22.2 18.6 22.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 3.7 3.9 3.6 3.0 2.7
Brunei Darussalam 0.0 0.0
Bulgaria 2.6 2.2 2.6 2.3 1.7
Burkina Faso 1.3 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.4
Burundi
Cabo Verde 5.9 3.7 4.0 3.2 3.0
Cambodia 0.0
Cameroon 1.5 1.7 1.1 1.2 1.0
Canada 3.6 3.8 3.8 3.8 4.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.2 0.0 0.2 0.2 0.3
Chad
Chile 15.7 14.6 14.9 13.0 13.9
China 1.7 1.8 1.8 1.3 1.0
Colombia 11.7 10.9 11.9 12.1 14.4
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 0.3 0.8 0.6 0.8 0.4
Congo, Rep. 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.3 0.3
Costa Rica 23.0 23.1 17.8 15.3 15.0
Cote d'Ivoire 1.8 1.2 1.1 2.5 1.3
Croatia 1.7 1.5 1.4 1.3 1.2
Cuba 17.6 15.7 3.9 4.1 13.1
Curacao
Cyprus 0.7 0.9 0.4 0.7 0.6
Czech Republic 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.6
Denmark 1.1 1.1 1.2 1.0 0.7
Djibouti
Dominica 13.0 10.3 7.7 10.2 11.0
Dominican Republic 4.5 4.3 8.5 9.2 8.3
Ecuador 20.7 23.7 21.2 22.8 21.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 2.1 2.3 2.8 2.2 2.2
El Salvador 28.5 35.4 35.3 35.6 37.9
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 0.6 0.4 0.8 0.3 0.4
Ethiopia 0.1 0.7 0.2 0.3 0.3
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Finland 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.5 1.1
France 1.4 1.3 1.4 1.3 1.1
French Polynesia 0.1
Gabon 1.9 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.2
Gambia, The
Georgia
Germany 1.7 1.5 1.7 1.6 1.5
Ghana 6.0 4.5 4.9 2.8 2.6
Greece 1.3 1.0 1.1 0.6 0.5
Greenland 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.1
Grenada 6.4 5.2 6.6 3.2 3.2
Guam
Guatemala 24.5 23.9 25.7 25.8 24.7
Guinea 4.9 2.0 0.8 0.7 0.7
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 7.2 6.3 6.5 6.9 6.7
Haiti 7.2 11.0 11.6 11.0 12.9
Honduras 25.3 24.4 23.9 19.0 14.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.4
Hungary 1.3 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.5
Iceland 0.6 0.4 0.4 0.3 1.2
India 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Indonesia 1.4 1.3 1.1 1.0 1.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 2.6 3.7 2.7 3.3 5.4
Iraq 0.0 0.0 2.5 1.4 0.7
Ireland 0.6 0.7 0.6 0.4 0.4
Isle of Man
Israel 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7 0.7
Italy 1.7 1.5 1.6 1.6 1.4
Jamaica 5.2 6.3 7.7 8.4 9.6
Japan 2.2 2.1 2.2 2.0 1.9
Jordan 1.5 1.7 1.4 1.1 0.8
Kazakhstan 0.0 0.6 0.9 1.8 2.3
Kenya 1.1 0.3 0.4 2.1 0.6
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.6 2.0 7.8 6.8 13.2
Korea, Rep. 2.0 2.0 1.7 1.4 1.5
Kuwait 1.4 1.4 1.8 2.0 1.5
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Latvia 0.6 1.1 0.6 0.3 0.1
Lebanon 1.9 1.3 1.2 1.2 1.2
Lesotho
Liberia 0.7 0.7 0.5 0.2 0.3
Libya 1.8 2.2 2.1 1.4 1.5
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.8 0.1 0.5 0.4 0.7
Luxembourg 0.1 0.5 0.6
Macao SAR, China 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Macedonia, FYR 2.0 2.0 1.9 1.8
Madagascar 1.3 0.3 2.3 1.1 0.6
Malawi
Malaysia 0.6 0.7 0.8 0.5 0.5
Maldives
Mali 0.2 0.7
Malta 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.2 0.3
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 1.5
Mauritius 1.0 0.5 0.1 0.4 0.1
Mexico 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.4
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 1.6 0.8 1.0 0.3
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 3.0 3.3 3.3 2.9 1.3
Mozambique 0.8 1.7 0.9 0.4 0.3
Myanmar
Namibia
Nepal
Netherlands 2.0 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.1
New Caledonia 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2
New Zealand 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.1 0.9
Nicaragua 39.3 41.3 37.2 42.5 41.2
Niger 0.6 2.3 0.8 0.2 1.1
Nigeria 4.7 4.5 4.0 4.8 3.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 1.9 1.6 1.9 1.7 1.9
Oman 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Pakistan 1.1 1.2 0.6 0.6 0.5
Palau
Panama 18.0 21.2 20.6 17.2 20.7
Papua New Guinea 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1
Paraguay 24.3 33.8 34.2 33.1 29.0
Peru 20.6 18.9 16.0 14.7 15.4
Philippines 1.5 0.9 0.9 0.5 0.6
Poland 1.3 1.5 1.3 1.1 1.1
Portugal 2.5 2.3 2.7 2.3 1.9
Puerto Rico
Qatar 1.6 0.9 1.4 1.2 1.7
Romania 1.6 1.9 1.5 1.7 1.7
Russian Federation 1.9 1.9 2.2 3.6 5.0
Rwanda
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 2.0 2.1 2.6 2.2 2.3
Senegal 3.7 2.5 2.0 1.6 1.3
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 0.3 0.6
Singapore 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.9 0.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.5 0.5
Slovenia 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.6
Solomon Islands
Somalia 7.1 6.1 9.4 10.2 14.6
South Africa 1.9 1.3
South Sudan
Spain 2.8 2.6 2.8 2.6 2.4
Sri Lanka 2.3 0.9 2.5 1.2 0.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 4.2 5.7 5.9 4.1 5.0
St. Lucia 7.4 8.3 9.7 8.5 7.6
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 8.5 7.1 7.5 6.9 6.9
Sudan 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.1
Suriname 10.2 5.6 4.8 5.0 3.5
Swaziland
Sweden 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.9
Switzerland 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.8 0.8
Syrian Arab Republic 1.6 0.4 0.2 1.1 1.4
Tajikistan
Tanzania 1.4 2.3 1.3
Thailand 1.0 1.1 1.2 0.8 1.1
Timor-Leste
Togo 0.5 0.7 0.6 0.2 0.4
Tonga
Trinidad and Tobago 13.1 15.2 10.3 14.2 13.6
Tunisia 1.1 1.2 2.2 0.9 0.8
Turkey 2.1 1.3 1.0 1.3 0.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda
Ukraine 1.7 0.5 0.7 1.3
United Arab Emirates 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.7 0.5
United Kingdom 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3 1.3
United States 11.8 12.8 13.6 14.0 14.3
Uruguay 28.3 26.3 24.8 24.3 20.6
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 20.0 16.4 16.7 15.5 14.3
Vietnam 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 3.6 3.9 5.6 3.3 2.9
Zambia 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2
Zimbabwe 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.9 0.4

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