Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Afghanistan 10.2 6.6 9.7 15.0 24.8
Albania 0.0 0.4 0.0 0.0 0.1
Algeria 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 0.3 0.8 0.5 0.6 0.6
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 1.0 1.0 1.1 1.0 0.9
Austria 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.2
Azerbaijan 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.9
Bahamas, The 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Bahrain 3.4 3.2 2.5 3.8 3.3
Bangladesh 17.7 16.3 12.7 17.3 13.5
Barbados 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2
Belarus 0.3 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3
Belgium 1.2 1.2 1.3
Belize 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benin 2.2 2.2 3.3 4.0 2.6
Bermuda 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0
Bhutan
Bolivia 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.2 0.5
Bulgaria 0.2 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.3
Burkina Faso 3.0 4.8 3.2 0.5 0.8
Burundi 1.8 2.7 1.6 2.7 2.6
Cabo Verde 0.5 1.4 0.6
Cambodia 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.9
Cameroon 2.1 2.1 1.9 1.5 2.1
Canada 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.5
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.2 0.6 0.3 3.7 0.7
Chad 1.5 2.7 4.7 2.2 4.5
Chile 0.2 0.5 0.6 0.7 0.7
China 0.5 0.8 0.9 1.0 0.8
Colombia 0.2 0.4 0.5 0.5 0.6
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.5 2.9 2.4 1.8 1.0
Congo, Rep. 0.5 0.1 0.8 2.3 3.7
Costa Rica 0.1 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Cote d'Ivoire 3.0 2.0 0.7 2.7 1.8
Croatia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Cuba 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.1
Curacao
Cyprus 1.0 0.9 1.0 1.0 1.0
Czech Republic 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.4
Denmark 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 0.7
Djibouti 2.6 3.1 2.7 2.8 2.6
Dominica 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Dominican Republic 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.2 0.2
Ecuador 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 1.9 1.8 2.8 2.1 1.9
El Salvador 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Ethiopia 2.7 3.8 5.4 5.6 4.1
Faeroe Islands 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Fiji 1.8 1.6 1.7 1.3 1.8
Finland 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.3
France 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.1 0.6 0.3 0.5 0.3
Gambia, The 3.3 4.5 6.2 5.6 4.5
Georgia 0.0 1.2 0.1 0.1 0.2
Germany 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.8
Ghana 1.3 1.8 1.7 2.2 2.3
Greece 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5
Greenland 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Grenada 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Guam
Guatemala 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.5 0.6
Guinea 6.7 5.9 3.8 1.9 3.9
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 0.2 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.5
Haiti 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.6
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.4 1.5 1.4 1.4 1.6
Hungary 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.3
Iceland 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
India 0.6 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.9
Indonesia 1.5 2.5 2.0 1.7 1.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 3.6 2.5 2.0 1.4 1.6
Iraq 0.6 2.7 1.2 3.6 3.4
Ireland 0.4 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.3
Isle of Man
Israel 0.7 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.5
Italy 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.8
Jamaica 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.2 0.2
Japan 1.2 1.1 1.1 1.0 0.9
Jordan 2.4 2.2 2.5 2.5 2.2
Kazakhstan 0.5 0.4 0.5 1.0 1.1
Kenya 8.8 6.3 5.0 5.0 5.3
Kiribati 0.2 0.1 0.6 0.9 0.4
Korea, Dem. Rep. 3.7 1.5 2.6 2.4 5.2
Korea, Rep. 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Kuwait 3.5 3.8 4.0 4.2 4.6
Kyrgyz Republic 17.8 0.9 1.5 2.3 1.3
Lao PDR 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.3
Latvia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Lebanon 0.5 0.8 0.8 0.9 1.0
Lesotho
Liberia 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.3
Libya 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.8 1.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4 0.5
Luxembourg 0.1 0.1 0.1
Macao SAR, China 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.3 0.5
Macedonia, FYR 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.4
Madagascar 3.1 1.6 3.8 4.0 5.4
Malawi 4.0 3.1 3.0 2.7 4.1
Malaysia 0.8 1.1 1.1 0.9 0.9
Maldives 13.2 20.2 21.3 21.8 21.0
Mali 0.9 1.7 1.0 1.5 1.4
Malta 0.5 0.5 0.6 0.4 0.4
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 1.2 1.7 3.5 3.7 2.6
Mauritius 9.5 10.4 11.1 10.8 9.7
Mexico 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 0.1 0.4 0.3 0.3 0.5
Monaco
Mongolia 0.3 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.4
Montenegro
Morocco 0.3 0.7 0.5 0.0 0.3
Mozambique 4.3 4.8 3.3 6.4 3.6
Myanmar 1.2 2.1 2.1 1.8 1.6
Namibia
Nepal 17.2 33.9 27.4 31.7 14.0
Netherlands 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.8 0.7
New Caledonia 0.3 0.3 0.4 0.4 0.4
New Zealand 0.8 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.9
Nicaragua 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Niger 4.3 4.9 4.0 5.9 5.3
Nigeria 2.9 2.5 3.2 3.8 4.5
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 0.6 0.5 0.6 0.5 0.5
Oman 4.2 5.0 4.6 3.9 4.7
Pakistan 1.6 2.6 2.2 2.7 2.3
Palau
Panama 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1
Papua New Guinea 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.4 0.6
Paraguay 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.3
Peru 0.3 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.5
Philippines 0.8 2.6 0.8 0.6 0.5
Poland 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Portugal 0.6 0.8 0.3 0.7 0.6
Puerto Rico
Qatar 4.2 2.4 2.8 1.9 2.6
Romania 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.4 0.4
Russian Federation 1.5 1.6 1.8 1.8 2.4
Rwanda 0.4 1.4 1.2 2.1 1.5
Samoa 1.2 1.3 0.3 0.5 1.1
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 2.5 3.1 3.0 3.3 3.2
Senegal 4.5 6.9 4.2 3.3 3.6
Serbia
Seychelles 2.9 2.7 2.8 2.7 2.2
Sierra Leone 10.0 1.6 1.7 1.1 1.9
Singapore 0.9 0.9 0.9 0.7 0.8
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Slovenia 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3 0.3
Solomon Islands 0.4 0.6 0.6 1.0 0.4
Somalia 9.2 10.3 11.8 15.2 7.0
South Africa 2.0 1.6
South Sudan
Spain 0.6 0.7 0.7 0.7 0.6
Sri Lanka 12.2 13.6 11.8 10.4 10.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 0.2
St. Lucia 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3 0.4
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 0.0 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.1
Sudan 4.4 4.5 5.3 4.9 5.9
Suriname 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.2 0.4
Swaziland
Sweden 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Switzerland 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5 0.5
Syrian Arab Republic 1.4 1.0 1.5 2.4 2.6
Tajikistan 0.5 1.3 0.4 0.2 0.2
Tanzania 5.3 5.9 13.1 6.9 6.9
Thailand 1.0 1.1 1.1 1.3 1.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 1.6 1.9 1.3 1.8 1.6
Tonga 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Trinidad and Tobago 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.6 0.7
Tunisia 0.3 0.5 0.8 0.6 0.7
Turkey 1.1 1.0 0.8 0.8 0.7
Turkmenistan 0.8 1.6 0.8 0.4 1.0
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 5.6 5.5 5.7 6.5 6.1
Ukraine 0.4 0.6 0.6 0.7 0.7
United Arab Emirates 7.5 7.7 7.0 7.0 8.2
United Kingdom 1.4 1.4 1.4 1.3 1.2
United States 1.3 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.5
Uruguay 0.7 0.7 0.8 0.8 0.6
Uzbekistan 1.5 1.2 1.3 1.2 0.9
Vanuatu 0.2 0.2 0.1 0.3 0.2
Venezuela, RB 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.0
Vietnam 0.9 0.8 0.9 1.1 1.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 2.5 4.8 3.1 2.9 3.1
Zambia 2.5 3.3 3.2 2.3 2.4
Zimbabwe 1.0 1.5 1.3 1.6 1.8

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