Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Afghanistan 10.9 8.5 8.1 7.9 13.1
Albania
Algeria 0.9 1.0 1.3 1.8 1.2
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 2.6 1.7 0.9 1.3 1.2
Antigua and Barbuda
Argentina 31.7 30.6 29.4 25.6 28.6
Armenia
Aruba
Australia
Austria
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The
Bahrain
Bangladesh 3.1 3.5 3.6 4.3 5.3
Barbados
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 13.9 14.2 15.7 14.6 16.1
Benin 9.9 10.1 7.9 9.9 19.3
Bermuda
Bhutan
Bolivia 44.1 42.8 34.8 40.1 40.2
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 12.9 9.7 9.2 8.3 8.5
Brunei Darussalam
Bulgaria
Burkina Faso 28.1 28.4 27.7 24.0 22.8
Burundi 12.3 10.3 10.8 10.8 11.4
Cabo Verde 1.4 1.1 3.5 2.9 1.8
Cambodia
Cameroon 4.5 6.6 5.0 4.1 6.2
Canada
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 2.9 6.5 6.5 16.7 18.1
Chad 22.0 17.1 15.4 13.5 11.0
Chile
China 3.8 2.8 3.0 4.2 4.4
Colombia 21.8 21.9 19.5 17.2 18.9
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1 9.1
Congo, Rep. 4.8 3.5 2.8 4.2 4.3
Costa Rica 32.4 30.8 27.0 28.2 30.3
Cote d'Ivoire 5.9 18.0 13.6 14.5 12.8
Croatia
Cuba 22.6 26.3 23.5 12.6 28.7
Curacao
Cyprus
Czech Republic
Denmark
Djibouti 1.6 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.7
Dominica 13.0 13.8 15.1 20.5 16.3
Dominican Republic 44.7 40.5 25.7 25.7 25.7
Ecuador 21.2 17.8 16.2 24.4 16.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.8 1.0 0.8
El Salvador 47.3 44.7 35.1 36.8 37.6
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia 0.6 0.5 0.5 1.3 1.2
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 4.2 4.9 2.7 5.6 6.5
Finland
France
French Polynesia
Gabon 2.1 5.3 4.5 6.9 6.4
Gambia, The 6.1 4.9 3.2 2.9 2.6
Georgia
Germany
Ghana 39.9 27.6 5.4 13.9 13.8
Greece
Greenland
Grenada 7.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 12.5
Guam
Guatemala 35.0 28.3 24.1 25.4 27.6
Guinea 1.5 1.6 2.6 3.1 2.7
Guinea-Bissau 11.1 4.1 8.5 7.8 5.4
Guyana 6.0 7.3 7.3 7.0 6.0
Haiti 5.0 6.0 4.7 6.9 4.7
Honduras 33.3 34.2 30.4 22.9 23.6
Hong Kong SAR, China
Hungary
Iceland
India 0.8 0.8 0.6 0.6 0.6
Indonesia 3.0 3.7 4.6 5.9 6.4
Iran, Islamic Rep. 0.5 0.5 0.4 0.6 1.4
Iraq 2.5 2.6 2.3 3.1 3.0
Ireland
Isle of Man
Israel
Italy
Jamaica 14.8 20.1 16.2 14.1 12.4
Japan
Jordan 2.8 9.2 14.9 15.1 15.0
Kazakhstan
Kenya 1.6 1.6 1.6 2.9 2.9
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep.
Kosovo
Kuwait
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 55.1 55.3 60.0
Latvia
Lebanon 1.2 1.7 1.3 1.1 3.1
Lesotho
Liberia 12.2 12.2 0.8 0.7 0.4
Libya 1.6 1.2 1.5 2.9 3.2
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 2.0 0.7 1.6 1.0 1.2
Malawi 51.8 47.3 37.6 42.6 43.7
Malaysia 8.8 9.1 9.5 9.4 9.0
Maldives 11.2 10.0 11.1 10.2 10.6
Mali 31.6 13.9 20.3 28.1 22.1
Malta
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 6.9 8.0 5.9 4.2 1.3
Mauritius 11.5 10.7 11.4 9.9 9.4
Mexico 4.2 4.2 3.3 2.8 3.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 8.5 4.9 5.2 8.2 5.8
Mozambique 4.7 6.1 11.0 8.7 7.9
Myanmar 8.1 8.1
Namibia
Nepal 45.3 32.4 32.4 18.8 18.1
Netherlands
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Nicaragua 32.9 30.7 20.4 20.8 20.4
Niger 22.7 16.5 31.3 32.2 20.8
Nigeria 1.5 0.7 1.2 1.2 1.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway
Oman
Pakistan 2.5 1.9 2.1 1.8 2.0
Palau
Panama 29.8 28.2 21.6 24.7 26.9
Papua New Guinea 3.1 2.9 3.5 3.8 3.6
Paraguay 48.7 53.3 45.8 43.7 42.9
Peru 21.3 22.0 23.7 20.1 25.7
Philippines 13.3 17.4 9.7 8.6 9.1
Poland
Portugal
Puerto Rico
Qatar
Romania
Russian Federation
Rwanda 25.5 14.9 12.4 18.9 17.4
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia
Senegal 8.7 10.0 15.3 10.8 14.6
Serbia
Seychelles
Sierra Leone 37.9 20.7 10.1 37.9 37.9
Singapore
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 3.9 4.6 2.3 2.7 4.3
South Africa
South Sudan
Spain
Sri Lanka 7.1 6.4 7.9 6.8 8.0
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia 13.7 14.5 14.9 13.3 8.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.5 14.6 8.4 8.9 8.1
Sudan 3.1 2.1 2.6 2.0 1.8
Suriname 9.8 9.1 11.7 15.6 10.3
Swaziland
Sweden
Switzerland
Syrian Arab Republic 34.0 26.6 14.6 15.1 4.5
Tajikistan
Tanzania 4.8 3.7 5.1 4.6 0.4
Thailand 9.3 10.3 9.3 10.4 7.9
Timor-Leste
Togo 10.1 9.6 4.9 10.9 9.4
Tonga 8.6 7.1 8.6 11.3 14.5
Trinidad and Tobago
Tunisia 5.1 5.6 3.5 3.1 5.1
Turkey
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 18.4 22.3
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom
United States
Uruguay
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu 11.8 12.5 8.1 11.4 10.3
Venezuela, RB 12.5 10.6 9.3 9.8 10.9
Vietnam 0.4 1.2 1.3 0.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep.
Zambia 29.1 25.3 22.3 28.5 24.0
Zimbabwe 26.0 24.7 29.6 29.6 17.2

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