Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Equatorial Guinea 3.9 4.4 11.5 12.8 13.6
Mexico 9.1 10.5 9.6 10.8 16.1
Cambodia 9.3 6.2 7.2 7.2 6.5
Myanmar 10.0 11.9 12.8 11.3 10.3
Vietnam 11.2 11.9 13.8 15.7 17.6
China 12.2 18.8 19.1 19.2 24.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 13.4 14.0 16.6 22.8 30.0
Maldives 13.7 13.6 11.6 20.8 23.2
Thailand 16.8 14.9 14.8 21.0 32.8
Costa Rica 17.1 17.2 18.0 21.6 22.1
Malaysia 17.1 14.9 13.2 15.5 20.1
Dominican Republic 17.4 18.9 21.2 19.3 27.7
Philippines 17.4 14.7 14.2 19.4 23.6
Argentina 18.1 15.1 18.7 23.0 21.0
United Arab Emirates 18.8 18.7 19.4 20.2 24.3
Korea, Rep. 19.1 19.4 19.7 25.6 32.3
Chile 19.3 16.6 18.6 23.8 28.6
Turkey 19.7 20.8 20.4 26.0 26.3
Ghana 20.4 29.1 35.2 38.9 30.5
Singapore 21.3 19.5 19.0 24.2 32.6
Uganda 22.4 21.3 20.0 55.2 57.7
Uruguay 22.4 20.4 25.1 32.9 33.4
Mauritius 22.5 25.3 32.7 48.4 61.7
Grenada 22.8 28.2 32.9 36.3 37.5
Belize 24.8 24.4 23.3 27.3 34.5
Peru 24.9 20.6 32.7 40.1 37.7
Seychelles 25.6 29.0 30.8 33.2 46.5
El Salvador 25.8 25.3 24.6 26.2 26.5
Brazil 25.9 24.4 26.5 28.3 27.4
Nepal 26.5 28.8 29.2 36.3 43.1
Guatemala 26.7 24.5 20.0 30.2 32.5
Bolivia 26.7 37.8 36.8 41.9 32.3
Paraguay 26.7 22.9 26.4 27.1 26.2
United States 28.2 28.8 31.1 34.4 38.0
Botswana 28.9 27.2 34.7 44.8 58.9
India 29.6 30.9 29.9 32.4 37.1
Sri Lanka 29.7 29.3 29.6 32.8 36.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.1 29.8 36.5 46.1 54.0
Lao PDR 30.3 36.1 34.7 40.4 27.8
Honduras 31.3 31.1 30.7 29.0 32.9
Guyana 32.2 34.5 36.9 40.6 33.0
Antigua and Barbuda 32.8 41.4 51.6 61.4 62.2
St. Lucia 33.4 35.2 43.6 50.5 62.2
New Caledonia 33.7 37.0 54.1 67.8 65.3
Bangladesh 33.8 30.4 30.5 32.5 36.4
Morocco 33.9 33.4 33.0 36.7 41.4
Mali 34.6 37.2 55.1 46.4 62.6
Jamaica 34.7 33.7 29.4 37.5 44.1
Macao SAR, China 35.2 34.3 39.3 50.1 57.6
Qatar 35.7 35.0 33.8 34.9 39.0
Bhutan 35.8 41.6 45.7 42.8 62.9
Madagascar 36.1 33.7 33.2 31.6 31.9
Tunisia 37.6 32.2 33.7 35.5 43.1
Colombia 39.0 35.9 33.5 37.5 43.3
Dominica 39.0 37.3 37.6 44.8 59.0
Sao Tome and Principe 40.6 33.4 57.6 45.9 47.8
Angola 41.3 46.1 35.7 42.9 45.1
Burkina Faso 41.4 54.3 66.3 71.0 74.3
Indonesia 41.4 30.6 32.0 36.9 39.5
Panama 42.1 41.2 36.4 38.7 22.2
Swaziland 42.3 30.2 33.7 41.7 48.8
Cabo Verde 42.4 37.4 46.5 43.7 46.2
Haiti 43.4 42.6 34.7 38.5 33.2
Ecuador 43.4 47.5 48.6 60.5 46.0
Tanzania 43.6 55.4 61.5 61.0 54.0
Kiribati 45.5 37.9 35.4 45.5 55.6
Mozambique 46.6 36.6 46.9 55.4 63.6
Nicaragua 47.0 53.4 47.5 45.8 44.6
Benin 47.0 54.0 63.0 57.0 53.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 47.1 48.7 53.7 60.7 75.2
Kenya 47.3 46.2 51.9 56.0 64.0
Lebanon 47.3 35.4 35.4 30.2 39.4
Samoa 47.7 48.6 44.5 58.7 71.6
Venezuela, RB 47.9 50.0 52.5 59.6 78.5
Togo 48.2 51.3 55.5 75.4 86.8
French Polynesia 50.3 51.2 68.8 77.3 75.4
Guinea 50.7 60.8 55.9 73.3 97.8
Malawi 50.9 55.3 48.6 55.6 78.9
Brunei Darussalam 50.9 50.0 53.3 52.1 60.5
Gambia, The 53.5 49.8 55.7 67.9 73.4
Lesotho 53.8 42.0 43.7 58.1 72.3
Pakistan 53.9 54.2 49.5 53.6 60.7
Liberia 54.4 42.6 38.8 46.0 40.8
Fiji 54.5 53.5 52.7 45.9 55.9
Oman 54.5 62.6 47.7 36.2 43.7
South Africa 54.7 38.5 43.7 51.5 62.9
American Samoa 56.1 58.5 61.9 68.4 67.0
Barbados 57.3 52.8 51.1 44.8 50.3
Chad 57.6 52.8 67.3 71.7 72.4
Trinidad and Tobago 58.0 46.4 40.8 36.8 34.1
Tonga 58.4 59.3 58.5 69.2 80.0
Comoros 59.7 50.7 51.6 72.0 73.0
Zambia 60.0 72.6 60.1 74.1 84.5
Jordan 60.6 59.4 52.9 58.9 59.4
Zimbabwe 61.0 49.5 54.4 57.9 62.5
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 72.8 85.6 93.3 86.6
Guam 63.2 69.1 53.7 33.3 54.4
Mauritania 64.0 72.0 68.1 72.6 73.9
Senegal 64.6 54.4 63.3 67.4 71.1
Suriname 65.8 56.8 62.2 55.9 66.7
Bermuda 66.5 58.7 71.8 61.3 71.2
Niger 73.4 94.0 93.7 79.1 98.4
Sudan 73.9 49.6 61.9 56.1 68.3
Central African Republic 74.4 96.4 142.8 174.6 120.5
Cameroon 74.7 77.3 114.4 117.7 85.5
Bahrain 75.1 67.1 51.9 58.6 56.0
Gabon 76.0 89.8 91.0 76.9 83.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 76.8 79.3 82.1 115.8 166.3
Vanuatu 80.2 80.6 66.0 80.4 81.4
Greenland 80.4 85.4 103.7 146.2 149.6
Iraq 82.8 78.9 76.1 55.4 76.7
Somalia 83.4 75.6 92.1 108.7 7.0
Solomon Islands 85.4 90.3 78.4 87.9 106.2
Congo, Rep. 86.4 83.6 83.5 137.0 155.6
Kuwait 96.4 83.9 79.9 76.8 85.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 96.9 79.0 69.6 78.9 69.8
Guinea-Bissau 97.6 122.1 122.1 142.4 134.8
Papua New Guinea 98.9 87.5 94.8 101.3 105.8
Djibouti 107.5 97.3 89.1 99.3 97.3
Nigeria 107.7 101.9 49.0 51.2 63.4
Syrian Arab Republic 107.9 104.0 71.5 65.0 58.5
Saudi Arabia 111.6 78.2 63.3 66.6 72.1
Algeria 111.8 107.0 100.3 76.5 83.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 113.6 120.5 124.0 171.4 155.6
Burundi 126.4 125.8 136.3 143.1 138.1
Rwanda 131.8 141.5 165.3 167.4 175.2
Libya 152.5 100.5 102.3 105.4 143.8
Mongolia 158.7 178.3 299.4 179.8 181.2
Cuba 168.6 164.8 187.9 156.6 156.5
Bahamas, The 197.6 148.4 158.6 148.5 110.5
Afghanistan 252.6 217.1 255.2 181.1 163.7
United Kingdom
Croatia
Montenegro
Monaco
Liechtenstein
Moldova
Belgium
Marshall Islands
Namibia
Azerbaijan
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Netherlands
Ethiopia
Italy
Slovak Republic
Ireland
New Zealand
South Sudan
Malta
Faeroe Islands
Sweden
Curacao
Cyprus
Kosovo
Czech Republic
Timor-Leste
Greece
Turkmenistan
Israel
Ukraine
Finland
Estonia
Palau
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Denmark
Slovenia
Canada
Macedonia, FYR
France
Albania
Spain
West Bank and Gaza
Belarus
Latvia
St. Martin (French part)
Japan
Puerto Rico
Kyrgyz Republic
Bulgaria
Romania
Switzerland
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Georgia
Austria
Australia
Eritrea
Iceland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
San Marino
Aruba 23.0 28.3 40.3
Hungary
Turks and Caicos Islands
Luxembourg
Armenia
Lithuania
Andorra
Serbia
Germany
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uzbekistan
Sierra Leone
Kazakhstan
Poland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Portugal
Yemen, Rep.
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway

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