Country name 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988
Equatorial Guinea 3.9 4.4 11.5 12.8 13.6
Cambodia 9.3 6.2 7.2 7.2 6.5
Mexico 9.1 10.5 9.6 10.8 16.1
Vietnam 11.2 11.9 13.8 15.7 17.6
Myanmar 10.0 11.9 12.8 11.3 10.3
Maldives 13.7 13.6 11.6 20.8 23.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 13.4 14.0 16.6 22.8 30.0
Philippines 17.4 14.7 14.2 19.4 23.6
Thailand 16.8 14.9 14.8 21.0 32.8
Malaysia 17.1 14.9 13.2 15.5 20.1
Argentina 18.1 15.1 18.7 23.0 21.0
Chile 19.3 16.6 18.6 23.8 28.6
Costa Rica 17.1 17.2 18.0 21.6 22.1
United Arab Emirates 18.8 18.7 19.4 20.2 24.3
China 12.2 18.8 19.1 19.2 24.6
Dominican Republic 17.4 18.9 21.2 19.3 27.7
Korea, Rep. 19.1 19.4 19.7 25.6 32.3
Singapore 21.3 19.5 19.0 24.2 32.6
Uruguay 22.4 20.4 25.1 32.9 33.4
Peru 24.9 20.6 32.7 40.1 37.7
Turkey 19.7 20.8 20.4 26.0 26.3
Uganda 22.4 21.3 20.0 55.2 57.7
Paraguay 26.7 22.9 26.4 27.1 26.2
Belize 24.8 24.4 23.3 27.3 34.5
Brazil 25.9 24.4 26.5 28.3 27.4
Guatemala 26.7 24.5 20.0 30.2 32.5
Mauritius 22.5 25.3 32.7 48.4 61.7
El Salvador 25.8 25.3 24.6 26.2 26.5
Botswana 28.9 27.2 34.7 44.8 58.9
Grenada 22.8 28.2 32.9 36.3 37.5
United States 28.2 28.8 31.1 34.4 38.0
Nepal 26.5 28.8 29.2 36.3 43.1
Seychelles 25.6 29.0 30.8 33.2 46.5
Ghana 20.4 29.1 35.2 38.9 30.5
Sri Lanka 29.7 29.3 29.6 32.8 36.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 30.1 29.8 36.5 46.1 54.0
Swaziland 42.3 30.2 33.7 41.7 48.8
Bangladesh 33.8 30.4 30.5 32.5 36.4
Indonesia 41.4 30.6 32.0 36.9 39.5
India 29.6 30.9 29.9 32.4 37.1
Honduras 31.3 31.1 30.7 29.0 32.9
Tunisia 37.6 32.2 33.7 35.5 43.1
Morocco 33.9 33.4 33.0 36.7 41.4
Sao Tome and Principe 40.6 33.4 57.6 45.9 47.8
Madagascar 36.1 33.7 33.2 31.6 31.9
Jamaica 34.7 33.7 29.4 37.5 44.1
Macao SAR, China 35.2 34.3 39.3 50.1 57.6
Guyana 32.2 34.5 36.9 40.6 33.0
Qatar 35.7 35.0 33.8 34.9 39.0
St. Lucia 33.4 35.2 43.6 50.5 62.2
Lebanon 47.3 35.4 35.4 30.2 39.4
Colombia 39.0 35.9 33.5 37.5 43.3
Lao PDR 30.3 36.1 34.7 40.4 27.8
Mozambique 46.6 36.6 46.9 55.4 63.6
New Caledonia 33.7 37.0 54.1 67.8 65.3
Mali 34.6 37.2 55.1 46.4 62.6
Dominica 39.0 37.3 37.6 44.8 59.0
Cabo Verde 42.4 37.4 46.5 43.7 46.2
Bolivia 26.7 37.8 36.8 41.9 32.3
Kiribati 45.5 37.9 35.4 45.5 55.6
South Africa 54.7 38.5 43.7 51.5 62.9
Panama 42.1 41.2 36.4 38.7 22.2
Antigua and Barbuda 32.8 41.4 51.6 61.4 62.2
Bhutan 35.8 41.6 45.7 42.8 62.9
Lesotho 53.8 42.0 43.7 58.1 72.3
Liberia 54.4 42.6 38.8 46.0 40.8
Haiti 43.4 42.6 34.7 38.5 33.2
Angola 41.3 46.1 35.7 42.9 45.1
Kenya 47.3 46.2 51.9 56.0 64.0
Trinidad and Tobago 58.0 46.4 40.8 36.8 34.1
Ecuador 43.4 47.5 48.6 60.5 46.0
Samoa 47.7 48.6 44.5 58.7 71.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 47.1 48.7 53.7 60.7 75.2
Zimbabwe 61.0 49.5 54.4 57.9 62.5
Sudan 73.9 49.6 61.9 56.1 68.3
Gambia, The 53.5 49.8 55.7 67.9 73.4
Venezuela, RB 47.9 50.0 52.5 59.6 78.5
Brunei Darussalam 50.9 50.0 53.3 52.1 60.5
Comoros 59.7 50.7 51.6 72.0 73.0
French Polynesia 50.3 51.2 68.8 77.3 75.4
Togo 48.2 51.3 55.5 75.4 86.8
Chad 57.6 52.8 67.3 71.7 72.4
Barbados 57.3 52.8 51.1 44.8 50.3
Nicaragua 47.0 53.4 47.5 45.8 44.6
Fiji 54.5 53.5 52.7 45.9 55.9
Benin 47.0 54.0 63.0 57.0 53.3
Pakistan 53.9 54.2 49.5 53.6 60.7
Burkina Faso 41.4 54.3 66.3 71.0 74.3
Senegal 64.6 54.4 63.3 67.4 71.1
Malawi 50.9 55.3 48.6 55.6 78.9
Tanzania 43.6 55.4 61.5 61.0 54.0
Suriname 65.8 56.8 62.2 55.9 66.7
American Samoa 56.1 58.5 61.9 68.4 67.0
Bermuda 66.5 58.7 71.8 61.3 71.2
Tonga 58.4 59.3 58.5 69.2 80.0
Jordan 60.6 59.4 52.9 58.9 59.4
Guinea 50.7 60.8 55.9 73.3 97.8
Oman 54.5 62.6 47.7 36.2 43.7
Bahrain 75.1 67.1 51.9 58.6 56.0
Guam 63.2 69.1 53.7 33.3 54.4
Mauritania 64.0 72.0 68.1 72.6 73.9
Zambia 60.0 72.6 60.1 74.1 84.5
Cote d'Ivoire 62.3 72.8 85.6 93.3 86.6
Somalia 83.4 75.6 92.1 108.7 7.0
Cameroon 74.7 77.3 114.4 117.7 85.5
Saudi Arabia 111.6 78.2 63.3 66.6 72.1
Iraq 82.8 78.9 76.1 55.4 76.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 96.9 79.0 69.6 78.9 69.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 76.8 79.3 82.1 115.8 166.3
Vanuatu 80.2 80.6 66.0 80.4 81.4
Congo, Rep. 86.4 83.6 83.5 137.0 155.6
Kuwait 96.4 83.9 79.9 76.8 85.9
Greenland 80.4 85.4 103.7 146.2 149.6
Papua New Guinea 98.9 87.5 94.8 101.3 105.8
Gabon 76.0 89.8 91.0 76.9 83.1
Solomon Islands 85.4 90.3 78.4 87.9 106.2
Niger 73.4 94.0 93.7 79.1 98.4
Central African Republic 74.4 96.4 142.8 174.6 120.5
Djibouti 107.5 97.3 89.1 99.3 97.3
Libya 152.5 100.5 102.3 105.4 143.8
Nigeria 107.7 101.9 49.0 51.2 63.4
Syrian Arab Republic 107.9 104.0 71.5 65.0 58.5
Algeria 111.8 107.0 100.3 76.5 83.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 113.6 120.5 124.0 171.4 155.6
Guinea-Bissau 97.6 122.1 122.1 142.4 134.8
Burundi 126.4 125.8 136.3 143.1 138.1
Rwanda 131.8 141.5 165.3 167.4 175.2
Bahamas, The 197.6 148.4 158.6 148.5 110.5
Cuba 168.6 164.8 187.9 156.6 156.5
Mongolia 158.7 178.3 299.4 179.8 181.2
Afghanistan 252.6 217.1 255.2 181.1 163.7
Moldova
Israel
Canada
South Sudan
Czech Republic
Timor-Leste
France
Sierra Leone
Netherlands
Austria
Finland
Malta
New Zealand
Armenia
Luxembourg
Bulgaria
Lithuania
Denmark
Albania
Macedonia, FYR
West Bank and Gaza
Eritrea
Croatia
Sweden
Liechtenstein
Isle of Man
Georgia
Greece
Palau
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Slovenia
Germany
Japan
Montenegro
Latvia
Slovak Republic
Faeroe Islands
Kazakhstan
Kyrgyz Republic
Estonia
Kosovo
Spain
Poland
Azerbaijan
Portugal
St. Martin (French part)
Puerto Rico
Italy
Belgium
Australia
Romania
Switzerland
Russian Federation
Tajikistan
Turkmenistan
Aruba 23.0 28.3 40.3
Tuvalu
Ireland
Ukraine
Curacao
United Kingdom
Cyprus
Ethiopia
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Iceland
Belarus
Andorra
Cayman Islands
Hungary
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Uzbekistan
Marshall Islands
Serbia
Northern Mariana Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Norway
Yemen, Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Namibia

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