Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Equatorial Guinea 3.4 5.0 5.1 5.1 6.5
Sudan 8.5 9.0 16.9 20.7 15.8
Seychelles 10.9 11.8 16.1 21.5 32.0
Central African Republic 11.3 21.1 20.6 19.9 17.1
Syrian Arab Republic 13.0 14.2 42.7 76.3 82.6
Mozambique 13.7 15.2 16.5 17.3 20.6
Myanmar 15.4 14.1 8.8 9.6 14.7
China 15.5 18.4 21.7 22.4 25.7
Mexico 16.0 17.6 22.0 25.2 25.8
Korea, Rep. 16.1 20.0 22.6 22.8 24.2
Thailand 16.7 20.2 24.8 30.9 34.8
Philippines 16.8 18.1 20.1 22.7 24.6
Lesotho 17.0 36.5 30.7 33.1 27.5
Singapore 17.4 20.8 27.4 30.6 33.3
Bangladesh 18.8 21.9 24.9 25.2 32.2
Costa Rica 19.3 22.8 23.7 27.5 30.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 20.2 26.4 33.6 37.0 40.3
Turkey 20.7 24.8 29.4 38.0 38.9
Chile 22.3 26.1 33.1 33.9 37.6
India 22.6 26.9 26.0 30.4 35.0
Malaysia 22.8 23.7 24.4 26.0 26.5
Guinea-Bissau 23.6 16.8 18.5 15.8 22.1
Angola 29.3 47.3 49.2 51.4 59.8
Uganda 30.5 21.4 20.5 25.0 19.6
Indonesia 30.9 36.3 43.0 46.9 44.4
Argentina 31.0 29.1 44.5 47.9 62.5
Oman 32.4 33.9 42.9
Guatemala 32.5 48.8 30.6 51.4 44.0
Mali 34.3 23.7 27.8 34.0 42.0
Tunisia 34.6 39.3 40.9 50.6 56.3
Nicaragua 36.3 45.6 34.8 50.9 41.5
Benin 37.3 35.4 19.1 66.9 68.6
Pakistan 37.9 44.4 49.1 53.8 61.9
Guyana 38.3 44.2 36.6 38.1 40.7
Haiti 38.7 49.1 40.6 46.3 39.7
Peru 39.1 38.6 33.5 44.8 41.1
Burundi 39.1 32.7 38.9 27.4 34.0
Ghana 39.7 47.1 53.9 66.2 54.4
Zimbabwe 39.8 40.7 43.2 40.6 45.7
Morocco 40.2 43.4 52.1 48.4 57.3
Sri Lanka 40.7 42.0 41.2 41.8 47.0
United Arab Emirates 41.2 40.8 50.4
United States 41.3 43.3 46.5 49.6 52.2
Trinidad and Tobago 41.4 41.6 45.2 44.2 45.9
Colombia 41.6 46.8 48.9 53.4 66.5
Fiji 42.3 38.4 45.3 55.8
Guinea 43.3 51.4 52.3 54.5 56.0
Brazil 44.6 51.7 59.6 61.8 57.6
Jordan 45.9 60.7 63.1 67.8 62.9
Swaziland 46.2 53.7 67.5 73.2 71.2
Venezuela, RB 46.9 44.9 52.0 58.0 64.0
Burkina Faso 47.0 67.5 54.7 34.0 52.2
Senegal 47.5 40.7 40.2 45.7 44.5
Gabon 47.8 38.7 37.1 49.9 53.9
Uruguay 47.9 46.3 51.9 57.6 63.1
Ecuador 48.4 39.5 54.3 51.9 57.4
Cameroon 49.0 51.9 57.5 85.5 125.5
Bolivia 49.9 45.0 48.3 64.9 74.6
Togo 50.1 55.9 52.2 53.2 52.7
Kuwait 50.7 70.0 85.4
Saudi Arabia 51.1 37.0 49.2 50.9 66.7
Honduras 51.6 59.1 78.2 76.8 84.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 51.7 65.3 68.5 79.0
Panama 54.8 57.0 52.5 55.2 60.0
Paraguay 57.2 58.1 77.2 118.1 119.9
Jamaica 57.5 67.3 55.9 66.5 77.9
Madagascar 58.5 60.0 50.4 70.9 56.7
El Salvador 59.0 64.3 66.2 52.6 68.2
South Africa 60.7 57.6 60.6 65.9 65.5
Cabo Verde 61.2 83.7 33.3 72.4 52.0
Kenya 61.8 54.3 57.5 54.9 63.3
Botswana 62.0 85.2 73.6 75.1 62.7
Cote d'Ivoire 63.9 62.5 58.9 69.4 76.7
Algeria 64.6 67.3 62.8 72.6 77.2
Mauritius 64.8 70.6 74.4 75.3 87.1
Congo, Rep. 65.0 63.0 73.8 82.1 53.3
Dominican Republic 65.2 70.8 74.3 74.2 78.4
Suriname 65.7 62.1 55.4
Iraq 67.1 78.8 94.8
Chad 72.9 72.1 86.6 110.4 98.9
Grenada 76.0 66.6
Zambia 76.2 95.0 87.2 113.5 93.2
Malawi 77.1 79.3 78.3 67.0 87.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 78.2 136.5 169.0 197.6 127.4
Ethiopia 80.7 63.0 76.2 78.2 52.8
Niger 81.1 69.0 66.6 63.8 72.9
Solomon Islands 87.8 91.8 109.8 111.8 108.2
Mauritania 87.9 99.5 81.0 89.8 86.0
Nigeria 92.3 67.4 83.3 70.1 83.9
Samoa 95.9 93.3 93.9 80.1 102.2
Liberia 126.4 124.2
Papua New Guinea 145.0 149.7 155.2 186.2 147.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 145.3 154.9 188.2 171.0 136.0
Sao Tome and Principe 194.6 154.2 170.6 177.2 161.8
Comoros 267.5 134.2 228.6 205.8 170.9
Rwanda 343.3 348.0 265.0 263.1 297.0
Gambia, The 563.2 491.1 320.9 298.1 190.6
Brunei Darussalam
Kiribati
Romania
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Japan
Greece
Greenland
Uzbekistan
Dominica
Cuba
Poland
West Bank and Gaza
Ireland
Curacao
Germany
Kazakhstan
Isle of Man
Croatia
Palau
Belize
Bhutan
Belarus
Puerto Rico
Israel
French Polynesia
Andorra
Italy
Tajikistan
Belgium
Australia
Slovak Republic
Libya
Liechtenstein
Austria
Lithuania
Denmark
Luxembourg
American Samoa
Macao SAR, China
New Zealand
Northern Mariana Islands
Djibouti
Macedonia, FYR
France
Norway
Iceland
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Hungary
Finland
Maldives
Eritrea
Cayman Islands
Bermuda
Malta
Portugal
Marshall Islands
Qatar
Cyprus
Russian Federation
Georgia
Guam
San Marino
St. Lucia
Faeroe Islands
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Serbia
Czech Republic
Sierra Leone
Bahamas, The
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Switzerland
Slovenia
South Sudan
Somalia
Barbados
Canada
Spain
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
St. Kitts and Nevis
Moldova
St. Martin (French part)
Monaco
Bahrain
Mongolia
Montenegro
Sweden
Cambodia
Azerbaijan
Aruba
Tanzania 51.3 45.1 50.9 49.4
Antigua and Barbuda
Timor-Leste
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tonga
Estonia
Armenia
Namibia 64.2
Turkmenistan
Nepal
Tuvalu
Netherlands
Ukraine
New Caledonia
United Kingdom
Bulgaria
Albania
Vietnam
Vanuatu
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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