Country name 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990
Afghanistan 46.3 35.4 16.1 10.1 14.2
Albania 1.9 0.1 0.3 0.1 0.0
Algeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola
Antigua and Barbuda 0.0
Argentina 0.9 0.8 1.6 1.0 0.8
Armenia
Aruba
Australia 1.8 1.5 1.9 1.8 1.8
Austria 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4 0.4
Azerbaijan
Bahamas, The 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Bahrain 11.4 11.4 1.6 1.6 1.5
Bangladesh 6.2 4.2 5.1 3.9 3.7
Barbados 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Belarus
Belgium
Belize 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Benin 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2 1.1
Bermuda 0.6 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0
Bhutan
Bolivia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana
Brazil 1.2 1.0 0.8 1.0 0.8
Brunei Darussalam 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Bulgaria 2.5 1.2 1.2 2.3 2.2
Burkina Faso
Burundi 0.0 0.6 2.4 0.0 0.7
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 8.0 3.1 1.4 0.6 7.6
Cameroon 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0
Canada 0.5 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.4
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.4 0.0
Chad
Chile 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.5 0.8
China 1.8 1.5 1.5 1.6 1.6
Colombia 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Comoros
Congo, Dem. Rep.
Congo, Rep. 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Costa Rica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Cote d'Ivoire 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.2 0.2
Croatia
Cuba
Curacao
Cyprus 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.3
Czech Republic
Denmark 0.7 0.7 0.4 0.5 0.5
Djibouti
Dominica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Dominican Republic 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Ecuador
Egypt, Arab Rep. 0.1 2.5 1.1 1.4 0.4
El Salvador 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Equatorial Guinea
Eritrea
Estonia
Ethiopia
Faroe Islands 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Fiji 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.0
Finland 0.5 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.6
France 1.0 0.9 0.7 0.8 0.7
French Polynesia
Gabon 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Gambia, The 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Georgia
Germany 0.9 0.9 0.8 0.7 0.6
Ghana 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 1.9
Greece 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.4 0.2
Greenland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Grenada
Guam
Guatemala 0.6 0.3 0.7 0.1 0.3
Guinea 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.0 2.7
Guinea-Bissau
Guyana 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Haiti 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Honduras 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 1.2 1.2 1.0 1.0 1.0
Hungary 0.7 1.2 1.2 1.2 1.2
Iceland 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
India 3.2 3.0 3.0 3.5 3.1
Indonesia 0.8 0.8 0.9 0.8 0.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 4.5 2.5 2.1 3.1 4.1
Iraq 1.3 3.8 3.3 1.5 3.8
Ireland 0.3 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2
Isle of Man
Israel 0.0 0.1 0.1 1.5 0.8
Italy 0.7 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.5
Jamaica 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Japan 1.9 1.6 1.5 1.4 1.3
Jordan 14.7 8.5 15.5 16.0 24.1
Kazakhstan
Kenya 7.2 6.5 3.6 3.6 6.3
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep. 5.7 3.0 3.8 5.7 3.5
Korea, Rep. 2.7 2.0 1.7 1.7 1.7
Kuwait 6.7 7.6 8.9 10.8 9.6
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 0.6 0.0 0.0 0.3 0.6
Latvia
Lebanon 0.6 0.0 0.1 0.3 1.0
Lesotho
Liberia 1.1 0.6 1.4 0.0 0.3
Libya 0.7 0.7 0.0 0.0 0.1
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg
Macao SAR, China 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Macedonia, FYR
Madagascar 0.5 0.2 1.3 2.0 0.5
Malawi 0.8 1.5 1.1 1.0 1.2
Malaysia 4.4 4.4 4.2 2.7 3.0
Maldives 19.2 16.6 10.1 13.2 14.0
Mali 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Malta 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.1
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 0.0 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.7
Mauritius 0.6 0.3 0.3 0.1 0.1
Mexico 0.1 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova
Monaco
Mongolia
Montenegro
Morocco 7.0 5.5 9.6 2.5 4.6
Mozambique 0.1 0.0 0.1 1.0 0.3
Myanmar 11.3 11.3 11.3 11.3 15.4
Namibia
Nepal 38.1 27.8 14.7 2.7 7.7
Netherlands 0.6 0.6 0.6 0.5 0.4
New Caledonia 5.6 4.5 4.6 3.0 2.5
New Zealand 1.1 1.3 1.2 1.3 1.6
Nicaragua
Niger 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Nigeria 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1 0.1
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 0.4 0.4 0.5 0.3 0.1
Oman 4.7 5.0 3.9 1.7 1.8
Pakistan 4.0 4.5 5.8 3.5 4.0
Palau
Panama 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Papua New Guinea 0.2 0.2 0.5 0.3 0.4
Paraguay 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Peru 0.6 0.3 0.4 0.2 0.8
Philippines 0.2 0.2 1.1 0.6 0.1
Poland 0.8 0.7 0.6 0.8 0.8
Portugal 0.3 0.2 0.2 0.2 0.2
Puerto Rico
Qatar 1.7 1.6 2.1 1.3 1.6
Romania 1.5 0.8 1.1 1.2 1.2
Russian Federation
Rwanda 1.3 1.6 4.7 8.3 7.8
Samoa 0.0 0.0 1.6 0.0 0.1
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 3.0 3.7 4.4 3.7 3.7
Senegal 7.0 2.2 9.7 8.9 9.7
Serbia
Seychelles 4.0 2.9 0.8 0.3 2.7
Sierra Leone 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Singapore 4.8 4.3 4.1 4.2 4.2
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia 0.1 0.0 0.0 0.6 1.1
South Africa 0.3 0.2 0.5 0.5 0.5
South Sudan
Spain 0.8 0.6 0.4 0.5 0.4
Sri Lanka 5.1 4.1 6.5 5.7 3.8
St. Kitts and Nevis
St. Lucia
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines
Sudan 1.7 1.3 2.0 2.0 1.0
Suriname 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Swaziland
Sweden 1.1 1.5 1.7 1.3 0.7
Switzerland 1.3 1.0 0.9 0.9 0.9
Syrian Arab Republic 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.1
Tajikistan
Tanzania 5.3 6.9 1.9 10.7 19.8
Thailand 2.5 2.2 2.7 2.0 1.2
Timor-Leste
Togo 1.5 2.1 2.2 3.2 7.4
Tonga 0.0 0.1 0.1 0.0 0.0
Trinidad and Tobago 0.2 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.1
Tunisia 1.9 1.2 4.1 3.1 1.3
Turkey 1.0 1.3 2.2 1.2 0.9
Turkmenistan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.4
Ukraine
United Arab Emirates 5.0 6.2 5.6 6.0 5.1
United Kingdom 1.8 1.9 1.9 1.9 1.6
United States 1.2 1.0 1.3 1.1 1.0
Uruguay 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Uzbekistan
Vanuatu
Venezuela, RB 0.1 0.0 0.1 0.0 0.0
Vietnam 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.7 0.8
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza
Yemen, Rep. 2.5
Zambia 11.8 11.6 6.5 6.7 6.2
Zimbabwe 0.8 1.1 1.0 0.7 0.9

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