Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Iraq 2.4 3.6 22.6 27.0 64.1
Equatorial Guinea 7.8 16.0 45.2 40.0 64.6
Samoa 13.6 15.5 23.1 22.4 31.4
Bosnia and Herzegovina 14.2 31.4 53.8 56.6 70.3
Seychelles 27.4 71.9 58.4 63.1 74.8
Bahamas, The 30.5 31.3 31.5 52.1 80.3
Qatar 30.7 38.8 47.4 43.4 62.2
Sudan 30.8 34.3 32.9 33.0 43.2
Haiti 34.7 28.3 66.9 100.7 105.2
Azerbaijan 36.4 36.1 44.7 34.7 53.2
Vietnam 37.7 50.3 63.3 64.8 79.9
Guinea-Bissau 38.6 45.3 77.9 43.0 82.2
Northern Mariana Islands 42.5 55.4 80.1 106.7 104.5
Nepal 42.9 47.9 50.5 59.0 74.9
Djibouti 43.0 91.8 98.7 88.6 87.0
Grenada 45.3 41.7 47.5 72.9 75.0
Hungary 45.6 55.7 67.7 81.6 88.8
Philippines 46.0 53.6 65.3 77.2 96.1
Angola 46.0 64.3 63.2 44.7 65.1
Mozambique 46.2 59.6 61.0 63.2 72.3
Algeria 46.6 60.1 63.1 46.3 56.9
Georgia 46.7 61.6 74.3 59.1 73.7
Congo, Rep. 47.1 54.0 67.0 55.0 62.7
Yemen, Rep. 47.7 65.6 61.4 36.7 59.8
Mexico 47.8 57.7 66.4 70.6 82.0
Estonia 48.1 54.3 76.7 84.7 78.8
Myanmar 52.5 46.1 53.5 65.7 69.4
Honduras 52.9 60.0 73.0 87.6 83.1
Aruba 53.4 68.7 68.3 46.2 55.1
Oman 53.6 64.9 67.4 48.7 63.9
Bangladesh 54.8 66.5 75.6 80.2 86.0
Venezuela, RB 55.0 68.8 71.2 52.8 62.5
El Salvador 56.2 60.8 82.1 83.4 85.3
United Arab Emirates 56.9 74.9 81.1 67.9 73.2
Trinidad and Tobago 57.4 58.5 59.5 52.8 65.6
Ireland 57.9 62.5 69.1 83.2 92.3
St. Kitts and Nevis 58.3 67.5 125.8 85.9 85.9
Nigeria 58.8 77.0 72.5 47.0 66.1
Costa Rica 59.4 64.2 74.1 94.5 113.9
Kazakhstan 59.6 67.1 73.7 60.5 66.6
China 59.7 60.6 73.4 73.7 78.2
Israel 60.6 65.6 71.7 73.2 82.1
Madagascar 61.5 61.8 62.6 65.3 70.9
Cambodia 61.5 46.3 53.0 57.6 81.3
Brunei Darussalam 61.5 63.6 63.2 52.7 66.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 63.9 77.9 64.0 45.6 73.2
Saudi Arabia 64.5 78.3 78.3 50.0 65.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 65.1 67.0 74.3 59.3 67.5
Belarus 65.6 77.1 99.7 96.5 80.7
Kuwait 65.8 76.6 73.2 49.2 62.6
Dominican Republic 65.9 70.6 80.4 87.0 89.5
Bahrain 66.4 75.9 70.8 52.8 70.4
Canada 69.5 72.9 77.5 77.5 86.2
Latvia 69.8 77.2 89.5 96.9 92.2
Norway 69.9 82.7 80.8 67.3 75.7
Sri Lanka 69.9 75.4 85.4 88.6 84.6
Libya 70.5 77.8 75.9 47.4 62.6
Lithuania 71.0 88.1 101.3 97.4 78.9
Poland 72.1 77.0 81.1 88.9 86.2
India 72.3 78.1 82.6 78.9 84.2
Nicaragua 72.5 72.6 89.7 89.2 85.0
Slovak Republic 72.5 74.6 81.4 90.6 86.3
Lesotho 72.6 84.7 88.5 87.7 78.1
Korea, Rep. 72.6 75.3 79.0 76.8 83.4
Panama 72.7 72.5 84.1 91.2 95.7
Indonesia 73.1 80.2 86.0 78.6 78.3
Guatemala 73.4 75.8 88.2 94.5 92.0
Czech Republic 74.5 75.3 78.2 90.8 91.3
United States 74.8 79.9 88.1 87.2 89.0
Turkmenistan 75.0 67.6 39.9 23.5 47.4
Malaysia 75.2 79.7 80.2 74.6 86.1
Romania 76.0 77.6 81.0 79.7 81.8
Faeroe Islands 76.4 87.8 81.9 92.2 98.7
Syrian Arab Republic 76.9 86.3 84.5 62.4 74.8
Albania 77.3 79.3 53.2 78.3 100.8
Colombia 77.6 81.2 88.3 83.5 88.7
Turkey 77.8 83.7 94.5 96.8 95.7
Malta 78.0 70.6 66.4 74.8 80.6
Maldives 78.2 73.5 85.6 87.9 84.2
Russian Federation 78.5 85.4 82.7 70.9 71.9
American Samoa 78.5 90.4 122.4 119.8 99.7
Macao SAR, China 78.7 78.6 84.6 84.3 86.6
Peru 79.0 84.5 98.1 82.8 87.5
Argentina 79.6 90.4 100.3 100.4 88.5
Kyrgyz Republic 80.0 98.9 118.2 100.5 90.5
Botswana 80.1 94.8 106.2 76.9 98.8
Comoros 80.9 45.1 41.4 43.7 66.6
Mali 80.9 79.4 102.9 102.0 104.8
Cabo Verde 81.3 115.2 126.4 94.8 104.1
Thailand 81.8 80.8 83.2 79.0 84.8
Belize 82.6 85.6 90.1 87.9 101.2
Australia 83.2 94.4 98.5 87.5 87.8
Chile 83.4 86.6 93.0 85.0 89.3
United Kingdom 83.6 90.7 98.5 96.1 95.7
Dominica 84.2 95.8 97.8 115.7 104.0
Brazil 84.4 86.6 96.1 92.8 87.1
Spain 85.1 93.2 87.6 97.3 90.9
Austria 85.5 86.1 88.5 94.8 97.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 85.8 89.3 92.9 86.3 86.0
Singapore 85.8 90.7 90.7 79.7 83.2
Ethiopia 87.0 86.0 120.8 115.4 96.2
French Polynesia 87.3 114.5 101.4 111.8 114.5
Netherlands 87.4 89.7 89.4 91.9 94.1
Ecuador 87.4 99.5 106.9 85.3 90.3
Barbados 87.7 103.0 103.9 92.4 96.9
Finland 88.1 89.3 90.2 95.1 91.9
Somalia 88.1 96.9 91.7 102.1 99.0
Mongolia 88.3 78.9 106.1 86.2 84.8
Pakistan 88.5 103.2 96.6 94.1 93.3
Cameroon 88.9 87.6 92.0 91.2 87.3
Serbia 89.5 107.6 138.4 167.0 87.5
Bolivia 89.5 92.5 94.9 89.8 85.5
Ukraine 90.1 98.8 97.7 86.7 79.5
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 90.8 98.7 98.3 106.4 104.3
Macedonia, FYR 91.0 86.8 93.5 99.1 90.1
Lebanon 91.8 103.1 90.0 92.6 94.7
Uruguay 91.8 104.5 118.8 120.7 97.5
Paraguay 91.8 99.2 109.2 103.5 91.5
Armenia 92.1 98.7 79.0 74.9 78.9
France 92.4 93.5 92.5 98.1 99.6
Japan 92.5 85.7 87.8 80.9 87.5
Sweden 92.6 97.6 95.2 97.4 97.8
Morocco 92.6 92.6 94.6 96.2 101.0
Luxembourg 92.7 86.3 83.8 94.8 98.2
South Africa 92.9 97.5 103.5 87.9 89.1
Tanzania 92.9 106.9 102.6 80.3 74.0
Jordan 93.2 95.7 96.6 94.5 96.5
Guyana 93.2 115.9 118.2 108.9 104.1
New Caledonia 93.3 88.3 89.6 62.4 76.7
Tunisia 93.6 94.3 95.0 98.1 100.4
Portugal 93.8 101.2 98.6 101.9 101.1
Lao PDR 94.2 97.7 108.7 111.9 94.1
Greece 94.3 99.7 96.7 92.6 94.5
Swaziland 94.8 93.7 105.3 107.3 102.5
Iceland 94.8 99.8 97.4 101.6 105.4
Slovenia 94.8 94.8 95.5 103.2 97.4
Belgium 94.9 94.2 92.9 96.7 95.4
Germany 95.1 95.2 93.2 98.7 98.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 95.2 84.0 78.0 108.8 83.5
Cuba 95.5 120.2 108.1 90.2 89.3
Tajikistan 95.5 98.1 94.9 75.8 87.9
Cote d'Ivoire 96.1 110.1 106.7 113.0 110.6
Italy 97.2 104.9 100.0 102.2 97.9
Rwanda 97.9 114.1 163.9 113.3 114.1
New Zealand 98.3 103.5 102.5 87.1 93.8
West Bank and Gaza 98.3 84.7 95.4 98.5 92.8
Mauritius 98.8 115.7 102.3 105.7 102.0
Denmark 99.5 100.3 96.3 95.7 98.4
Bhutan 100.3 97.4 114.3 104.8 112.5
Switzerland 101.4 99.1 94.6 98.0 99.8
Niger 101.8 114.9 96.0 118.0 101.3
Antigua and Barbuda 101.9 73.1 73.1 69.2 73.1
Croatia 101.9 104.8 89.8 101.9 97.1
Cayman Islands 102.7 140.5 118.9 75.7 97.3
Ghana 103.3 100.0 98.0 107.5 102.9
Togo 103.8 120.9 116.4 115.3 107.4
Gabon 104.4 122.5 116.4 73.7 92.1
Guinea 105.4 106.5 102.8 104.1 95.5
Fiji 105.8 127.9 106.3 87.5 104.1
Central African Republic 106.1 91.2 100.9 94.0 90.9
Namibia 106.7 107.4 101.4 93.3 93.4
Malawi 106.9 126.7 141.5 113.7 119.4
Benin 107.1 134.7 108.2 103.8 107.7
Andorra 107.2 99.1 105.1 127.9 94.2
Senegal 108.0 107.4 98.3 105.2 111.6
Kenya 108.3 119.2 118.4 115.8 100.8
Vanuatu 108.8 116.2 135.8 129.9 99.0
Gambia, The 109.0 142.3 98.5 140.5 80.0
Bermuda 109.7 133.3 111.8 88.2 100.0
Zimbabwe 110.2 125.5 132.0 109.7 98.0
Jamaica 110.2 106.8 106.8 101.3 95.8
Bulgaria 110.4 100.8 101.8 88.6 82.0
Uganda 114.2 145.7 137.8 124.4 128.8
Guam 114.8 98.9 119.9 116.2 102.7
Zambia 115.7 116.2 102.5 115.7 119.1
Suriname 120.3 135.4 142.3 87.0 88.5
Afghanistan 120.9 93.4 105.1 116.0 121.1
Palau 121.7 113.0 121.7 96.4 63.4
Uzbekistan 121.8 149.4 142.9 125.3 114.8
Papua New Guinea 128.2 121.5 103.8 85.2 92.6
Cyprus 129.2 146.7 131.4 111.6 104.6
Burkina Faso 132.3 111.3 111.2 152.7 122.0
Chad 132.8 130.1 129.5 143.2 132.8
Korea, Dem. Rep. 135.5 128.4 155.1 91.9 90.0
Greenland 135.9 135.2 107.3 93.4 101.5
Mauritania 137.7 138.5 121.0 109.1 100.9
Moldova 157.8 168.4 185.4 133.5 98.5
Tonga 160.4 129.8 113.7 82.6 139.3
Sao Tome and Principe 170.0 163.3 176.7 166.7 73.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 193.8 191.8 179.6 176.3 100.3
Kiribati 207.2 148.6 174.6 162.9 243.8
Burundi 211.2 79.7 173.0 129.1 108.6
Eritrea 232.4 264.9 153.5 75.9 55.9
Solomon Islands 244.0 234.3 227.0 171.0 182.6
Liberia 249.2 191.5 130.7 129.2 142.6
Marshall Islands 252.9 207.4 172.9 63.3 84.0
St. Lucia 253.5 186.0 141.9 144.7 129.5
Montenegro
South Sudan
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands 86.8
Puerto Rico
Taiwan, China
Monaco
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Sierra Leone
Curacao
San Marino

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