Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Afghanistan
Albania 9.2 10.2 10.3 10.0 9.5
Algeria 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8 13.6
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 42.5
Antigua and Barbuda 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5 18.2
Argentina 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7 13.8
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9 11.8
Aruba 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3 21.4
Australia 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8 17.7
Austria 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6 19.0
Azerbaijan 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6 9.5
Bahamas, The 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.8
Bahrain 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8 16.2
Bangladesh 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.0
Barbados 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7 13.3
Belarus 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5 19.5
Belgium 21.5 21.0 20.9 21.0 20.9
Belize 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5 12.9
Benin 13.5 13.2 13.1 12.2 12.1
Bermuda
Bhutan 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1 21.9
Bolivia 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8 14.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4 24.9
Brazil 19.6 19.4 19.9 19.6 18.6
Brunei Darussalam 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6 25.8
Bulgaria 12.2 11.6 14.7 19.5 20.0
Burkina Faso 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8 20.7
Burundi 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2 14.9
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.2
Cameroon 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.5
Canada 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3 19.0
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0 16.3
Chad 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9 7.7
Chile 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4 11.6
China 13.9 14.1 14.6 15.2 15.7
Colombia 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7 16.8
Comoros 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7 13.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9 2.1
Congo, Rep. 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1 11.6
Costa Rica 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5 13.3
Cote d'Ivoire 10.5 15.0 13.7 13.8 14.4
Croatia 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5 21.3
Cuba 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9 29.6
Curacao
Cyprus 12.8 14.5 15.8 15.9 14.9
Czech Republic 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9 19.5
Denmark 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4 23.9
Djibouti 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5 29.7
Dominica 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0 18.7
Dominican Republic 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.8
Ecuador 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8 9.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.2
El Salvador 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0 10.2
Equatorial Guinea 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2 6.6
Eritrea 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5 54.8
Estonia 22.8 20.6 20.3 21.6 19.1
Ethiopia
Faeroe Islands 25.1 26.0 25.7
Fiji 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9 17.2
Finland 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3 19.8
France 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4 22.1
French Polynesia 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4 20.3
Gabon 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8 9.6
Gambia, The 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3 11.2
Georgia 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6 8.5
Germany 19.4 19.0 18.8 18.9 18.7
Ghana 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8 10.2
Greece 17.6 17.7 17.5 18.0 18.2
Greenland
Grenada 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7 11.7
Guam
Guatemala 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3 7.0
Guinea 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8 18.6
Guyana 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0 24.7
Haiti 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.8
Honduras 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3 13.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6 9.4
Hungary 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.1 21.1
Iceland 20.9 20.7 21.1 21.9 22.4
India 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8 12.6
Indonesia 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6 6.5
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 11.6 13.0 11.8 12.9
Iraq 2.4 8.5 17.6 11.3 11.8
Ireland 16.6 16.1 15.5 14.9 14.7
Isle of Man
Israel 26.7 26.3 25.8 25.3 24.0
Italy 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Jamaica 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7 14.3
Japan 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5 16.9
Jordan 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0 23.7
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5 12.1
Kenya 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8 15.1
Kiribati
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3 11.3
Kuwait 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9 21.5
Kyrgyz Republic 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1 20.0
Lao PDR 6.7
Latvia 21.9 21.0 22.7 22.5 20.7
Lebanon 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9 17.3
Lesotho 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3 35.4
Liberia 7.5
Libya 23.8 23.6 26.2 18.6 18.4
Liechtenstein
Lithuania 23.9 24.0 25.7 23.4 22.2
Luxembourg 15.4 15.7 14.9 14.7 14.3
Macao SAR, China 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6 12.3
Macedonia, FYR 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6 16.9
Madagascar 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2 9.0
Malawi 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4 14.6
Malaysia 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0 10.2
Maldives 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6 22.9
Mali 11.0 11.2 18.7 17.0 16.4
Malta 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8 18.2
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 11.1 10.8 18.1 18.7 20.2
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3 14.1
Mexico 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4 11.2
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Moldova 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4 10.3
Monaco
Mongolia 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6 15.3
Montenegro 21.9
Morocco 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0 18.4
Mozambique 12.1 13.6 15.2 17.2 16.2
Myanmar
Namibia 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1 23.5
Nepal 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9 8.9
Netherlands 21.4 20.9 20.7 20.5 20.4
New Caledonia
New Zealand 16.6 16.8 17.5 17.2 17.0
Nicaragua 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2 8.7
Niger 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0 13.0
Nigeria 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0 8.3
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 20.5 20.1 21.5 21.2 19.0
Oman 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8 21.5
Pakistan 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4 8.6
Palau
Panama 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0 13.2
Papua New Guinea 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9 16.6
Paraguay 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.0
Peru 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7 11.6
Philippines 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2 11.4
Poland 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1 18.1
Portugal 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2 19.0
Puerto Rico 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0 11.7
Qatar 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7 19.7
Romania 13.1 12.3 12.4 17.0 17.2
Russian Federation 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6 15.1
Rwanda 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9 11.6
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5 26.0
Senegal 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3 12.8
Serbia 18.0 20.8 18.8 18.0 18.2
Seychelles 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9 42.2
Sierra Leone 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5 14.3
Singapore 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5 10.7
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3 19.4
Slovenia 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.5
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5 25.2
Somalia
South Africa 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5 18.4
South Sudan
Spain 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8 16.7
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0 10.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.6 10.3 11.1 11.2 11.0
St. Lucia 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7 13.7
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 16.0 15.5 15.8 16.4
Sudan 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5 9.1
Suriname 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0 37.5
Swaziland 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7 18.2
Sweden 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4 24.5
Switzerland 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.8
Syrian Arab Republic 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6 12.4
Tajikistan 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9 8.3
Tanzania 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6 11.7
Thailand 11.6 12.1 13.1 13.6 13.6
Timor-Leste 133.2
Togo 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7 10.5
Tonga 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8 18.2
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.4 14.4 14.7 12.0
Tunisia 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3 16.7
Turkey 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2 11.7
Turkmenistan 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9 14.2
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9 14.5
Ukraine 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8 20.9
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.3 17.4
United States 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.0
Uruguay 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2 12.4
Uzbekistan 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.7
Vanuatu 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6 20.8
Venezuela, RB 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3 12.4
Vietnam 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8 5.9
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4 25.5
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8 13.6
Zambia
Zimbabwe 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8 24.3

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