Country name 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994
Afghanistan
Albania 18.5 22.1 19.7 14.1 13.9
Algeria 16.1 14.7 16.0 17.3 17.9
American Samoa
Andorra
Angola 33.3 50.0 42.3 41.6 40.1
Antigua and Barbuda 18.0 17.5 18.3 18.7 19.1
Argentina 3.1 3.3 3.0 13.5 13.2
Armenia 18.3 18.5 18.5 17.2 11.3
Aruba 19.8
Australia 17.1 18.1 18.9 18.8 18.2
Austria 17.7 17.9 18.3 19.1 19.2
Azerbaijan 17.6 19.4 17.7 30.1 23.5
Bahamas, The 12.9 14.2 13.7 12.9 14.8
Bahrain 24.2 23.4 23.9 22.3 21.0
Bangladesh 4.1 4.1 4.5 5.0 4.9
Barbados 14.1 13.4 12.2 12.6 12.1
Belarus 23.8 21.2 15.7 18.5 20.5
Belgium 20.1 20.8 20.9 21.2 21.0
Belize 12.9 13.0 13.5 14.8 15.3
Benin 17.6 16.2 15.8 15.3 15.6
Bermuda
Bhutan 14.9 17.9 18.7 16.4 14.9
Bolivia 11.8 12.1 12.9 13.4 13.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Botswana 24.1 24.2 26.4 28.0 28.6
Brazil 19.3 17.9 17.1 17.7 15.8
Brunei Darussalam 22.0 22.6 23.3 25.8 27.0
Bulgaria 18.2 19.0 20.3 18.9 17.2
Burkina Faso 21.1 21.7 21.7 21.3 26.1
Burundi 10.8 10.8 19.2 20.5 17.4
Cabo Verde
Cambodia 4.5 6.9
Cameroon 12.8 13.3 12.8 12.4 9.4
Canada 22.6 24.0 24.4 23.8 22.6
Cayman Islands
Central African Republic 15.4 16.6 17.1 15.3 16.5
Chad 10.0 8.9 9.2 10.0 8.1
Chile 10.0 10.0 10.0 10.5 10.4
China 14.1 15.4 15.5 15.4 15.3
Colombia 9.4 9.2 9.5 10.1 14.7
Comoros 24.5 25.1 20.6 19.9 23.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 20.0 21.5 15.4 4.4
Congo, Rep. 19.6 27.7 26.9 27.7 21.8
Costa Rica 14.7 13.4 12.4 13.2 13.8
Cote d'Ivoire 16.8 16.4 17.4 15.5 12.0
Croatia
Cuba 31.0 33.3 34.8 35.4 27.3
Curacao
Cyprus 17.3 18.5 19.0 16.9 16.7
Czech Republic 21.5 21.2 20.2 20.6 20.8
Denmark 24.0 24.1 24.1 25.2 24.3
Djibouti 31.5 31.5 40.2
Dominica 20.5 21.0 19.9 20.7 20.2
Dominican Republic 4.3 3.2 3.8 4.4 4.7
Ecuador 12.3 11.3 9.9 10.6 11.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.3 11.2 10.4 10.3 10.3
El Salvador 9.9 9.9 9.4 8.6 8.4
Equatorial Guinea 16.3 16.7 17.8 24.9 14.9
Eritrea 21.8 31.2 30.2
Estonia
Ethiopia 16.8 14.1 9.2 9.3 11.4
Faeroe Islands
Fiji 17.5 17.5 18.0 18.5 16.4
Finland 20.9 23.9 24.3 23.3 22.4
France 21.0 21.4 22.0 23.1 22.9
French Polynesia 19.1 18.1 18.4 19.1
Gabon 13.4 14.3 15.5 15.3 12.0
Gambia, The 13.7 13.1 14.2 14.5 11.4
Georgia 10.0 9.4 9.4 5.9 9.8
Germany 19.0 18.6 19.1 19.2 19.1
Ghana 9.3 9.5 12.1 14.4 13.7
Greece 17.1 16.2 15.6 16.3 15.7
Greenland
Grenada 21.6 21.0 18.8 18.3 17.9
Guam
Guatemala 6.6 5.4 6.4 6.4 5.6
Guinea 11.0 10.0 8.6 8.3 7.9
Guinea-Bissau 10.3 10.6 9.0 7.1 7.1
Guyana 13.6 15.4 17.0 15.6 15.5
Haiti 7.3 7.1 6.2 10.8
Honduras 12.9 10.8 11.5 10.6 9.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.8 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.5
Hungary 25.0 25.9 27.8 25.6
Iceland 19.1 19.8 20.4 20.8 20.7
India 11.9 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.0
Indonesia 8.8 8.3 8.8 9.0 8.1
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.1 11.7 11.0 15.5 16.1
Iraq
Ireland 17.2 18.2 18.6 18.4 18.2
Isle of Man
Israel 30.0 29.7 28.3 28.5 27.9
Italy 19.7 19.7 19.6 19.4 18.7
Jamaica 13.0 11.6 11.4 10.1
Japan 13.3 13.4 13.8 14.3 14.7
Jordan 24.0 25.1 21.9 22.1 22.6
Kazakhstan 18.2 13.9 10.7
Kenya 18.6 16.8 15.7 14.5 15.2
Kiribati 52.8 37.8 37.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Korea, Rep. 10.9 10.8 11.2 10.9 10.6
Kuwait 38.7 76.2 55.5 35.9 33.9
Kyrgyz Republic 25.0 21.8 21.4 20.3 18.9
Lao PDR
Latvia
Lebanon 24.6 19.2 14.8 14.0 12.6
Lesotho 25.6 29.9 30.9 31.5 33.1
Liberia
Libya 24.4 26.5 28.9 22.8 22.6
Liechtenstein
Lithuania
Luxembourg 14.9 14.5 15.0 15.0 14.5
Macao SAR, China 9.9 10.5 8.5 8.5 8.9
Macedonia, FYR 19.0 21.7 19.5 21.1 19.0
Madagascar 8.0 8.8 8.2 7.9 6.9
Malawi 15.1 12.0 14.1 13.0 31.6
Malaysia 13.8 13.7 13.0 12.6 12.3
Maldives
Mali 13.8 13.5 13.2 12.8 11.3
Malta 16.2 16.8 17.3 18.6 18.9
Marshall Islands
Mauritania 25.9 16.5 12.7 12.0 11.6
Mauritius 13.6 13.6 13.3 14.0 14.6
Mexico 8.4 9.1 9.9 13.0 12.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Middle East (developing only)
Moldova 15.1 18.2 15.9 22.9
Monaco
Mongolia 24.4 21.0 15.8 19.4 25.2
Montenegro
Morocco 16.8 16.4 17.4 18.3 17.4
Mozambique 13.5 9.6 11.8 11.5 13.0
Myanmar
Namibia 23.3 25.2 26.5 26.0 23.6
Nepal 8.7 9.0 7.8 8.5 8.0
Netherlands 21.7 21.9 22.4 22.7 22.5
New Caledonia 9.4
New Zealand 18.4 18.7 18.9 17.7 16.8
Nicaragua 43.5 20.6 19.7 17.6 7.5
Niger 16.8 14.8 17.5 15.8 16.0
Nigeria 5.0 4.8 6.0 6.5 17.9
Northern Mariana Islands
Norway 20.3 21.0 22.0 22.0 21.6
Oman 22.3 25.1 24.4 25.4 24.9
Pakistan 15.1 14.3 12.9 13.1 12.1
Palau
Panama 18.1 17.5 15.9 15.1 14.8
Papua New Guinea 24.8 23.6 23.8 24.6 18.6
Paraguay 6.6 8.0 8.7 8.9
Peru 7.5 7.7 8.0 8.1 9.0
Philippines 10.1 9.9 9.7 10.1 10.8
Poland 21.7 25.3 24.0 22.6 19.5
Portugal 15.3 17.0 17.0 17.6 17.6
Puerto Rico 14.5 14.4 13.9 13.8 13.5
Qatar 34.5
Romania 13.3 15.2 14.3 12.3 13.8
Russian Federation 20.8 16.5 13.9 20.0 19.1
Rwanda 10.1 12.1 14.5 14.3 11.2
Samoa
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Saudi Arabia 29.2 34.4 29.9 26.5 24.4
Senegal 18.4 17.4 17.3 16.2 14.5
Serbia
Seychelles 27.7 28.2 30.4 29.5 29.3
Sierra Leone 7.8 9.7 8.5 10.1 10.7
Singapore 9.5 9.2 8.8 9.0 8.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Slovak Republic 22.4 21.1 25.9 24.0 20.5
Slovenia
Solomon Islands
Somalia
South Africa 19.7 19.8 20.2 19.6 19.8
South Sudan
Spain 16.3 17.0 17.8 18.4 17.8
Sri Lanka 9.8 9.8 9.6 9.2 9.7
St. Kitts and Nevis 18.0 17.6 16.7 17.2 18.6
St. Lucia 14.7 14.6 14.6 14.3 14.3
St. Martin (French part)
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.5 20.5 23.8 20.0 21.1
Sudan 5.8 8.7 7.3 5.6 4.8
Suriname 30.0 37.3 33.2 27.8 25.6
Swaziland 14.3 14.9 13.4 17.6 17.3
Sweden 25.3 26.1 27.2 27.5 26.5
Switzerland 10.9 11.3 11.7 11.5 11.5
Syrian Arab Republic 14.3 15.3 14.4 13.6 13.4
Tajikistan 8.7 5.9 27.2 21.9 19.7
Tanzania 17.8 18.9 19.6 19.4 17.1
Thailand 9.4 9.2 9.9 10.0 9.8
Timor-Leste
Togo 14.2 17.5 12.4 16.1 13.2
Tonga 19.1 20.4 18.9 17.7 16.0
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.6 12.6 12.5 12.0
Tunisia 16.4 16.6 16.0 16.3 16.3
Turkey 11.0 12.4 12.9 12.9 11.7
Turkmenistan 23.0 22.8 10.8 8.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Tuvalu
Uganda 7.5 8.8 9.7 11.2 11.7
Ukraine 16.5 17.4 17.6 16.0 19.4
United Arab Emirates
United Kingdom 18.0 18.9 19.3 18.6 18.3
United States 15.9 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.2
Uruguay 12.1 12.0 11.6 12.2 11.9
Uzbekistan 25.4 20.8 21.2 24.5 21.2
Vanuatu 29.4 26.5 26.7 27.6 26.7
Venezuela, RB 8.4 9.7 9.2 8.5 7.2
Vietnam 12.3 8.1 5.8 7.3 8.3
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
West Bank and Gaza 18.1
Yemen, Rep. 15.5 16.7 17.5 17.6 17.5
Zambia 19.0 31.8 15.0 18.4
Zimbabwe 19.4 16.1 24.2 14.9 16.7

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