Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8
Bangladesh 6.1 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3
Nepal 6.7 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3
Dominican Republic 7.6 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4
Guatemala 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7
Brunei Darussalam 8.3 4.4 5.5 9.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.4 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6
Sierra Leone 8.4 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9
Sri Lanka 8.5 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8
Benin 8.6 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6
Albania 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4
Philippines 9.1 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0
Brazil 9.2 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3
Burundi 9.2 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8
Burkina Faso 9.2 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0
Switzerland 9.4 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9
Singapore 9.7 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6
Cameroon 9.7 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6
Pakistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1
Mexico 10.0 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2
Colombia 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0
India 10.1 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
Niger 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2
Indonesia 10.5 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1
Ghana 11.2 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3
Kuwait 11.2 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9
Mali 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.1 10.6
Turkey 11.6 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4
Venezuela, RB 11.8 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 12.8 21.0 20.9 22.4
Madagascar 12.1 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8
Mozambique 12.2 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1
Thailand 12.3 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2
Chile 12.5 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5
Uruguay 12.5 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6
Rwanda 12.5 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2
Bahamas, The 12.5 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9
Honduras 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2
Portugal 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2
Bahrain 13.0 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6
Gabon 13.2 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3
Georgia 13.3 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1
Spain 13.6 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9
Cyprus 13.7 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1
Bulgaria 13.7 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1
Peru 13.7 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1
Bolivia 13.8 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3
El Salvador 14.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0
Mauritius 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3
Namibia 14.1 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2
South Africa 14.3 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6
Tunisia 14.5 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9
Tonga 14.8 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8
China 14.9 15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3
Barbados 14.9 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8
Malta 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1
Central African Republic 15.1 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2
Algeria 15.2 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0
Greece 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 18.2
Somalia 15.6 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0
Puerto Rico 15.8 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1
Saudi Arabia 15.9 19.5 26.2 29.8 30.1
United States 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6
Fiji 15.9 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2
Sudan 16.0 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7
Malaysia 16.0 17.5 17.7 15.2 14.3
Luxembourg 16.2 16.9 15.9 15.3 14.9
Italy 16.6 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2
Cote d'Ivoire 16.9 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2
Iceland 16.9 17.2 18.1 18.2 16.7
Australia 17.1 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2
Belize 17.2 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8
Austria 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2
St. Lucia 17.5 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2
Congo, Rep. 17.6 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8
Panama 17.6 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8
Finland 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0
Morocco 18.0 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4
Costa Rica 18.2 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1
Ecuador 18.3 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2
Zimbabwe 18.5 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0
Norway 18.7 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.2
Malawi 19.3 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5
New Zealand 19.5 19.2 19.1 18.3 17.7
Nicaragua 19.7 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3
Kenya 19.8 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Jamaica 20.2 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5
Grenada 20.4 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7
United Kingdom 20.7 21.1 21.0 20.8 20.5
Germany 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.6
France 20.9 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.9 26.0 22.6 22.9 24.0
Liberia 21.3 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0
Suriname 21.3 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9
Botswana 21.3 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0
Canada 21.4 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8
Lesotho 21.8 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9
Ireland 22.2 22.2 22.1 21.6 20.9
Togo 22.4 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.5 22.7 19.6 17.6 16.4
Belgium 22.8 24.0 23.6 23.3 23.2
Bhutan 22.9 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.0 22.5
Netherlands 23.1 23.1 23.6 23.5 22.1
Syrian Arab Republic 23.2 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5
Papua New Guinea 24.1 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3
Guyana 24.2 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1
Senegal 24.8 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0
Oman 25.0 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5
Zambia 25.5 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1
Denmark 25.8 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5
Vanuatu 27.0 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5
Swaziland 27.0 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6
Dominica 27.3 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8
Sweden 27.3 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9
Guinea-Bissau 27.6 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4
Seychelles 28.7 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7
Jordan 29.2 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0
Comoros 30.9 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3
Gambia, The 31.2 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5
Cuba 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7
Israel 40.1 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2
Mauritania 45.3 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7
Kiribati 59.2 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1
Equatorial Guinea 84.5 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0
Armenia
Cayman Islands
Montenegro
Slovak Republic
Myanmar
Lebanon
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Guinea
Croatia
Monaco
Cabo Verde
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4
Tuvalu
Guam
Maldives
Greenland
Curacao
Moldova
Solomon Islands
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2
Isle of Man
Northern Mariana Islands
St. Martin (French part)
French Polynesia
Afghanistan
Macedonia, FYR
Haiti
Faeroe Islands
Ukraine
Palau
Angola
Ethiopia 12.5 13.6 14.8 14.7
Serbia
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1
Czech Republic
Paraguay
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Estonia
Slovenia
Eritrea
Hungary
Poland
South Sudan
Taiwan, China
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0
Tanzania
Cambodia
Timor-Leste
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Azerbaijan
Iraq
Turkmenistan
Latvia
Kazakhstan
Tajikistan
Vietnam
Bermuda
West Bank and Gaza
Lao PDR 6.5
Lithuania
Belarus
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Aruba
Samoa
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0
Sao Tome and Principe
United Arab Emirates
Liechtenstein
Argentina
Libya
Uzbekistan
Qatar
Andorra
Romania 12.3 10.5
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Russian Federation
Yemen, Rep.
Djibouti
American Samoa

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