Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Mali 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.4
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 5.5 9.5
Bangladesh 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8 7.0
Sierra Leone 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9 7.9
Nepal 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3 9.4
Sri Lanka 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8 10.2
Guatemala 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.0
Albania 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4 9.3
Philippines 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0 7.6
Ghana 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3 9.4
Cameroon 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6 9.0
Burundi 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8 7.8
Benin 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6 15.4
Burkina Faso 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0 17.3
Brazil 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3 9.9
Singapore 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6 13.4
Dominican Republic 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4 7.5
Barbados 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.5 10.7
Switzerland 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9 10.0
Turkey 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3 7.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6 7.7
India 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9 11.5
Pakistan 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1 12.1
Colombia 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0 10.7
Mexico 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2 9.2
Niger 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2 10.8
Indonesia 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1 11.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.2 11.6 12.4 11.6
Madagascar 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8 9.8
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4 10.4
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 20.5 19.0 20.8 20.3
Georgia 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1 12.8
Romania 12.3 10.5
Venezuela, RB 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7 10.8
Thailand 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2 13.5
Honduras 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2 13.1
Sudan 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7 12.3
Chile 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5 13.4
Portugal 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.6
Bolivia 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3 10.6
Congo, Rep. 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8 16.5
Peru 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1 12.0
Bahamas, The 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9 12.5
Mauritius 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7 11.5
Tonga 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8 16.0
Mozambique 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1 12.9
Japan 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3 13.9
Kuwait 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9 22.4
Gabon 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3 20.4
Uruguay 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6 14.4
Bahrain 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6 22.8
Spain 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9 15.2
Cyprus 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1 14.1
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2 12.7
Bulgaria 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1 16.6
Tunisia 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9 17.0
South Africa 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6 18.2
China 15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3 14.4
Central African Republic 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2 15.1
Algeria 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0 16.7
Puerto Rico 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1 15.1
Costa Rica 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1 13.5
United States 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6 15.8
El Salvador 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0 15.5
Ecuador 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2 14.8
Malta 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1 16.4
Zimbabwe 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0 20.2
Fiji 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2 19.1
Luxembourg 16.8 15.9 15.2 14.8 15.2
St. Lucia 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2 17.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 17.6 17.7 17.2 15.3
Panama 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8 19.6
Iceland 17.1 18.0 18.1 16.6 17.5
Greece 17.2 17.4 18.0 18.5 19.3
Cote d'Ivoire 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2 14.1
Australia 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2 18.8
Austria 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.3
Malaysia 17.8 18.1 15.4 14.5 15.1
Malawi 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7 17.7
Italy 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2 18.3
Finland 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0 19.7
Norway 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.2 17.9
Kenya 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4 17.5
Antigua and Barbuda 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5 18.1
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0 17.2
Belize 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8 21.1
Morocco 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4 18.2
Togo 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7 13.1
New Zealand 19.2 19.1 18.3 17.7 17.9
Bhutan 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6 23.7
Saudi Arabia 19.5 26.2 29.8 30.1 31.9
Rwanda 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2 11.3
Grenada 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7 19.5
Jamaica 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5 14.9
Namibia 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2 21.9
Syrian Arab Republic 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5 23.8
Lesotho 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9 17.1
United Kingdom 21.2 21.1 20.9 20.6 19.8
Germany 21.3 21.0 20.7 20.5 20.4
Canada 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8 21.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.5 18.5 16.2 15.1 15.9
France 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4 22.4
Nicaragua 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3 35.7
Somalia 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Ireland 22.2 22.0 21.5 20.8 20.7
Netherlands 23.0 23.5 23.4 22.0 22.3
Senegal 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0 17.4
Vanuatu 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5 34.4
Belgium 23.9 23.6 23.2 23.2 22.7
Suriname 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9 33.7
Oman 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5 27.1
Botswana 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0 23.0
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3 23.2
Liberia 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0 27.0
Dominica 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8 22.5
Denmark 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5 24.2
Swaziland 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6 20.8
Papua New Guinea 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3 23.5
Sweden 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9 25.6
Guinea-Bissau 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4 17.9
Guyana 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1 18.1
Iraq 30.4 35.1 43.4 34.3 29.5
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4 37.8
Comoros 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3 27.5
Jordan 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0 27.0
Seychelles 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7 34.6
Cuba 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.1
Mauritania 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7 29.1
Israel 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2 36.3
Gambia, The 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5 15.9
Kiribati 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1 54.5
Equatorial Guinea 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0 16.9
French Polynesia
Lithuania
Hungary
Maldives
Curacao
Cayman Islands
Aruba
Angola 50.0
Haiti
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0 11.7
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Faroe Islands
Montenegro
Turkmenistan
Tuvalu
Azerbaijan
Ethiopia
Ukraine
Croatia
Sao Tome and Principe
Qatar
Samoa
Russian Federation
Eritrea
Cabo Verde
San Marino
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia
South Sudan
Serbia
Slovenia
Marshall Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Liechtenstein
Slovak Republic
Tajikistan 8.1
Solomon Islands
Yemen, Rep.
Cambodia
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1 7.2
Djibouti
Paraguay
Armenia
Libya
St. Martin (French part)
Belarus
Argentina
Poland
Macedonia, FYR
Kazakhstan
Isle of Man
Palau
Greenland
Tanzania
Andorra
Timor-Leste
Bermuda
Guinea
American Samoa
Northern Mariana Islands
Czech Republic
Guam
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0 14.5
Myanmar
United Arab Emirates
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Moldova
Monaco
Uzbekistan
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 6.5 8.7
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon

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