Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Brunei Darussalam 8.3 4.4 5.5 9.5
Bangladesh 6.1 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8
Sierra Leone 8.4 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9
Nepal 6.7 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3
Sri Lanka 8.5 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8
Latvia 7.9 7.8 7.8 8.2 8.3
Guatemala 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7
Albania 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4
Philippines 9.1 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0
Ghana 11.2 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3
Cameroon 9.7 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6
Burundi 9.2 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8
Benin 8.6 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6
Burkina Faso 9.2 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0
Brazil 9.2 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3
Singapore 9.7 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6
Dominican Republic 7.6 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4
Switzerland 9.4 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9
Turkey 11.6 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.4 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6
India 10.1 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
Pakistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1
Colombia 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0
Mexico 10.0 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2
Niger 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2
Mali 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.1 10.6
Indonesia 10.5 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1
Madagascar 12.1 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4
Georgia 13.3 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1
Romania 12.3 10.5
Ethiopia 12.5 13.6 14.8 14.7
Venezuela, RB 11.8 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7
Thailand 12.3 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2
Honduras 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 12.8 21.0 20.9 22.4
Sudan 16.0 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7
Chile 12.5 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5
Portugal 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2
Bolivia 13.8 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3
Congo, Rep. 17.6 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8
Peru 13.7 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1
Bahamas, The 12.5 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9
Mauritius 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7
Tonga 14.8 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8
Mozambique 12.2 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3
Kuwait 11.2 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9
Gabon 13.2 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3
Uruguay 12.5 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6
Bahrain 13.0 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6
Spain 13.6 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9
Cyprus 13.7 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2
Bulgaria 13.7 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1
Tunisia 14.5 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9
South Africa 14.3 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6
Central African Republic 15.1 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2
China 14.9 15.0 15.3 15.0 15.3
Algeria 15.2 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0
Puerto Rico 15.8 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1
Costa Rica 18.2 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1
United States 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6
El Salvador 14.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0
Ecuador 18.3 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2
Malta 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1
Zimbabwe 18.5 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0
Fiji 15.9 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2
Greece 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 18.2
Barbados 14.9 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8
Luxembourg 16.2 16.9 15.9 15.3 14.9
St. Lucia 17.5 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2
Panama 17.6 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8
Iceland 16.9 17.2 18.1 18.2 16.7
Malaysia 16.0 17.5 17.7 15.2 14.3
Cote d'Ivoire 16.9 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2
Austria 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2
Australia 17.1 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2
Malawi 19.3 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7
Italy 16.6 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2
Finland 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0
Kenya 19.8 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0
Belize 17.2 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8
Morocco 18.0 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4
Togo 22.4 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7
Bhutan 22.9 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6
Norway 19.2 19.4 19.7 19.7 18.8
Saudi Arabia 15.9 19.6 26.2 29.8 30.2
New Zealand 20.3 19.8 19.7 18.8 18.1
Rwanda 12.5 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2
Grenada 20.4 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7
Jamaica 20.2 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5
Namibia 14.1 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2
Syrian Arab Republic 23.2 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5
Lesotho 21.8 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9
United Kingdom 20.6 21.2 21.0 20.9 20.6
Canada 21.4 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8
Germany 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.6
France 20.9 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4
Nicaragua 19.7 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3
Somalia 15.6 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Ireland 22.2 22.2 22.1 21.6 20.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.5 22.7 19.6 17.6 16.4
Netherlands 23.1 23.1 23.6 23.5 22.1
Senegal 24.8 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.0 22.5
Vanuatu 27.0 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5
Belgium 22.8 24.0 23.6 23.3 23.2
Suriname 21.3 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9
Oman 25.0 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5
Botswana 21.3 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3
Liberia 21.3 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0
Dominica 27.3 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.9 26.0 22.6 22.9 24.0
Denmark 25.8 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5
Swaziland 27.0 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6
Papua New Guinea 24.1 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3
Sweden 27.3 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9
Zambia 25.5 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1
Guinea-Bissau 27.6 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4
Guyana 24.2 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4
Comoros 30.9 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3
Jordan 29.2 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0
Seychelles 28.7 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7
Cuba 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7
Mauritania 45.3 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7
Israel 40.1 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2
Gambia, The 31.2 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5
Kiribati 59.2 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1
Equatorial Guinea 84.5 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Myanmar
Tuvalu
American Samoa
Timor-Leste
Liechtenstein
Aruba
Kazakhstan
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1
Lao PDR 6.5
Angola
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Solomon Islands
Iraq
Djibouti
Hungary
Czech Republic
Palau
Maldives
Andorra
Tanzania
Montenegro
Cambodia
Paraguay
Turkmenistan
Haiti
Ukraine
Afghanistan
Azerbaijan
Poland
Kosovo
South Sudan
Eritrea
Monaco
Guinea
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Qatar
Argentina
Guam
St. Martin (French part)
Russian Federation
Curacao
Greenland
Lithuania
Samoa
Croatia
San Marino
Tajikistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0
Vietnam
Cayman Islands
West Bank and Gaza
Cabo Verde
Macedonia, FYR
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Moldova
Turks and Caicos Islands
Faeroe Islands
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0
Estonia
United Arab Emirates
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus
Slovak Republic
Uzbekistan
Slovenia
Armenia
French Polynesia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Serbia
Yemen, Rep.
Libya
Lebanon

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