Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Mali 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.4
Bangladesh 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0 11.7
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 5.5 9.5
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1 7.2
Ghana 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3 9.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8 7.0
Guatemala 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.0
Sri Lanka 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8 10.2
Nepal 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3 9.4
Sierra Leone 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9 7.9
Albania 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4 9.3
Cameroon 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6 9.0
Philippines 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0 7.6
Barbados 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.5 10.7
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6 7.7
Dominican Republic 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4 7.5
Switzerland 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9 10.0
Sudan 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7 12.3
Turkey 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3 7.5
Brazil 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3 9.9
Pakistan 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1 12.1
Mexico 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2 9.2
Benin 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6 15.4
Romania 12.3 10.5
Madagascar 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8 9.8
Burundi 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8 7.8
India 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9 11.5
Singapore 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6 13.4
Colombia 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0 10.7
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0 14.5
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.2 11.6 12.4 11.6
Niger 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2 10.8
Indonesia 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1 11.2
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4 10.4
Bolivia 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3 10.6
Georgia 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1 12.8
Venezuela, RB 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7 10.8
Rwanda 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2 11.3
Honduras 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2 13.1
Portugal 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.6
Thailand 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2 13.5
Bahamas, The 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9 12.5
Lesotho 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9 17.1
Somalia 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Congo, Rep. 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8 16.5
Burkina Faso 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0 17.3
Mauritius 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7 11.5
Mozambique 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1 12.9
Peru 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1 12.0
Japan 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3 13.9
Puerto Rico 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1 15.1
Costa Rica 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1 13.5
Spain 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9 15.2
Cyprus 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1 14.1
Bulgaria 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1 16.6
China 15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3 14.4
Chile 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5 13.4
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2 12.7
Uruguay 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6 14.4
Gabon 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3 20.4
El Salvador 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0 15.5
Luxembourg 16.8 15.9 15.2 14.8 15.2
Central African Republic 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2 15.1
Algeria 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0 16.7
South Africa 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6 18.2
Tunisia 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9 17.0
United States 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6 15.8
Tonga 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8 16.0
Bahrain 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6 22.8
Malta 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1 16.4
Ecuador 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2 14.8
Cote d'Ivoire 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2 14.1
Greece 17.2 17.4 18.0 18.5 19.3
Malawi 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7 17.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 17.6 17.7 17.2 15.3
Australia 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2 18.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0 17.2
Italy 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2 18.3
Iceland 17.1 18.0 18.1 16.6 17.5
Malaysia 17.8 18.1 15.4 14.5 15.1
Austria 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.3
Fiji 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2 19.1
Kenya 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4 17.5
Finland 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0 19.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.5 18.5 16.2 15.1 15.9
Zimbabwe 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0 20.2
Morocco 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4 18.2
Grenada 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7 19.5
Norway 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.2 17.9
Antigua and Barbuda 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5 18.1
Togo 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7 13.1
New Zealand 19.2 19.1 18.3 17.7 17.9
Panama 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8 19.6
Kuwait 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9 22.4
Bhutan 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6 23.7
Senegal 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0 17.4
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 20.5 19.0 20.8 20.3
Germany 21.3 21.0 20.7 20.5 20.4
United Kingdom 21.2 21.1 20.9 20.6 19.8
Namibia 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2 21.9
Jamaica 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5 14.9
Syrian Arab Republic 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5 23.8
Ireland 22.2 22.0 21.5 20.8 20.7
France 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4 22.4
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3 23.2
Canada 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8 21.8
Nicaragua 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3 35.7
Belize 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8 21.1
Netherlands 23.0 23.5 23.4 22.0 22.3
Belgium 23.9 23.6 23.2 23.2 22.7
St. Lucia 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2 17.3
Swaziland 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6 20.8
Dominica 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8 22.5
Vanuatu 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5 34.4
Guyana 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1 18.1
Botswana 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0 23.0
Oman 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5 27.1
Saudi Arabia 19.5 26.2 29.8 30.1 31.9
Papua New Guinea 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3 23.5
Denmark 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5 24.2
Sweden 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9 25.6
Liberia 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0 27.0
Suriname 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9 33.7
Jordan 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0 27.0
Guinea-Bissau 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4 17.9
Comoros 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3 27.5
Cuba 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.1
Gambia, The 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5 15.9
Mauritania 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7 29.1
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4 37.8
Seychelles 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7 34.6
Iraq 30.4 35.1 43.4 34.3 29.5
Israel 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2 36.3
Equatorial Guinea 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0 16.9
Kiribati 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1 54.5
Ethiopia
Libya
Monaco
French Polynesia
Estonia
Solomon Islands
Eritrea
Montenegro
Northern Mariana Islands
Guinea
Belarus
Slovak Republic
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Cabo Verde
Greenland
Myanmar
Faroe Islands
Guam
Maldives
Tajikistan 8.1
Macedonia, FYR
Azerbaijan
Haiti
Palau
Kazakhstan
Djibouti
Serbia
Hungary
Cayman Islands
Paraguay
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
American Samoa
Slovenia
Moldova
Cambodia
Poland
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Curacao
Bermuda
St. Martin (French part)
Isle of Man
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Qatar
Croatia
Marshall Islands
Russian Federation
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Armenia
Tanzania
Turkmenistan
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Aruba
Ukraine
Samoa
Argentina
San Marino
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Angola 50.0
Lithuania
United Arab Emirates
Liechtenstein
Andorra
Czech Republic
Uzbekistan
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 6.5 8.7
Vietnam
Latvia
West Bank and Gaza
Afghanistan
Zambia
Lebanon

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