Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Bangladesh 6.1 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0
Brunei Darussalam 8.3 4.4 5.5 9.5
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1
Ghana 11.2 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8
Guatemala 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7
Latvia 7.9 7.8 7.8 8.2 8.3
Sri Lanka 8.5 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8
Nepal 6.7 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3
Sierra Leone 8.4 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9
Albania 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4
Cameroon 9.7 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6
Philippines 9.1 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.4 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6
Dominican Republic 7.6 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4
Switzerland 9.4 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9
Sudan 16.0 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7
Turkey 11.6 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3
Brazil 9.2 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3
Pakistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1
Mexico 10.0 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2
Benin 8.6 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6
Romania 12.3 10.5
Madagascar 12.1 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8
Burundi 9.2 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8
India 10.1 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
Singapore 9.7 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6
Colombia 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0
Mali 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.1 10.6
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0
Niger 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2
Indonesia 10.5 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4
Bolivia 13.8 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3
Georgia 13.3 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1
Venezuela, RB 11.8 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7
Rwanda 12.5 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2
Honduras 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2
Portugal 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2
Thailand 12.3 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2
Bahamas, The 12.5 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9
Lesotho 21.8 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9
Somalia 15.6 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Congo, Rep. 17.6 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8
Ethiopia 12.5 13.6 14.8 14.7
Burkina Faso 9.2 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0
Mauritius 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7
Mozambique 12.2 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1
Peru 13.7 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3
Puerto Rico 15.8 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1
Costa Rica 18.2 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1
Spain 13.6 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9
Cyprus 13.7 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1
Bulgaria 13.7 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1
China 14.9 15.0 15.3 15.0 15.3
Chile 12.5 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2
Uruguay 12.5 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6
Gabon 13.2 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3
El Salvador 14.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0
Central African Republic 15.1 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2
Luxembourg 16.2 16.9 15.9 15.3 14.9
Algeria 15.2 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0
South Africa 14.3 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6
Tunisia 14.5 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9
Barbados 14.9 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8
United States 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6
Tonga 14.8 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8
Bahrain 13.0 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6
Malta 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1
Greece 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 18.2
Ecuador 18.3 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2
Cote d'Ivoire 16.9 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2
Malawi 19.3 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7
Australia 17.1 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2
Malaysia 16.0 17.5 17.7 15.2 14.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0
Italy 16.6 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2
Austria 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2
Iceland 16.9 17.2 18.1 18.2 16.7
Fiji 15.9 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2
Kenya 19.8 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Finland 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0
Zimbabwe 18.5 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0
Morocco 18.0 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4
Grenada 20.4 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5
Togo 22.4 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7
Panama 17.6 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8
Kuwait 11.2 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.5 22.7 19.6 17.6 16.4
New Zealand 20.3 19.8 19.7 18.8 18.1
Norway 19.2 19.4 19.7 19.7 18.8
Bhutan 22.9 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6
Senegal 24.8 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0
Germany 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.6
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 12.8 21.0 20.9 22.4
United Kingdom 20.6 21.2 21.0 20.9 20.6
Namibia 14.1 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2
Jamaica 20.2 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5
Syrian Arab Republic 23.2 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5
France 20.9 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4
Ireland 22.2 22.2 22.1 21.6 20.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.9 26.0 22.6 22.9 24.0
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3
Canada 21.4 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.0 22.5
Nicaragua 19.7 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3
Belize 17.2 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8
Netherlands 23.1 23.1 23.6 23.5 22.1
Belgium 22.8 24.0 23.6 23.3 23.2
St. Lucia 17.5 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2
Swaziland 27.0 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6
Dominica 27.3 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8
Vanuatu 27.0 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5
Guyana 24.2 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1
Botswana 21.3 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0
Oman 25.0 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5
Saudi Arabia 15.9 19.6 26.2 29.8 30.2
Papua New Guinea 24.1 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3
Denmark 25.8 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5
Sweden 27.3 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9
Zambia 25.5 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1
Liberia 21.3 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0
Suriname 21.3 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9
Jordan 29.2 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0
Guinea-Bissau 27.6 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4
Comoros 30.9 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3
Cuba 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7
Gambia, The 31.2 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5
Mauritania 45.3 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4
Seychelles 28.7 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7
Israel 40.1 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2
Equatorial Guinea 84.5 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0
Kiribati 59.2 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1
Solomon Islands
Angola
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Lao PDR 6.5
Macedonia, FYR
Northern Mariana Islands
Marshall Islands
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Kosovo
Turkmenistan
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Lithuania
Palau
Andorra
Czech Republic
Faeroe Islands
Tanzania
Liechtenstein
Kazakhstan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Paraguay
Timor-Leste
Maldives
Cambodia
Ukraine
Tuvalu
Poland
Bermuda
Isle of Man
Slovenia
Iraq
Greenland
Qatar
South Sudan
Hungary
French Polynesia
Russian Federation
Estonia
Montenegro
Eritrea
Haiti
Samoa
Djibouti
San Marino
Curacao
Sao Tome and Principe
Tajikistan
Myanmar
Croatia
Guinea
Monaco
Serbia
Cayman Islands
Argentina
Cabo Verde
Azerbaijan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Vietnam
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Moldova
United Arab Emirates
Slovak Republic
Belarus
American Samoa
Uzbekistan
Guam
Aruba
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Armenia
Yemen, Rep.
Libya
Lebanon

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