Country name 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985
Mali 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 18.4
Bangladesh 4.4 4.4 4.3 4.3 4.0
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1 7.2
Ghana 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3 9.4
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0 11.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6 7.7
Guatemala 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7 7.0
Sri Lanka 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8 10.2
Philippines 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0 7.6
Burundi 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8 7.8
Albania 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4 9.3
Mexico 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2 9.2
Sierra Leone 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9 7.9
Bolivia 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3 10.6
Dominican Republic 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4 7.5
Barbados 9.5 9.4 9.3 9.5 10.7
Turkey 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3 7.5
Brunei Darussalam 4.4 5.5 9.5
Sudan 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7 12.3
Cameroon 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6 9.0
Madagascar 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8 9.8
Brazil 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3 9.9
Switzerland 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9 10.0
Nepal 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3 9.4
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0 14.5
Indonesia 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1 11.2
India 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9 11.5
Singapore 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6 13.4
Colombia 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0 10.7
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4 10.4
Niger 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2 10.8
Pakistan 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1 12.1
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.2 11.2 11.6 12.4 11.6
Rwanda 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2 11.3
Venezuela, RB 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7 10.8
Georgia 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1 12.8
Costa Rica 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1 13.5
Thailand 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2 13.5
Lesotho 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9 17.1
Honduras 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2 13.1
Portugal 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2 13.6
Mauritius 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7 11.5
Bahamas, The 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9 12.5
Peru 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1 12.0
Chile 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5 13.4
Tonga 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8 16.0
Burkina Faso 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0 17.3
Benin 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6 15.4
Japan 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3 13.9
Uruguay 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6 14.4
Puerto Rico 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1 15.1
China 15.0 15.2 15.0 15.3 14.4
Cyprus 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1 14.1
Spain 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9 15.2
Luxembourg 16.8 15.9 15.2 14.8 15.2
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2 12.7
Ecuador 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2 14.8
Malaysia 17.8 18.1 15.4 14.5 15.1
Bulgaria 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1 16.6
Congo, Rep. 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8 16.5
El Salvador 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0 15.5
Algeria 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0 16.7
Iran, Islamic Rep. 21.5 18.5 16.2 15.1 15.9
United States 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6 15.8
Malawi 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7 17.7
South Africa 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6 18.2
Malta 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1 16.4
Cote d'Ivoire 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2 14.1
Central African Republic 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2 15.1
Tunisia 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9 17.0
Gabon 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3 20.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0 17.2
Togo 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7 13.1
Zimbabwe 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0 20.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 17.6 17.7 17.2 15.3
Greece 17.2 17.4 18.0 18.5 19.3
Iceland 17.1 18.0 18.1 16.6 17.5
Austria 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2 18.3
Bahrain 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6 22.8
Morocco 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4 18.2
Grenada 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7 19.5
New Zealand 19.2 19.1 18.3 17.7 17.9
Italy 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2 18.3
Kenya 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4 17.5
Australia 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2 18.8
Panama 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8 19.6
Finland 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0 19.7
Senegal 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0 17.4
Norway 18.6 19.0 19.0 18.2 17.9
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 20.5 19.0 20.8 20.3
Somalia 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Antigua and Barbuda 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5 18.1
Jamaica 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5 14.9
Fiji 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2 19.1
Bhutan 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6 23.7
Germany 21.3 21.0 20.7 20.5 20.4
Mozambique 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1 12.9
United Kingdom 21.2 21.1 20.9 20.6 19.8
Kuwait 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9 22.4
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3 23.2
Ireland 22.2 22.0 21.5 20.8 20.7
Swaziland 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6 20.8
Syrian Arab Republic 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5 23.8
Namibia 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2 21.9
France 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4 22.4
St. Lucia 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2 17.3
Canada 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8 21.8
Belgium 23.9 23.6 23.2 23.2 22.7
Papua New Guinea 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3 23.5
Netherlands 23.0 23.5 23.4 22.0 22.3
Belize 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8 21.1
Zambia 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1 23.9
Dominica 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8 22.5
Suriname 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9 33.7
Liberia 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0 27.0
Guinea-Bissau 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4 17.9
Botswana 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0 23.0
Denmark 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5 24.2
Jordan 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0 27.0
Oman 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5 27.1
Sweden 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9 25.6
Guyana 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1 18.1
Comoros 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3 27.5
Saudi Arabia 19.5 26.2 29.8 30.1 31.9
Equatorial Guinea 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0 16.9
Nicaragua 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3 35.7
Cuba 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.1
Seychelles 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7 34.6
Mauritania 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7 29.1
Vanuatu 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5 34.4
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4 37.8
Israel 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2 36.3
Gambia, The 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5 15.9
Iraq 30.4 35.1 43.4 34.3 29.5
Kiribati 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1 54.5
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Slovenia
Liechtenstein
Haiti
Faeroe Islands
French Polynesia
Northern Mariana Islands
Montenegro
Ethiopia
South Sudan
Moldova
San Marino
Estonia
Serbia
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Eritrea
Isle of Man
Libya
Cambodia
Paraguay
Samoa
Hungary
Sao Tome and Principe
Lithuania
Curacao
Marshall Islands
Guam
Monaco
Croatia
Myanmar
Slovak Republic
Greenland
Solomon Islands
Belarus
Cayman Islands
Guinea
Maldives
Macedonia, FYR
Cabo Verde
Tajikistan 8.1
St. Martin (French part)
Angola 50.0
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Bermuda
Kazakhstan
American Samoa
Korea, Dem. Rep.
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Tanzania
Turkmenistan
Timor-Leste
Tuvalu
Ukraine
Azerbaijan
Qatar
Armenia
Romania 12.3 10.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Russian Federation
Argentina
Czech Republic
United Arab Emirates
Poland
Andorra
Djibouti
Uzbekistan
Vietnam
Kyrgyz Republic
Lao PDR 6.5 8.7
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Latvia
Yemen, Rep.
Afghanistan
Lebanon

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