Country name 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984
Bangladesh 6.1 4.5 4.5 4.4 4.2
Macao SAR, China 5.8 5.6 6.1
Ghana 11.2 8.8 6.5 5.9 7.3
Chad 5.5 6.1 10.0
Hong Kong SAR, China 5.6 6.8 7.2 7.4 6.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 8.4 10.0 9.5 7.5 6.6
Guatemala 8.0 7.9 7.7 7.6 7.7
Sri Lanka 8.5 7.4 8.3 8.1 7.8
Latvia 7.9 7.8 7.8 8.2 8.3
Philippines 9.1 8.8 9.1 8.3 7.0
Burundi 9.2 9.1 10.7 8.3 7.8
Albania 9.0 8.5 8.6 8.8 9.4
Mexico 10.0 10.8 10.5 8.8 9.2
Sierra Leone 8.4 7.0 8.6 8.9 6.9
Bolivia 13.8 13.3 11.8 9.0 13.3
Dominican Republic 7.6 9.5 9.8 9.1 8.4
Turkey 11.6 9.8 9.9 9.4 8.3
Brunei Darussalam 8.3 4.4 5.5 9.5
Sudan 16.0 12.9 9.9 9.5 9.7
Cameroon 9.7 8.9 8.8 9.5 9.6
Madagascar 12.1 11.6 10.6 9.6 9.8
Brazil 9.2 9.3 10.0 9.7 8.3
Switzerland 9.4 9.6 9.8 10.1 9.9
Nepal 6.7 7.0 8.5 10.1 9.3
Uganda 11.2 10.2 11.0
Indonesia 10.5 11.0 11.5 10.4 10.1
India 10.1 10.1 10.7 10.6 10.9
Singapore 9.7 9.4 10.7 10.7 10.6
Colombia 10.1 10.4 10.9 11.0 11.0
Korea, Rep. 11.7 11.7 11.6 11.0 10.4
Mali 11.6 11.0 11.1 11.1 10.6
Niger 10.4 10.9 11.3 11.2 10.2
Pakistan 10.0 10.2 10.3 11.4 12.1
Rwanda 12.5 20.0 12.9 11.8 10.2
Venezuela, RB 11.8 12.7 12.5 11.8 10.7
Georgia 13.3 12.2 12.3 12.1 12.1
Costa Rica 18.2 15.7 14.6 12.5 13.1
Thailand 12.3 12.8 13.1 12.9 13.2
Lesotho 21.8 20.9 13.3 13.0 12.9
Honduras 12.7 12.8 13.1 13.1 13.2
Portugal 12.7 13.2 13.1 13.2 13.2
Mauritius 14.0 13.9 13.8 13.3 12.7
Bahamas, The 12.5 13.8 13.2 13.7 12.9
Peru 13.7 13.5 14.2 13.8 12.1
Chile 12.5 13.2 15.3 14.2 14.5
Tonga 14.8 14.0 16.9 14.3 15.8
Burkina Faso 9.2 9.3 13.8 14.4 13.0
Benin 8.6 9.2 10.5 14.4 13.6
Japan 14.1 14.1 14.2 14.5 14.3
Uruguay 12.5 14.4 15.7 14.5 13.6
Ethiopia 12.5 13.6 14.8 14.7
Puerto Rico 15.8 15.7 14.4 14.9 15.1
China 14.9 15.0 15.3 15.0 15.3
Cyprus 13.7 14.6 14.8 15.1 14.1
Spain 13.6 14.6 14.7 15.2 14.9
Malaysia 16.0 17.5 17.7 15.2 14.3
Luxembourg 16.2 16.9 15.9 15.3 14.9
Nigeria 14.7 15.7 15.3 13.2
Ecuador 18.3 15.9 17.3 15.4 16.2
Bulgaria 13.7 14.7 15.0 15.5 15.1
Congo, Rep. 17.6 13.4 13.5 15.5 14.8
El Salvador 14.0 15.8 15.8 15.8 16.0
Algeria 15.2 15.1 16.2 16.2 16.0
Barbados 14.9 16.9 16.5 16.3 16.8
United States 15.9 15.8 16.5 16.3 15.6
Malawi 19.3 17.9 17.5 16.4 15.7
South Africa 14.3 14.9 16.4 16.4 17.6
Malta 14.9 16.0 17.0 16.6 16.1
Cote d'Ivoire 16.9 17.6 17.4 16.9 15.2
Central African Republic 15.1 15.0 15.9 16.9 14.2
Tunisia 14.5 14.8 16.5 16.9 16.9
Gabon 13.2 14.2 15.7 17.2 18.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 15.7 19.0 17.8 17.2 18.0
Togo 22.4 19.1 19.1 17.2 15.7
Zimbabwe 18.5 16.2 18.6 17.3 20.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 22.5 22.7 19.6 17.6 16.4
Greece 15.3 16.8 17.1 17.6 18.2
Austria 17.3 17.7 18.1 18.1 18.2
Bahrain 13.0 14.5 17.0 18.1 20.6
Morocco 18.0 19.0 18.7 18.2 17.4
Iceland 16.9 17.2 18.1 18.2 16.7
Grenada 20.4 20.1 18.7 18.3 20.7
Italy 16.6 17.9 18.0 18.4 18.2
Kenya 19.8 18.6 18.4 18.4 17.4
Australia 17.1 17.7 17.7 18.6 18.2
Panama 17.6 17.0 19.1 18.7 19.8
New Zealand 20.3 19.8 19.7 18.8 18.1
Finland 17.7 18.4 18.5 18.8 19.0
Senegal 24.8 23.1 19.9 18.9 18.0
Norway 19.2 19.4 19.7 19.7 18.8
Somalia 15.6 22.1 13.3 19.8 17.0
Antigua and Barbuda 19.3 18.9 19.0 20.1 18.5
Jamaica 20.2 20.6 22.0 20.1 16.5
Fiji 15.9 16.4 18.3 20.3 19.2
Bhutan 22.9 19.3 19.8 20.4 23.6
Germany 20.8 21.3 21.0 20.8 20.6
Mozambique 12.2 14.0 14.2 20.8 15.1
United Kingdom 20.6 21.2 21.0 20.9 20.6
Trinidad and Tobago 12.1 12.8 21.0 20.9 22.4
Kuwait 11.2 14.2 19.3 21.2 20.9
Mongolia 24.9 22.6 21.4 22.3
Swaziland 27.0 26.7 24.2 21.6 20.6
Ireland 22.2 22.2 22.1 21.6 20.9
Syrian Arab Republic 23.2 20.8 22.0 22.0 24.5
Namibia 14.1 20.6 21.5 22.1 22.2
France 20.9 21.6 22.0 22.2 22.4
St. Lucia 17.5 17.0 24.0 22.4 19.2
Canada 21.4 21.3 23.0 22.7 21.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.9 26.0 22.6 22.9 24.0
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 23.0 23.2 23.4 23.0 22.5
Papua New Guinea 24.1 27.0 26.8 23.3 23.3
Belgium 22.8 24.0 23.6 23.3 23.2
Netherlands 23.1 23.1 23.6 23.5 22.1
Belize 17.2 19.0 23.5 23.7 19.8
Zambia 25.5 28.3 27.7 24.1 25.1
Dominica 27.3 25.4 24.5 24.2 24.8
Suriname 21.3 24.2 28.4 24.7 28.9
Liberia 21.3 24.9 28.1 24.8 22.0
Guinea-Bissau 27.6 28.5 29.4 25.5 15.4
Botswana 21.3 24.8 26.1 25.8 25.0
Denmark 25.8 26.6 27.0 26.3 24.5
Jordan 29.2 31.5 29.0 26.5 28.0
Oman 25.0 24.6 26.1 26.6 26.5
Sweden 27.3 27.6 27.5 26.9 25.9
Guyana 24.2 29.1 25.8 27.1 18.1
Comoros 30.9 30.9 29.9 28.4 28.3
Saudi Arabia 15.9 19.6 26.2 29.8 30.2
Equatorial Guinea 84.5 70.4 45.6 30.1 24.0
Nicaragua 19.7 21.9 23.4 31.4 35.3
Cuba 31.6 31.7 31.7 31.7 31.7
Seychelles 28.7 31.5 34.9 32.8 30.7
Mauritania 45.3 38.8 32.1 33.0 30.7
Vanuatu 27.0 23.6 24.6 33.4 30.5
New Caledonia 30.7 32.9 34.9 36.4
Israel 40.1 41.5 38.3 35.4 38.2
Gambia, The 31.2 46.0 31.9 39.4 54.5
Kiribati 59.2 57.9 54.0 48.8 47.1
Micronesia, Fed. Sts. 58.3
Estonia
Moldova
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kazakhstan
Tuvalu
Northern Mariana Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Isle of Man
Lao PDR 6.5
Djibouti
Bermuda
Marshall Islands
Slovenia
Tanzania
South Sudan
Cayman Islands
Montenegro
Iraq
Czech Republic
Palau
Croatia
Hungary
Timor-Leste
American Samoa
Kosovo
Paraguay
Ukraine
Haiti
Kyrgyz Republic
West Bank and Gaza
Slovak Republic
Poland
Solomon Islands
Aruba
French Polynesia
Guinea
Faeroe Islands
Qatar
Eritrea
Romania 12.3 10.5
St. Martin (French part)
Russian Federation
Myanmar
Andorra
Curacao
Samoa
Afghanistan
San Marino
Tajikistan
Sao Tome and Principe
Lithuania
Cabo Verde
Argentina
Turkmenistan
Cambodia
Vietnam
Macedonia, FYR
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Armenia
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Monaco
United Arab Emirates
Angola
Belarus
Greenland
Uzbekistan
Guam
Azerbaijan
Serbia
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Libya
Yemen, Rep.
Liechtenstein
Lebanon

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