Country name 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989
Uzbekistan 1.4 2.2 3.4
Bangladesh 4.0 4.2 4.1 4.2 4.2
Argentina 4.7 4.3 4.5
Dominican Republic 7.5 7.1 5.8 5.6 5.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.0 7.0 6.3 6.1 6.3
Sierra Leone 7.9 6.3 9.4 6.7 7.3
Sudan 12.3 13.8 12.8 7.0 7.0
Turkey 7.5 7.6 7.8 7.6 9.3
Nigeria 12.7 12.6 7.2 7.6 5.4
Guatemala 7.0 7.1 7.9 8.0 7.9
Macao SAR, China 7.2 7.5 7.3 8.0 9.1
Tajikistan 8.1 8.5 8.7 8.0 8.7
Uganda 14.5 9.0 8.0 8.1 7.0
Madagascar 9.8 8.8 9.1 8.1 8.8
Mexico 9.2 9.1 8.8 8.4 8.3
Indonesia 11.2 11.0 9.4 8.5 8.7
Colombia 10.7 9.8 8.7 8.6 9.2
Peru 12.0 12.8 12.5 8.7 8.8
Nepal 9.4 9.1 9.1 9.0 10.0
Philippines 7.6 8.0 8.4 9.0 9.5
Albania 9.3 9.3 9.6 9.5 8.8
Guinea-Bissau 17.9 13.2 10.7 9.6 11.2
Ghana 9.4 11.1 10.6 9.7 9.8
Sri Lanka 10.2 10.3 9.9 9.8 10.5
Singapore 13.4 12.7 11.5 9.9 9.7
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.2 9.9 10.0 10.7
Thailand 13.5 12.8 11.3 10.0 9.5
Switzerland 10.0 10.2 10.1 10.3 10.7
Chile 13.4 12.6 10.9 10.5 10.3
Venezuela, RB 10.8 11.1 10.5 10.5 9.6
Burundi 7.8 9.8 9.7 10.7 10.2
Cameroon 9.0 11.3 12.2 10.7 10.8
Lao PDR 8.7 8.6 8.3 10.9
Guinea 11.4 11.9 11.2 11.7
Bolivia 10.6 9.4 11.1 11.4 11.9
Mozambique 12.9 13.2 11.1 11.9 13.1
Uruguay 14.4 14.3 13.2 12.2 12.3
India 11.5 12.1 12.5 12.2 12.2
Costa Rica 13.5 13.0 12.2 12.5 13.6
Brazil 9.9 10.7 12.2 12.6 15.5
Bhutan 23.7 18.6 14.0 12.6 19.6
Mauritius 11.5 10.5 11.7 12.7 12.2
Chad 11.7 13.9 15.8 12.7 15.0
El Salvador 15.5 14.2 13.7 12.7 12.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 7.7 8.0 9.9 12.7 10.1
China 14.4 14.7 13.9 13.1 13.8
Syrian Arab Republic 23.8 21.5 18.0 13.2 16.0
Benin 15.4 15.3 15.5 13.2 11.1
Togo 13.1 17.6 18.0 13.5 13.8
Rwanda 11.3 11.9 13.5 13.5 12.7
Japan 13.9 13.9 13.9 13.5 13.4
Georgia 12.8 13.1 13.4 13.6 11.8
Mali 11.4 14.9 14.2 13.7 13.6
Portugal 13.6 13.4 13.3 13.8 14.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 17.2 16.5 14.3 13.9 12.6
Honduras 13.1 14.3 14.2 14.1 14.3
Puerto Rico 15.1 14.7 14.4 14.2 14.4
Malaysia 14.8 16.4 14.9 14.2 14.1
Jamaica 14.9 14.3 13.8 14.4 12.9
Fiji 19.1 17.3 17.4 14.4 17.3
Zambia 23.9 26.9 20.4 14.9 13.7
Luxembourg 15.2 14.9 15.8 15.0 14.6
Spain 15.2 15.0 15.5 15.4 15.9
Niger 10.8 11.3 11.2 15.5 15.7
Pakistan 12.1 12.8 13.5 15.5 16.8
United States 15.8 16.0 15.9 15.6 15.6
Trinidad and Tobago 22.7 23.4 21.6 15.7 13.3
Malawi 17.7 19.7 19.1 15.7 16.3
Ethiopia 13.1 13.6 13.5 15.7 17.0
Malta 16.4 16.1 16.5 16.0 16.5
Greece 18.9 17.9 18.3 16.1 17.1
Central African Republic 15.1 15.6 17.5 16.1 15.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 17.2 16.4 15.4 16.3 13.1
Ecuador 14.8 15.6 15.3 16.3 13.7
Tonga 16.0 15.8 16.7 16.3 17.4
Bulgaria 16.6 16.9 16.9 16.3 16.5
Belize 21.1 20.5 17.9 16.6 15.2
Tunisia 17.0 17.8 16.9 16.6 17.3
Cyprus 14.1 14.1 16.6 16.7 16.0
St. Lucia 17.3 20.0 19.2 16.9 17.9
Cote d'Ivoire 14.1 15.1 16.3 17.1 18.3
Barbados 18.9 17.7 17.1 17.3 17.9
Swaziland 20.8 20.1 19.4 17.5 17.4
New Zealand 17.9 17.7 17.5 17.6 17.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 22.5 19.8 19.4 17.6 17.4
Gambia, The 15.9 18.4 21.7 17.8 14.4
Australia 18.8 18.9 18.8 18.0 17.3
Ireland 20.7 20.9 19.8 18.0 16.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 19.7 19.6 19.9 18.1 19.2
Morocco 18.2 18.1 19.1 18.1 17.8
Senegal 17.4 17.6 17.5 18.1 17.8
United Kingdom 19.7 19.7 19.0 18.2 17.8
Austria 18.3 18.5 18.5 18.3 18.0
Kenya 17.5 18.3 18.6 18.4 18.1
South Africa 18.2 18.8 19.2 18.5 19.2
Grenada 19.5 18.6 20.4 18.9 22.4
Italy 18.3 18.0 18.8 19.2 19.0
Dominica 22.5 20.5 20.0 19.3 20.9
Antigua and Barbuda 18.1 18.2 16.6 19.4 19.0
Finland 19.7 20.0 20.3 19.6 19.5
Gabon 20.4 25.8 24.6 19.8 14.2
Iceland 17.6 18.0 18.9 19.9 19.3
Norway 17.9 19.0 20.0 19.9 20.0
Burkina Faso 17.3 19.0 19.9 20.0 20.1
Algeria 16.7 19.0 19.4 20.1 18.0
Germany 20.5 20.4 20.6 20.3 19.4
Equatorial Guinea 16.9 18.7 15.1 20.5 16.6
Papua New Guinea 23.5 23.0 22.4 20.9 24.5
Panama 19.6 20.5 22.0 20.9 19.3
Belgium 22.7 22.6 22.4 21.0 20.3
Congo, Rep. 16.5 25.0 20.6 21.0 19.5
Canada 21.8 21.9 21.2 21.1 21.4
France 22.4 22.1 21.9 21.5 20.9
Turkmenistan 21.3 21.6 22.5
Kyrgyz Republic 22.8 22.0 19.7
Netherlands 22.4 22.3 23.2 22.6 21.9
Namibia 21.9 22.9 24.5 23.3 21.9
Botswana 23.0 24.0 26.9 23.9 22.7
Sweden 25.6 25.3 24.6 23.9 24.2
Mauritania 29.1 23.6 24.4 24.3 25.3
Bahrain 22.8 27.2 24.4 24.4 24.6
Denmark 24.2 23.0 24.2 24.6 24.3
Jordan 27.0 25.3 25.7 25.7 25.5
Mongolia 23.2 26.2 26.3 25.7 23.2
Kuwait 22.4 27.0 22.0 26.3 25.4
Comoros 27.5 27.6 27.3 27.1 27.6
Zimbabwe 20.2 20.6 23.4 27.5 18.7
Guyana 18.1 31.5 27.4 28.1 16.5
Oman 27.1 33.2 30.4 29.6 27.1
Saudi Arabia 31.9 34.7 35.2 30.9 33.6
Israel 36.3 30.9 34.0 31.6 29.4
Cuba 31.1 32.1 32.0 31.8 31.7
Seychelles 34.6 38.8 34.4 31.8 33.3
Nicaragua 35.7 35.4 34.2 32.2 26.7
Lesotho 17.1 16.7 31.0 33.1 28.6
Vanuatu 34.4 37.2 35.8 34.2 30.3
Suriname 33.7 36.8 37.6 36.5 30.0
Kiribati 54.5 54.0 50.7 45.9 53.2
Angola 50.0 50.0 50.0 50.0 33.3
Moldova
Tanzania
Northern Mariana Islands
Faeroe Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Ukraine 17.3
Marshall Islands
Guam
Maldives
Djibouti
Palau
Cambodia
West Bank and Gaza
Aruba
Macedonia, FYR
Lithuania
New Caledonia 37.8 40.7
Paraguay
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Estonia
Libya
Taiwan, China
Poland
Timor-Leste
Liberia 27.0 22.0
Monaco
Afghanistan
Bahamas, The 12.5 12.1 12.0 13.6
Qatar
Montenegro
Romania
Russian Federation 20.1
Andorra
Lebanon 18.1
Haiti
Samoa
Greenland
San Marino
French Polynesia
Sao Tome and Principe
Myanmar
Latvia
Eritrea
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Czech Republic
Serbia
Curacao
Brunei Darussalam 24.3
Croatia
Bermuda
Cayman Islands
Tuvalu
Cabo Verde
Kazakhstan
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Isle of Man
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Belarus
Slovak Republic
United Arab Emirates
Slovenia
Azerbaijan
Solomon Islands
Armenia
Vietnam 7.8
Somalia
Iraq
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
South Sudan
Yemen, Rep.
Hungary
American Samoa

Featured indicators

Help/Feedback

User Voice