Country name 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995
Dominican Republic 3.2 3.8 4.4 4.7 4.6
Cambodia 4.5 6.9 5.8
Iraq 16.6 7.6 4.9 2.6 2.3
Bangladesh 4.1 4.5 5.0 4.9 4.6
Sudan 8.7 7.3 5.6 4.8 5.5
Georgia 9.4 9.4 5.9 9.8 10.9
Haiti 7.3 7.1 6.2 10.8 7.3
Guatemala 5.4 6.4 6.4 5.6 5.5
Nigeria 4.8 6.0 6.5 17.9 12.1
Guinea-Bissau 10.6 9.0 7.1 7.1 6.4
Vietnam 8.1 5.8 7.3 8.3 8.2
Hong Kong SAR, China 7.1 7.6 7.5 7.5 8.0
Madagascar 8.8 8.2 7.9 6.9 6.7
Barbados 10.5 8.0 8.1 12.1 12.1
Peru 7.7 8.0 8.1 9.0 10.1
Guinea 10.0 8.6 8.3 7.9 7.5
Nepal 9.0 7.8 8.5 8.0 9.2
Macao SAR, China 10.5 8.5 8.5 8.9 9.2
Venezuela, RB 9.7 9.2 8.5 7.2 7.1
El Salvador 9.9 9.4 8.6 8.4 8.6
Paraguay 6.6 8.0 8.7 8.9 8.9
Singapore 9.2 8.8 9.0 8.1 8.1
Indonesia 8.3 8.8 9.0 8.1 7.8
Sri Lanka 9.8 9.6 9.2 9.7 11.5
Chad 8.9 9.2 10.0 8.1 7.3
Colombia 9.2 9.5 10.1 14.7 15.2
Sierra Leone 9.7 8.5 10.1 10.7 8.8
Philippines 9.9 9.7 10.1 10.8 11.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 9.9 10.1 10.1 11.6 10.9
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.2 10.4 10.3 10.3 10.5
Chile 10.0 10.0 10.5 10.4 10.4
Honduras 10.8 11.5 10.6 9.6 9.3
Ecuador 11.3 9.9 10.6 11.0 11.2
Turkmenistan 22.8 10.8 8.5 11.9
Korea, Rep. 10.8 11.2 10.9 10.6 10.4
Thailand 9.2 9.9 11.0 11.1 11.3
Uganda 8.8 9.7 11.2 11.7 11.2
Jamaica 11.6 11.4 10.1 11.1
Switzerland 11.3 11.7 11.5 11.5 11.4
India 11.6 11.5 11.6 11.0 11.1
Mauritania 16.5 12.7 12.0 11.6 10.7
Uruguay 12.0 11.6 12.2 11.9 11.8
Romania 15.2 14.3 12.3 13.8 13.7
Cameroon 13.3 12.8 12.4 9.4 8.7
Malaysia 13.7 13.0 12.6 12.3 12.4
Bahamas, The 14.2 13.7 12.9 14.8 13.9
Turkey 12.4 12.9 12.9 11.7 10.8
Mexico 9.1 9.9 13.0 12.5 13.2
Malawi 12.0 14.1 13.0 31.6 21.0
Pakistan 14.3 12.9 13.1 12.1 11.7
Costa Rica 13.4 12.4 13.2 13.8 13.5
Mali 14.3 15.2 13.2 10.8 9.9
Bolivia 12.1 12.9 13.4 13.6 13.6
Argentina 3.3 3.0 13.5 13.2 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 15.3 14.4 13.6 13.4 13.4
Puerto Rico 14.4 13.9 13.8 13.5 13.9
Kazakhstan 18.2 13.9 10.7 13.6
Mauritius 13.6 13.3 14.0 14.6 14.2
Lebanon 19.2 14.8 14.0 12.6 12.4
Albania 22.1 19.7 14.1 13.9 13.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 10.3 9.7 14.2 14.4 14.3
Rwanda 12.1 14.5 14.3 11.2 10.3
Japan 13.4 13.8 14.3 14.7 15.2
St. Lucia 14.6 14.6 14.3 14.3 15.1
Ghana 9.5 12.1 14.4 13.7 12.1
Kenya 16.8 15.7 14.5 15.2 14.8
Gambia, The 13.1 14.2 14.5 11.4 11.6
Belize 13.0 13.5 14.8 15.3 14.3
Luxembourg 14.4 15.0 14.9 14.5 15.0
Zimbabwe 16.1 24.2 14.9 16.7 18.0
Panama 17.5 15.9 15.1 14.8 15.1
Central African Republic 16.6 17.1 15.3 16.5 14.9
Benin 16.2 15.8 15.3 15.6 14.4
Gabon 14.3 15.5 15.3 12.0 11.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 20.0 21.5 15.4 4.4 4.9
China 15.4 15.5 15.4 15.3 13.7
Cote d'Ivoire 16.4 17.4 15.5 12.0 10.6
Guyana 15.4 17.0 15.6 15.5 15.0
United States 16.3 16.0 15.6 15.2 14.9
Niger 14.8 17.5 15.8 16.0 13.9
Moldova 15.1 18.2 15.9 22.9 27.1
Ukraine 17.4 17.6 16.0 19.4 21.3
Togo 17.5 12.4 16.1 13.2 12.1
Senegal 17.4 17.3 16.2 14.5 13.3
Tunisia 16.6 16.0 16.3 16.3 16.3
Bhutan 17.9 18.7 16.4 14.9 11.9
Greece 16.5 15.9 16.6 16.0 17.8
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.1 20.0 16.7 17.8 16.9
Cyprus 18.5 19.0 16.9 16.7 12.0
Trinidad and Tobago 17.3 18.2 17.0 15.1 15.9
Armenia 18.5 18.5 17.2 11.3 11.2
Algeria 14.7 16.0 17.3 17.9 16.8
Portugal 17.0 17.0 17.6 17.6 17.6
Nicaragua 20.6 19.7 17.6 7.5 7.5
Swaziland 14.9 13.4 17.6 17.3 15.4
Yemen, Rep. 16.7 17.5 17.6 17.5 14.4
Brazil 17.9 17.1 17.7 15.8 18.6
Tonga 20.4 18.9 17.7 16.0 16.8
New Zealand 18.7 18.9 17.7 16.8 16.8
Grenada 21.0 18.8 18.3 17.9 16.6
Morocco 16.4 17.4 18.3 17.4 19.1
Ireland 18.2 18.6 18.4 18.2 17.2
Spain 17.0 17.8 18.4 17.8 17.7
French Polynesia 19.1 18.1 18.4 19.1 20.0
Belarus 21.2 15.7 18.5 20.5 20.6
Fiji 17.5 18.0 18.5 16.4 16.1
Malta 16.8 17.3 18.6 18.9 18.6
Antigua and Barbuda 17.5 18.3 18.7 19.1 21.7
United Kingdom 18.9 19.4 18.7 18.4 18.1
Australia 18.1 18.9 18.8 18.2 17.9
Bulgaria 19.0 20.3 18.9 17.2 16.7
Austria 17.9 18.3 19.1 19.2 19.3
Germany 18.5 19.0 19.1 19.1 19.1
Tanzania 18.9 19.6 19.4 17.1 11.5
Mongolia 21.0 15.8 19.4 25.2 11.1
Italy 19.7 19.6 19.4 18.7 17.5
South Africa 19.8 20.2 19.6 19.8 18.1
Comoros 25.1 20.6 19.9 23.5 22.3
Russian Federation 16.5 13.9 20.0 19.1 19.1
Kyrgyz Republic 21.8 21.4 20.3 18.9 19.5
Burundi 10.8 19.2 20.5 17.4 19.1
Czech Republic 21.2 20.2 20.6 20.8 19.9
Iceland 19.6 20.2 20.7 20.6 21.1
Dominica 21.0 19.9 20.7 20.2 20.4
Mozambique 14.9 18.6 20.9 28.0 14.2
Macedonia, FYR 21.7 19.5 21.1 19.0 18.6
Belgium 20.7 20.8 21.1 20.9 21.1
Burkina Faso 21.7 21.7 21.3 26.1 25.2
Tajikistan 5.9 27.2 21.9 19.7 15.8
Norway 21.0 22.0 22.0 21.6 21.1
Jordan 25.1 21.9 22.1 22.6 23.6
Bahrain 23.4 23.9 22.3 21.0 20.8
Netherlands 21.8 22.3 22.6 22.4 22.4
Poland 25.3 24.0 22.6 19.5 19.5
Libya 26.5 28.9 22.8 22.6 22.3
France 21.4 22.0 23.1 22.9 22.9
Finland 23.9 24.3 23.3 22.4 21.9
Canada 24.0 24.4 23.8 22.6 21.7
Slovak Republic 21.1 25.9 24.0 20.5 20.3
Uzbekistan 20.8 21.2 24.5 21.2 22.3
Papua New Guinea 23.6 23.8 24.6 18.6 17.1
Equatorial Guinea 16.7 17.8 24.9 14.9 18.3
Denmark 24.1 24.1 25.2 24.3 24.1
Oman 25.1 24.4 25.4 24.9 25.1
Brunei Darussalam 22.6 23.3 25.8 27.0 26.8
Namibia 25.2 26.5 26.0 23.6 25.1
Saudi Arabia 34.4 29.9 26.5 24.4 23.6
Sweden 26.1 27.2 27.5 26.5 25.5
Vanuatu 26.5 26.7 27.6 26.7 26.4
Congo, Rep. 27.7 26.9 27.7 21.8 15.7
Suriname 37.3 33.2 27.8 25.6 25.3
Hungary 25.0 25.8 27.8 25.6 22.9
Botswana 24.2 26.4 28.0 28.6 30.1
Israel 29.7 28.3 28.5 27.9 26.2
Seychelles 28.2 30.4 29.5 29.3 27.5
Azerbaijan 19.4 17.7 30.1 23.5 12.8
Eritrea 21.8 31.2 30.2 43.9
Lesotho 29.9 30.9 31.5 33.1 32.9
Cuba 33.3 34.8 35.4 27.3 24.4
Kuwait 76.2 55.5 35.9 33.9 32.2
Angola 50.0 42.3 41.6 40.1
Cayman Islands
Serbia 17.3
Aruba 19.8 21.1
Liechtenstein
Bermuda
Sao Tome and Principe
Timor-Leste
Afghanistan
Kiribati 37.8 37.0
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Maldives 16.8
Palau
Samoa
Montenegro
Liberia
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Monaco
Northern Mariana Islands
Lithuania 23.8
Cabo Verde
Isle of Man
Lao PDR
Croatia 24.9
Marshall Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Guam
Curacao
Tuvalu
Djibouti 31.5 40.2 34.9
Myanmar
Greenland
Qatar 34.5 31.9
Turks and Caicos Islands
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Andorra
South Sudan
United Arab Emirates
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Estonia 25.9
American Samoa
Faroe Islands
Slovenia 18.0
Solomon Islands
Ethiopia
Somalia
West Bank and Gaza 18.1 18.4
Latvia 23.5
Zambia
New Caledonia

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