Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Dominican Republic 4.6 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9
Sudan 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5
Guatemala 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8
Madagascar 6.7 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2
Venezuela, RB 7.1 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3
Chad 7.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9
Haiti 7.3 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3
Nicaragua 7.5 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2
Guinea 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0
Indonesia 7.8 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6
Mozambique 8.1 6.3 6.8 7.7 8.5
Singapore 8.1 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5
Vietnam 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8
El Salvador 8.6 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0
Cameroon 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5
Sierra Leone 8.8 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5
Paraguay 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3
Macao SAR, China 9.2 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6
Nepal 9.2 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9
Honduras 9.3 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3
Mali 9.7 10.2 12.0 14.7 15.9
Thailand 9.9 10.2 10.1 11.1 11.5
Peru 10.1 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7
Rwanda 10.3 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3
Chile 10.4 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6
Cote d'Ivoire 10.6 10.5 7.0 6.5 6.5
Mauritania 10.7 11.1 10.8 12.4 19.3
Ethiopia 10.8 10.6 10.9 15.3 20.4
Turkey 10.8 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2
Georgia 10.9 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6
Argentina 11.0 10.3 10.0 10.3 11.3
India 11.1 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8
Jamaica 11.1 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7
Mongolia 11.1 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9
Uganda 11.2 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9
Ecuador 11.2 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8
Philippines 11.4 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2
Switzerland 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8
Sri Lanka 11.5 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0
Tanzania 11.5 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6
Gambia, The 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3
Pakistan 11.7 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4
Gabon 11.8 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8
Uruguay 11.8 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.7 11.6 11.8 10.9
Bhutan 11.9 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1
Turkmenistan 11.9 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9
Ghana 12.1 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8
Nigeria 12.1 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0
Barbados 12.1 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7
Togo 12.1 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7
Malaysia 12.4 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0
Lebanon 12.4 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9
Azerbaijan 12.8 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6
Mexico 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4
Senegal 13.3 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3
Syrian Arab Republic 13.4 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6
Cyprus 13.5 15.4 16.8 16.6 17.4
Costa Rica 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5
Bolivia 13.6 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8
Kazakhstan 13.6 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5
Albania 13.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 9.2
Romania 13.7 13.1 12.3 7.1 5.7
China 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.6 15.3
Bahamas, The 13.9 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7
Niger 13.9 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0
Mauritius 14.2 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3
Belize 14.3 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8
Benin 14.4 13.5 13.2 13.1 13.0
Kenya 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8
Central African Republic 14.9 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0
United States 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1
Guyana 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0
Luxembourg 15.1 15.5 15.8 15.0 14.7
St. Lucia 15.1 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7
Panama 15.1 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0
Japan 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5
Colombia 15.2 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7
Swaziland 15.4 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7
Congo, Rep. 15.7 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1
Tajikistan 15.8 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.0 14.2 13.1 14.3 12.8
Fiji 16.1 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3
Grenada 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7
Bulgaria 16.7 12.2 11.6 14.7 16.9
Algeria 16.8 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8
Maldives 16.8 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6
Tonga 16.8 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8
Papua New Guinea 17.1 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9
New Zealand 17.2 17.0 17.8 17.7 18.0
Ireland 17.3 16.6 16.1 15.3 14.8
Greece 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1
Italy 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7
Portugal 17.6 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2
Spain 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8
Australia 17.9 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8
Serbia 17.9 19.1 21.7 19.6 18.8
Slovenia 18.0 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Zimbabwe 18.0 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8
United Kingdom 18.0 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.4
Equatorial Guinea 18.3 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2
South Africa 18.3 19.1 19.2 18.8 18.4
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4
Macedonia, FYR 18.6 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6
Malta 18.6 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8
Burundi 19.1 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2
Morocco 19.1 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0
Russian Federation 19.1 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6
Germany 19.2 19.5 19.1 18.9 19.0
Austria 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
Poland 19.5 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1
Czech Republic 19.9 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9
French Polynesia 20.0 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3 19.9 19.3 19.1 21.2
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3
Dominica 20.4 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0
Belarus 20.6 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5
Lithuania 20.8 21.4 22.1 23.9 22.0
Bahrain 20.8 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8
Malawi 21.0 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.9 20.6 20.3
Aruba 21.1 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3
Iceland 21.2 21.1 20.8 21.1 22.0
Belgium 21.2 21.6 21.0 20.9 21.1
Ukraine 21.3 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8
Norway 21.6 20.9 20.6 22.0 21.6
Canada 21.7 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5
Finland 21.9 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3
Uzbekistan 22.3 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6
Comoros 22.3 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7
Libya 22.3 23.8 23.6 26.2 21.9
Netherlands 22.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 20.6
France 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4
Hungary 23.0 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.2
Jordan 23.6 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0
Saudi Arabia 23.6 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5
Denmark 24.1 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4
Cuba 24.4 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9
Latvia 24.4 21.6 20.8 23.5 22.7
Estonia 24.7 22.4 20.2 20.1 21.3
Croatia 24.9 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5
Namibia 25.1 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1
Oman 25.1 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8
Burkina Faso 25.2 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8
Suriname 25.3 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0
Sweden 25.5 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4
Vanuatu 26.4 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.2 25.7
Brunei Darussalam 26.8 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6
Moldova 27.1 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4
Seychelles 27.5 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.3 28.5 19.0 18.3 18.6
Botswana 30.1 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4
Qatar 31.9 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7
Kuwait 32.2 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9
Lesotho 32.9 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3
Djibouti 34.9 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5
Eritrea 43.9 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5
Sao Tome and Principe
Monaco
Timor-Leste
South Sudan
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Lao PDR
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Cabo Verde
Angola
Marshall Islands
Iraq
St. Martin (French part)
Afghanistan
Montenegro
Myanmar
American Samoa
Kosovo
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kiribati
Palau
Isle of Man
Tuvalu
Turks and Caicos Islands
San Marino
Andorra
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
United Arab Emirates
Cayman Islands
Curacao
Faeroe Islands
Guam
Bermuda
Greenland
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liberia
Liechtenstein
Zambia
New Caledonia

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