Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Iraq 2.4 8.5 17.6 11.3 11.8
Bangladesh 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.0
Dominican Republic 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.8
Venezuela, RB 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3 12.4
Guatemala 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3 7.0
Sudan 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5 9.1
Cambodia 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9 2.1
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8 18.6
Nicaragua 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2 8.7
Guinea 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.1
Indonesia 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6 6.5
Georgia 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6 8.5
Turkmenistan 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9 14.2
Chad 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9 7.7
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6 9.4
Vietnam 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8 5.9
Singapore 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5 10.7
Haiti 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.8
Cameroon 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.5
Albania 9.2 10.2 10.3 10.0 9.5
Nepal 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9 8.9
El Salvador 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0 10.2
Honduras 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3 13.4
Paraguay 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.0
Madagascar 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2 9.0
Nigeria 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0 8.3
Macao SAR, China 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6 12.3
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.2
Cote d'Ivoire 10.5 15.0 13.7 13.8 14.4
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0 10.5
Peru 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7 11.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.6 10.3 11.1 11.2 11.0
Korea, Rep. 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3 11.3
India 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8 12.6
Sierra Leone 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5 14.3
Ecuador 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8 9.4
Chile 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4 11.6
Mali 11.0 11.2 18.7 17.0 16.4
Mauritania 11.1 10.8 18.1 18.7 20.2
Malaysia 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0 10.2
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9 11.8
Gabon 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8 9.6
Gambia, The 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3 11.2
Niger 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0 13.0
Rwanda 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9 11.6
Switzerland 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.8
Tanzania 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6 11.7
Turkey 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2 11.7
Thailand 11.6 12.1 13.1 13.6 13.6
Uganda 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9 14.5
Syrian Arab Republic 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6 12.4
Philippines 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2 11.4
Azerbaijan 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6 9.5
Togo 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7 10.5
Ghana 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8 10.2
Mozambique 12.1 13.6 15.2 17.2 16.2
Bulgaria 12.2 11.6 14.7 19.5 20.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 11.6 13.0 11.8 12.9
Mexico 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4 11.2
Argentina 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7 13.8
Mongolia 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6 15.3
Pakistan 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4 8.6
Cyprus 12.8 14.5 15.8 15.9 14.9
Uruguay 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2 12.4
Congo, Rep. 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1 11.6
Central African Republic 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0 16.3
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5 12.1
Barbados 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7 13.3
Romania 13.1 12.3 12.4 17.0 17.2
Bolivia 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8 14.5
Jamaica 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7 14.3
Costa Rica 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5 13.3
Panama 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0 13.2
Benin 13.5 13.2 13.1 12.2 12.1
Senegal 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3 12.8
China 13.9 14.1 14.6 15.2 15.7
Malawi 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4 14.6
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8 13.6
Belize 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5 12.9
Puerto Rico 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0 11.7
Bahamas, The 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.8
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3 14.1
Lebanon 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9 17.3
United States 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.0
Kenya 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8 15.1
Japan 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5 16.9
Luxembourg 15.4 15.7 14.9 14.7 14.3
Tunisia 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3 16.7
St. Lucia 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7 13.7
Algeria 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8 13.6
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.4 14.4 14.7 12.0
Maldives 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6 22.9
Fiji 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9 17.2
Guyana 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0 24.7
Grenada 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7 11.7
Ireland 16.6 16.1 15.5 14.9 14.7
New Zealand 16.6 16.8 17.5 17.2 17.0
Tajikistan 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9 8.3
Zimbabwe 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8 24.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 16.0 15.5 15.8 16.4
Morocco 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0 18.4
Swaziland 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7 18.2
Spain 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8 16.7
Tonga 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8 18.2
Greece 17.6 17.7 17.5 18.0 18.2
United Kingdom 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.3 17.4
Italy 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Portugal 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2 19.0
Australia 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8 17.7
Slovenia 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.5
Serbia 18.0 20.8 18.8 18.0 18.2
Macedonia, FYR 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6 16.9
Equatorial Guinea 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2 6.6
Colombia 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7 16.8
Kyrgyz Republic 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1 20.0
Comoros 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7 13.3
Poland 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1 18.1
South Africa 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5 18.4
Czech Republic 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9 19.5
Austria 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6 19.0
Germany 19.4 19.0 18.8 18.9 18.7
Russian Federation 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6 15.1
Brazil 19.8 19.5 20.1 19.8 18.8
Papua New Guinea 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9 16.6
Malta 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8 18.2
Burundi 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2 14.9
Dominica 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0 18.7
Bahrain 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8 16.2
French Polynesia 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4 20.3
Norway 20.5 20.1 21.5 21.2 19.0
Belarus 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5 19.5
Bhutan 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1 21.9
Canada 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3 19.0
Iceland 20.9 20.7 21.1 21.9 22.4
Antigua and Barbuda 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5 18.2
Netherlands 21.4 20.9 20.7 20.5 20.4
Belgium 21.5 21.0 20.9 21.0 20.9
Hungary 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.1 21.1
Ukraine 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8 20.9
West Bank and Gaza 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4 25.5
Latvia 21.9 21.0 22.7 22.5 20.7
Uzbekistan 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.7
Finland 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3 19.8
Slovak Republic 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3 19.4
Croatia 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5 21.3
Estonia 22.8 20.6 20.3 21.6 19.1
France 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4 22.1
Oman 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8 21.5
Libya 23.8 23.6 26.2 18.6 18.4
Lithuania 23.9 24.0 25.7 23.4 22.2
Denmark 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4 23.9
Burkina Faso 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8 20.7
Saudi Arabia 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5 26.0
Jordan 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0 23.7
Namibia 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1 23.5
Brunei Darussalam 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6 25.8
Sweden 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4 24.5
Botswana 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4 24.9
Aruba 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3 21.4
Cuba 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9 29.6
Israel 26.7 26.3 25.8 25.3 24.0
Moldova 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4 10.3
Kuwait 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9 21.5
Vanuatu 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6 20.8
Suriname 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0 37.5
Seychelles 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9 42.2
Djibouti 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5 29.7
Lesotho 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3 35.4
Qatar 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7 19.7
Eritrea 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5 54.8
Myanmar
South Sudan
Cabo Verde
Afghanistan
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Liberia 7.5
Cayman Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste 133.2
Northern Mariana Islands
Palau
St. Martin (French part)
Somalia
Lao PDR 6.7
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5 25.2
Curacao
Montenegro 21.9
Tuvalu
Monaco
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Kiribati
Angola 42.5
Greenland
Liechtenstein
Turks and Caicos Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
American Samoa
United Arab Emirates
San Marino
Isle of Man
Zambia
Ethiopia
Samoa
Andorra
Marshall Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
Guam
New Caledonia
Faroe Islands 25.1 26.0 25.7

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