Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6
Guatemala 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3
Sudan 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9
Chad 7.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9
Dominican Republic 4.6 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Mozambique 8.1 6.3 6.8 7.7 8.5
Indonesia 7.8 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6
Nicaragua 7.5 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8
Cote d'Ivoire 10.6 10.5 7.0 6.5 6.5
Guinea 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9
Madagascar 6.7 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2
Haiti 7.3 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6
Vietnam 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8
Tanzania 11.5 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6
Singapore 8.1 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5
Honduras 9.3 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3
Nepal 9.2 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9
Sierra Leone 8.8 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5
El Salvador 8.6 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0
Cameroon 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5
Rwanda 10.3 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9
Argentina 11.0 10.3 10.0 10.3 11.3
Thailand 9.9 10.2 10.1 11.1 11.5
Georgia 10.9 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6
Paraguay 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3
Togo 12.1 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7
Sri Lanka 11.5 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0
Peru 10.1 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7
Syrian Arab Republic 13.4 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3
Malaysia 12.4 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0
Mauritania 10.7 11.1 10.8 12.4 19.3
Gabon 11.8 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8
Albania 13.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 9.2
Ethiopia 10.8 10.6 10.9 15.3 20.4
Macao SAR, China 9.2 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6
Uruguay 11.8 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2
Chile 10.4 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4
Switzerland 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9
Gambia, The 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3
Ecuador 11.2 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.7 11.6 11.8 10.9
India 11.1 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8
Bulgaria 16.7 12.2 11.6 14.7 16.9
Bahamas, The 13.9 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7
Central African Republic 14.9 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0
Pakistan 11.7 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4
Mali 9.7 10.2 12.0 14.7 15.9
Mexico 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4
Mongolia 11.1 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6
Romania 13.7 13.1 12.3 7.1 5.7
Turkey 10.8 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2
Ghana 12.1 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8
Kazakhstan 13.6 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5
Panama 15.1 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0
Azerbaijan 12.8 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6
Barbados 12.1 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7
Equatorial Guinea 18.3 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2
Nigeria 12.1 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.0 14.2 13.1 14.3 12.8
Costa Rica 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5
Turkmenistan 11.9 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9
Philippines 11.4 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2
Benin 14.4 13.5 13.2 13.1 13.0
Uganda 11.2 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9
Senegal 13.3 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3
Venezuela, RB 7.1 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3
Bolivia 13.6 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8
Niger 13.9 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0
Mauritius 14.2 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3
China 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.6 15.3
United States 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0
Belize 14.3 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5
Jamaica 11.1 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7
Japan 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5
Kenya 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8
Luxembourg 15.1 15.5 15.8 15.0 14.7
Ireland 17.3 16.6 16.1 15.3 14.8
Zimbabwe 18.0 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3
Tajikistan 15.8 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9
Algeria 16.8 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8
Grenada 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7
Burundi 19.1 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2
Fiji 16.1 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9
Cyprus 13.5 15.4 16.8 16.6 17.4
United Kingdom 18.0 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.4
Lebanon 12.4 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9
Spain 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8
Greece 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1
St. Lucia 15.1 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7
Australia 17.9 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8
Malawi 21.0 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4
Guyana 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0
Comoros 22.3 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7
Maldives 16.8 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6
Slovenia 18.0 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Portugal 17.6 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2
New Zealand 17.2 17.0 17.8 17.7 18.0
Italy 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7
Morocco 19.1 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0
Moldova 27.1 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4
Poland 19.5 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.3 28.5 19.0 18.3 18.6
Tonga 16.8 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8
Germany 19.2 19.5 19.1 18.9 19.0
South Africa 18.3 19.1 19.2 18.8 18.4
Papua New Guinea 17.1 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3 19.9 19.3 19.1 21.2
Malta 18.6 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8
Austria 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
Bahrain 20.8 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.6 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.9 20.6 20.3
Canada 21.7 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3
Czech Republic 19.9 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9
Estonia 24.7 22.4 20.2 20.1 21.3
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5
Belarus 20.6 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5
French Polynesia 20.0 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4
Colombia 15.2 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7
Uzbekistan 22.3 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3
Norway 21.6 20.9 20.6 22.0 21.6
Swaziland 15.4 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7
Vanuatu 26.4 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6
Iceland 21.2 21.1 20.8 21.1 22.0
Latvia 24.4 21.6 20.8 23.5 22.7
Congo, Rep. 15.7 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1
Netherlands 22.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 20.6
Belgium 21.2 21.6 21.0 20.9 21.1
Russian Federation 19.1 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6
Hungary 23.0 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.2
Finland 21.9 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3
Dominica 20.4 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0
Croatia 24.9 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5
Serbia 17.9 19.1 21.7 19.6 18.8
Bhutan 11.9 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1
Lithuania 20.8 21.4 22.1 23.9 22.0
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4
France 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4
Oman 25.1 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8
Libya 22.3 23.8 23.6 26.2 21.9
Denmark 24.1 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4
Burkina Faso 25.2 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8
Aruba 21.1 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3
Namibia 25.1 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1
Brunei Darussalam 26.8 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6
Sweden 25.5 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4
Jordan 23.6 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5
Saudi Arabia 23.6 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5
Kuwait 32.2 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.2 25.7
Cuba 24.4 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9
Ukraine 21.3 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8
Suriname 25.3 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0
Botswana 30.1 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4
Seychelles 27.5 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9
Qatar 31.9 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7
Eritrea 43.9 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5
Djibouti 34.9 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5
Lesotho 32.9 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3
Marshall Islands
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
South Sudan
Isle of Man
Samoa
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Sao Tome and Principe
Curacao
Turks and Caicos Islands
Kosovo
United Arab Emirates
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Angola
Palau
Zambia
Guam
Greenland
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Faeroe Islands
Iraq
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Cabo Verde
Liechtenstein
Afghanistan
Liberia
Myanmar
Montenegro
Lao PDR
Monaco
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Timor-Leste
Andorra
Bosnia and Herzegovina
American Samoa

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