Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Bangladesh 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.0
Guatemala 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3 7.0
Sudan 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5 9.1
Cambodia 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.2
Chad 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9 7.7
Dominican Republic 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.8
Indonesia 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6 6.5
Nicaragua 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2 8.7
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8 18.6
Guinea 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.1
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9 2.1
Madagascar 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2 9.0
Haiti 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.8
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6 9.4
Vietnam 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8 5.9
Tanzania 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6 11.7
Iraq 2.4 8.5 17.6 11.3 11.8
Singapore 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5 10.7
Honduras 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3 13.4
Nepal 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9 8.9
Sierra Leone 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5 14.3
El Salvador 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0 10.2
Cameroon 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.5
Rwanda 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9 11.6
Albania 9.2 10.2 10.3 10.0 9.5
Georgia 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6 8.5
Paraguay 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.0
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.6 10.3 11.1 11.2 11.0
Togo 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7 10.5
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0 10.5
Peru 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7 11.6
Syrian Arab Republic 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6 12.4
Korea, Rep. 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3 11.3
Malaysia 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0 10.2
Mauritania 11.1 10.8 18.1 18.7 20.2
Gabon 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8 9.6
Macao SAR, China 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6 12.3
Uruguay 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2 12.4
Chile 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4 11.6
Switzerland 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.8
Mali 11.0 11.2 18.7 17.0 16.4
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9 11.8
Gambia, The 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3 11.2
Ecuador 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8 9.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.2
India 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8 12.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 11.6 13.0 11.8 12.9
Bulgaria 12.2 11.6 14.7 19.5 20.0
Bahamas, The 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.8
Central African Republic 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0 16.3
Pakistan 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4 8.6
Argentina 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7 13.8
Thailand 11.6 12.1 13.1 13.6 13.6
Mexico 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4 11.2
Mongolia 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6 15.3
Romania 13.1 12.3 12.4 17.0 17.2
Turkey 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2 11.7
Ghana 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8 10.2
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5 12.1
Panama 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0 13.2
Azerbaijan 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6 9.5
Barbados 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7 13.3
Equatorial Guinea 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2 6.6
Nigeria 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0 8.3
Costa Rica 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5 13.3
Turkmenistan 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9 14.2
Philippines 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2 11.4
Benin 13.5 13.2 13.1 12.2 12.1
Uganda 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9 14.5
Senegal 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3 12.8
Venezuela, RB 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3 12.4
Mozambique 12.1 13.6 15.2 17.2 16.2
Bolivia 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8 14.5
Niger 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0 13.0
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3 14.1
China 13.9 14.1 14.6 15.2 15.7
United States 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.0
Puerto Rico 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0 11.7
Cyprus 12.8 14.5 15.8 15.9 14.9
Belize 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5 12.9
Cote d'Ivoire 10.5 15.0 13.7 13.8 14.4
Jamaica 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7 14.3
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.4 14.4 14.7 12.0
Japan 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5 16.9
Kenya 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8 15.1
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8 13.6
Luxembourg 15.4 15.7 14.9 14.7 14.3
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 16.0 15.5 15.8 16.4
Ireland 16.6 16.1 15.5 14.9 14.7
Zimbabwe 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8 24.3
Tunisia 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3 16.7
Tajikistan 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9 8.3
Algeria 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8 13.6
Grenada 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7 11.7
Burundi 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2 14.9
Fiji 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9 17.2
New Zealand 16.6 16.8 17.5 17.2 17.0
United Kingdom 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.3 17.4
Lebanon 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9 17.3
Spain 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8 16.7
Kyrgyz Republic 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1 20.0
St. Lucia 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7 13.7
Australia 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8 17.7
Malawi 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4 14.6
Guyana 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0 24.7
Comoros 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7 13.3
Maldives 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6 22.9
Greece 17.6 17.7 17.5 18.0 18.2
Slovenia 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.5
Portugal 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2 19.0
Italy 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Morocco 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0 18.4
Moldova 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4 10.3
Poland 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1 18.1
Germany 19.4 19.0 18.8 18.9 18.7
Tonga 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8 18.2
South Africa 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5 18.4
Papua New Guinea 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9 16.6
Malta 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8 18.2
Austria 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6 19.0
Bahrain 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8 16.2
Brazil 19.8 19.5 20.1 19.8 18.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6 16.9
Canada 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3 19.0
Czech Republic 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9 19.5
Norway 20.5 20.1 21.5 21.2 19.0
Antigua and Barbuda 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5 18.2
Belarus 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5 19.5
French Polynesia 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4 20.3
Colombia 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7 16.8
Uzbekistan 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.7
Slovak Republic 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3 19.4
Estonia 22.8 20.6 20.3 21.6 19.1
Iceland 20.9 20.7 21.1 21.9 22.4
Swaziland 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7 18.2
Serbia 18.0 20.8 18.8 18.0 18.2
Vanuatu 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6 20.8
Netherlands 21.4 20.9 20.7 20.5 20.4
Congo, Rep. 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1 11.6
Belgium 21.5 21.0 20.9 21.0 20.9
Latvia 21.9 21.0 22.7 22.5 20.7
Russian Federation 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6 15.1
Hungary 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.1 21.1
Finland 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3 19.8
Dominica 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0 18.7
Croatia 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5 21.3
Bhutan 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1 21.9
West Bank and Gaza 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4 25.5
France 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4 22.1
Oman 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8 21.5
Libya 23.8 23.6 26.2 18.6 18.4
Denmark 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4 23.9
Burkina Faso 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8 20.7
Aruba 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3 21.4
Lithuania 23.9 24.0 25.7 23.4 22.2
Namibia 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1 23.5
Brunei Darussalam 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6 25.8
Sweden 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4 24.5
Jordan 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0 23.7
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5 25.2
Saudi Arabia 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5 26.0
Israel 26.7 26.3 25.8 25.3 24.0
Kuwait 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9 21.5
Cuba 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9 29.6
Ukraine 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8 20.9
Suriname 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0 37.5
Botswana 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4 24.9
Seychelles 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9 42.2
Qatar 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7 19.7
Eritrea 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5 54.8
Djibouti 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5 29.7
Lesotho 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3 35.4
Faroe Islands 25.1 26.0 25.7
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Samoa
Tuvalu
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Curacao
Timor-Leste 133.2
San Marino
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Angola 42.5
Cabo Verde
Palau
Myanmar
Greenland
Sao Tome and Principe
Montenegro 21.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Somalia
Northern Mariana Islands
Monaco
Liechtenstein
South Sudan
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Liberia 7.5
Guam
United Arab Emirates
Zambia
Afghanistan
Ethiopia
Lao PDR 6.7
St. Martin (French part)
Kiribati
Cayman Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Isle of Man
Andorra
Marshall Islands
American Samoa

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