Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Bangladesh 4.6 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0
Guatemala 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3
Sudan 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9
Chad 7.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9
Dominican Republic 4.6 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Mozambique 8.1 6.3 6.8 7.7 8.5
Indonesia 7.8 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6
Nicaragua 7.5 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8
Guinea 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9
Madagascar 6.7 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2
Haiti 7.3 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6
Vietnam 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8
Tanzania 11.5 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6
Singapore 8.1 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5
Honduras 9.3 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3
Nepal 9.2 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9
Sierra Leone 8.8 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5
El Salvador 8.6 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0
Cameroon 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5
Rwanda 10.3 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9
Thailand 9.9 10.2 10.1 11.1 11.5
Georgia 10.9 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6
Paraguay 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3
Togo 12.1 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7
Sri Lanka 11.5 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0
Peru 10.1 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7
Syrian Arab Republic 13.4 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3
Malaysia 12.4 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0
Mauritania 10.7 11.1 10.8 18.1 18.7
Gabon 11.8 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8
Albania 13.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 9.2
Ethiopia 10.8 10.6 10.9 15.3 20.4
Macao SAR, China 9.2 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6
Uruguay 11.8 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2
Chile 10.4 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4
Switzerland 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9
Gambia, The 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3
Ecuador 11.2 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.7 11.6 11.8 10.9
India 11.1 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8
Bulgaria 16.7 12.2 11.6 14.7 16.9
Bahamas, The 13.9 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7
Central African Republic 14.9 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0
Pakistan 11.7 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4
Mali 9.7 10.2 12.0 14.7 15.9
Argentina 13.3 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7
Mexico 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4
Mongolia 11.1 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6
Romania 13.7 13.1 12.3 7.1 5.7
Turkey 10.8 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2
Ghana 12.1 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8
Kazakhstan 13.6 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5
Panama 15.1 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0
Azerbaijan 12.8 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6
Barbados 12.1 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7
Equatorial Guinea 18.3 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2
Nigeria 12.1 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.0 14.2 13.1 14.3 12.8
Costa Rica 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5
Turkmenistan 11.9 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9
Philippines 11.4 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2
Benin 14.4 13.5 13.2 13.1 13.0
Uganda 11.2 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9
Senegal 13.3 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3
Venezuela, RB 7.1 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3
Bolivia 13.6 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8
Niger 13.9 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0
Mauritius 14.2 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3
China 13.7 13.9 14.1 14.6 15.2
United States 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0
Cyprus 12.0 12.8 14.5 15.8 15.9
Belize 14.3 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5
Cote d'Ivoire 10.6 10.5 15.0 13.7 13.8
Jamaica 11.1 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7
Japan 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5
Kenya 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8
Luxembourg 15.1 15.5 15.8 15.0 14.7
Ireland 17.3 16.6 16.1 15.3 14.8
Zimbabwe 18.0 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3
Tajikistan 15.8 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9
Algeria 16.8 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8
Grenada 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7
Burundi 19.1 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2
Fiji 16.1 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9
New Zealand 16.8 16.6 16.8 17.5 17.2
United Kingdom 18.1 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.4
Lebanon 12.4 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9
Spain 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8
Greece 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1
St. Lucia 15.1 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7
Australia 17.9 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8
Malawi 21.0 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4
Guyana 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0
Comoros 22.3 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7
Maldives 16.8 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6
Slovenia 18.0 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Portugal 17.6 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2
Italy 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7
Morocco 19.1 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0
Moldova 27.1 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4
Poland 19.5 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.3 28.5 19.0 18.3 18.6
Tonga 16.8 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8
Germany 19.2 19.5 19.1 18.9 19.0
South Africa 18.1 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5
Papua New Guinea 17.1 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3 19.9 19.3 19.1 21.2
Brazil 18.6 19.6 19.4 19.9 19.6
Malta 18.6 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8
Austria 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
Bahrain 20.8 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.6 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6
Canada 21.7 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3
Czech Republic 19.9 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9
Norway 21.1 20.5 20.1 21.5 21.2
Estonia 24.7 22.4 20.2 20.1 21.3
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5
Belarus 20.6 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5
French Polynesia 20.0 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4
Colombia 15.2 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7
Uzbekistan 22.3 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3
Swaziland 15.4 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7
Serbia 17.3 18.0 20.8 18.8 18.0
Vanuatu 26.4 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6
Iceland 21.2 21.1 20.8 21.1 22.0
Congo, Rep. 15.7 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1
Netherlands 22.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 20.6
Belgium 21.2 21.6 21.0 20.9 21.1
Russian Federation 19.1 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6
Hungary 23.0 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.2
Latvia 23.7 22.3 21.3 23.1 22.9
Finland 21.9 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3
Dominica 20.4 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0
Croatia 24.9 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5
Bhutan 11.9 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4
France 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4
Oman 25.1 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8
Libya 22.3 23.8 23.6 26.2 18.6
Denmark 24.1 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4
Burkina Faso 25.2 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8
Aruba 21.1 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3
Namibia 25.1 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1
Brunei Darussalam 26.8 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6
Sweden 25.5 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4
Jordan 23.6 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5
Saudi Arabia 23.6 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5
Kuwait 32.2 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.2 25.7
Cuba 24.4 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9
Ukraine 21.3 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8
Suriname 25.3 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0
Botswana 30.1 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4
Seychelles 27.5 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9
Qatar 31.9 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7
Eritrea 43.9 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5
Djibouti 34.9 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5
Lesotho 32.9 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3
Greenland
Korea, Dem. Rep.
South Sudan
Angola
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Tuvalu
Sao Tome and Principe
Cabo Verde
San Marino
Somalia
Samoa
Isle of Man
St. Martin (French part)
Guam
Palau
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
New Caledonia
Zambia
Myanmar
Lao PDR
Montenegro
Kiribati
Monaco
Turks and Caicos Islands
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iraq
Taiwan, China
United Arab Emirates
Marshall Islands
Faeroe Islands 25.1 26.0
Lithuania
Cayman Islands
Liechtenstein
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Timor-Leste
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Liberia
Andorra
Afghanistan
American Samoa

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