Country name 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
Bangladesh 4.6 4.4 4.4 4.7 4.6
Cambodia 5.8 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9
Chad 7.3 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9
Guatemala 5.5 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3
Indonesia 7.8 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6
Sudan 5.5 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5
Cote d'Ivoire 10.6 10.5 7.0 6.5 6.5
Dominican Republic 4.6 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2
Guinea 7.5 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0
Romania 13.7 13.1 12.3 7.1 5.7
Nicaragua 7.5 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2
Haiti 7.3 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3
Vietnam 8.2 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8
Mozambique 8.1 6.3 6.8 7.7 8.5
Madagascar 6.7 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2
Congo, Dem. Rep. 4.9 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9
Sierra Leone 8.8 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.0 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6
Cameroon 8.7 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.4 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8
Nepal 9.2 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9
Tajikistan 15.8 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9
Singapore 8.1 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5
El Salvador 8.6 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0
Albania 13.6 9.7 10.8 9.8 9.2
Malaysia 12.4 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0
Sri Lanka 11.5 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0
Gambia, The 11.6 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3
Rwanda 10.3 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9
Honduras 9.3 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3
Turkey 10.8 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2
Argentina 11.0 10.3 10.0 10.3 11.3
Ghana 12.1 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8
Paraguay 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3
Syrian Arab Republic 13.4 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6
Kazakhstan 13.6 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5
Togo 12.1 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7
Uruguay 11.8 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2
Switzerland 11.4 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9
Thailand 9.9 10.2 10.1 11.1 11.5
Bahamas, The 13.9 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7
Georgia 10.9 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6
Ecuador 11.2 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8
Peru 10.1 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7
Pakistan 11.7 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.5 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6
Central African Republic 14.9 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0
Chile 10.4 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4
Mexico 13.2 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4
Korea, Rep. 10.4 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3
Trinidad and Tobago 11.9 12.7 11.6 11.8 10.9
Tanzania 11.5 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6
Mauritania 10.7 11.1 10.8 12.4 19.3
India 11.1 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8
Macao SAR, China 9.2 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6
Panama 15.1 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0
Senegal 13.3 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3
Uganda 11.2 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9
Costa Rica 13.5 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5
Benin 14.4 13.5 13.2 13.1 13.0
Puerto Rico 13.9 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0
Barbados 12.1 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7
Philippines 11.4 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2
Venezuela, RB 7.1 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3
Niger 13.9 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0
Mauritius 14.2 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3
Moldova 27.1 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4
Nigeria 12.1 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0
United States 14.9 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1
Bolivia 13.6 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8
Iran, Islamic Rep. 16.0 14.2 13.1 14.3 12.8
Belize 14.3 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5
China 13.8 14.0 14.2 14.6 15.3
Mali 9.7 10.2 12.0 14.7 15.9
Bulgaria 16.7 12.2 11.6 14.7 16.9
Malawi 21.0 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4
Jamaica 11.1 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7
Luxembourg 15.1 15.5 15.8 15.0 14.7
Azerbaijan 12.8 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6
Ethiopia 10.8 10.6 10.9 15.3 20.4
Ireland 17.3 16.6 16.1 15.3 14.8
Gabon 11.8 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8
Mongolia 11.1 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6
Comoros 22.3 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7
Zimbabwe 18.0 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8
Japan 15.2 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5
Turkmenistan 11.9 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9
Kenya 14.8 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8
Yemen, Rep. 14.4 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8
Grenada 16.6 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7
Tunisia 16.3 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3
Cyprus 13.5 15.4 16.8 16.6 17.4
Lebanon 12.4 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9
Morocco 19.1 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0
United Kingdom 18.0 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.4
Spain 17.7 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8
Greece 17.4 17.2 17.2 17.0 17.1
Burundi 19.1 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2
Fiji 16.1 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9
Australia 17.9 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8
Italy 17.5 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7
New Zealand 17.2 17.0 17.8 17.7 18.0
St. Lucia 15.1 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7
Slovenia 18.0 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
Algeria 16.8 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8
Kyrgyz Republic 19.5 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1
Portugal 17.6 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2
Poland 19.5 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1
Papua New Guinea 17.1 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 28.3 28.5 19.0 18.3 18.6
Maldives 16.8 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6
Guyana 15.0 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0
Tonga 16.8 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8
Russian Federation 19.1 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6
South Africa 18.3 19.1 19.2 18.8 18.4
Germany 19.2 19.5 19.1 18.9 19.0
Czech Republic 19.9 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9
St. Kitts and Nevis 20.3 19.9 19.3 19.1 21.2
Austria 19.3 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6
Malta 18.6 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8
Bhutan 11.9 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1
Serbia 17.9 19.1 21.7 19.6 18.8
Belarus 20.6 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5
Canada 21.7 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3
Estonia 24.7 22.4 20.2 20.1 21.3
Vanuatu 26.4 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6
Macedonia, FYR 18.6 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6
Uzbekistan 22.3 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6
Finland 21.9 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3
Brazil 21.0 20.1 19.9 20.6 20.3
Swaziland 15.4 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7
Bahrain 20.8 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5
Netherlands 22.5 21.5 21.0 20.8 20.6
Colombia 15.2 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7
Belgium 21.2 21.6 21.0 20.9 21.1
Hungary 23.0 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.2
Slovak Republic 20.3 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3
Iceland 21.2 21.1 20.8 21.1 22.0
Equatorial Guinea 18.3 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2
Antigua and Barbuda 21.7 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5
Dominica 20.4 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0
Norway 21.6 20.9 20.6 22.0 21.6
French Polynesia 20.0 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4
Burkina Faso 25.2 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8
West Bank and Gaza 18.4 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4
France 22.9 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4
Aruba 21.1 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3
Croatia 24.9 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5
Latvia 24.4 21.6 20.8 23.5 22.7
Lithuania 20.8 21.4 22.1 23.9 22.0
Denmark 24.1 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4
Congo, Rep. 15.7 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1
Jordan 23.6 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0
Namibia 25.1 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1
Ukraine 21.3 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8
Sweden 25.5 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4
Oman 25.1 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8
Israel 26.6 27.0 26.7 26.2 25.7
Libya 22.3 23.8 23.6 26.2 21.9
Djibouti 34.9 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5
Cuba 24.4 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9
Saudi Arabia 23.6 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5
Brunei Darussalam 26.8 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6
Botswana 30.1 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4
Kuwait 32.2 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9
Seychelles 27.5 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9
Qatar 31.9 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7
Lesotho 32.9 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3
Suriname 25.3 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0
Eritrea 43.9 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5
Faeroe Islands
South Sudan
Lao PDR
Montenegro
Somalia
Monaco
Samoa
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Palau
Marshall Islands
Afghanistan
St. Martin (French part)
Tuvalu
Greenland
Kosovo
Guam
Andorra
Myanmar
Zambia
New Caledonia
Cayman Islands
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Sao Tome and Principe
Cabo Verde
Turks and Caicos Islands
Liechtenstein
San Marino
Korea, Dem. Rep.
United Arab Emirates
Isle of Man
Iraq
Bosnia and Herzegovina
Kiribati
Northern Mariana Islands
Angola
Timor-Leste
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Bermuda
American Samoa
Liberia
Curacao

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