Country name 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000
Cambodia 5.7 5.5 4.8 4.9 5.2
Bangladesh 4.7 4.9 5.1 5.0 5.0
Chad 7.9 6.5 5.6 6.9 7.7
Guatemala 5.1 5.0 5.7 6.3 7.0
Indonesia 7.6 6.8 5.7 6.6 6.5
Sudan 5.6 5.4 6.2 6.5 9.1
Dominican Republic 4.8 6.5 6.8 7.2 7.8
Guinea 7.5 7.4 6.8 7.0 7.1
Nicaragua 7.3 6.9 7.1 8.2 8.7
Haiti 8.9 7.9 7.4 7.3 7.8
Vietnam 8.4 8.1 7.6 6.8 5.9
Madagascar 9.8 7.8 7.8 7.2 9.0
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.2 7.8 8.1 5.9 2.1
Sierra Leone 10.9 9.0 8.9 11.5 14.3
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.1 8.0 9.0 9.6 9.4
Cameroon 9.2 9.1 9.1 9.5 9.5
Guinea-Bissau 6.6 7.0 9.3 10.8 18.6
Nepal 9.2 8.9 9.3 8.9 8.9
Tajikistan 16.8 16.5 9.5 9.9 8.3
Singapore 8.9 8.7 9.6 9.5 10.7
El Salvador 9.3 9.1 9.7 10.0 10.2
Malaysia 11.1 10.8 9.8 11.0 10.2
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.4 9.8 9.0 10.5
Gambia, The 11.4 11.3 10.0 10.3 11.2
Rwanda 11.5 9.6 10.0 13.9 11.6
Honduras 9.5 8.8 10.1 11.3 13.4
Turkey 11.6 12.3 10.3 12.2 11.7
Albania 9.2 10.2 10.3 10.0 9.5
Ghana 12.0 12.4 10.3 10.8 10.2
Paraguay 9.6 10.2 10.5 10.3 11.0
Syrian Arab Republic 11.8 10.6 10.8 10.6 12.4
Kazakhstan 12.9 12.4 10.8 11.5 12.1
Togo 12.0 10.3 10.9 9.7 10.5
Uruguay 12.8 11.0 10.9 12.2 12.4
Switzerland 11.5 11.2 10.9 10.8 10.8
Armenia 11.2 11.2 11.1 11.9 11.8
Bahamas, The 14.3 11.7 11.1 10.7 10.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 10.6 10.3 11.1 11.2 11.0
Georgia 7.7 10.2 11.1 10.6 8.5
Ecuador 10.9 11.3 11.1 11.8 9.4
Peru 10.6 10.5 11.2 11.7 11.6
Pakistan 12.6 11.9 11.3 10.4 8.6
Egypt, Arab Rep. 10.4 11.3 11.3 11.6 11.2
Central African Republic 12.9 11.9 11.5 17.0 16.3
Chile 11.0 11.1 11.5 12.4 11.6
Mexico 12.5 12.1 11.6 11.4 11.2
Korea, Rep. 10.7 10.6 11.7 11.3 11.3
Tanzania 11.6 8.3 12.2 11.6 11.7
Romania 13.1 12.3 12.4 17.0 17.2
Argentina 12.5 12.1 12.5 13.7 13.8
India 10.9 11.6 12.5 12.8 12.6
Macao SAR, China 10.1 11.0 12.5 14.6 12.3
Panama 13.5 12.5 12.7 13.0 13.2
Senegal 13.8 13.4 12.8 13.3 12.8
Uganda 11.8 13.3 12.9 12.9 14.5
Costa Rica 13.4 13.1 13.0 12.5 13.3
Iran, Islamic Rep. 12.4 11.6 13.0 11.8 12.9
Thailand 11.6 12.1 13.1 13.6 13.6
Benin 13.5 13.2 13.1 12.2 12.1
Puerto Rico 14.3 14.3 13.1 13.0 11.7
Barbados 13.0 12.7 13.2 12.7 13.3
Philippines 11.9 13.2 13.3 12.2 11.4
Venezuela, RB 5.0 13.5 13.5 12.3 12.4
Niger 11.5 14.1 13.7 16.0 13.0
Cote d'Ivoire 10.5 15.0 13.7 13.8 14.4
Mauritius 14.3 14.1 13.7 14.3 14.1
Moldova 27.1 18.4 14.0 10.4 10.3
Nigeria 10.0 13.0 14.0 7.0 8.3
United States 14.5 14.2 14.0 14.1 14.0
Bolivia 13.3 13.9 14.2 14.8 14.5
Belize 14.1 14.5 14.3 13.5 12.9
Trinidad and Tobago 15.8 15.4 14.4 14.7 12.0
China 13.9 14.1 14.6 15.2 15.7
Bulgaria 12.2 11.6 14.7 19.5 20.0
Malawi 14.0 17.5 14.7 13.4 14.6
Jamaica 13.4 15.2 14.8 13.7 14.3
Luxembourg 15.4 15.7 14.9 14.7 14.3
Azerbaijan 12.0 12.6 15.2 15.6 9.5
Mozambique 12.1 13.6 15.2 17.2 16.2
Gabon 11.2 10.8 15.5 11.8 9.6
Ireland 16.6 16.1 15.5 14.9 14.7
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 17.0 16.0 15.5 15.8 16.4
Mongolia 12.6 12.2 15.6 14.6 15.3
Comoros 19.0 17.6 15.7 14.7 13.3
Zimbabwe 16.9 16.3 15.8 17.8 24.3
Cyprus 12.8 14.5 15.8 15.9 14.9
Japan 15.4 15.4 15.9 16.5 16.9
Turkmenistan 7.8 13.2 16.2 11.9 14.2
Kenya 15.2 15.5 16.2 15.8 15.1
Yemen, Rep. 14.0 15.6 16.3 14.8 13.6
Grenada 16.4 16.7 16.4 14.7 11.7
Tunisia 15.6 16.3 16.4 16.3 16.7
Lebanon 14.4 17.0 16.7 16.9 17.3
Morocco 17.2 17.9 16.7 18.0 18.4
United Kingdom 17.6 17.0 16.8 17.3 17.4
Spain 17.5 17.1 16.9 16.8 16.7
Burundi 20.0 16.8 17.1 18.2 14.9
Fiji 15.9 16.8 17.4 15.9 17.2
New Zealand 16.6 16.8 17.5 17.2 17.0
Australia 17.8 17.5 17.5 17.8 17.7
Greece 17.6 17.7 17.5 18.0 18.2
Iraq 2.4 8.5 17.6 11.3 11.8
Italy 17.7 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9
St. Lucia 15.6 17.4 17.7 17.7 13.7
Slovenia 17.8 17.7 17.7 17.9 18.5
Algeria 15.8 16.5 17.8 16.8 13.6
Kyrgyz Republic 18.5 17.3 17.9 19.1 20.0
Portugal 17.8 17.7 18.0 18.2 19.0
Poland 19.0 18.5 18.0 18.1 18.1
Papua New Guinea 19.9 19.3 18.1 16.9 16.6
Mauritania 11.1 10.8 18.1 18.7 20.2
Maldives 15.9 17.7 18.3 20.6 22.9
Guyana 16.2 17.5 18.4 19.0 24.7
Tonga 17.6 19.1 18.5 18.8 18.2
Russian Federation 19.5 21.1 18.7 14.6 15.1
Mali 11.0 11.2 18.7 17.0 16.4
Germany 19.4 19.0 18.8 18.9 18.7
Serbia 18.0 20.8 18.8 18.0 18.2
South Africa 19.1 19.3 18.9 18.5 18.4
Czech Republic 19.3 20.0 19.0 19.9 19.5
Austria 19.3 19.4 19.3 19.6 19.0
Malta 20.0 19.4 19.4 18.8 18.2
Bhutan 20.8 21.9 19.5 18.1 21.9
Belarus 20.6 20.3 19.9 19.5 19.5
Canada 20.9 20.0 20.0 19.3 19.0
Brazil 19.8 19.5 20.1 19.8 18.8
Vanuatu 28.7 20.8 20.2 21.6 20.8
Macedonia, FYR 18.1 19.7 20.3 20.6 16.9
Estonia 22.8 20.6 20.3 21.6 19.1
Uzbekistan 22.1 20.5 20.5 20.6 18.7
Finland 22.2 21.4 20.6 20.3 19.8
Swaziland 17.2 20.7 20.7 19.7 18.2
Netherlands 21.4 20.9 20.7 20.5 20.4
Bahrain 20.2 19.5 20.8 20.8 16.2
Solomon Islands 26.2 20.8 22.5 25.2
Colombia 18.5 20.4 20.8 22.7 16.8
Belgium 21.5 21.0 20.9 21.0 20.9
Hungary 21.7 21.3 20.9 21.1 21.1
Iceland 20.9 20.7 21.1 21.9 22.4
Slovak Republic 22.5 20.5 21.1 19.3 19.4
Norway 20.5 20.1 21.5 21.2 19.0
Equatorial Guinea 18.5 12.9 21.7 10.2 6.6
Antigua and Barbuda 21.1 20.3 21.8 22.5 18.2
Dominica 20.2 21.6 21.9 22.0 18.7
French Polynesia 20.3 20.4 22.0 22.4 20.3
Burkina Faso 24.4 23.7 22.3 17.8 20.7
West Bank and Gaza 21.8 22.1 22.3 23.4 25.5
France 23.2 23.1 22.4 22.4 22.1
Aruba 26.2 23.9 22.6 23.3 21.4
Croatia 22.5 21.7 22.7 23.5 21.3
Latvia 21.9 21.0 22.7 22.5 20.7
Denmark 24.1 23.6 24.1 24.4 23.9
Congo, Rep. 12.8 20.9 24.2 15.1 11.6
Jordan 24.5 25.6 24.4 24.0 23.7
Namibia 25.0 25.0 24.5 25.1 23.5
Ukraine 21.8 27.4 24.6 19.8 20.9
Faroe Islands 25.1 26.0 25.7
Sweden 25.9 25.4 25.5 25.4 24.5
Lithuania 23.9 24.0 25.7 23.4 22.2
Israel 26.7 26.3 25.8 25.3 24.0
Oman 23.7 23.2 25.9 23.8 21.5
Libya 23.8 23.6 26.2 18.6 18.4
Djibouti 30.1 30.6 26.3 29.5 29.7
Cuba 26.6 26.8 27.7 28.9 29.6
Saudi Arabia 24.5 26.2 28.4 25.5 26.0
Brunei Darussalam 25.2 25.2 29.9 28.6 25.8
Botswana 26.2 28.2 30.1 27.4 24.9
Kuwait 27.3 26.6 30.5 26.9 21.5
Seychelles 29.4 29.5 31.2 26.9 42.2
Qatar 33.0 29.8 31.6 25.7 19.7
Lesotho 31.3 33.2 38.4 36.3 35.4
Suriname 29.0 27.6 38.8 27.0 37.5
Eritrea 38.7 29.9 52.3 69.5 54.8
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Timor-Leste 133.2
Andorra
Tuvalu
Greenland
New Caledonia
Montenegro 21.9
Lao PDR 6.7
Liberia 7.5
Bosnia and Herzegovina
South Sudan
Palau
Somalia
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
Myanmar
Monaco
American Samoa
Marshall Islands
Ethiopia
Turks and Caicos Islands
Afghanistan
Cayman Islands
Isle of Man
United Arab Emirates
Cabo Verde
Liechtenstein
Guam
Kiribati
St. Martin (French part)
Angola 42.5
Samoa
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
San Marino
Sao Tome and Principe
Zambia
Curacao

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