Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.1 3.8 5.9 4.9 6.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.6 4.6 7.3 5.4 4.2
Bangladesh 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.2
Cambodia 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.5
Vietnam 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9
Lao PDR 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0
Liberia 7.5 6.8 3.6 4.4 11.1
Indonesia 6.5 6.9 7.3 8.1 8.3
Romania 8.9 7.3 6.7 9.8 7.9
Guinea 7.1 7.3 8.2 8.2 6.9
Chad 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.6 4.9
Pakistan 8.6 7.8 8.7 8.8 8.2
Nepal 8.9 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.6
Nigeria 8.3 8.2 6.7 5.2 6.7
Dominican Republic 7.8 8.5 8.7 7.1 6.2
United Arab Emirates 8.6 8.8 8.5 7.8
Haiti 7.8 8.6 9.3 8.3 6.8
Tajikistan 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.3 11.8
Nicaragua 8.7 9.0 8.7 9.2 9.1
Azerbaijan 9.5 9.0 8.7 10.1 10.8
Mozambique 9.0 9.1 9.4 10.2 10.8
Madagascar 9.0 9.1 8.1 9.2 6.9
Mali 8.6 9.2 8.7 8.4 10.0
Ecuador 9.4 9.4 9.8 10.7 10.9
Albania 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.1 9.5
Georgia 8.5 9.6 9.8 9.8 14.0
Ghana 10.2 9.7 9.9 11.5 12.2
Togo 10.5 10.0 8.4 10.3 10.3
Guatemala 7.0 10.1 9.7 9.6 8.8
Paraguay 11.0 10.2 9.1 8.8 8.5
Hong Kong SAR, China 9.4 10.2 10.6 11.0 10.4
Cameroon 9.5 10.2 10.2 10.0 10.2
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.3 12.7 12.2 12.6
Sudan 9.1 10.4 10.4 12.3 15.3
El Salvador 10.2 10.5 10.3 9.9 9.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.0 10.8 16.1 15.6 17.4
Philippines 11.4 11.1 10.6 10.2 9.4
Puerto Rico 11.7 11.1 11.5 11.5 11.3
Switzerland 10.8 11.2 11.5 11.7 11.4
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.2 11.1 11.3 11.6
Armenia 11.8 11.3 10.0 10.2 10.2
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.2 11.3 12.6 12.7 12.8
Thailand 11.3 11.3 11.1 10.7 11.1
Gambia, The 11.2 11.4 9.9 8.8 8.1
Mexico 11.2 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.7
Turkmenistan 14.2 11.4 11.1 12.0 12.7
Chile 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.4 10.8
Singapore 10.7 11.8 12.0 11.6 10.5
Peru 11.6 11.8 11.2 11.5 11.3
Tanzania 11.7 11.9 13.1 15.4 16.9
Malaysia 10.2 12.0 13.0 13.0 12.6
Korea, Rep. 11.3 12.2 12.1 12.5 12.8
Benin 12.6 12.2 12.3 12.6 12.1
India 12.6 12.4 11.9 11.4 10.9
Niger 13.0 12.4 12.2 15.6 16.3
Turkey 11.7 12.4 12.7 12.2 11.9
Uruguay 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.0 11.0
Syrian Arab Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 13.4 15.6
Grenada 11.7 12.5 12.4 11.7 13.5
Senegal 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.0 13.5
Belize 12.9 13.1 14.3 14.6 14.0
Sierra Leone 14.3 13.2 14.1 12.0 10.5
Macao SAR, China 12.3 13.2 12.9 12.3 10.0
Kazakhstan 12.1 13.4 11.6 11.3 11.6
Barbados 13.3 13.5 14.4 19.0 17.3
Cote d'Ivoire 14.4 13.6 13.0 14.8 14.9
Trinidad and Tobago 12.0 13.7 13.6 12.8 12.5
Mauritius 14.1 13.8 13.9 14.2 14.3
Jamaica 14.3 13.9 14.7 14.2 12.9
Panama 13.2 13.9 14.8 14.0 13.6
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.9 14.0 12.8 12.1 11.4
Central African Republic 16.3 14.0 13.8 10.4 10.4
Congo, Rep. 11.6 14.1 18.4 17.4 15.0
Argentina 13.8 14.2 12.2 11.4 9.7
Yemen, Rep. 13.6 14.2 14.9 13.7 12.6
Venezuela, RB 12.4 14.2 13.0 12.9 12.0
Costa Rica 13.3 14.3 14.8 14.5 14.1
United States 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.3 15.2
Sao Tome and Principe 45.1 14.6 18.4 18.1 22.5
Guinea-Bissau 18.6 14.6 14.4 16.5 14.2
Honduras 13.4 14.7 15.0 14.9 15.0
Algeria 13.6 14.8 15.5 14.8 13.8
Cyprus 14.9 14.9 15.3 17.3 16.6
Moldova 10.3 15.1 20.2 19.7 15.3
Ireland 14.6 15.3 15.6 15.9 16.0
Luxembourg 14.3 15.4 15.8 16.3 16.5
Burundi 14.9 15.5 14.7 17.5 19.2
Uganda 14.5 15.6 16.8 15.7 13.9
Iraq 11.8 15.7 19.3 12.3 25.6
Bolivia 14.5 15.7 16.0 16.5 16.3
St. Lucia 13.7 15.8 14.8 14.9 13.1
Malawi 14.6 15.8 13.7 12.4 12.5
Rwanda 11.6 15.9 13.8 13.1 11.1
China 15.7 15.9 15.5 14.7 13.9
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16.4 15.9 16.2 15.5 15.7
Kenya 15.1 16.0 17.1 18.1 17.9
Gabon 9.6 16.0 16.5 16.2 15.0
Papua New Guinea 16.6 16.2 15.3 15.3 15.3
Comoros 11.7 16.3 15.9 13.9 13.2
Maldives 22.9 16.4 16.3 14.5 15.6
Russian Federation 15.1 16.4 18.0 17.9 17.0
Spain 16.7 16.6 16.6 16.8 17.2
Tunisia 16.7 16.6 17.2 17.2 16.9
Mongolia 15.3 16.8 16.1 14.2 14.5
New Zealand 17.0 16.8 16.7 16.7 17.0
Colombia 16.8 16.9 16.4 15.9 16.0
Swaziland 18.2 17.2 16.0 14.9 15.1
Bahrain 16.2 17.3 18.0 17.3 15.4
Fiji 17.2 17.4 16.1 16.7 15.6
Kyrgyz Republic 20.0 17.5 18.6 16.8 18.2
Lebanon 17.3 17.6 17.1 16.6 14.6
Australia 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.5 17.3
Zimbabwe 24.3 17.7 17.9 17.9 21.0
Japan 16.9 17.7 18.3 18.3 18.2
Dominica 18.7 17.8 16.6 14.7 14.1
Bulgaria 18.1 17.9 18.1 19.2 18.6
United Kingdom 17.5 18.1 18.9 19.6 20.0
Greece 17.7 18.2 18.9 18.5 18.7
Estonia 19.1 18.3 18.0 17.7 17.3
Italy 17.9 18.4 18.6 19.0 19.1
South Africa 18.4 18.4 18.8 19.1 19.2
Uzbekistan 18.7 18.4 18.0 18.1 17.4
Morocco 18.4 18.6 18.3 18.1 18.7
Germany 18.7 18.6 18.9 19.0 18.5
Qatar 19.7 18.6 16.7 15.4 13.1
Poland 18.1 18.7 18.6 18.9 18.4
Ethiopia 22.9 18.7 19.0 17.1 16.7
Austria 19.0 18.8 18.7 18.9 18.7
Slovenia 18.5 18.9 18.7 18.8 18.7
Libya 18.4 19.0 15.7 12.5 13.2
Croatia 21.3 19.2 18.9 18.4 18.4
Brazil 18.6 19.2 19.7 18.9 18.3
Tonga 18.2 19.3 14.4 15.9 15.5
Portugal 19.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 20.5
Canada 19.0 19.4 19.7 19.9 19.4
Serbia 18.2 19.5 21.5 22.0 20.8
Czech Republic 19.5 19.5 20.9 21.8 20.7
Ukraine 20.9 19.6 18.4 19.0 18.1
Malta 18.2 19.7 19.7 20.0 20.6
Slovak Republic 19.3 19.9 19.6 19.8 18.5
Finland 19.8 20.0 20.7 21.2 21.3
Mauritania 20.2 20.0 25.9 28.7 26.6
Antigua and Barbuda 18.2 20.1 22.3 18.9 18.8
Norway 19.0 20.2 21.6 22.0 20.8
Vanuatu 20.8 20.5 16.6 16.3 15.1
Latvia 21.1 20.8 20.7 21.3 20.9
Netherlands 20.4 20.9 22.1 22.9 22.6
Hungary 21.1 21.1 21.8 23.1 22.1
Belgium 20.9 21.3 22.0 22.4 22.1
Bhutan 21.9 21.5 20.6 20.4 20.9
Belarus 19.5 21.6 21.0 21.4 20.6
France 22.1 21.9 22.5 22.9 22.8
Iceland 22.5 22.5 24.2 24.8 23.9
Namibia 23.5 22.8 21.5 22.2 20.4
Jordan 23.7 22.9 22.7 23.2 21.3
Oman 21.5 23.2 23.7 22.2 22.4
Botswana 24.9 23.5 22.4 22.0 20.5
Kuwait 21.5 23.6 25.3 23.0 19.9
Macedonia, FYR 16.9 23.8 20.8 18.1 17.4
Denmark 23.9 24.3 24.9 25.0 24.9
Aruba 21.4 24.5 25.2 24.7 23.2
Sweden 24.5 24.7 25.5 25.7 25.0
Angola 42.5 25.2 26.9 27.7 19.9
Montenegro 21.9 25.2 24.9 26.8 26.3
Solomon Islands 25.2 25.3 21.9 21.0 28.5
Faeroe Islands 25.7 25.4 26.8 28.8 29.6
Israel 24.4 25.5 26.8 25.9 24.6
Guyana 24.7 25.7 25.9 28.1 27.2
Burkina Faso 20.7 25.8 21.2 19.9 20.8
Djibouti 29.7 26.9 28.3 29.5 29.7
Saudi Arabia 26.0 27.5 26.1 24.6 22.9
West Bank and Gaza 25.5 27.9 27.7 22.8 28.4
Brunei Darussalam 25.8 29.4 27.2 24.1 22.1
Cuba 29.6 30.9 34.1 33.7 35.5
Suriname 37.5 31.9 28.8 24.6 25.0
Lesotho 35.4 34.2 36.8 37.2 35.6
Seychelles 42.2 41.6 47.2 44.3 38.9
Eritrea 54.8 42.6 39.7 46.6 36.6
Timor-Leste 133.2 144.2 156.5 111.0 74.5
Lithuania 19.0
Kiribati
Cabo Verde
Tuvalu
St. Martin (French part)
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
San Marino
Isle of Man
Samoa
Monaco
Cayman Islands
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Curacao
American Samoa
French Polynesia 20.3
New Caledonia
Palau
Turks and Caicos Islands
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.5 24.3 21.5
Myanmar
South Sudan
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Zambia
Marshall Islands
Somalia
Middle East (developing only)
Bermuda
Andorra
Guam
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Greenland
Afghanistan 8.4 9.8 10.6
Northern Mariana Islands
Liechtenstein

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