Country name 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004
Liberia 7.5 6.8 3.6 4.4 11.1
Bangladesh 5.0 4.8 5.0 5.1 5.2
Cambodia 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.3 4.5
Vietnam 5.9 5.9 5.8 5.9 5.9
Congo, Dem. Rep. 2.1 3.8 5.9 4.9 6.3
Nigeria 8.3 8.2 6.7 5.2 6.7
Romania 8.9 7.3 6.7 9.8 7.9
Lao PDR 6.7 6.8 6.8 6.8 7.0
Indonesia 6.5 6.9 7.3 8.1 8.3
Equatorial Guinea 6.6 4.6 7.3 5.4 4.2
Chad 7.7 7.5 7.7 7.6 4.9
Madagascar 9.0 9.1 8.1 9.2 6.9
Guinea 7.1 7.3 8.2 8.2 6.9
Afghanistan 8.4 9.8 10.6
Nepal 8.9 8.1 8.4 8.7 8.6
Togo 10.5 10.0 8.4 10.3 10.3
Tajikistan 8.3 8.7 8.6 8.3 11.8
Dominican Republic 7.8 8.5 8.7 7.1 6.2
Azerbaijan 9.5 9.0 8.7 10.1 10.8
Mali 8.6 9.2 8.7 8.4 10.0
Pakistan 8.6 7.8 8.7 8.8 8.2
Nicaragua 8.7 9.0 8.7 9.2 9.1
United Arab Emirates 8.6 8.8 8.5 7.8
Paraguay 11.0 10.2 9.1 8.8 8.5
Haiti 7.8 8.6 9.3 8.3 6.8
Mozambique 9.0 9.1 9.4 10.2 10.8
Guatemala 7.0 10.1 9.7 9.6 8.8
Georgia 8.5 9.6 9.8 9.8 14.0
Ecuador 9.4 9.4 9.8 10.7 10.9
Ghana 10.2 9.7 9.9 11.5 12.2
Gambia, The 11.2 11.4 9.9 8.8 8.1
Armenia 11.8 11.3 10.0 10.2 10.2
Albania 8.9 9.6 10.2 10.1 9.5
Cameroon 9.5 10.2 10.2 10.0 10.2
El Salvador 10.2 10.5 10.3 9.9 9.6
Sudan 9.1 10.4 10.4 12.3 15.3
Philippines 11.4 11.1 10.6 10.2 9.4
Hong Kong SAR, China 9.4 10.2 10.6 11.0 10.4
Bahamas, The 10.8 11.2 11.1 11.3 11.6
Thailand 11.3 11.3 11.1 10.7 11.1
Turkmenistan 14.2 11.4 11.1 12.0 12.7
Peru 11.6 11.8 11.2 11.5 11.3
Mexico 11.2 11.4 11.5 11.3 10.7
Switzerland 10.8 11.2 11.5 11.7 11.4
Puerto Rico 11.7 11.1 11.5 11.5 11.3
Kazakhstan 12.1 13.4 11.6 11.3 11.6
Chile 11.6 11.7 11.8 11.4 10.8
India 12.6 12.4 11.9 11.4 10.9
Singapore 10.7 11.8 12.0 11.6 10.5
Korea, Rep. 11.3 12.2 12.1 12.5 12.8
Niger 13.0 12.4 12.2 15.6 16.3
Argentina 13.8 14.2 12.2 11.4 9.7
Syrian Arab Republic 12.4 12.5 12.3 13.4 15.6
Benin 12.6 12.2 12.3 12.6 12.1
Uruguay 12.4 12.5 12.3 12.0 11.0
Grenada 11.7 12.5 12.4 11.7 13.5
Egypt, Arab Rep. 11.2 11.3 12.6 12.7 12.8
Sri Lanka 10.5 10.3 12.7 12.2 12.6
Turkey 11.7 12.4 12.7 12.2 11.9
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.9 14.0 12.8 12.1 11.4
Macao SAR, China 12.3 13.2 12.9 12.3 10.0
Malaysia 10.2 12.0 13.0 13.0 12.6
Cote d'Ivoire 14.4 13.6 13.0 14.8 14.9
Venezuela, RB 12.4 14.2 13.0 12.9 12.0
Tanzania 11.7 11.9 13.1 15.4 16.9
Senegal 12.8 12.6 13.3 13.0 13.5
Trinidad and Tobago 12.0 13.7 13.6 12.8 12.5
Malawi 14.6 15.8 13.7 12.4 12.5
Rwanda 11.6 15.9 13.8 13.1 11.1
Central African Republic 16.3 14.0 13.8 10.4 10.4
Mauritius 14.1 13.8 13.9 14.2 14.3
Sierra Leone 14.3 13.2 14.1 12.0 10.5
Belize 12.9 13.1 14.3 14.6 14.0
Barbados 13.3 13.5 14.4 19.0 17.3
Guinea-Bissau 18.6 14.6 14.4 16.5 14.2
Tonga 18.2 19.3 14.4 15.9 15.5
Jamaica 14.3 13.9 14.7 14.2 12.9
Burundi 14.9 15.5 14.7 17.5 19.2
St. Lucia 13.7 15.8 14.8 14.9 13.1
Costa Rica 13.3 14.3 14.8 14.5 14.1
Panama 13.2 13.9 14.8 14.0 13.6
Yemen, Rep. 13.6 14.2 14.9 13.7 12.6
Honduras 13.4 14.7 15.0 14.9 15.0
United States 14.0 14.5 15.0 15.3 15.2
Cyprus 14.9 14.9 15.3 17.3 16.6
Papua New Guinea 16.6 16.2 15.3 15.3 15.3
Algeria 13.6 14.8 15.5 14.8 13.8
China 15.7 15.9 15.5 14.7 13.9
Ireland 14.6 15.3 15.6 15.9 16.0
Libya 18.4 19.0 15.7 12.5 13.2
Luxembourg 14.3 15.4 15.8 16.3 16.5
Comoros 11.7 16.3 15.9 13.9 13.2
Bolivia 14.5 15.7 16.0 16.5 16.3
Swaziland 18.2 17.2 16.0 14.9 15.1
Mongolia 15.3 16.8 16.1 14.2 14.5
Fiji 17.2 17.4 16.1 16.7 15.6
St. Kitts and Nevis 11.0 10.8 16.1 15.6 17.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 16.4 15.9 16.2 15.5 15.7
Maldives 22.9 16.4 16.3 14.5 15.6
Colombia 16.8 16.9 16.4 15.9 16.0
Gabon 9.6 16.0 16.5 16.2 15.0
Dominica 18.7 17.8 16.6 14.7 14.1
Spain 16.7 16.6 16.6 16.8 17.2
Vanuatu 20.8 20.5 16.6 16.3 15.1
New Zealand 17.0 16.8 16.7 16.7 17.0
Qatar 19.7 18.6 16.7 15.4 13.1
Uganda 14.5 15.6 16.8 15.7 13.9
Kenya 15.1 16.0 17.1 18.1 17.9
Lebanon 17.3 17.6 17.1 16.6 14.6
Tunisia 16.7 16.6 17.2 17.2 16.9
Australia 17.7 17.6 17.4 17.5 17.3
Zimbabwe 24.3 17.7 17.9 17.9 21.0
Russian Federation 15.1 16.4 18.0 17.9 17.0
Estonia 19.1 18.3 18.0 17.7 17.3
Uzbekistan 18.7 18.4 18.0 18.1 17.4
Bahrain 16.2 17.3 18.0 17.3 15.4
Bulgaria 18.1 17.9 18.1 19.2 18.6
Morocco 18.4 18.6 18.3 18.1 18.7
Japan 16.9 17.7 18.3 18.3 18.2
Congo, Rep. 11.6 14.1 18.4 17.4 15.0
Ukraine 20.9 19.6 18.4 19.0 18.1
Sao Tome and Principe 45.1 14.6 18.4 18.1 22.5
Italy 17.9 18.4 18.6 19.0 19.1
Kyrgyz Republic 20.0 17.5 18.6 16.8 18.2
Poland 18.1 18.7 18.6 18.9 18.4
Slovenia 18.5 18.9 18.7 18.8 18.7
Austria 19.0 18.8 18.7 18.9 18.7
South Africa 18.4 18.4 18.8 19.1 19.2
Greece 17.7 18.2 18.9 18.5 18.7
Germany 18.7 18.6 18.9 19.0 18.5
Croatia 21.3 19.2 18.9 18.4 18.4
United Kingdom 17.5 18.1 18.9 19.6 20.0
Ethiopia 22.9 18.7 19.0 17.1 16.7
Iraq 11.8 15.7 19.3 12.3 25.6
Slovak Republic 19.3 19.9 19.6 19.8 18.5
Malta 18.2 19.7 19.7 20.0 20.6
Brazil 18.6 19.2 19.7 18.9 18.3
Portugal 19.0 19.4 19.7 20.2 20.5
Canada 19.0 19.4 19.7 19.9 19.4
Moldova 10.3 15.1 20.2 19.7 15.3
Bhutan 21.9 21.5 20.6 20.4 20.9
Latvia 21.1 20.8 20.7 21.3 20.9
Finland 19.8 20.0 20.7 21.2 21.3
Macedonia, FYR 16.9 23.8 20.8 18.1 17.4
Czech Republic 19.5 19.5 20.9 21.8 20.7
Belarus 19.5 21.6 21.0 21.4 20.6
Burkina Faso 20.7 25.8 21.2 19.9 20.8
Serbia 18.2 19.5 21.5 22.0 20.8
Namibia 23.5 22.8 21.5 22.2 20.4
Norway 19.0 20.2 21.6 22.0 20.8
Hungary 21.1 21.1 21.8 23.1 22.1
Solomon Islands 25.2 25.3 21.9 21.0 28.5
Belgium 20.9 21.3 22.0 22.4 22.1
Netherlands 20.4 20.9 22.1 22.9 22.6
Antigua and Barbuda 18.2 20.1 22.3 18.9 18.8
Botswana 24.9 23.5 22.4 22.0 20.5
France 22.1 21.9 22.5 22.9 22.8
Jordan 23.7 22.9 22.7 23.2 21.3
Oman 21.5 23.2 23.7 22.2 22.4
Iceland 22.5 22.5 24.2 24.8 23.9
Bosnia and Herzegovina 24.5 24.3 21.5
Montenegro 21.9 25.2 24.9 26.8 26.3
Denmark 23.9 24.3 24.9 25.0 24.9
Aruba 21.4 24.5 25.2 24.7 23.2
Kuwait 21.5 23.6 25.3 23.0 19.9
Sweden 24.5 24.7 25.5 25.7 25.0
Guyana 24.7 25.7 25.9 28.1 27.2
Mauritania 20.2 20.0 25.9 28.7 26.6
Saudi Arabia 26.0 27.5 26.1 24.6 22.9
Faeroe Islands 25.7 25.4 26.8 28.8 29.6
Israel 24.4 25.5 26.8 25.9 24.6
Angola 42.5 25.2 26.9 27.7 19.9
Brunei Darussalam 25.8 29.4 27.2 24.1 22.1
West Bank and Gaza 25.5 27.9 27.7 22.8 28.4
Djibouti 29.7 26.9 28.3 29.5 29.7
Suriname 37.5 31.9 28.8 24.6 25.0
Cuba 29.6 30.9 34.1 33.7 35.5
Lesotho 35.4 34.2 36.8 37.2 35.6
Eritrea 54.8 42.6 39.7 46.6 36.6
Seychelles 42.2 41.6 47.2 44.3 38.9
Timor-Leste 133.2 144.2 156.5 111.0 74.5
Turks and Caicos Islands
Somalia
Cabo Verde
San Marino
Isle of Man
Samoa
Zambia
Taiwan, China
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Palau
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Northern Mariana Islands
Bermuda
New Caledonia
St. Martin (French part)
Greenland
Tuvalu
South Sudan
Kiribati
Curacao
Guam
Myanmar
French Polynesia 20.3
Monaco
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Cayman Islands
Marshall Islands
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Lithuania 19.0
Andorra
Liechtenstein
American Samoa

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