Country name 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009
Zimbabwe 15.2 5.9 3.2 2.0 8.2
Equatorial Guinea 2.7 3.6 3.5 2.8 5.0
Bangladesh 5.2 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1
Vietnam 5.5 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.8
Cambodia 4.1 3.5 5.7 5.6 6.2
United Arab Emirates 6.9 6.2 5.9 5.7 9.6
Chad 4.2 4.6 6.0 6.3 7.6
Central African Republic 10.4 6.8 6.4 7.1 7.5
Turkmenistan 13.2 10.1 9.1 7.3 9.8
Congo, Dem. Rep. 6.9 9.4 8.8 7.4 11.4
Nicaragua 9.4 9.3 7.7 7.6 7.5
Romania 8.3 7.7 7.6 7.7 8.8
Indonesia 8.1 8.6 8.3 8.4 9.6
Azerbaijan 10.4 10.8 10.1 8.5 11.1
Hong Kong SAR, China 9.2 8.8 8.4 8.7 9.2
Guinea 7.0 8.1 6.8 8.7 11.3
Philippines 9.0 9.2 9.3 8.8 9.9
Paraguay 9.3 9.8 9.2 8.9 10.9
Macao SAR, China 10.1 9.0 9.0 8.9 9.8
Guatemala 8.5 8.4 8.7 9.0 10.2
El Salvador 9.6 9.8 9.3 9.2 10.6
Madagascar 9.2 9.0 12.3 9.3 9.5
Tajikistan 14.6 11.1 8.9 9.3 12.5
Lao PDR 8.1 8.3 8.5 9.4 10.7
Trinidad and Tobago 11.6 11.0 10.5 9.5
Panama 13.2 12.3 10.6 9.6 11.9
Sierra Leone 10.0 10.1 8.6 9.7 10.5
Gambia, The 7.1 6.3 7.2 9.7 10.5
Pakistan 7.8 10.4 9.9 9.7 10.5
Nepal 8.9 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.8
Libya 11.3 10.7 11.9 9.9
Dominican Republic 6.7 7.2 9.2 10.0 10.6
Switzerland 11.2 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.9
Qatar 14.3 14.7 12.4 10.2 14.4
Kazakhstan 11.2 10.2 11.1 10.2 11.7
Armenia 10.6 10.1 10.2 10.2 13.3
Peru 11.6 11.0 10.5 10.3 11.5
Albania 9.3 8.9 9.0 10.4 11.1
Singapore 10.2 10.3 9.5 10.5 10.3
Cameroon 10.0 9.6 10.1 10.8 11.3
Mexico 10.7 10.5 10.6 10.9 12.0
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.7 12.3 11.3 10.9 11.4
India 10.9 10.3 10.3 10.9 11.9
Bahrain 14.1 12.7 12.1 11.1 14.0
Uganda 14.5 14.1 12.9 11.2 9.4
Puerto Rico 12.0 11.8 11.7 11.2 11.5
Ghana 15.3 11.2 11.6 11.2 11.7
Chile 10.5 10.0 10.3 11.2 12.7
Malaysia 11.5 11.2 11.6 11.5 13.0
Argentina 10.3 10.4 10.8 11.5 13.4
Nigeria 6.8 6.9 10.2 11.6 13.0
Ecuador 10.7 10.6 10.9 11.8 13.7
Benin 12.0 12.1 12.3 11.8 12.0
Venezuela, RB 11.1 11.7 12.5 11.9 13.7
Guinea-Bissau 14.6 14.6 15.1 11.9 15.5
Congo, Rep. 13.0 13.9 17.0 11.9 12.2
Sudan 13.8 13.8 14.4 12.1 12.5
Uruguay 10.9 11.3 11.5 12.2 12.9
Thailand 11.9 11.8 12.2 12.3 13.4
Gabon 12.7 13.4 13.7 12.4 16.0
Ethiopia 15.8 15.6 13.4 12.5 11.4
Cote d'Ivoire 14.4 13.6 13.3 12.7 8.3
Mauritius 14.8 14.1 12.9 12.7 14.1
Turkey 11.8 12.3 12.8 12.8 14.7
Bahamas, The 11.3 11.9 11.7 13.0 14.7
St. Lucia 12.4 12.7 12.1 13.1 13.8
China 14.2 14.0 13.4 13.2 13.2
Algeria 11.5 11.2 11.6 13.2 16.1
Bolivia 16.0 14.4 14.1 13.3 14.7
Afghanistan 10.6 11.5 10.9 13.3 11.7
Swaziland 15.2 13.9 14.1 13.4 13.7
Kuwait 15.7 13.9 14.0 13.4 18.5
Senegal 13.3 13.7 14.2 13.5 14.4
Lebanon 14.7 14.7 13.9 13.5 13.0
Rwanda 18.2 18.2 16.1 14.0 14.4
Oman 20.8 18.6 18.8 14.2 19.4
Dominica 15.5 15.4 16.0 14.3 16.9
Costa Rica 13.8 13.5 13.3 14.4 16.8
Korea, Rep. 13.3 13.8 13.9 14.6 15.2
South Sudan 14.7 15.4
Grenada 13.0 13.0 13.3 15.0 15.6
Niger 15.6 15.0 15.6 15.0 16.2
Fiji 16.0 18.2 16.9 15.0
Luxembourg 16.6 15.4 15.1 15.3 17.2
Mongolia 12.1 11.7 13.1 15.3 14.7
Belize 14.4 14.2 15.0 15.4 15.9
Guyana 26.9 15.2 15.2 15.4 16.2
Colombia 16.0 15.7 15.6 15.5 16.7
Kenya 17.4 14.3 14.6 15.7 15.2
Comoros 12.9 13.3 12.9 15.7 17.1
Tunisia 16.9 16.7 16.5 16.1 16.3
United States 15.1 15.1 15.3 16.1 16.9
Tanzania 17.0 17.8 18.6 16.1 17.5
Jamaica 14.2 13.9 14.9 16.1 16.5
Sri Lanka 13.1 15.4 15.3 16.2 17.6
Vanuatu 14.6 15.6 17.1 16.2 17.3
Malawi 14.3 14.6 13.4 16.5 19.6
Bulgaria 17.8 17.5 16.5 16.5 16.0
Belarus 20.8 19.2 18.5 16.5 16.7
Iraq 20.0 15.7 18.7 16.6 21.1
Cabo Verde 17.5 16.9 18.2
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.7 15.1 15.7 16.9 17.3
Ukraine 18.6 18.4 18.3 17.0 20.1
Cyprus 16.6 17.0 16.5 17.0 18.8
St. Kitts and Nevis 17.8 15.5 16.0 17.1 18.2
Honduras 15.5 15.0 16.6 17.1 18.7
Australia 17.4 17.3 17.2 17.1 17.5
Slovak Republic 18.1 18.5 16.8 17.1 19.7
Angola 20.0 18.5 15.3 17.1 17.5
Brunei Darussalam 18.4 18.1 22.6 17.1 23.3
Morocco 19.4 18.5 18.2 17.1 18.2
Sao Tome and Principe 19.4 20.5 20.6 17.3 16.0
Kyrgyz Republic 17.5 18.0 17.1 17.5 18.4
Mozambique 10.4 10.7 17.2 17.5 18.4
Mali 9.9 9.5 10.3 17.6 17.3
Saudi Arabia 21.3 22.0 20.7 17.7 22.2
Russian Federation 16.9 17.4 17.3 17.8 20.8
Germany 18.4 18.0 17.5 17.9 19.6
Slovenia 18.7 18.4 17.3 18.0 20.1
Antigua and Barbuda 16.9 15.3 15.6 18.1 19.9
Liberia 11.4 9.3 13.6 18.3 15.8
Barbados 16.4 14.2 16.7 18.4 19.5
Lithuania 18.3 18.9 17.3 18.4 21.0
Croatia 18.3 18.3 18.9 18.5 20.3
Tonga 15.6 21.2 18.6 18.5 20.1
Japan 18.4 18.2 18.1 18.6 19.9
Macedonia, FYR 16.2 16.5 16.8 18.6 19.1
Norway 19.4 18.6 18.8 18.6 21.7
Brazil 18.7 18.8 18.7 18.6 19.4
Estonia 16.8 15.8 16.0 18.6 21.1
Ireland 15.9 16.2 16.7 18.6 20.1
Poland 18.4 18.5 18.0 18.7 18.9
South Africa 19.5 18.2 17.8 18.7 19.9
Spain 17.3 17.4 17.7 18.8 20.5
Bhutan 21.9 21.3 19.1 18.9 21.4
Czech Republic 20.4 20.0 19.1 19.1 20.7
Austria 19.2 19.1 18.7 19.2 20.6
Italy 19.6 19.4 18.9 19.4 20.6
Serbia 19.5 19.3 20.2 19.5 18.8
New Zealand 17.8 18.3 18.4 19.9 19.8
Portugal 21.1 20.5 19.8 19.9 21.4
Canada 19.2 19.4 19.6 20.1 22.5
Greece 19.7 19.5 19.9 20.3 22.7
Botswana 19.4 17.1 17.6 20.4 21.1
Latvia 19.1 18.4 18.6 20.7 20.0
United Kingdom 20.2 20.3 20.0 20.8 22.3
Malta 19.5 19.9 19.1 20.8 21.2
Burkina Faso 19.8 21.6 23.9 21.4 21.6
Hungary 22.3 22.2 21.0 21.5 22.2
Jordan 19.5 20.6 20.6 21.6 21.9
Aruba 23.1 22.8 21.9 21.6 25.4
Finland 21.5 21.4 20.9 21.7 24.2
Moldova 15.7 21.5 19.5 21.7 25.2
Namibia 19.3 19.5 23.9 21.9 23.9
Mauritania 25.2 21.6 25.2 22.1 21.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 22.2 21.4 21.3 22.3 23.6
France 22.9 22.6 22.3 22.4 23.9
Montenegro 29.9 27.0 20.1 22.6 22.2
Belgium 22.2 22.0 21.7 22.7 24.1
Uzbekistan 17.6 18.1 16.7 22.7 22.3
Israel 24.1 23.8 22.9 22.9 22.6
Iceland 23.6 23.5 22.9 23.6 24.9
Netherlands 22.5 23.6 23.5 24.0 26.4
Sweden 24.9 24.6 24.1 24.6 26.2
Denmark 24.5 24.2 24.3 25.2 28.1
Georgia 17.3 15.3 21.9 25.9 24.5
Eritrea 35.2 25.9 25.6 26.4 20.1
Seychelles 34.6 39.5 35.3 27.4 28.9
West Bank and Gaza 28.2 28.0 29.1 27.5 32.2
Burundi 19.0 19.8 28.0 30.2 28.8
Faeroe Islands 30.3 27.7 28.3 31.5 32.7
Lesotho 36.7 35.4 35.7 36.8 39.6
Cuba 33.6 32.2 35.4 39.9 39.0
Timor-Leste 50.3 81.6 102.9 104.9 103.5
San Marino
Syrian Arab Republic 13.7 11.4 12.3
Korea, Dem. Rep.
Liechtenstein
Togo 11.5 11.4 9.2 11.1
Marshall Islands
Kiribati
Samoa
Somalia
St. Martin (French part)
Middle East (developing only)
Djibouti 27.1 28.0 25.1
Papua New Guinea
Turks and Caicos Islands
Zambia
Andorra
Solomon Islands 36.0 39.2
Isle of Man
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.0 13.0 10.4
Curacao
Northern Mariana Islands
Suriname 23.3
Tuvalu
Cayman Islands
New Caledonia
Maldives 14.9
Myanmar
Bermuda 14.6
French Polynesia
Monaco
Haiti 7.3 9.1
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Greenland
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Guam
Yemen, Rep. 12.2 13.8
Palau
American Samoa

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