Country name 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010
Zimbabwe 5.9 3.2 2.0 11.2 15.9
Equatorial Guinea 3.2 3.3 2.7 4.6 4.8
Bangladesh 5.4 5.4 5.2 5.1 5.1
Vietnam 5.5 5.6 5.6 5.8 6.0
Cambodia 3.5 5.7 5.6 6.2 6.3
United Arab Emirates 6.2 5.9 5.7 9.6 8.6
Chad 4.6 6.0 6.3 7.6 6.7
Central African Republic 6.9 6.4 7.1 7.5 8.2
Turkmenistan 10.1 9.1 7.3 9.8 9.5
Congo, Dem. Rep. 9.4 8.8 7.4 11.4 8.9
Nicaragua 9.3 7.7 7.6 7.5 7.8
Indonesia 8.6 8.3 8.4 9.6 9.0
Azerbaijan 10.8 10.1 8.5 11.1 10.9
Hong Kong SAR, China 8.8 8.4 8.7 9.2 8.9
Guinea 8.1 6.8 8.7 11.3 15.0
Philippines 9.2 9.3 8.8 9.9 9.7
Paraguay 9.8 9.2 8.9 10.9 10.4
Macao SAR, China 9.0 9.0 8.9 9.8 8.1
Guatemala 8.4 8.7 9.0 10.2 10.5
El Salvador 9.8 9.3 9.2 10.6 10.7
Madagascar 9.0 12.3 9.3 9.5 10.6
Tajikistan 11.1 8.9 9.3 12.5 11.3
Lao PDR 8.3 8.5 9.4 10.7 9.5
Trinidad and Tobago 11.3 10.9 9.5 14.4 13.6
Panama 12.3 10.6 9.6 11.9 12.3
Sierra Leone 10.1 8.6 9.7 10.5 10.4
Gambia, The 6.3 7.2 9.7 10.5 10.0
Pakistan 10.4 9.9 9.7 10.5 10.3
Nepal 8.7 9.2 9.9 10.8 10.0
Libya 10.7 11.9 9.9
Dominican Republic 7.2 9.2 10.0 10.6 9.7
Qatar 14.7 12.4 10.2 15.6 14.0
Switzerland 10.8 10.4 10.2 10.9 10.7
Kazakhstan 10.2 11.1 10.2 11.7 10.8
Armenia 10.1 10.2 10.2 13.3 13.1
Peru 11.0 10.5 10.3 11.5 10.6
Albania 10.1 10.2 10.4 11.1 11.2
Singapore 10.3 9.5 10.5 10.3 10.2
Iran, Islamic Rep. 13.2 10.0 10.6 11.9 11.7
Cameroon 9.6 10.1 10.8 11.3 11.6
Mexico 10.5 10.6 10.9 12.0 11.7
Egypt, Arab Rep. 12.3 11.3 10.9 11.4 11.2
India 10.3 10.3 10.9 11.9 11.4
Bahrain 12.7 12.1 11.1 14.0 12.9
Uganda 14.1 12.9 11.2 9.4 9.6
Puerto Rico 11.8 11.7 11.2 11.5 11.0
Ghana 11.3 11.6 11.2 11.7 10.4
Chile 10.0 10.3 11.2 12.7 12.3
Malaysia 11.2 11.6 11.5 13.0 12.6
Argentina 10.4 10.8 11.5 13.4 13.1
Nigeria 6.9 10.2 11.6 13.0 8.7
Ecuador 10.6 10.9 11.8 13.7 13.2
Venezuela, RB 11.7 12.5 11.9 13.7 11.2
Guinea-Bissau 14.6 15.1 11.9 15.5 15.2
Congo, Rep. 13.9 17.0 11.9 12.2 10.4
Sudan 13.8 14.4 12.1 12.5 10.7
Uruguay 11.3 11.5 12.2 12.9 12.6
Gabon 13.4 13.7 12.4 16.0 13.5
Cote d'Ivoire 13.6 13.3 12.7 12.6 12.2
Mauritius 14.1 12.9 12.7 14.1 13.9
Turkey 12.3 12.8 12.8 14.7 14.3
St. Lucia 12.5 11.8 12.8 13.7 14.1
Bahamas, The 11.9 11.7 13.0 14.7 14.5
China 14.0 13.4 13.2 13.2 13.0
Algeria 11.2 11.6 13.2 16.1 17.2
Bolivia 14.4 14.1 13.3 14.7 13.8
Afghanistan 11.5 10.9 13.3 11.7 14.3
Swaziland 13.9 14.1 13.4 13.7 17.1
Kuwait 13.9 14.0 13.4 18.5 17.1
Senegal 13.7 14.2 13.5 14.4 14.7
Lebanon 14.7 13.9 13.5 13.0 12.4
Rwanda 18.2 16.1 14.0 14.4 14.9
Oman 18.6 18.8 14.2 19.4 18.1
Thailand 13.5 13.9 14.3 16.0 15.8
Costa Rica 13.5 13.3 14.4 16.8 17.7
Dominica 15.7 16.3 14.6 17.2 16.7
Korea, Rep. 13.8 13.9 14.6 15.2 14.5
South Sudan 14.7 15.4 16.3
Grenada 13.0 13.3 15.0 15.6 16.2
Niger 15.0 15.6 15.0 16.2 13.6
Fiji 18.2 16.9 15.0
Luxembourg 15.3 14.6 15.2 17.1 16.5
Mongolia 11.7 13.1 15.3 14.7 12.7
Belize 14.2 15.0 15.4 15.9 15.9
Benin 14.4 14.3 15.4 16.9 16.9
Colombia 15.7 15.6 15.5 16.7 16.9
Kenya 14.3 14.6 15.7 15.2 14.2
Comoros 13.3 12.9 16.0 16.5 17.2
Tunisia 16.7 16.5 16.1 16.3 16.4
United States 15.1 15.3 16.1 16.9 16.9
Tanzania 17.8 18.6 16.1 17.5 14.7
Sri Lanka 15.4 15.3 16.2 17.6 13.6
Jamaica 13.9 14.9 16.2 16.5 16.1
Vanuatu 15.6 17.1 16.2 17.3 18.9
Romania 16.2 15.7 16.3 18.0 15.9
Malawi 14.6 13.4 16.5 19.6 18.1
Belarus 19.2 18.5 16.5 16.7 16.8
Iraq 15.7 18.7 16.6 21.1 18.9
Morocco 18.5 17.5 16.8 18.2 17.9
Angola 15.3 15.5 16.8 19.2 17.4
Cabo Verde 17.5 16.9 18.2 18.4
St. Vincent and the Grenadines 15.1 16.5 16.9 17.3 15.5
Mozambique 17.3 16.8 16.9 18.1 18.6
Ukraine 18.4 18.3 17.0 20.1 20.3
Cyprus 17.0 16.5 17.0 18.8 18.2
St. Kitts and Nevis 15.5 16.0 17.1 18.2 17.9
Australia 17.3 17.2 17.1 17.5 18.0
Honduras 15.0 16.6 17.1 18.7 17.9
Brunei Darussalam 18.1 22.6 17.1 23.3 22.4
Slovak Republic 18.6 17.0 17.4 19.9 19.4
Kyrgyz Republic 18.0 17.1 17.5 18.4 18.1
Bulgaria 18.7 17.3 17.5 16.6 15.9
Mali 17.3 17.4 17.6 17.3 17.2
Saudi Arabia 22.0 20.7 17.7 22.2 20.3
Russian Federation 17.4 17.3 17.8 20.8 18.7
Germany 18.0 17.5 17.9 19.6 19.1
Slovenia 18.4 17.3 18.0 20.1 20.3
Antigua and Barbuda 15.3 15.6 18.1 19.9 18.1
Guyana 18.9 16.6 18.3 17.9 17.1
Liberia 9.3 13.6 18.3 15.8 14.2
Barbados 14.2 16.7 18.4 19.5 18.8
Lithuania 18.9 17.2 18.4 21.0 19.6
Croatia 18.3 18.9 18.5 20.3 20.1
Tonga 21.3 18.5 18.5 20.1 18.2
Japan 18.2 18.1 18.6 19.9 19.7
Macedonia, FYR 16.5 16.8 18.6 19.1 18.3
Norway 18.6 18.8 18.6 21.7 21.4
Estonia 15.8 16.0 18.6 21.1 20.1
Poland 18.5 18.0 18.7 18.9 19.1
South Africa 18.2 17.8 18.7 19.9 20.2
Spain 17.4 17.7 18.8 20.5 20.5
Ireland 16.3 16.9 18.8 20.2 18.9
Brazil 19.0 18.9 18.8 19.7 19.0
Bhutan 21.3 19.1 18.9 21.4 20.0
Czech Republic 20.0 19.1 19.1 20.7 20.5
Austria 19.1 18.7 19.2 20.6 20.4
Italy 19.4 18.9 19.4 20.6 20.4
Serbia 19.3 20.2 19.5 18.8 18.5
Latvia 17.2 17.7 19.9 19.0 18.4
New Zealand 18.3 18.4 19.9 19.8 19.8
Portugal 20.5 19.8 19.9 21.4 20.7
Canada 19.4 19.6 20.1 22.5 22.0
Botswana 17.0 17.6 20.4 21.1 19.8
Greece 20.2 20.5 20.7 23.3 22.2
Malta 19.9 19.1 20.8 21.2 21.0
United Kingdom 20.3 20.0 20.9 22.3 21.8
Burkina Faso 21.6 23.9 21.4 21.6 20.6
Hungary 22.1 20.9 21.5 22.2 21.6
Jordan 20.6 20.6 21.6 21.9 20.4
Aruba 22.8 21.9 21.6 25.4 26.3
Finland 21.4 20.9 21.7 24.2 23.9
Moldova 21.5 19.5 21.7 25.2 23.9
Namibia 19.5 23.9 21.8 23.9 25.6
Bosnia and Herzegovina 20.9 20.8 21.8 23.1 22.8
Mauritania 21.6 25.2 22.1 21.6 19.9
France 22.6 22.3 22.4 23.9 23.8
Belgium 21.9 21.6 22.6 24.0 23.6
Montenegro 27.0 20.1 22.6 22.2 22.1
Israel 23.5 22.6 22.7 22.5 22.3
Iceland 23.5 22.9 23.5 24.8 24.7
Netherlands 23.4 23.3 23.9 26.5 26.5
Sweden 24.6 24.1 24.6 26.2 25.2
Denmark 24.2 24.3 25.2 28.1 27.6
Georgia 15.3 21.9 25.9 24.5 21.1
Eritrea 25.9 25.6 26.4 20.1 23.9
Seychelles 39.5 35.3 27.4 28.9 27.3
West Bank and Gaza 28.0 29.1 27.5 32.2 28.1
Uzbekistan 18.1 16.7 29.3 30.0 28.7
Burundi 19.8 28.0 30.2 28.8 31.6
Faroe Islands 27.7 28.3 31.5 32.7 31.7
Lesotho 35.4 35.7 36.8 39.6 37.9
Cuba 32.2 35.4 39.9 39.0 34.8
Timor-Leste 81.6 102.9 104.9 103.5 97.9
Micronesia, Fed. Sts.
Curacao
Maldives
Turks and Caicos Islands
Northern Mariana Islands
Ethiopia
Marshall Islands
Palau
San Marino
St. Martin (French part)
Liechtenstein
Somalia
Cayman Islands
Monaco
Andorra
Sao Tome and Principe
Togo 11.4 9.2 11.1 9.0
Haiti 9.1
Papua New Guinea
Isle of Man
Zambia 2.8
Myanmar
New Caledonia
Tuvalu
Syrian Arab Republic 11.4 12.3
French Polynesia
Samoa
Djibouti 28.0 25.1
Suriname
Guam
Bermuda 14.6 15.5
Greenland
Sint Maarten (Dutch part)
Korea, Dem. People’s Rep.
Virgin Islands (U.S.)
Kiribati
Yemen, Rep. 13.8
Solomon Islands 39.2
American Samoa

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